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Journal Articles

PARaDIM; A PHITS-based Monte Carlo tool for internal dosimetry with tetrahedral mesh computational phantoms

Carter, L. M.*; Crawford, T. M.*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Furuta, Takuya; Choi, C.*; Kim, C. H.*; Brown, J. L.*; Bolch, W. E.*; Zanzonico, P. B.*; Lewis, J. S.*

Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 60(12), p.1802 - 1811, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:55.17(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Voxel human phantoms have been used for internal dose assessment. More anatomically accurate representation become possible for skins or layer tissues owing to recent developments of advanced polygonal mesh-type phantoms and thus internal dose assessment using those advanced phantoms are desired. However, the Monte Carlo transport calculation by implementing those phantoms require an advanced knowledge for the Monte Carlo transport codes and it is only limited to experts. We therefore developed a tool, PARaDIM, which enables users to conduct internal dose calculation with PHITS easily by themselves. With this tool, a user can select tetrahedral-mesh phantoms, set radionuclides in organs, and execute radiation transport calculation with PHITS. Several test cases of internal dosimetry calculations were presented and usefulness of this tool was demonstrated.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of S values for beta-ray emitters in voxel phantoms

Kinase, Sakae; Zankl, M.*; Funabiki, Jun*; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Saito, Kimiaki

KEK Proceedings 2003-15, p.45 - 52, 2004/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of specific absorption fractions in voxel phantoms using Monte Carlo simulation

Kinase, Sakae; Zankl, M.*; Kuwabara, Jun; Sato, Kaoru; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Funabiki, Jun*; Saito, Kimiaki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 105(1-4), p.557 - 563, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:15.46(Environmental Sciences)

There exists a need to calculate specific absorbed fractions (SAFs) in voxel phantoms for internal dosimetry. For this purpose, an EGS4 user code for calculating SAFs using voxel phantoms was developed on the basis of an existing EGS4 user code for external dosimetry (UCPIXEL). In the developed code, the transport of photons, electrons and positrons in voxel phantoms can be simulated, particularly the transport simulations of secondary electrons in voxel phantoms can be made. The evaluated SAFs for the GSF Child voxel phantom using the developed code were found to be in good agreement with the GSF evaluated data. In addition, SAFs in adult voxel phantoms developed at JAERI were evaluated using the developed code and were compared with several published data. It was found that SAFs for organ self-absorption depend on the organ masses and would be affected by differences in the structure of the human body.

Journal Articles

Present state of internal dosimetry for radiation protection in Japan

Mizushita, Seiichi

Proceedings of the KARP Autumn Meeting KARP-JHPS Joint Symposium on Internal Dosimetry, p.31 - 36, 2001/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of CT voxel phantoms for Japanese

Sato, Kaoru; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Saito, Kimiaki; Emoto, Yutaka*; Koga, Sukehiko*

Radiation Risk Assessment Workshop Proceedings, p.102 - 110, 2001/00

For calculating doses due to radioactivity taken in a body, Specific Absorbed Fractions (SAFs) are used. In recent years, more realistic phantoms called voxel (volume pixel) phantoms have been developed on the basis of CT or MRI images of actual persons. The voxel phantoms can accurately describe sizes, shapes and locations of organs, which would affect SAFs. We are now developing Japanese adult voxel phantoms for internal dosimetry by using CT images. Until now, CT scans for three healthy Japanese male volunteers were performed under supine or upright positions to study the effect of body size and position on SAFs. The height and weight of the middle size man is almost coincident with the averages for Japanese adult. So far the development of voxel phantom has been almost finished for the middle size man (voxel-phantom-MM). The voxel size is 0.98$$times$$0.98$$times$$1.0 mm$$^{3}$$. It was found that even small size organs such as thyroid were realistically modeled. The result showed that voxel-phantom-MM had realistic structure which would enable us to calculate reliable SAFs

JAEA Reports

Health Physics in JAERI, No.41; April 1, 1998 - March 31, 1999

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; Radiation Control Division, Oarai; Utilities and Safety Division, Kansai; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu

JAERI-Review 2000-001, p.225 - 0, 2000/03

JAERI-Review-2000-001.pdf:9.42MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.40; April 1, 1997 - March 31, 1998

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu

JAERI-Review 98-015, 239 Pages, 1998/12

JAERI-Review-98-015.pdf:9.9MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.38; April 1, 1995 - March 31, 1996

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ;

JAERI-Review 96-014, 236 Pages, 1996/10

JAERI-Review-96-014.pdf:7.25MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.37; April 1, 1994 - March 31, 1995

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu;

JAERI-Review 95-020, 264 Pages, 1995/11

JAERI-Review-95-020.pdf:8.68MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.36; April 1,1993 - March 31,1994

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu;

JAERI-Review 94-007, 262 Pages, 1994/11

JAERI-Review-94-007.pdf:7.85MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health Physics in JAERI, No.35; April 1, 1992 - March 31, 1993

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu;

JAERI-M 93-172, 291 Pages, 1993/09

JAERI-M-93-172.pdf:8.75MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health Physics in JAERI, No.34; April 1, 1991 - March 31, 1992

Department of Health Physics; ; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu; ;

JAERI-M 92-144, 301 Pages, 1992/10

JAERI-M-92-144.pdf:8.94MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.32

Department of Health Physics; ; ; ; ; ;

JAERI-M 90-224, 270 Pages, 1990/12

JAERI-M-90-224.pdf:7.97MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.31

Department of Health Physics; ; ; ; ; ;

JAERI-M 89-212, 334 Pages, 1989/12

JAERI-M-89-212.pdf:9.28MB

no abstracts in English

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