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Journal Articles

Preliminary verification of water radiolysis and ECP calculation models by in-pile ECP measurements

Hanawa, Satoshi; Hata, Kuniki; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki

Proceedings of 21st International Conference on Water Chemistry in Nuclear Reactor Systems (Internet), 12 Pages, 2019/09

Journal Articles

A Modelling study on water radiolysis for primary coolant in PWR

Mukai, Satoru*; Umehara, Ryuji*; Hanawa, Satoshi; Kasahara, Shigeki; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Water Chemistry of Nuclear Reactor Systems (NPC 2016) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2016/10

In Japanese PWR, the concentration of dissolved hydrogen in the primary coolant is controlled in the range from 25 cc/kg-H$$_{2}$$O to 35 cc/kg-H$$_{2}$$O for suppression of water decomposition. However this concentration is desired to reduce for the purpose of radiation source reduction in Japan. So, the concentration due to water radiolysis in primary coolant was evaluated at lower hydrogen concentration by the water radiolysis model in consideration of $$gamma$$ ray, fast neutron and alpha ray due to the reaction $$^{10}$$B(n,$$alpha$$)$$^{7}$$Li. The results of evaluation showed that the water radiolysis was suppressed even if the hydrogen concentration was decreased to 5 cc/kg-H$$_{2}$$O. The effects of the different G-value and the rate constants of major reaction on the concentration of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$ were studied under hydrogen addition. We also focused on the effect of the alpha radiolysis in boron acid water.

Journal Articles

Study of irradiation effect on ECP using in-pile loops in the JMTR

Hanawa, Satoshi; Uchida, Shunsuke; Hata, Kuniki; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of 20th Nuclear Plant Chemistry International Conference (NPC 2016) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2016/10

The authors proposed and ECP evaluation model introducing irradiation-induced diffusion in the oxide layer to simulate neutron irradiation effect, and predicted with this model that ECP is started to depress from the neutron flux of about ten to the fourteenth per square meter. As the JMTR has in-pile loops applicable to water chemistry experiments, degree of irradiation effect on ECP appears in the in-pile loop was estimated by the model. Under oxygen injected condition, ECP in a capsule becomes constant along the vertical direction due to the presence of high amount of oxygen and hydrogen peroxide in a capsule. However, if neutron irradiation depress ECP, ECP in a capsule along vertical direction wouldn't become constant, and the degree to the decrement is detectable by experiments.

Journal Articles

Simulation for radiolytic products of seawater; Effects of seawater constituents, dilution rate, and dose rate

Hata, Kuniki; Sato, Tomonori; Motooka, Takafumi; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Hanawa, Satoshi; Kasahara, Shigeki; Tsukada, Takashi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(8), p.1183 - 1191, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:54.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Radiolysis of boiling water

Yang, S.*; Katsumura, Yosuke*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Matsuura, Chihiro*; Hiroishi, Daisuke*; Lertnaisat, P.*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 123, p.14 - 19, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:25.63(Chemistry, Physical)

$$gamma$$-radiolysis of boiling water has been investigated. The G-value of H$$_{2}$$ evolution was found to be very sensitive to the purity of water. In high-purity water, both H$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$ gases were formed in the stoichiometric ratio of 2:1; a negligible amount of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ remained in the liquid phase. The G-values of H$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$ gas evolution depend on the dose rate: lower dose rates produce larger yields. To clarify the importance of the interface between liquid and gas phase for gas evolution, the gas evolution under Ar gas bubbling was measured. A large amount of H$$_{2}$$ was detected, similar to the radiolysis of boiling water. The evolution of gas was enhanced in a 0.5 M NaCl aqueous solution. Deterministic chemical kinetics simulations elucidated the mechanism of radiolysis in boiling water.

Journal Articles

Effects of constituents of seawater on formation of volatile iodine by aqueous phase radiation chemistry

Hata, Kuniki; Kido, Kentaro; Nishiyama, Yutaka; Maruyama, Yu

NEA/CSNI/R(2016)5 (Internet), p.196 - 203, 2016/05

Journal Articles

Hydrogen peroxide production by $$gamma$$ radiolysis of sodium chloride solutions containing a small amount of bromide ion

Hata, Kuniki; Inoue, Hiroyuki*; Kojima, Takao*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Kasahara, Shigeki; Hanawa, Satoshi; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Tsukada, Takashi

Nuclear Technology, 193(3), p.434 - 443, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:71.87(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Effects of $$alpha$$-radiation on a direct disposal system for spent nuclear fuel, 1 Review of research into the effects of $$alpha$$-radiation on the spent nuclear fuel, canisters and outside canisters

Kitamura, Akira; Takase, Hiroyasu*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(1), p.1 - 18, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:14.58(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Not only geological disposal of vitrified waste generated by spent fuel (SF) reprocessing, but also the possibility of disposing of SF itself in deep geological strata (hereinafter "direct disposal of SF") may be considered in the Japanese geological disposal program. In the case of direct disposal of SF, the radioactivity of the waste is higher and the potential effects of the radiation are greater. Specific examples of the possible effects of radiation include: increased amounts of canister corrosion; generation of oxidizing chemical species in conjunction with radiation degradation of groundwater and accompanying oxidation of reducing groundwater; and increase in the dissolution rate and the solubility of SF. Focusing especially on the effects of $$alpha$$-radiation in safety assessment, this study has reviewed research into the effects of $$alpha$$-radiation on the spent nuclear fuel, canisters and outside canisters.

Journal Articles

Effects of $$alpha$$-radiation on a direct disposal system for spent nuclear fuel, 2; Review of research into safety assessments of direct disposal of spent nuclear fuel in Europe and North America

Kitamura, Akira; Takase, Hiroyasu*; Metcalfe, R.*; Penfold, J.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(1), p.19 - 33, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.33(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Not only geological disposal of vitrified waste generated by spent fuel (SF) reprocessing, but also the possibility of disposing of SF itself in deep geological strata (hereinafter "direct disposal of SF") may be considered in the Japanese geological disposal program. In the case of direct disposal of SF, the radioactivity of the waste is higher and the potential effects of the radiation are greater. Specific examples of the possible effects of radiation include: increased amounts of canister corrosion; generation of oxidizing chemical species in conjunction with radiation degradation of groundwater and accompanying oxidation of reducing groundwater; and increase in the dissolution rate and the solubility of SF. Therefore, the influences of radiation, which are not expected to be significant in the case of geological disposal of vitrified waste, must be considered in safety assessments for direct disposal of SF. Focusing especially on the effects of $$alpha$$-radiation in safety assessment, this study has reviewed safety assessments in countries other than Japan that are planning direct disposal of SF. The review has identified issues relevant to safety assessment for the direct disposal of SF in Japan.

Journal Articles

Degradation of 2-chlorophenol by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in zeolite/water mixtures

Kumagai, Yuta

Hoshasen Kagaku (Internet), (99), p.53 - 56, 2015/04

Radiation-induced degradation of 2-chlorophenol (2-ClPh) in zeolite/water mixtures was studied in order to consider a possibility of adsorption on zeolites to improve efficiencies of irradiation treatments of water contaminated by organic compounds. The degradation of 2-ClPh by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation was investigated as a model compound. The degradation was evaluated by chloride ion (Cl$$^{-}$$) production. A high concentration of Cl$$^{-}$$ was observed after the irradiation of a mixture with a mordenite-type zeolite (NaMOR), whereas A-type and X-type zeolites showed no significant effect. Therefore, for the mixture with NaMOR, effects of pH of the solution and of the 2-ClPh concentration were examined. At pH 5.7, the excess production of Cl$$^{-}$$ was induced by the addition of NaMOR. Concurrently, adsorption of 2-ClPh on NaMOR was observed. When the mixture contained a higher concentration of 2-ClPh at pH 5.7, the Cl$$^{-}$$ production increased. The adsorption of 2-ClPh also increased with increasing concentration. The results suggest that organics adsorbed on zeolites are decomposed by irradiation effectively at high adsorption concentrations.

Journal Articles

Safety handling characteristics of high-level tritiated water

Hayashi, Takumi; Ito, Takeshi*; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Nishi, Masataka

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1365 - 1369, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:78.49(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a fusion reactor, high-level tritiated water of more than GBq/ml will be generated and stored temporally in the various areas. High level tritiated water decomposes by itself and generates hydrogen and oxygen, and becomes to tritiated hydrogen peroxide water, however, effective G-values from tritiated water are different from those obtained $$gamma$$-ray experiments in our previous report. Furthermore, tritiated water of about 250GBq/ml has been stored for several years safely and checked its characteristics. Using the above experiences, this paper summarizes safety requirements for storage of high-level tritiated water and discusses design issues of the safety storage system. Concerning gaseous species, storage tank should be maintained at negative pressure and purged periodically or constantly to dedicated tritium removal system. Specially, it is important that the G-value of high-level tritiated water is increasing with decreasing the tritium concentration. The pH and ORP (Oxidation Reduction Potential) of tritiated water have been also changed depending on the tritium concentration and maintained for more than several years in glass vessel. High-level tritiated water of more than GBq/ml was acid and became to be corrosive depending on the dissolved species. Large amount of tritiated water will be stored in the various tanks of stainless steel, therefore, it should be monitored so that the liquid situation is maintained not to be corrosive.

Journal Articles

Time-dependence of differential G-values of OH radicals in water under Ne ion radiolysis

Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kojima, Takuji

JAEA-Review 2005-001, TIARA Annual Report 2004, p.181 - 182, 2006/01

The yields of OH radicals in water containing phenol have been investigated for several ten MeV/n C ion and Ne ion having the same LET value, as a function of the residual ion energy at the specific depth in water. In this study, beside such energy dependence, the dependence of reaction time of OH radical yield was examined by changing the concentration of phenol as solute. The defferential G'-values of OH radicals, those G-values per kinetic energy of ions increase with specific energy of Ne ions. The G'-value just after irradiation(1.5ns) is relatively high but become lower with reaction time to be the value (2.7) obtained for $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-rays. It suggests the diffusion behavior of OH radicals locally induced in water.

Journal Articles

Study of radiation-induced primary process by ion pulse radiolysis

Yoshida, Yoichi*; Yang, J.*; Kondo, Takafumi*; Seki, Shuhei*; Kozawa, Takahiro*; Tagawa, Seiichi*; Shibata, Hiromi*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kojima, Takuji; Namba, Hideki

JAEA-Review 2005-001, TIARA Annual Report 2004, p.183 - 185, 2006/01

A heavy-ion-pulse radiolysis technology was developed using a single-photon-counting system. In the system, the ion beam was injected a thin scintillator before irradiating the sample. The light emitted from the scintillator by the ion irradiation was used as analyzing source to detect the absorption of primary species in water. Measurement of time-dependent absorption of hydrated electrons in water was achieved using the system, which demonstrates the usefulness of this technique.

Journal Articles

Radiolytic hydrogen gas formation from water adsorbed on type Y zeolites

Nakashima, Mikio;

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 47(2), p.241 - 245, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiolytic hydrogen gas formation from water adsorbed on type A zeolites

Nakashima, Mikio; Aratono, Yasuyuki

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 41(3), p.461 - 465, 1993/00

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:84.69(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effects of water vapor on the radiolysis of methane over molecular sieve 5A

;

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 33(6), p.567 - 572, 1989/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiolytic gas production from tritiated water adsorbed on molecular sieve 5A

Nakashima, Mikio; Tachikawa, Enzo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 24(1), p.41 - 46, 1987/01

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:86.51(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Self-radiolysis of tritiated water adsorbed on silica gel

Nakashima, Mikio; Tachikawa, Enzo

Appl.Radiat.Isot., 37(6), p.527 - 530, 1986/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Hydrogen evolution trom tritiated water on silica gel by gamma-irradiation

Nakashima, Mikio; Tachikawa, Enzo

Radiochimica Acta, 33, p.217 - 222, 1983/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Studies on Closed-Cycle Processes for Hydrogen Production V (Progress Report for the F. Y. 1980)

; Ikezoe, Yasumasa; ; Shimizu, Saburo; Nakajima, Hayato;

JAERI-M 9724, 128 Pages, 1981/10

JAERI-M-9724.pdf:3.66MB

no abstracts in English

27 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)