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Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method for diffusion and filtration behavior of colloid in compacted bentonites using dendrimers

Endo, Takashi*; Tachi, Yukio; Ishidera, Takamitsu; Terashima, Motoki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 20(1), p.9 - 22, 2021/03

Evaluation method of colloid diffusion and filtration in compacted bentonites was developed using dendrimers. Diffusion and filtration behavior of PAMAM dendrimers with the size of 5.7$$sim$$7.2nm was investigated by the through-diffusion experiment in bentonite compacted to 0.8 Mg/m$$^{3}$$ and saturated with 0.005$$sim$$0.5mol/L NaCl. Effective diffusivities (De) and filtration ratios (Rf) of dendrimers were determined from the breakthrough curves and the depth profiles in compacted bentonite, respectively. The De values of negatively charged dendrimer increased when porewater salinity increased and dendrimer size decreased as influenced by anion exclusion effect in negatively charged clay surfaces. The Rf values increased when porewater salinity decreased and dendrimer size increased, demonstrating significant fractions of dendrimer were filtered by narrow pores in complex pore networks. These trends consistent with the previous studies emphasize the validity of the evaluation method using dendrimer.

Journal Articles

Pore distribution of water-saturated compacted clay using NMR relaxometry and freezing temperature depression; Effects of density and salt concentration

Okubo, Takahiro*; Ibaraki, Moe*; Tachi, Yukio; Iwadate, Yasuhiko*

Applied Clay Science, 123, p.148 - 155, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:73.19(Chemistry, Physical)

The pore distribution of water-saturated compacted clay (Na-montmorillonite at 0.8 and 1.4 g/cm$$^{3}$$ saturated by three salt concentrations) was evaluated using $$^{1}$$H NMR relaxometry and freezing point depression. The populations of interlayer water with four hydrated state and non-interlayer water were calculated from the assumed thresholds. The sample with lower density exhibits higher population of non-interlayer water up to 55%. Low-temperature $$^{1}$$H NMR experiments in view of freezing point depression indicated that mesopore water in approximately 4 nm space observed in the calorimetric study was considered as non-interlayer water and the threshold temperature. The result showed that population of non-interlayer water by expected from freezing point depression agreed with $$^{1}$$H NMR relaxometry within 10%. Correlation experiments between longitudinal ($$T_{1}$$) and transverse relation times ($$T_{2}$$) at -10$$^{circ}$$C suggested that high-mobility bulk-like water molecules existed at a clay density of 1.4 g/cm$$^{3}$$.

Journal Articles

Present status of the study on radionuclide diffusion in barrier materials

Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Nakayama, Shinichi

JAERI-Conf 2002-004, p.325 - 332, 2002/03

When long-lived radionuclides are transported by groundwater through fractures in the rock mass surrounding a radioactive waste repository, their diffusion into pores in the rock matrix and ensuing sorption onto mineral surfaces are expected to retard their transport along the pathways. We have characterized the pore structure of the Japanese Inada biotite granite and confirmed that Fick's diffusion law can be applied to the transport of aqueous species in granite. Effective diffusivity was determined by the through-diffusion method for cationic, anionic and actinide complex species to explore the mechanism of diffusion of the aqueous species. The results of this study enable us to provide a scientifically sound basis for radionuclide diffusion in granite for performance assessment of geological disposal. Future studies should emphasize understanding the diffusion mechanisms in low-permeability engineered barrier materials, data acquisition on long-term degradation of the materials and quantifying uncertainties associated with long-term mass transport analysis.

Journal Articles

Applicability of advanced design method of graphite components by microstructure-based brittle fracture model

Ishihara, Masahiro; Takahashi, Tsuneo*; Hanawa, Satoshi

Transactions of 16th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-16) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2001/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Understanding of mechanical properties of graphite on the basis of mesoscopic microstructure (Review)

Ishihara, Masahiro; Shibata, Taiju; Takahashi, Tsuneo*; Baba, Shinichi; Hoshiya, Taiji

Proceedings of OECD/NEA 2nd Information Exchange Meeting on Basic Studies in the Field of High-temperature Engineering, p.225 - 241, 2001/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Krypton adsorption for study of micropore structure

Ikawa, Katsuichi

Yogyo Kyokia-Shi, 80(923), p.300 - 303, 1972/07

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Pore distribution of saturated compacted montmorillonite using NMR relaxometry; Effect of salt concentration

Okubo, Takahiro*; Ibaraki, Moe*; Tachi, Yukio; Iwadate, Yasuhiko*

no journal, , 

1H NMR relaxometry was applied for investigation of pore structure in compacted saturated montmorillonite with different salt concentration. The samples compacted to dry densities of 0.8 and 1.2 g/cm$$^{3}$$ were saturated with pure water, 0.05, 0.10, 0.50, and 1.0 M NaCl solutions. Population of water in different hydrated layer corresponding to 1-, 2-, and 3 hydrated layer was estimated from longitudinal relaxation distributions. The population of water in 1-, 2-, and 3 hydrated layers changed as a function of NaCl concentration. The threshold to discriminate between inter- and intra-layer water is 3 hydrated layer, which is questionable from existence of 4 hydrated layer revealed by modelling of X-ray profile. The amount of water in 1- and intra-layer were negligible small for all conditions at dry density of 1.2 g/cm$$^{3}$$. On the other hand, water in 2-hydrated layer was decreased instead of increment of water in 3-hydrated layer.

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