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Journal Articles

Challenges for enhancing Fukushima environmental resilience, 1; Status and lessons

Miyahara, Kaname; Ohara, Toshimasa*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(5), p.282 - 286, 2017/05

This review highlights JAEA and NIES's challenges for enhancing Fukushima environmental resilience based on carrying out multifaceted research working with many public and private sector organizations and academia.

Journal Articles

An Overview of progress in environmental research on radioactive materials derived from the Fukushima Nuclear accident

Ohara, Toshimasa*; Miyahara, Kaname

Global Environmental Research (Internet), 20(1&2), p.3 - 13, 2017/03

Toward the environmental regeneration in Fukushima Prefecture and other areas after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accidents, JAEA and NIES working with many public and private sector organizations and academia have carried out multifaceted research that will help to restore the environment of affected areas. These challenging efforts need to be further strengthened.

Journal Articles

Study on application of kriging to evaluation of radioactivity concentration for ensuring compliance with the criterion of site release

Ishigami, Tsutomu; Shimada, Taro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(9), p.1186 - 1204, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the field of decommissioning of nuclear facilities, a reliable method for ensuring compliance with the criterion of site release is an important technical issue to be resolved in Japan. Considering that kriging can consider the spatial correlation of radioactivity concentrations, we propose a method of applying kriging to ensure compliance with the site release criterion. Estimated radioactivity concentrations exhibit uncertainty, which results in a certain probability of the occurrence of decision errors regarding site release. We describe a method for calculating the uncertainty and establish a minimum number of measurement points required. We applied the proposed method and a conventional statistical method to two sample cases. It was observed that the proposed method appropriately estimated the mean radioactivity concentration and led to an efficient measurement requiring fewer measurement points relative to the conventional method when spatial correlation existed.

JAEA Reports

An Investigation of fuel and fission product behavior in rise-to-power test of HTTR, 2; Results up to 30 MW operation

Ueta, Shohei; Emori, Koichi; Tobita, Tsutomu*; Takahashi, Masashi*; Kuroha, Misao; Ishii, Taro*; Sawa, Kazuhiro

JAERI-Research 2003-025, 59 Pages, 2003/11

JAERI-Research-2003-025.pdf:2.53MB

In the safety design requirements for the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) fuel, it is determined that "the as-fabricated failure fraction shall be less than 0.2%" and "the additional failure fraction shall be small through the full service period". Therefore the failure fraction should be quantitatively evaluated during the HTTR operation. In order to measure the primary coolant activity, primary coolant radioactivity signals the in safety protection system, the fuel failure detection (FFD) system and the primary coolant sampling system are provided in the HTTR. The fuel and fission product behavior was evaluated based on measured data in the rise-to-power tests (1) to (4). The measured fractional releases are constant at 2$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ up to 60% of the reactor power, and then increase to 7$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ at full power operation. The prediction shows good agreement with the measured value. These results showed that the release mechanism varied from recoil to diffusion of the generated fission gas from the contaminated uranium in the fuel compact matrix.

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