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Journal Articles

Simulation of the self-propagating hydrogen-air premixed flame in a closed-vessel by an open-source CFD code

Thwe, T. A.; Terada, Atsuhiko; Hino, Ryutaro; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Kadowaki, Satoshi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(5), p.573 - 579, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The simulations of the combustion of self-propagating hydrogen-air premixed flame are performed by an open-source CFD code. The flame propagation behavior, flame radius, temperature and pressure are analyzed by varying the initial laminar flame speed and grid size. When the initial laminar speed increases, the thermal expansion effects become strong which leads the increase of flame radius along with the increase of flame surface area, flame temperature and pressure. A new laminar flame speed model derived previously from the results of experiment is also introduced to the code and the obtained flame radii are compared with those from the experiments. The formation of cellular flame fronts is captured by simulation and the cell separation on the flame surface vividly appears when the gird resolution becomes sufficiently higher. The propagation behavior of cellular flame front and the flame radius obtained from the simulations have the reasonable agreement with the previous experiments.

Journal Articles

The Effects of addition of carbon dioxide and water vapor on the dynamic behavior of spherically expanding hydrogen/air premixed flames

Katsumi, Toshiyuki; Yoshida, Yasuhito*; Nakagawa, Ryo*; Yazawa, Shinya*; Kumada, Masashi*; Sato, Daisuke*; Thwe, T. A.; Chaumeix, N.*; Kadowaki, Satoshi

Journal of Thermal Science and Technology (Internet), 16(2), p.21-00044_1 - 21-00044_13, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:51.09(Thermodynamics)

The effects of addition of CO$$_{2}$$ and water vapor on characteristics of dynamic behavior of hydrogen/air premixed flames were elucidated experimentally. By Schlieren photography, wrinkles on the flame surface were clearly observed in low equivalence ratios. The propagation velocity increased monotonically as the flame radius became larger and flame acceleration was found. Increasing the addition of inert gas, the propagation velocity decreased, especially in the case of CO$$_{2}$$ addition. Moreover, the Markstein length and the wrinkling factor decreased. This indicated that the addition of Co$$_{2}$$ or H$$_{2}$$O promoted the unstable motion of hydrogen flames, which could be due to the enhancement of the diffusive-thermal effect. Based on the characteristics of dynamic behavior of hydrogen flames, the parameters used in the mathematical model on propagation velocity including flame acceleration was obtained, and then the flame propagation velocity under various conditions was predicted.

Oral presentation

Propagation phenomena of spherically expanding hydrogen-air premixed flames; Simulation by a public open source code

Thwe, T. A.; Terada, Atsuhiko; Hino, Ryutaro; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Kadowaki, Satoshi

no journal, , 

For long-term safe storage of fuel debris from hydrogen (H$$_{2}$$) explosion, the development of simulation codes for H$$_{2}$$ behaviors is important. In this simulation, propagation of H$$_{2}$$-air premixed flames was reproduced by using a public open source code OpenFOAM. Not only default solver but also modified one based on a new laminar flame speed model derived from the experiments at Nagaoka University of Technology were applied. Three-dimensional 1/8 of cubic shaped vessels with two sizes of 0.21m and 0.13m in length were modeled with mesh sizes of 0.625mm and 0.5mm, respectively. H$$_{2}$$-air mixture with a unity equivalence ratio, temperature 298K and pressure 101,325Pa was used. The flames propagated spherically and the propagation phenomena had good agreement with the experimental results within 0.005s. The wrinkle flame shape appeared in the smaller model was more likely with that observed in the experiments. This is because mesh size has influence on the wrinkle shape formation in the simulations.

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