Kurikami, Hiroshi; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Malins, A.; Sasaki, Yoshito; Niizato, Tadafumi
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 208-209, p.106005_1 - 106005_11, 2019/11
To assess the uptake of Cs-137 (Cs) by freshwater fish, we developed a compartment model for the migration of Cs on the catchment scale from forests to river water. We modelled a generic forest catchment with Fukushima-like parameters to ascertain the importance of export pathways of Cs from forests to river water for the uptake of Cs by freshwater fish. The results suggest that the decreasing trend of Cs in river water and freshwater fish was due to combination of the decreasing trend in the forest leaves/needles and litter compartments, and the increasing trend in soil. The Cs concentrations within these forest compartments plateau at around ten years after the fallout due to Cs circulation in forests reaching an equilibrium state.
Shibata, Yasushi*; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Hori, Naohiko; Kishi, Toshiaki; Kumada, Hiroaki; Akutsu, Hiroyoshi*; Yasuda, Susumu*; Nakai, Kei*; et al.
JAERI-Research 2005-009, 41 Pages, 2005/03
The measurement of neutron flux and boron concentration in the blood during medical irradiation is indispensable in order to evaluate the radiation in boron neutron capture therapy. It is, however, difficult to measure the blood boron concentration during neutron irradiation because access to the patient is limited. Therefore we prospectively investigated the predictability of blood boron concentrations using the data obtained at the first craniotomy after infusion of a low dosage of BSH. When the test could not be carried out, the blood boron concentration during irradiation was also predicted by using the 2-compartment model. If the final boron concentration after the end of the infusion is within 95% confidence interval of the prediction, direct prediction from biexponential fit will reduce the error of blood boron concentrations during irradiation to around 6%. If the final boron concentration at 6 or 9 hours after the end of infusion is out of 95% confidence interval of the prediction, proportional adjustment will reduce error and expected error after adjustment to around 12%.
Amano, Hikaru; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Uchida, Shigeo*; Matsuoka, Shungo*; Ikeda, Hiroshi*; Hayashi, Hiroko*; Kurosawa, Naohiro*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 40(11), p.975 - 979, 2003/11
MOGRA is a migration prediction code for toxic ground additions including radioactive materials in a terrestrial environment. MOGRA consists of computational codes that are applicable to various evaluation target systems, and can be used on personal computers. The computational code has the dynamic compartment analysis block, GUI for computation parameter settings and results displays, data bases. The compartments are obtained by classifying various natural environments into groups that exhibit similar properties. A hypothetical combination of land usage was supposed to check the function of MOGRA. The land usage was consisted from cultivated lands, forests, uncultivated lands, urban area, river, and lake. Each land usage has its own inside model which is basic module. Also supposed was homogeneous contamination of the surface land from atmospheric deposition of Cs (1.0 Bq/m). The system analyzed the dynamic changes of Cs concentrations in each compartment, fluxes from one compartment to another compartment.
Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Amano, Hikaru
Proceedings of International Symposium on Radioecology and Environmental Dosimetry, p.484 - 487, 2003/00
C-14 is one of the radionuclides released to the environment with routine operations of nuclear facilities. A dynamic compartment model was developed for estimation of C-14 behavior in paddy field. It calculates carbon transfer among air, rice, irrigation water and soil. The calculation was carried out using MOGRA: a generic analysis code of dynamic compartment model.
Kobayashi, Takuya; Togawa, Orihiko; Odano, Naoteru; Ishida, Toshihisa
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 38(8), p.658 - 663, 2001/08
The collective dose to the Japanese population has been estimated from a hypothetical accident of a nuclear submarine if it sinks in an offshore region around Japan. A computer code system DSOCEAN has been used for assessing the collective dose due to radionuclides released to the ocean from a sunken nuclear submarine. The maximum of the estimated collective effective dose equivalent by the annual intake of marine products after radionuclide releases for one year is approximately 0.5% of the annual average dose by the natural radiation that is reported by UNSCEAR.
Hoken Butsuri, 18(1), p.3 - 10, 1983/00
no abstracts in English