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Journal Articles

Guidance for ${it in situ}$ gamma spectrometry intercomparison based on the information obtained through five intercomparisons during the Fukushima mapping project

Mikami, Satoshi; Ishikawa, Daisuke*; Matsuda, Hideo*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105938_1 - 105938_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.3(Environmental Sciences)

Five intercomparisons of in situ $$gamma$$ spectrometry by 6-7 participating teams have been conducted between December 2011 and August 2015 at sites in Fukushima prefecture which affected by the fallout of FDNPS accident occurred in March 2011. The evaluated deposition densities agreed within 5-6% in terms of coefficient of variation (CV) for radiocesium ($$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs), by our best achievement, and the ratio of $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs in deposition density agreed within 1-2% in CV, through five intercomparisons. These results guarantee the accuracy of the measurements of the mapping project. Two different methods for intercomparison were conducted: (1) sequential measurements at an identical point; and (2) simultaneous measurements in a narrow area within 3 m radius. In a comparison between the two methods at a site, no significant difference was observed between the results. The standard protocols for the two different intercomparison methods were proposed based on our experience.

Journal Articles

Intercomparison of numerical atmospheric dispersion prediction models for emergency response to emissions of radionuclides with limited source information in the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Iwasaki, Toshiki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Nakajima, Teruyuki*; Watanabe, Akira*; Suzuki, Yasushi*; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Morino, Yu*; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Takigawa, Masayuki*; et al.

Atmospheric Environment, 214, p.116830_1 - 116830_11, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:39.15(Environmental Sciences)

The utilization of numerical atmospheric dispersion prediction (NDP) models for accidental discharge of radioactive substances was recommended by a working group of the Meteorological Society of Japan. This paper is to validate the recommendation through NDP model intercomparison in the accidental release from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011. Emission intensity is assumed to be constant during the whole forecast period for the worst-case scenario unless time sequence of emission is available. We expect to utilize forecasts of surface air contaminations for preventions of inhalations of radioactive substances, and column-integrated amounts for mitigation of radiation exposure associated with wet deposition. Although NDP forecasts have ensemble spread, they commonly figure out relative risk in space and time. They are of great benefit to disseminating effective warnings to public without failure. The multi-model ensemble technique may be effective to improve the reliability.

Journal Articles

Model intercomparison of atmospheric $$^{137}$$Cs from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident; Simulations based on identical input data

Sato, Yosuke*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Kajino, Mizuo*; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Uchida, Junya*; Goto, Daisuke*; Qu$'e$lo, D.*; et al.

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 123(20), p.11748 - 11765, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:80.33(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

A model intercomparison of the atmospheric dispersion of $$^{137}$$Cs emitted following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident was conducted by 12 models to understand the behavior of $$^{137}$$Cs in the atmosphere. The same meteorological data, horizontal grid resolution, and an emission inventory were applied to all the models to focus on the model variability originating from the processes included in each model. The multi-model ensemble captured 40% of the observed $$^{137}$$Cs events, and the figure-of-merit in space for the total deposition of $$^{137}$$Cs exceeded 80. Our analyses indicated that the meteorological data were most critical for reproducing the $$^{137}$$Cs events. The results also revealed that the differences among the models were originated from the deposition and diffusion processes when the meteorological field was simulated well. However, the models with strong diffusion tended to overestimate the $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations.

Journal Articles

In situ $$gamma$$ spectrometry intercomparison in Fukushima, Japan

Mikami, Satoshi; Sato, Shoji*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Saito, Kimiaki

Hoken Butsuri, 50(3), p.182 - 188, 2015/09

Intercomparison of in situ $$gamma$$ spectrometry was organized at a site contaminated by the radioactive fallout that originated from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. This intercomparison was conducted by eight teams from four different institutions, which have contributed to the government-led project to construct distribution maps of radionuclides deposited on the ground soil. The resultant $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs inventories evaluated by the participants agreed within 6% of the coefficient of variation, after correction for inhomogeneous distribution of the air dose rate. The evaluated $$^{40}$$K inventories agreed within 4% of the coefficient of variation. The authors estimated that these results were in good agreement for creating distribution maps of the radionuclide inventory in the ground soil.

Journal Articles

RCA/IAEA third external dosimetry intercomparisons in East Asia region

Yamamoto, Hideaki; Yoshizawa, Michio; Murakami, Hiroyuki; Momose, Takumaro*; Tsujimura, Norio*; Kanai, Katsuta*; Cruz-Suarez, R.*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 125(1-4), p.88 - 92, 2007/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Environmental Sciences)

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the results of the third intercomparison exercise of external radiation dosimetry organized under the Regional Cooperative Agreement (RCA) in the East Asia region of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Twenty five laboratories from 16 member states participated in the exercise. Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) and Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) arranged the standard irradiation of the participants' dosimeters. The results of the measurements of the irradiated dosimeters for the determination of external doses were satisfactory for all participants, demonstrating good performance in their external dosimetry.

Journal Articles

Applicability study on existing dosimetry systems to high-power Bremsstrahlung irradiation

Mehta, K.*; Kojima, Takuji; Sunaga, Hiromi

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 68(6), p.959 - 962, 2003/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.72(Chemistry, Physical)

Applicability of the existing dosimetry systems to high-power Bremsstrahlung irradiation was investigated through a dose intercomparison study, where several dosimeters were irradiated in the dose range 4-12 kGy in identical polyethylene phantoms in a Bremsstrahlung beam obtained from a 5-MeV electron accelerator. Included in the study were alanine dosimeters molded by three different binders, three types of liquid dosimeters:ceric-cerous, dichromate and ethanol-chlorobenzen (ECB), and glutamine powder. The dosimeter responses for Bremsstrahlung radiation were analyzed at the issuing laboratories, and the dose values determined using calibration based on cobalt-60 $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. Dose values for all the three dose levels for all dosimetry systems were in good agreement of better than 3%. The results of the study demonstrate that these existing dosimetry systems have a potential for application to high-power Bremsstrahlung irradiation.

JAEA Reports

Comparison of (n,2n) and (n,3n) reaction cross sections for fission products in JENDL-3.2 with available experimental and other evaluated cross section data

Manokhin, V. N.*; Odano, Naoteru; Hasegawa, Akira

JAERI-Data/Code 2001-019, 169 Pages, 2001/07

JAERI-Data-Code-2001-019.pdf:5.26MB

Results of comparison of (n,2n) and (n,3n) reaction cross sections for 155 nuclei (Ge - Tb) in JENDL-3.2 with available experimental data, various evaluated data, and those estimated from systematics are summarized to assess validity of cross sections for threshold reactions for fission product nuclei in JENDL-3.2. Plots for comparisons are compiled and issues in cross section data in JENDL-3.2 are also discussed.

Journal Articles

Dose intercomparison studies for standardization of high-dose dosimetry in Vietnam

H.H.Mai*; N.D.Duong*; Kojima, Takuji

IAEA-TECDOC-1070, p.345 - 351, 1999/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dose intercomparison study involving Fricke, ethanol chlorobenzene, PMMA and alanine dosimeters

L.G.Lanuza*; E.G.Cabalfin*; Kojima, Takuji; Tachibana, Hiroyuki

IAEA-TECDOC-1070, p.337 - 344, 1999/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Long-term contaminant migration and impacts from uranium mill tailings

H.Camus*; R.Little*; D.Acton*; A.Agueero*; D.Chambers*; L.Chamney*; J.L.Daroussin*; J.Droppo*; C.Ferry*; E.Gnanapragasam*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 42, p.289 - 304, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:42.11(Environmental Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Uncertainty estimation in $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray dosimetry at JAERI involving a two-way dose intercomparison study with NPL in the dose range 1-50kGy

Kojima, Takuji; Tachibana, Hiroyuki; ; *; P.H.G.Sharpe*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 54(6), p.619 - 626, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:62(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Intercomparison on measurement of distribution coefficient; Investigation on differences of measured values between individuals

Takahashi, Tomoyuki; Takebe, Shinichi; Kimura, Hideo; Matsuzuru, Hideo; Yasuda, Hiroshi*; Uchida, Shigeo*; Saeki, Akiyoshi*; Mahara, Yasunori*; Sasaki, Noriyuki*; *; et al.

JAERI-Research 97-089, 25 Pages, 1997/12

JAERI-Research-97-089.pdf:1.11MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the IAEA/RCA Training Workshop on Contamination Monitoring

Endo, Akira; Oishi, Tetsuya; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Murakami, Hiroyuki

JAERI-Conf 97-008, 184 Pages, 1997/06

JAERI-Conf-97-008.pdf:4.67MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

HETC-3STEP calculations of proton induced nuclide production cross sections at incident energies between 20 MeV and 5 GeV

Takada, Hiroshi; Yoshizawa, Nobuaki*; *

JAERI-Research 96-040, 91 Pages, 1996/08

JAERI-Research-96-040.pdf:2.2MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$gamma$$-ray dose intercomparison in the absorbed dose range, 5-50kGy, using dichromate and alanine dosimeters

H.H.Mai*; Ng.D.Duong*; Kojima, Takuji

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 47(2), p.259 - 261, 1996/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:25.51(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dose intercomparison experiment for gamma rays and 3-MeV electrons by mailing dosimetry using free-radical dosimeters

S.R.Nilekani*; G.R.Narayan*; B.Suseela*; R.M.Bhat*; B.L.Gupta*; Kojima, Takuji; Takizawa, Haruki; Sunaga, Hiromi; Tanaka, Ryuichi

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 46(3), p.205 - 207, 1995/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:58.92(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of applicability of alanine and radiochromic detectors to dosimetry of proton clinical beams

D.Nichiporov*; V.Kostjuchenko*; J.M.Puhl*; D.L.Bensen*; M.F.Desrosiers*; C.E.Dick*; W.L.Mclaughlin*; Kojima, Takuji; B.M.Coursey*; S.Zink*

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 46(12), p.1355 - 1362, 1995/00

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:93.12(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thin film alanine-polyethylene dosimeter

Kojima, Takuji; H.L.A.Ranjith*; Haruyama, Yasuyuki; Kashiwazaki, Shigeru*; Tanaka, Ryuichi

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 44(1-2), p.41 - 45, 1993/00

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:75.41(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Intercomparison of measuring and evaluation methods for environmental radiations

Saito, Kimiaki; Nagaoka, Toshi; Sakamoto, Ryuichi; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Moriuchi, Shigeru; *

JAERI-M 90-188, 40 Pages, 1990/11

JAERI-M-90-188.pdf:1.18MB

no abstracts in English

23 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)