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Journal Articles

Settings of biospheric dose assessment parameters in safety assessment for final repository of short-lived radioactive waste in Sweden

Kato, Tomoko

KURNS-EKR-11, p.19 - 28, 2021/03

In order to extract the knowledge that will be helpful in setting the biospheric dose assessment parameters and their database for safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal in Japan, a methodology of setting the biospheric dose assessment parameters was surveyed in the safety assessment of the radioactive waste disposal in Sweden. In this study, the handling in the biospheric dose assessment in SR-PSU was specifically focused. SR-PSU was the project about the safety assessment for final repository of short-lived radioactive waste in Sweden, SFR.

Journal Articles

Extending water retention curves to a quasi-saturated zone subjected to a high water pressure up to 1.5 Megapascals

Sakaki, Toshihiro*; Komatsu, Mitsuru*; Takeuchi, Ryuji

Vadose Zone Journal (Internet), 15(8), 7 Pages, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:91.59(Environmental Sciences)

In the Groundwater Recovery Experiment in Tunnel which is underway at the MIU, water saturation is one of the key parameters to monitor in order to understand the recovery processes. In this study, the process of saturation increase in the quasi-saturated zone where trapped discrete air phase affects saturation due to further increase in water pressure was studied. The relationship between the positive water pressure and saturation was measured by laboratory test using sands with trapped air bubbles and the effect of compression of bubbles on the changes in saturation was analyzed. The experimental results showed that the water pressure-saturation curves closely followed the relationship estimated solely based on the air bubble compression using Boyle's law. Based on this observation, a mathematical model was established to define the water pressure - saturation curve for the region where the water pressure is positive.

Journal Articles

Geologic disposal of radioactive waste produced by application of partitioning-transmutation technology to nuclear fuel cycle

Nakayama, Shinichi; Morita, Yasuji; Nishihara, Kenji; Oigawa, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

The effects of partitioning-transmutation (PT) technology to waste management was assessed based on the chemical and physical properties and estimated amounts of radioactively contaminated wastes that may be generated in the JAERI's PT cycle. The volume of high-level waste after partitioning was about a third that of non-partitioned vitrified waste form. The required repository area was about sixth, which implies increase in capacity of geologic repositories.

Journal Articles

Parametric survey on possible impact of partitioning and transmutation of high-level radioactive waste

Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Yokoo, Takeshi*; Nishihara, Kenji; Morita, Yasuji; Ikeda, Takao*; Takaki, Naoyuki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

The benefit of implementing Partitioning and Transmutation (P&T) of high-level wastes was parametrically surveyed. The possible reduction of the geological repository area was estimated. By recycling minor actinides (MA), the repository area required for unit spent fuel was reduced significantly in the case of MOX-LWR. This effect was caused by removal of $$^{241}$$Am which is a long-term heat source. By partitioning the fission products, in addition to MA recycling, further 70-80% reduction from the MA-recovery case can be expected for both UO$$_2$$ and MOX. This significant reduction was independent of the cooling time before the partitioning process.

Journal Articles

Design concept of disposal systems for highly activated waste

Okoshi, Minoru; Abe, Masayoshi; Yoshimori, Michiro; Sakai, Akihiro

Proc. of Waste Management'98 (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Effect of Mineralization Reaction on the Radionuclide Transport Through Geologic Media

; *; T.H.Pigford*

JAERI-M 9184, 39 Pages, 1980/11

JAERI-M-9184.pdf:1.05MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Psychological approach for siting a NIMBY facility; Assessing public acceptance of a geological repository for radioactive wastes

Otomo, Shoji*; Hirose, Yukio*; Osawa, Hideaki; Onuma, Susumu*

no journal, , 

The study measured public acceptance depending on the area of personal relevance, and the general and personal consensus toward a geological repository. The results that the weaker area of personal relevance, the stronger public acceptance became. The NIMBY reaction to siting a repository was strong. However, the effect of area of personal relevance was mitigated in the scenario where a scientific approach was applied.

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