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Journal Articles

Measurements of neutronic characteristics of rectangular and cylindrical coupled hydrogen moderators

Kai, Tetsuya; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Oi, Motoki; Hirota, Katsuya*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(3), p.283 - 289, 2018/03

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Neutronic performance of rectangular and cylindrical coupled hydrogen moderators in wide-angle beam extraction of low-energy neutrons

Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Watanabe, Noboru; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 550(1-2), p.329 - 342, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:33.84(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutronic study was performed on coupled hydrogen moderators to maximize time-integrated and pulse-peak intensities of slow neutrons when a large number of beams was required. The total increased with the number of beams, although the average decreased due to a reflector-missing by the beam extraction holes in the reflector. At a large beam extraction angle (25 degree), the spatial distribution of the vector-flux of neutrons was undesirable for a rectangular shape moderator. As an alternative we proposed a cylindrical shape one, resulting in a much improved spatial distribution. In addition, neutronic performance was calculated as a function of the diameter, indicating the optimal diameter was about 140 mm. The cylindrical one gave higher pulse-peak intensities with narrower pulse widths without penalty in time-integrated intensities and pulse decay characteristics, providing a more uniform angle-dependence. Some explanations are given for the difference in the pulse characteristics between the two. We decided to adopt the cylindrical one for the Japanese spallation neutron source.

Journal Articles

Coupled hydrogen moderator optimization with ortho/para hydrogen ratio

Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Watanabe, Noboru; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 523(3), p.398 - 414, 2004/05

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:10.63(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Neutronic performance of a coupled hydrogen moderator was studied as a function of para hydrogen concentration, moderator thickness, height and premoderator thickness. It was found that a thick (120$$sim$$140mm) moderator with 100% para hydrogen was optimal to provide the highest time- and energy- integrated neutron intensity below 15 meV together with the highetst possible pulse-peak intensity. Low-energy neutron distribution on the moderator viewed surface was found to exhibit an intensity-enhanced region at a picture frame part near premoderator. The rather peculiar distribution suggested that the moderator and the viewed surface must be designed so as to take the brighter region near premoderator in use.

Journal Articles

Anthropogenic radionuclides in seawater of the Japan Sea; The Results of recent expeditions carried out in the Japanese and Russian EEZ

Ito, Toshimichi; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Togawa, Orihiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; Senju, Tomoharu*; Chaykovskaya, E. L.*; Lishavskaya, T. S.*; Karasev, E. V.*; et al.

Proceedings of International Symposium on Radioecology and Environmental Dosimetry, p.396 - 401, 2003/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Studies on two types of built-in inhomogeneities for polymer gels; Frozen segmental concentration fluctuations and spatial distribution of cross-links

Norisue,Tomohisa*; Kida, Yusuke*; Masui, Naoki*; Tran-Cong-Miyata, Q.*; Maekawa, Yasunari; Yoshida, Masaru; Shibayama, Mitsuhiro*

Macromolecules, 36(16), p.6202 - 6212, 2003/08

 Times Cited Count:60 Percentile:11.17(Polymer Science)

The shrinking kinetics of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPA) gels has been studied for two types of PNIPA gels prepared by (i) copolymerization of constituent monomer and cross-linker and (ii) $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in the PNIPA solutions in order to investigate the role of cross-linking on shrinking kinetics. The shrinking kinetics of the monomer cross-linked gels is quite similar to that of the polymer cross-linked gels. On the other hand, a significant difference was found when the microscopic structure and the dynamics were investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and static/dynamic light scattering (SLS/DLS). The degree of built-in inhomogeneities and dynamic fluctuations were evaluated as a function of the cross-linking degree and the gel preparation temperature by intensity decomposition methods for both types of gels. It is concluded that the monomer cross-linked gels have extra built-in inhomogeneities due to the spatial distribution of crosslinks in addition to the frozen concentration fluctuations inherent in polymer gels.

Journal Articles

Neutronic study on coupled hydrogen moderator for J-PARC spallation neutron source

Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Watanabe, Noboru; Ikeda, Yujiro

Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 3, p.657 - 666, 2003/07

Neutronic design studies were carried out on the J-PARC coupled H$$_{2}$$ moderator. The highest time- and energy- integrated intensity below 15 meV, pulse peak intensity at 2 meV and 10 meV, were given by 100% para-H$$_{2}$$ moderators, but the optimal moderator thickness was different for each: more than 220 mm, about 120 mm and 80 mm, respectively. Finally, we concluded 140 mm was the optimal thickness for the 100% para-H$$_{2}$$ coupled moderator. Cold neutron distributions on the moderator viewed surface were found to exhibit an intensity-enhanced region at a picture frame part near premoderator. This rather peculiar distribution suggested that the moderator and the viewed surface must be designed so as to take the brighter region near premoderator in use. The intensity decreases along with beam-extraction angle to the normal direction down to about 70% at 25.4$$^{rm o}$$. Then, we propose a cylindrical shape coupled moderator which brings about a slight intensity decrease for 0$$^{rm o}$$ but a increase in the averaged intensity over the angles of interest.

Journal Articles

Application of thin film dosimeters to measurement of ion beam dose distribution, 2

Kojima, Takuji; Sunaga, Hiromi; Takizawa, Haruki; Hanaya, Hiroaki; Tachibana, Hiroyuki

JAERI-Review 2001-039, TIARA Annual Report 2000, p.120 - 121, 2001/11

Gafchromic film (MD-1260) characterized for MeV/u ion beams was tested for measurement of the lateral distribution profiles in the plastic phantom. Gafchromic film was irradiated to 120 Gy using 450 MeV $$^{129}$$Xe$$^{23+}$$ ions through the 10$$mu$$ thick mesh mask having 6 $$mu$$m line-width and 19$$mu$$ inner latice distance to make artificial dose distribution on the film. Analysis of radiation-induced color change of the film was tried using a microscopic spectrophotpmeter having 1 $$mu$$ dia. analyzing light. The film has a potencial to know exact lateral irradiation area with sufficient sharpness and dose distribution by converting absorbance to dose on he basis of dose response characteristics, with spatial resolution of 1$$mu$$.

Journal Articles

Measurement of induced radioactivity in copper exposed to high energy heavy ion beam

Kim, E.; Nakamura, Takashi*; Uwamino, Y.*; Ito, S.*; Fukumura, A.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 37(Suppl.1), p.811 - 815, 2000/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of gamma-ray heating with thermoluminescence dosimeters including Sr$$_{2}$$SiO$$_{4}$$ and Ba$$_{2}$$SiO$$_{4}$$

; ; *; ; *

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 22(1), p.70 - 73, 1985/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:74.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A New experimental method of estimating physics parameters in large fast reactors

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 13(2), p.58 - 73, 1976/02

 Times Cited Count:2

no abstracts in English

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