Yamamoto, Kazami; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Saha, P. K.; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Fujirai, Kosuke; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Suganuma, Kazuaki
EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation (Internet), 8(1), p.9_1 - 9_9, 2021/07
The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex supplies a high-intensity proton beam for neutron experiments. Various parameters are monitored to achieve a stable operation, and it was found that the oscillations of the charge-exchange efficiency and cooling water temperature were synchronized. We evaluated the orbit fluctuations at the injection point using a beam current of the injection dump, which is proportional to the number of particles that miss the foil and fail in the charge exchange, and profile of the injection beam. The total width of the fluctuations was approximately 0.072 mm. This value is negligible from the user operation viewpoint as our existing beam position monitors cannot detect such a small signal deviation. This displacement corresponds to a 1.6310 variation in the dipole magnetic field. Conversely, the magnetic field variation in the L3BT dipole magnet, which was estimated by the temperature change directly, is 4.0810. This result suggested that the change in the cooling water temperature is one of the major causes of the efficiency fluctuation.
JAEA-Data/Code 2020-019, 58 Pages, 2021/01
An experiment denoted as SB-SL-01 was conducted on March 27, 1990 using the Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF) in the Rig of Safety Assessment-IV (ROSA-IV) Program. The ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-SL-01 simulated a main steam line break (MSLB) accident in a pressurized water reactor (PWR). The test assumptions were made such as auxiliary feedwater (AFW) injection into secondary-side of both steam generators (SGs) and coolant injection from high pressure injection (HPI) system of emergency core cooling system into cold legs in both loops. The MSLB led to a fast depressurization of broken SG, which caused a decrease in the broken SG secondary-side wide-range liquid level. The broken SG secondary-side wide-range liquid level recovered because of the AFW injection into the broken SG secondary-side. The primary pressure temporarily decreased a little just after the MSLB, and increased up to 16.1 MPa following the closure of the SG main steam isolation valves. Coolant was manually injected from the HPI system into cold legs in both loops a few minutes after the primary pressure reduced to below 10 MPa. The primary pressure raised due to the HPI coolant injection, but was kept at less than 16.2 MPa by fully opening a power-operated relief valve of pressurizer. The core was filled with subcooled liquid through the experiment. Thermal stratification was seen in intact loop cold leg during the HPI coolant injection owing to the flow stagnation. On the other hand, significant natural circulation prevailed in broken loop. When the continuous core cooling was ensured by the successive coolant injection from the HPI system, the experiment was terminated. The experimental data obtained would be useful to consider recovery actions and procedures in the multiple fault accident with the MSLB of PWR. This report summarizes the test procedures, conditions, and major observations in the ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-SL-01.
Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Chen, Y.*; Ishii, Eiichi; Sakurai, Akitaka; Miyara, Nobukatsu; Ishida, Tsuyoshi*
JAEA-Research 2019-011, 50 Pages, 2020/03
In this research, we performed the resin injection experiment at the 350 m Gallery of Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory in order to identify the distribution of fractures induced around the gallery owing to excavation. We also observed the rock cores obtained around the resin injection borehole under ultraviolet light. As a result, the extent of the development of EDZ fracture was 0.9 m from the gallery wall. In the depth within 0.4 m from the gallery wall, the density of the EDZ fracture is higher than the depth more than 0.4 m from the gallery wall. As a result of the analysis on the fracture aperture by image processing, the fractures with a large aperture (1.02 mm in maximum) were observed within 0.3 m from the gallery wall, while the maximum aperture was 0.19 mm in the depth more than 0.3 m from the gallery wall.
Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Chen, Y.*; Ishii, Eiichi; Sakurai, Akitaka; Ishida, Tsuyoshi*
Proceedings of 5th ISRM Young Scholars' Symposium on Rock Mechanics and International Symposium on Rock Engineering for Innovative Future (YSRM 2019 and REIF 2019) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2019/12
In the excavation of a repository for high-level radioactive waste (HLW) disposal, it is important to understand the hydro-mechanical characteristics of the Excavation Damaged Zone (EDZ) induced around the gallery because EDZ can lead to the migration pathway of radionuclides. Thus, we performed the resin injection experiment at the 350 m gallery of Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory in Japan to investigate the characteristics of fractures induced around the gallery wall in excavation. In the experiment, we developed a low viscosity resin mixed with a fluorescent substance and injected to the borehole drilled about 1 m in length. After the experiment, we overcored around the injection borehole. The observation on the cut surface of the overcore under ultraviolet light revealed that the fractures were distributed within 0.8 m from the gallery wall. Fractures are interconnected each other in particular within 0.25 m from the niche wall. Furthermore, fractures with large aperture (about 1.0 mm) were developed in that region. These observed results will be fundamental information for understanding of the fracturing process in the EDZ.
Chimi, Yasuhiro; Sato, Kenji*; Kasahara, Shigeki; Umehara, Ryuji*; Hanawa, Satoshi
Proceedings of Contribution of Materials Investigations and Operating Experience to Light Water NPPs' Safety, Performance and Reliability (FONTEVRAUD-9) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/09
To investigate the influence of Zinc (Zn) injection on primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) growth behavior, crack growth tests of 10% cold-worked Alloy 600 were performed in simulated primary water environment of pressurized water reactor (PWR) at 320C with a low-concentration (5-10 ppb) Zn injection under dissolved hydrogen (DH) conditions of 5, 30, and 50 cc/kgHO. As a result of the crack growth tests, DH-dependence of crack growth rate (CGR) showed a similar tendency to the predicted CGR based on the CGR data without Zn injection, indicating almost no effect of a low-concentration Zn injection on the crack growth behavior. Moreover, the microstructural analyses of oxide films formed inside the crack and on the specimen surface were conducted, and the intake of Zn in the oxides was detected on the specimen surface, but not detected inside the crack. This result was considered to be the cause of no Zn injection effect on the crack growth behavior.
JAEA-Data/Code 2018-004, 64 Pages, 2018/03
Experiment SB-SG-10 was conducted on November 17, 1992 using LSTF. Experiment simulated recovery actions from multiple steam generator (SG) tube rupture accident in PWR. Primary pressure was kept higher than broken SG secondary-side pressure due to coolant injection from high pressure injection (HPI) system into cold and hot legs even after start of full opening of intact SG relief valve (RV). Full opening of power-operated relief valve (PORV) in pressurizer (PZR) resulted in pressure equalization between primary and broken SG systems as well as PZR liquid level recovery. Broken SG RV opened once after start of intact SG RV full opening. Core was filled with saturated or subcooled liquid through experiment. Significant natural circulation prevailed in intact loop after start of intact SG RV full opening. Significant thermal stratification appeared in hot legs especially during time period of HPI coolant injection into hot legs.
Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 13(Sp.1), p.2505013_1 - 2505013_8, 2018/03
The pulsed spallation neutron source of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has been supplying users with high intensity and sharp pulse cold neutrons using the moderators with following distinctive features; (1) 100% para-hydrogen for increasing pulse peak intensity with decreasing pulse tail, (2) cylindrical shape with 14 cm diam.12 cm long for providing high intensity neutrons to wide neutron extraction angles of 50.8, (3) neutron absorber made from Ag-In-Cd alloy to make pulse width narrower and pulse tails lower. Actually, it was measured at a low power operation that high neutron intensity of 4.510 n/cm/s/sr could be emitted from the coupled moderator surface for 1-MW operation, and a superior resolution of d/d = 0.035% was achieved at a beamline (BL8) with a poisoned moderator, where d is the d-spacing of reflection. Towards the goal to achieve the target operation at 1-MW for 5000 h in a year, technical developments to mitigate cavitation damages on the target vessel with injecting gas micro-bubbles into mercury target and design improvement of target vessel structure to reducing welds and bolt connections as much as possible are under way.
Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Chen, Y.*; Sakurai, Akitaka; Ishii, Eiichi; Ishida, Tsuyoshi*
JAEA-Research 2017-014, 49 Pages, 2018/01
In this research, we performed the resin injection experiment at the 350 m gallery of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory in order to identify the three dimensional distribution of fractures induced around the gallery owing to excavation. To this end, the low viscosity resin mixed with a fluorescent substance was developed and applied to the in situ resin injection experiment. As a result, the resin was successfully penetrated into the fractures around the gallery without disturbing their situation and then fixed within them. After the experiment, the rock cores around the injection borehole were drilled for the observation. The observation under ultraviolet light revealed that the extent of the development of fractures was about 0.9 m into the borehole wall. In addition, the aperture of the fractures distributed within 0.3 m from the gallery wall was ranged 1 to 2 mm, and that distributed from 0.3 to 0.9 m was less than 1 mm. On the other hand, in the borehole televiewer (BTV) survey, only one fracture within 0.2 m from the wall could be detected owing to the resolution of the survey system. Thus, it is expected that the BTV survey underestimate the extent of the development of fractures.
JAEA-Data/Code 2016-004, 59 Pages, 2016/07
The TR-LF-07 test simulated a loss-of-feedwater transient in a PWR. A SI signal was generated when steam generator (SG) secondary-side collapsed liquid level decreased to 3 m. Primary depressurization was initiated by fully opening a power-operated relief valve (PORV) of pressurizer (PZR) 30 min after the SI signal. High pressure injection (HPI) system was started in loop with PZR 12 s after the SI signal, while it was initiated in loop without PZR when the primary pressure decreased to 10.7 MPa. The primary and SG secondary pressures were kept almost constant because of cycle opening of the PZR PORV and SG relief valves. The PZR liquid level began to drop steeply following the PORV full opening, which caused liquid level formation at the hot leg. The primary pressure became lower than the SG secondary pressure, which resulted in the actuation of accumulator (ACC) system in both loops. The primary feed-and-bleed operation was effective to core cooling because of no core uncovery.
Takada, Hiroshi; Naoe, Takashi; Kai, Tetsuya; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro
Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Applications of Accelerators (AccApp '15), p.297 - 304, 2016/00
In J-PARC, we have continuously been making efforts to operate a mercury target of a pulsed spallation neutron source with rated power of 1-MW. One of technical progresses is to mitigate cavitation damages at the target vessel front induced by the 3-GeV proton beam injection at 25 Hz. We have improved the performance of a gas micro-bubbles injection into the mercury target, resulting that no significant cavitation damages was observed on the inner surface of target vessel after operation for 2050 MWh with the 300-kW proton beam. Another progress is to suppress the release of gaseous radioactive isotopes, especially tritium, during the target vessel replacement. We have introduced a procedure to evacuate the target system by an off-gas processing apparatus when it is opened during the replacement operation, achieving to suppress the tritium release through the stack. For example, the amount of released tritium was 12.5 GBq, only 5.4% of the estimated amount, after the 2050 MWh operation. After these progresses, the operating beam power for the pulsed spallation neutron source was ramped up to 500-kW in April, 2015.
Hotchi, Hideaki; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 778, p.102 - 114, 2015/04
In the J-PARC 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), transverse injection painting is utilized to mitigate the space charge induced beam loss. But now the available range of transverse painting is limited to small area due to beta function beating caused by the edge focus of injection bump magnets. This beta function beating additionally excites random betatron resonances through a distortion of the lattice super-periodicity, leading to a deterioration of the betatron motion stability and its resultant decline of the flexibility of transverse painting. For the beta function beating, the correction scheme with pulse-type quadrupole correctors was proposed. The numerical simulation confirmed that this correction scheme effectively mitigates the random betatron resonances by recovering the lattice super-periodicity.
Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Watanabe, Masao; Yamazaki, Yoshishige; Irie, Yoshiro; Kishiro, Junichi; Sakai, Izumi*; Kawakubo, Toshimichi*
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 16(2), p.1358 - 1361, 2006/06
The injection bump system of the 3-GeV RCS in J-PARC consists of the pulse bending magnets for the injection bump orbit, which are four horizontal bending magnets (shift bump), four horizontal painting magnets (h-paint bump), and two vertical painting magnets (v-paint bump). In this paper, the design of the magnets and power supply of the injection bump system are reported.
Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Watanabe, Masao; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Yamazaki, Yoshishige; Irie, Yoshiro; Kishiro, Junichi; Sakai, Izumi*; Kawakubo, Toshimichi*; Tounosu, Shigeki*; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 16(2), p.1366 - 1369, 2006/06
The injection system of the 3-GeV RCS in J-PARC is composed of four main orbit bump magnets (shift bump) to merge the injection beam with the circulating beam. The magnetic field design and the structural analysis of the shift bump magnets have been performed using 3D magnetic and mechanical codes. In this paper, the design of the bending magnets is reported.
Takei, Hayanori; Kobayashi, Hitoshi*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(12), p.1032 - 1039, 2005/12
In high-intensity proton accelerator facilities, a failure of an electromagnet that steers beam pulses may result in thermal shock damage on the accelerator component by injecting an out-of-control pulse. It is important that a Machine Protection System (MPS) is appropriately designed to prevent this damage in the facilities such as Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). In this study, the simple evaluation method for the allowable injection time before the operation of the MPS was derived from the relation between the thermal stress and the yield stress of materials.The derived evaluation method was then applied to J-PARC. The allowable injection time for each component ranged from 0.1 to 70 s.
Seki, Masami; Moriyama, Shinichi; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hiranai, Shinichi; Yokokura, Kenji; Shimono, Mitsugu; Terakado, Masayuki; Fujii, Tsuneyuki
Fusion Engineering and Design, 74(1-4), p.273 - 277, 2005/11
no abstracts in English
Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Kukita, Yutaka*; Nakamura, Hideo
Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-11) (CD-ROM), 15 Pages, 2005/10
no abstracts in English
JAERI-Research 2005-016, 127 Pages, 2005/08
no abstracts in English
Saha, P. K.; Noda, Fumiaki*; Irie, Yoshiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Hayashi, Naoki; Machida, Shinji*; Sakai, Izumi*
Proceedings of 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '05) (CD-ROM), p.3739 - 3741, 2005/00
The RCS(rapid cycling synchrotron) of J-PARC(Japan proton accelerator research complex) acts as an injector to the main ring as well as a high-power beam for the spallation neutron source at a repetition rate of 25 Hz, where at present the injection and the extraction beam energy are chosen to be 0.181 GeV and 3.0 GeV, respectively. The present work concerns on the present design and calculations for the injection-dump line of the RCS, which includes, (1) an accurate aperture list of all elements taking into account a wide range of the betatron tune, effect of changing injection modes, multiple trajectories of different particles after the charge-exchange foil(like H0 from the H- and H- beam itself)and (2) an accurate estimation of the uncontrolled beam losses especially from the H0-excited states, multiple coulomb scattering at the charge-exchange foil and also the lorentz stripping loss at the septum magnets so as to optimize them concerning mainly the radiation issues as well as for the hands-on maintenance.
Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Irie, Yoshiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Watanabe, Masao; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Noda, Fumiaki*; Saha, P. K.; Sakai, Izumi*; Kawakubo, Toshimichi*
Proceedings of 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '05) (CD-ROM), p.1048 - 1050, 2005/00
The pulse bending magnets for the injection system of the 3-GeV RCS in J-PARC has been designed. The injection system consists of the pulsed bending magnets, which are four horizontal bending magnets (shift bump) and four horizontal painting magnets (h-paint bump) for the injection bump orbit, and two vertical painting magnets (v-paint magnet). The injection beam energy and the extraction beam power are 400 MeV and 1 MW at 25 Hz repetition rate, respectively. The acceptance to include the injection beam, the painting beam and the circulating beam at the shift bump points is a 388 mm wide and a 242 mm high. The shift bump has been designed using a 3D magnetic analysis code, which accomplished less than 0.4 % field deviation under 0.26 T excitation level.
Takase, Haruhiko*; Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi
JAERI-Data/Code 2003-013, 46 Pages, 2003/08
no abstracts in English