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JAEA Reports

Quantitative analysis of radioactivity distribution by imaging of high radiation field environment using gamma-ray imaging spectroscopy (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Kyoto University*

JAEA-Review 2020-044, 79 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Review-2020-044.pdf:4.39MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2019. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Quantitative analysis of radioactivity distribution by imaging of high radiation field environment using gamma-ray imaging spectroscopy" Conducted in FY2019. In this study, a gamma-ray imaging detector, ETCC, will be improved to operate under high dose conditions, and a portable system will be constructed to be installed in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear PowerStation (1F). In addition, the development and combination of ETCC-based quantitative radioactivity distribution analysis methods will lead to innovative advances in the six key issues to be solved for the decommissioning of the 1F. This system will enable us to quantitatively visualize the three-dimensional radiation distribution and its origin.

JAEA Reports

Quantitative analysis method for radiation distribution in high radiation environment by gamma-ray image spectroscopy (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Kyoto University*

JAEA-Review 2019-036, 65 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Review-2019-036.pdf:4.46MB

JAEA/CLADS, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Quantitative Analysis Method for Radiation Distribution in High Radiation Environment by Gamma-ray Image Spectroscopy". Electron-tracking Compton camera (ETCC) has been developed originally for nuclear gamma-ray astronomy, and also applied to medical use as a technology that greatly improves the resolution of conventional Compton camera by measuring three-dimensional tracking of electrons using a gaseous 3-dimensional position detector (so called Time Projection Chamber) in the first stage. In the present study, based on the ETCC that has been developed for medical use, we produce a prototype of light weight ETCC with the emphasis on the operability at the site, and evaluate its practicability by field tests.

Journal Articles

Model design of a compact delayed gamma-ray moderator system using $$^{252}$$Cf for safeguards verification measurements

Rodriguez, D.; Rossi, F.; Takahashi, Tone; Seya, Michio; Koizumi, Mitsuo

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 148, p.114 - 125, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:68.11(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Stability and synthesis of superheavy elements; Fighting the battle against fission - Example of $$^{254}$$No

Lopez-Martens, A.*; Henning, G.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Alcorta, M.*; Asai, Masato; Back, B. B.*; Bertone, P. F.*; Boilley, D.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.03001_1 - 03001_6, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:48.51

Fission barrier height and its angular-momentum dependence have been measured for the first time in the nucleus with the atomic number greater than 100. The entry distribution method, which can determine the excitation energy at which fission starts to dominate the decay process, was applied to $$^{254}$$No. The fission barrier of $$^{254}$$No was found to be 6.6 MeV at zero spin, indicating that the $$^{254}$$No is strongly stabilized by the nuclear shell effects.

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA techniques for nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security, 7; Measurement of DG from MOX and Pu liquid samples for quantification and monitoring

Mukai, Yasunobu; Ogawa, Tsuyoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu; Kurita, Tsutomu; Sekine, Megumi; Rodriguez, D.; Takamine, Jun; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Seya, Michio

Proceedings of INMM 57th Annual Meeting (Internet), 7 Pages, 2016/07

The development of Delayed Gamma-ray Spectroscopy (DGS) for analyzing the composition ratio of fissile nuclides ($$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Pu, $$^{235}$$U) focused on the Delayed Gamma-ray having energy over 3 MeV has been performed for the development of active neutron non-destructive assay techniques. In PCDF, measurement tests of Delayed Gamma-ray using Pu solution and MOX powder samples to prove the DGS technique is planned to be performed in following 4 stages. (1) Measurements for Delayed Gamma-ray originated from spontaneous fission nuclide (Passive), (2) Measurements for the Delayed Gamma-ray with fast neutron (Active), (3) DGSI (DGS combined with self-interrogation) measurements (Passive), (4) Measurements for the Delayed Gamma-ray with thermal neutron (Active) In this paper, the plan of measurement tests for nuclear material samples with use of DGS is presented.

Journal Articles

Estimation of irradiation history of a spent fuel by gamma-ray spectroscopy

Tasaka, Kanji

Nuclear Technology, 29(2), p.239 - 248, 1976/02

 Times Cited Count:1

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Using an inverse Monte Carlo method to determine measurement uncertainties

Rodriguez, D.

no journal, , 

With the improvement of technology, safeguards verifications must consider how to declare precise uncertainties, especially for new non-destructive assay techniques. For our delayed $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy technique, we are utilizing the inverse Monte Carlo analysis method. Systematic uncertainties are determined by analyzing full Monte Carlo spectra using the same analysis applied to the data. Preliminary results will be presented at this workshop.

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