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Journal Articles

Chlorination of UO$$_{2}$$, PuO$$_{2}$$ and rare earth oxides using ZrCl$$_{4}$$ in LiCl-KCl eutectic melt

Sakamura, Yoshiharu*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Iwai, Takashi; Moriyama, Hirotake*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 340(1), p.39 - 51, 2005/04

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:84.93(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A new chlorination method using ZrCl$$_{4}$$ in a molten salt has been investigated for the pyrometallurgical reprocessing of spent oxide fuels. UO$$_{2}$$, PuO$$_{2}$$ and rare earth oxides(La$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$, CeO$$_{2}$$, Nd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and Y$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) were allowed to react with ZrCl$$_{4}$$ in a LiCl-KCl eutectic salt at 500$$^{circ}$$C to give a metal chloride solution and a precipitate of ZrO$$_{2}$$. By keeping the system quite still, the solution settled so that the ZrO$$_{2}$$ precipitate could be separated.

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