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Journal Articles

Separation of light and middle lanthanides using multistage extraction with diglycolamide extractant

Matsutani, Takafumi; Sasaki, Yuji; Katsuta, Shoichi*

Analytical Sciences, 37(11), p.1603 - 1609, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:37.67(Chemistry, Analytical)

We investigated the chemical behavior of lanthanides (Ln) using diglycolamide extractant with multistage extraction. We obtained the breakthrough curves for light and middle Ln. Our study reveals that the metal extraction limit depends on their $$D$$ values and metal concentrations used in the experiments. From the multistage extractions of 15 aqueous phases and 15 organic phases, three curves (extraction curves, back-extraction curves, and separation curves) were obtained by changing the nitric acid concentration. As an example, under a condition of the separation curve experiment (aqueous phase: 0.5 M HNO$$_{3}$$, organic phase: 0.1 M TDDGA ($$N,N,N',N'$$-tetradecyl-diglycolamide) in $$n$$-dodecane), a recovery of more than 99% of Sm in the organic phase with less than 1% Nd can be obtained.

Journal Articles

Continuous extraction and separation of Am(III) and Cm(III) using a highly practical diamide amine extractant

Suzuki, Hideya; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Kurosawa, Tatsuya*; Sagawa, Hiroshi*; Matsumura, Tatsuro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(11), p.1163 - 1167, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:92.59(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A highly practical diamide-type extractant, which is an alkyl diamide amine with 2-ethylhexyl alkyl chains (ADAAM(EH)), was investigated for mutual separation of Am(III) and Cm(III). ADAAM(EH) is a multidentate ligand with one soft N-donor atom and two hard O-donor atoms in its central frame. This tridentate arrangement of donor atoms provides selective binding to Am(III) compared to that with Cm(III) in highly acidic media, resulting in separation factors of up to 5.5. A continuous liquid-liquid extraction and stripping test was conducted using a multistage countercurrent mixer-settler extractor with ADAAM(EH) in n-dodecane. In this test, separation of Am(III) and Cm(III) was achieved with very high yield.

Journal Articles

Oral presentation

Continuous extraction and separation of Am$$^{3+}$$ and Cm$$^{3+}$$ using a high-performance ligand

Suzuki, Hideya; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Toigawa, Tomohiro; Matsumura, Tatsuro

no journal, , 

The separation of minor actinide (MA) from HLLW is an important task in the partitioning and transmutation. After MA are separated from HLLW, the mutual separation of Am$$^{3+}$$ and Cm$$^{3+}$$ (Am/Cm separation) can be conducted. A highly practical reagent, called alkyl diamide amine (ADAAM), was developed. ADAAM gives the maximum separation factor up to 5.5. A continuous extraction test was conducted using a multistage countercurrent mixer-settler extractor with ADAAM in n-dodecane. Separation of Am and Cm was demonstrated in very high yield.

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