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JAEA Reports

Application of Cherenkov light observation to reactor measurements, 3; Evaluation of spent fuel elements of LWRs with Cherenkov light estimation system

Yamamoto, Keiichi; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Hayashi, Takayasu*; Kosuge, Fumiaki*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

JAEA-Testing 2016-002, 25 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Testing-2016-002.pdf:4.97MB

Development of the reactor measurement system has been carried out to obtain the real-time in-core nuclear and thermal information, where the quantitative measurement of brightness of Cherenkov light was investigated. The system would be applied as a monitoring system in severe accidents and for the advanced operation management technology in existing LWRs. This report summarized the modification of Cherenkov light estimation system described JAEA-Testing 2015-001 and the result of the burn-up evaluation by Cherenkov light image emitted from spent fuel elements of LWRs with the modified system.

JAEA Reports

Waste acceptance criteria for waste packages destined for near surface disposal containing radioactive waste from research, industrial and medical facilities

Okada, Shota; Izumo, Sari; Nakata, Hisakazu; Tsuji, Tomoyuki; Sakai, Akihiro; Amazawa, Hiroya

JAEA-Technology 2016-023, 129 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Technology-2016-023.pdf:8.95MB

Waste packages must meet the technical requirements. This is because JAEA has been preparing an operating procedure manual for quality control of radioactive waste disposal to be applied to the processing of the waste packages. Raw wastes generated by JAEA are segregated and stored by a method specified in the manual. The composition of raw wastes was characterized on the basis of records of the segregation process. Simulated waste packages were produced by placing the waste materials in a 200 liter drum, which was then filled with mortar, followed by curing in a controlled manner. The static load test was conducted to measure deformation and strain performance of the simulated waste package. Compression apparatuses which can imitate loading conditions in pit-type and trench-type facility that are planned by JAEA were used. Based on the test result, waste packages produced in accordance with the manual met the technical requirement under the condition.

JAEA Reports

Current status of a decommissioning project in the Enrichment Engineering Facility; Results in the second-half of the fiscal year of 2014

Matsumoto, Takashi; Takahashi, Nobuo; Hayashibara, Kenichi; Ishimori, Yuu; Mita, Yutaka; Kakiya, Hideyoshi

JAEA-Technology 2016-020, 80 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Technology-2016-020.pdf:17.8MB

The Enrichment Engineering Facility of the Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center was constructed in order to establish the technological basis of plant engineering for uranium enrichment in Japan. Uranium enrichment tests, using natural and reprocessed uranium, were carried out from 1979 to 1989 with two types of centrifuges in the facility. According to the decommissioning plan of the facility, UF$$_{6}$$ handling equipment and supplemental equipment in these plants are intended to be dismantled by 2019 in order to make vacant spaces for future projects use, for example, inventory investigation, precipitation treatment, etc. This report shows the current state of the decommissioning project in the second-half of the fiscal year of 2014.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Investigation report for the 2015 fiscal year

Hanamuro, Takahiro

JAEA-Review 2016-022, 92 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Review-2016-022.pdf:16.16MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project is planned to extend over a period 20 years. The investigations will be conducted in three phases, namely "Phase 1: Surface-based investigations", "Phase 2: Construction Phase" (investigations during construction of the underground facilities) and "Phase 3: Operation phase" (research in the underground facilities). This report summarizes the results of the investigations for the 2015 fiscal year (2015/2016). The investigations, which are composed of "Geoscientific research" and "R&D on geological disposal technology", were carried out according to "Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project Investigation Program for the 2015 fiscal year". The results of these investigations, along with the results which were obtained in other departments of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), are properly offered to the implementations and the safety regulations. For the sake of this, JAEA has proceeded with the project in collaboration with experts from domestic and overseas research organizations.

JAEA Reports

XAFS measurement of simulated waste glass samples (Borosilicate glass including vanadium)

Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Sasage, Kenichi; Ayame, Yasuo; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Uchiyama, Takafumi*; Okada, Yukiko*; Nezu, Atsushi*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-015, 52 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Research-2016-015.pdf:37.48MB

The local structure of waste elements in simulated waste glasses including V was estimated by using synchrotron XAFS measurement in this study. The results are as follows. (1) V has a high possibility which exists in the glass phase in the case of frit, and V can regard both samples as stable 4 coordination structure. (2) Zn, Ce, Nd, Zr, and Mo exist in the glass phase, and the difference is admitted by the percentage of Ce(III) and Ce(IV) by the composition. (3) Ru is separated from the glass phase as RuO$$_{2}$$ crystalline, both of metal and oxide exist in Rh, and Pd is separated out as metal. (4) It was confirmed that the regularity of the local structure of Zr and Mo in the molten glasses retreats as a result of the XAFS measurement at high temperature. (5) The XAFS measurement of molten glasses were performed at 1200$$^{circ}$$C, so it would be possible to acquire excellent data by improving the shapes of the sample cell.

JAEA Reports

Results of single borehole hydraulic tests in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; FY 2012 - FY 2015

Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-012, 46 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-012.pdf:8.52MB

This report summarize the results of the single borehole hydraulic tests of 151 sections were carried out at the -300 m Stage and the -500 m Stage of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory from FY 2012 to FY 2015. The details of each test (test interval depth, geology, etc.) as well as the interpreted hydraulic parameters and analytical method used are presented in this report. And, the previous results of the single borehole hydraulic tests were carried out in Regional Hydrogeological Study Project and Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project before FY 2012 is summarized in this report.

JAEA Reports

Calculation by PHITS code for recoil tritium release rate from beryllium under neutron irradiation (Joint research)

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kenzhina, I.*; Okumura, Keisuke; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Chikhray, Y.*

JAEA-Technology 2016-022, 35 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Technology-2016-022.pdf:3.73MB

As a part of study on the mechanism of tritium release to the primary coolant in research and testing reactors, the calculation methods by PHITS code is studied to evaluate the recoil tritium release rate from beryllium core components. Calculations using neutron and triton sources were compared, and it is clear that the tritium release rates in both cases show similar values. However, the calculation speed for the triton source cases is two orders faster than that for the neutron source case. It is also clear that the calculation up to history number per unit volume of 2$$times$$10$$^{4}$$ (cm$$^{-3}$$) is necessary to determine the recoil tritium release rate of two effective digits precision. Furthermore, the relationship between the beryllium shape and recoil tritium release rate using the triton sources was studied. Recoil tritium release rate showed linear relation to the surface area per volume of beryllium, and the recoil tritium release rate showed about half of the conventional equation value.

JAEA Reports

Optimization of the magnetic field environment in the polarization analysis system of BL22 "RADEN" at J-PARC/MLF (Contract research)

Hiroi, Kosuke; Shinohara, Takenao; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Su, Y.; Kai, Tetsuya; Oikawa, Kenichi

JAEA-Technology 2016-021, 14 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Technology-2016-021.pdf:16.4MB

Energy resolved neutron imaging techniques have been developed at BL22 "RADEN" installed in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of J-PARC. A polarized neutron imaging technique attracts much attention as a magnetic imaging method that enables to obtain a quantitative magnetic field distribution in an industrial product under driving state. At RADEN, a polarization analysis apparatus for polarized neutron imaging experiments has been prepared, but its performance was not fully achieved due to imperfectness of the field connection between devices. To improve the performance of polarization analysis system at RADEN, we performed magnetic field simulation of this system, and optimized the magnetic field environment by evaluating the magnetic field connection. After the optimization, we rearranged devices of the system, and confirmed that uniform polarization distribution could be obtained within 4$$times$$4 cm$$^{2}$$ field of view.

JAEA Reports

Design study for impermeable function of trench disposal facility for very low level waste generated from research, industrial and medical facilities (Joint research)

Sakai, Akihiro; Kurosawa, Ryohei*; Nakata, Hisakazu; Okada, Shota; Izumo, Sari; Sato, Makoto*; Kitamura, Yoichi*; Honda, Yasutake*; Takaoka, Katsuki*; Amazawa, Hiroya

JAEA-Technology 2016-019, 134 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Technology-2016-019.pdf:8.25MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been developing to design trench disposal facility with impermeable layers in order to dispose of miscellaneous waste. Geomembrane liners have a function that prevent seepage of leachant and collect the leachant. However, the geomembrane liners do not necessarily provide the expected performance due to damage generated when heavy equipment contacts with the liner. Therefore, we studied the impermeable layers having high performance of preventing seepage of leachant including radioactivity taking into account characteristics of low permeable materials and effect of multiple layer structure. As results, we have evaluated that the composite layers composed by a drainage layer, geomembrane liners and a low permeable layer are most effective structure to prevent seepage of leachant. Taking into account disposal of waste including cesium, we also considered zeolite containing sheets for adsorption of cesium were installed in the impermeable layers.

JAEA Reports

The Advisory Committee of International Nuclear Information System (INIS) for Japan

Kunii, Katsuhiko; Itabashi, Keizo

JAEA-Review 2016-021, 130 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Review-2016-021.pdf:2.2MB

Under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) Programme commenced in 1970 and ever since INIS has been acting as a database system available worldwide through information networks each time providing bibliographic information then full text documents of literature, technical reports, etc. on peaceful use of nuclear science and technology, thoroughly supported and maintained by INIS Secretariat in Vienna, on the other hand the inputs for INIS are provided by Member States and Organizations in their own boundaries. As for the INIS activity in Japan, while, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), then succeeded as the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) as of today, the both have been responsible with the INIS activity in Japan as the INIS National Centre for Japan based on the request of the "former" Science and Technology Agency of the Japanese Government, an advisory committee had have a very important role for the INIS activity in Japan by enthusiastically advising the whole related to the activity from advanced and comprehensive viewpoints of expertise. This report describes about it, the Advisory Committee of International Nuclear Information System (INIS) for Japan, successfully been held 34 times from Oct. 1970 to Mar 2005. Included are the history and its records, change of the member and topics of the Advisory Committee, and the minutes.

JAEA Reports

The New U.S.-ROK civil nuclear cooperation agreement

Tazaki, Makiko; Shimizu, Ryo; Suda, Kazunori

JAEA-Review 2016-019, 118 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Review-2016-019.pdf:4.73MB

In November 2015, the new nuclear cooperation agreement between US and ROK entered into force. A top priority of their negotiation for revising their old agreement was whether or not the US grants its advanced consent to the ROK engagement in uranium enrichment and pyroprocessing of US-origin nuclear material. Under the new agreement, in principle, the ROK is able to conduct uranium enrichment and reprocessing at certain facilities prescribed in Annexes III and II to the Agreed Minute of the new agreement. However, as of the date of validation of the agreement, no facilities are prescribed in both Annexes. It means that the US does not grant its advanced consent to ROK such activities. The new agreement allows the US adherence of its nuclear nonproliferation policy, while it also allows ROK future possibility of engaging such activities. Such result can be analyzed that the new agreement was a product of reality-based and maximal compromise among the US and ROK.

JAEA Reports

Study of transparency in the field of nuclear nonproliferation conducted at JAEA

Kawakubo, Yoko; Sekine, Megumi; Tomikawa, Hirofumi

JAEA-Review 2016-017, 57 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Review-2016-017.pdf:7.73MB

Nuclear transparency is recognized as essential to provide additional assurance and enhance confidence building in the Asia-Pacific as this region has a broad spectrum of nuclear development underway and planned in the future. It is expected that elevated nuclear transparency should also supplement and reinforce International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. With this recognition, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has committed various studies and activities for enhancing regional transparency mainly with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its national laboratories. The efforts include transparency concept study, development of the remote monitoring system at the Experimental Fast Reactor JOYO, cooperation to Council for Security and Cooperation in Asia Pacific (CSCAP) to develop internet-based transparency tools, establishment of Information Sharing Framework (ISF), and the hosting of a series of workshops. Based on all the achievements of the past efforts, JAEA is now moving from "study phase" toward the "implementation phase" of information sharing for enhancing its nuclear transparency. The ISF website was opened in 2015 as a part of Asia Pacific Safeguards Network (APSN) website for JAEA to provide relevant information to APSN members. This report summarizes the past studies and activities performed in JAEA for almost 20 years to enhance regional nuclear transparency and discusses the future prospect.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the nuclear power station in the fiscal year 2015 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Munakata, Masahiro; Mori, Airi; Ishizaki, Azusa; Shimada, Kazumasa; Hirouchi, Jun; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Nakanishi, Chika*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-016, 131 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Research-2016-016.pdf:20.59MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPS. After the nuclear disaster, airborne radiation monitoring using manned helicopter was conducted around FDNPS. In addition, background dose rate monitoring was conducted around Sendai Nuclear Power Station. These results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2015 were summarized in the report.

JAEA Reports

Calculation of the dose equivalent rate based on the unit concentration of contaminated soil in a flexible container

Sugaya, Toshikatsu; Abe, Daichi; Takebe, Shinichi; Nakatani, Takayoshi; Sakai, Akihiro

JAEA-Technology 2016-018, 20 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Technology-2016-018.pdf:2.41MB

Decontamination to the pollution which occurred with an accident of a nuclear power plant with Tohoku-district Pacific offing earthquake has been performed. The contaminated soil which occurred in decontamination stores it in the flexible container back, and is the kept situation. To presume concentration of radioactivity of contents from the dose of the flexible container, the 1cm dose equivalent rate per the unit concentration of radioactivity was calculated with QAD-CGGP2R.

JAEA Reports

Waste Technical Standards Working Group annual report 2015

Waste Technical Standards Working Group

JAEA-Review 2016-020, 61 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Review-2016-020.pdf:1.55MB

Radioactive Waste Management and Disposal Project Department has set up a Working Group for the purpose of sharing information within the Sector of Decommissioning and Radioactive Wastes Management of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, heading towards implementation of disposal of low level radioactive waste generated from research, medical and industrial facilities. Waste package quantities and its radioactivity inventory which are needed for disposal project planning and facility design, as well as methods for corresponding to the technical standards on confirmation related to waste disposal, radioactivity evaluation techniques and quality control methods have been addressed in the Working Group. This annual report summarizes the activities of the Working Group in the FY 2015 regarding quality management system related to the manufacturing of the waste packages, standard manual for radioactivity data acquisition of JAEA and future issues on the basis of the results by 2014.

JAEA Reports

Study on crystalline rock aiming at evaluation method of long-term behavior of rock mass; FY2015 (Contract research)

Fukui, Katsunori*; Hashiba, Kimihiro*; Matsui, Hiroya; Kuwabara, Kazumichi; Ozaki, Yusuke

JAEA-Research 2016-014, 52 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Research-2016-014.pdf:7.19MB

With respect to high-level radioactive waste disposal, knowledge of the long-term mechanical stability of shafts and galleries excavated in rock is required, not only during construction and operation but also over a period of thousands of years after closure. On the other hand, it is known that rock and the rock mass surrounding the disposal gallery shows time dependent behavior such as creep or the stress-relaxation. It becomes the issue in the stability evaluation of the disposal gallery to grasp the behavior. In order to solve this issue, we pushed forward research development. we pushed forward research development. In the fiscal year of 2015, the creep testing machine for Tage tuff was moved to the new building. The creep test was continuously conducted and the total testing time exceeded 17 years. The testing equipment and procedure were examined to investigate the deformation, failure and time-dependency of rock under wet conditions and between room temperature and 100$$^{circ}$$C. The long-term strength of rock under triaxle stress state was researched with the aid of laboratory testing results and in situ stress measurement.

JAEA Reports

Application to contaminated water management in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station using the plastic scintillation fiber

Sanada, Yukihisa; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Sato, Yoshiharu; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Ishibashi, Satoshi*; Watanabe, Masahisa; Torii, Tatsuo

JAEA-Research 2016-011, 52 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Research-2016-011.pdf:10.54MB

In the Tokyo Electric Power Co.,Inc. the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station, management of the contaminated water becomes the social problem, and the situation that severe correspondence is necessary continues to prevent an outflow to the ocean. Plastic scintillation fiber (PSF) can apply as technique to direct measure the concentration of radioactive material in the water at a tank and drainage. In this paper, the results of fundamental test was summarized to apply for monitoring of leakage to the tank and monitoring of drainage in the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station.

JAEA Reports

Observed and analyzed data for clay veins in granite

Ueki, Tadamasa; Tanabe, Hiroaki*; Niwa, Masakazu; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Shimada, Koji

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-010, 292 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-010.pdf:76.12MB

Occurrence of recent activity of faults is often evaluated based on displacements of subsurface sediments covering the faults. However, this evaluation is not applicable for faults that occur where subsurface sediments are not found. In this study, mesoscopic description in a field, microscopic observation using thin sections, chemical composition mapping for polished slabs, X-ray diffraction analysis, particle size distribution analysis, and detailed analysis for quartz fragments (scanning electron microscopy and measurement of electron spin resonance signals) were carried out for clay veins in order to contribute a development of evaluation of fault activity. This Data/Code reports the results of these observation and analyses.

JAEA Reports

Thermal design study of lead-bismuth cooled accelerator driven system, 1; Study on thermal hydraulic behavior under normal operation condition

Akimoto, Hajime; Sugawara, Takanori

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-008, 87 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-008.pdf:15.62MB

Thermal hydraulic behavior in a lead-bismuth cooled accelerator driven system (ADS) is analyzed under normal operation condition. Input data for the ADS version of J-TRAC code have been constructed to integrate the conceptual design. The core part of the ADS is modeled in detail to evaluate the core radial power profile effect on the core cooling. As the result of the analyses, the followings are found; (1) Both maximum clad temperature and fuel temperature are below the design limits. (2) The radial power profile has little effect on the coolant flow distribution among fuel assemblies. (3) The radial power profile has little effect on the heat transfer coefficients along fuel rods. (4) The thermal hydraulic behaviors along four steam generators are identical. The thermal hydraulic behaviors along two pumps are also identical. A fast running input data is developed by the simplification of the detailed input data based on the findings mentioned above.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 2015 Symposium on Nuclear Data; November 19-20, 2015, Ibaraki Quantum Beam Research Center, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki, Japan

Iwamoto, Osamu; Sanami, Toshiya*; Kunieda, Satoshi; Koura, Hiroyuki; Nakamura, Shoji

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, 247 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Conf-2016-004.pdf:26.48MB

The 2015 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Ibaraki Quantum Beam Research Center, on November 19 and 20, 2015. The symposium was organized by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan in cooperation with Nuclear Science and Engineering Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency and North Kanto Branch of Atomic Energy Society of Japan. In the symposium, there were two tutorials, "Theory of Few-Body Systems and Recent Topics" and "Use of Covariance Data 2015" and four oral sessions, "Recent Research Topics", "Progress of AIMAC Project", "Present Status of JENDL Evaluated Files", and "Nuclear Data Applications". In addition, recent research progress on experiments, evaluation, benchmark and application was presented in a poster session. Among 99 participants, all presentations and following discussions were very active and fruitful. This report consists of total 46 papers including 13 oral and 33 poster presentations.

JAEA Reports

HTTR thermal load fluctuation test (non-nuclear heating test); Confirmation of HTGR system response against temperature transient

Honda, Yuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sekita, Kenji; Homma, Fumitaka; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki; Takada, Shoji

JAEA-Technology 2016-016, 16 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Technology-2016-016.pdf:2.84MB

A system analysis code is validated with the thermal-load fluctuation absorption test with nun-nuclear heating by using the High Temperature Engineering test Reactor (HTTR) to clarify the High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) system response against temperature transient. The thermal-load fluctuation absorption test consists on the thermal load fluctuation tests (non-nuclear heating) and heat application system abnormal simulating test (non-nuclear heating). The HTGR reactor response against temperature transient is clarified in the thermal load fluctuation test (non-nuclear heating). The Intermediate Heat Exchanger (IHX) reactor response against temperature transient is clarified in the heat application system abnormal simulating test (non-nuclear heating). With the two HTTR non-nuclear heating test, HTGR system response against temperature transient is obtained.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the Joint Workshop for the JAEA Project Researches "Structure and Electronic Properties of Functional Materials" and "Study of Spin and Lattice Dynamics in Cuprate Superconductors"

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakajima, Kenji; Wakimoto, Shuichi

JAEA-Review 2016-018, 84 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Review-2016-018.pdf:20.69MB

The Materials and Life Science Division in J-PARC Center has been conducting "JAEA Project Researches", which consists of a several research projects utilizing neutron scattering instruments developed by JAEA in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility. Among the research projects, the project "Structure and electronic properties of functional materials" has been conducted in 2012-2014, and the project "the study of spin-lattice dynamics in superconductors" has started since 2015. On March 22-23, 2016, a joint workshop for these two projects was held at the Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University. This report compiles the presentation materials and abstracts shown in the above-mentioned workshop.

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific programme for fiscal year 2016

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Yasue, Kenichi; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Asamori, Koichi; Watanabe, Takahiro; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Fujita, Natsuko; Shimizu, Mayuko; Hama, Yuki

JAEA-Review 2016-016, 44 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Review-2016-016.pdf:2.28MB

This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in JAEA, in fiscal year 2016. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2016 are described in detail based on the outline of 7 years plan (fiscal years 2015-2021). Background of this research is clarified with the necessity and the significance for site investigation and safety assessment, and the past progress in this report. In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

JAEA Reports

Synthesized research report in the second mid-term research phase, Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project and Geo-stability Project (Translated document)

Hama, Katsuhiro; Sasao, Eiji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Onoe, Hironori; Sato, Toshinori; Fujita, Tomoo; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Takeda, Masaki; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-014, 274 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Review-2016-014.pdf:44.45MB

We synthesized the research results from the Mizunami/Horonobe Underground Research Laboratories (URLs) and geo-stability projects in the second midterm research phase. This report can be used as a technical basis for the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan/Regulator at each decision point from siting to beginning of disposal (Principal Investigation to Detailed Investigation Phase).

JAEA Reports

Effect of solid boric acid on the high temperature oxidation behavior of Zircaloy-4

Komiyama, Daisuke; Amaya, Masaki

JAEA-Research 2016-013, 20 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Research-2016-013.pdf:6.05MB

The boric acid in the coolant may precipitate on the fuel cladding surface in the case that the blockage of coolant flow path etc. occurs and/or the cooling of fuel becomes insufficient during a LOCA (Loss-Of-Coolant Accident) in PWRs. While there is much knowledge about the compatibility between Zircaloy-4 and boric acid under normal operation conditions, such knowledge under high temperature condition, e.g. LOCA, has not been sufficient. In this study, isothermal heating tests were carried out by using Zircaloy-4 plates with solid boric acid in various atmospheres at up to 900$$^{circ}$$C; and the stability of boric acid, the reaction between Zircaloy-4 and boric acid and the effect of solid boric acid on the high temperature oxidation behavior of Zircaloy-4 were investigated. From the results obtained, it was suggested that, if boric acid anhydride remained on the surface of Zircaloy-4, the boric acid anhydride prevented the surface of Zircaloy-4 from contacting oxidizing atmosphere and mitigated the high-temperature oxidation of Zircaloy-4. In the case that solid boric acid adhered to the surface of pre-oxidized Zircaloy-4 and they have been heated up to high temperature, it was indicated that the solid boric acid penetrated into the gaps in the pre-oxide layer and the penetrated solid boric acid mitigated the oxidation of Zircaloy-4 thereafter.

JAEA Reports

Development of analytical model for condensation of vapor mixture of nitric acid and water affected volatilized ruthenium behavior in accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high level liquid waste at fuel reprocessing facilities

Yoshida, Kazuo

JAEA-Research 2016-012, 24 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Research-2016-012.pdf:3.04MB

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste is postulated as one of the severe accidents. In this case, Ru volatilization increases in liquid waste temperature over 120 centigrade at later boiling and dry out phases. It has been observed at the experiments with actual and synthetic liquid waste that some amount of Ru volatilizes and transfers into condensed nitric acid solution at those phases. The nitric acid and water vapor from waste tank condenses at compartments of actual facilities building. The volatilized Ru could transfer into condensed liquid. It is key issues for quantifying the amount of transferred Ru through the facility building to simulate these thermodynamic and chemical behaviors. An analytical model has been proposed in this report based on the condensation mechanisms of nitric acid and water in vapor-liquid equilibria. It has been also carried out to review the thermodynamic properties of nitric acid solution.

JAEA Reports

The In-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory; Production of casing drilling machine for large dimeter pit, simulated overpack, buffer material blocks and backfilling materials

Nakayama, Masashi; Matsuzaki, Tatsuji*; Niunoya, Sumio*

JAEA-Research 2016-010, 57 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Research-2016-010.pdf:10.81MB
JAEA-Research-2016-010-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:31.42MB

The Horonobe URL Project has being pursued by JAEA to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system (EBS experiment) had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 fiscal year at G.L.-350m gallery, and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the experiment is acquiring data concerned with Thermal -Hydrological - Mechanical - Chemical coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. In this report, It is summarized the production of casing drilling machine for large diameter, simulated overpack, buffer material blocks and backfilling material for EBS experiment.

JAEA Reports

Data on fractures based on the borehole investigations in underground facility

Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-009, 10 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-009.pdf:3.65MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2016-009-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:0.64MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for the geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste. This report compiles the information of the fractures in the Toki Granite, central Japan, obtained by Borehole TV observations of borehole investigations, drilled in underground facility.

JAEA Reports

Design database of helium gas turbine for high temperature gas-cooled reactor

Imai, Yoshiyuki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nomoto, Yasunobu; Yan, X.

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-007, 27 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-007.pdf:3.65MB

This report provides design database for helium gas turbine for HTGR. The design details for secondary helium cooling system and helium gas turbine in a heat application system to be coupled to the HTTR are described. In addition, experimental data for fission product isotope diffusion through turbine blade alloy is compiled.

JAEA Reports

Inspection and repair techniques in the reactor vessel of the experimental fast reactor Joyo; Observation technical development in a reactor vessel of the fast reactor, 3

Okuda, Eiji; Sasaki, Jun; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Takamatsu, Misao; Nagai, Akinori

JAEA-Technology 2016-017, 20 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Technology-2016-017.pdf:5.75MB

In-Vessel Observation (IVO) techniques for Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs) in service are important for confirming their safety and integrity. Since IVO equipment for an SFR has to be designed to tolerate the severe conditions (high temperature, high radiation dose and limited access route), fiberscopes used to be used in previous IVO for SFRs. However, in order to attain an IVO with higher quality and resolution, IVO using a radiation resistant camera was conducted in the fast experimental reactor Joyo and obtained some results. The demonstration results provided valuable insights for use in further improving and verifying IVO techniques in SFRs.

JAEA Reports

Study on radionuclide analysis of rubble and plants for decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Seki, Kotaro; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Akimoto, Yuji*; Tokunaga, Takahito; Tanaka, Kiwamu; Haraga, Tomoko; Ueno, Takashi; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Hoshi, Akiko; Kameo, Yutaka

JAEA-Technology 2016-013, 37 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Technology-2016-013.pdf:2.09MB

In this study, based on the simple and rapid analytical method established from the wastes from research facilities, we created analytical schemes which is applicable to rubble and plants collected at Fukushima Daiichi, then transported to Nuclear Science Research Institute of JAEA. We examined the applicability, and confirmed quantifiability of radioactivity concentration with high recovery rate without being affected by fission products such as $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs.

JAEA Reports

Long-term immersion experiments of low alkaline cementitious materials

Seno, Yasuhiro*; Noguchi, Akira*; Nakayama, Masashi; Sugita, Yutaka; Suto, Shunkichi; Tanai, Kenji; Fujita, Tomoo; Sato, Haruo*

JAEA-Technology 2016-011, 20 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Technology-2016-011.pdf:7.56MB

Cementitious materials are expected to be used for the construction of an underground repository for the geological disposal of radioactive wastes. Ordinary Portland Cement(OPC) would conventionally be used in the fields of civil engineering and architecture, however, OPC has the potential to generate a highly alkaline plume (pH$$>$$12.5), which will likely degrade the performance of other barriers in the repository such as the bentonite buffer and/or host rock. Low alkaline cementitious materials are therefore being developed that will mitigate the generation of a highly alkaline plume. JAEA has developed a High-volume Fly ash Silica fume Cement (HFSC) as a candidate low alkaline cementitious material. The workability of the HFSC shotcrete was confirmed by conducting In-situ full scale construction tests in the Horonobe underground research laboratory. This report summarizes the results of immersion tests to assess the long-term pH behavior of hardened HFSC cement pastes made with mix designs that are expected to be able to be used in the construction of an underground repository in Japan.

JAEA Reports

Study of HTGR contribution to Japan's CO$$_{2}$$ emission reduction goal in 2050

Kamiji, Yu; Suzuki, Koichi*; Yan, X.

JAEA-Technology 2016-010, 24 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Technology-2016-010.pdf:1.05MB

Japanese government has set the goal of reducing CO$$_{2}$$ emission by 26% in 2030 below the 2013 level, in longer term, by 80% below the 1990 level. To achieve the goals, various measures should be taken. The GTHTR300, a commercial High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) design being developed by JAEA offers spectrum of heat applications by using its high temperature heat up to 950$$^{circ}$$C. The potential contribution of CO$$_{2}$$ emission reduction by HTGR is estimated considering domestic and overseas deployment of the GTHTR300. The best estimate for domestic CO$$_{2}$$ reduction is 2.07$$times$$10$$^{8}$$ ton- CO$$_{2}$$/yr and that from oversea is 2.25$$times$$10$$^{8}$$ ton- CO$$_{2}$$/yr. The sum of these is about 47% of 9.13$$times$$10$$^{8}$$ ton- CO$$_{2}$$/yr which is CO$$_{2}$$ reduction target in 2050, for which deployment of 52 plants in Japan and 113 plants abroad, with each plant containing four 600 MWt reactor units, is required.

JAEA Reports

The Second periodic safety review report of Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Shirai, Nobutoshi; Miura, Yasushi; Tachibana, Ikuya; Omori, Satoru; Wake, Junichi; Fukuda, Kazuhito; Nakano, Takafumi; Nagasato, Yoshihiko

JAEA-Technology 2016-007, 951 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Technology-2016-007-01.pdf:11.93MB
JAEA-Technology-2016-007-02.pdf:4.7MB

The periodic safety review of TRP is to confirm the safety activities and get effective additional measures the facility safety and its reliability. We implemented 4 items; for (1) evaluation of safety activity implementation, we confirmed we are adequately expanding its safety activities by the necessary documents and schemes. For (2) evaluation of status of safety activities reflecting the latest technical knowledges, we confirmed we reflect latest knowledges for improvement of safety and reliability. For (3) technical evaluation about aging degradation, we can keep the safety of the facilities important to safety and the sea discharge line, under assumption of the present maintenance, because of "focuses for aging degradation". For (4) planning measures about a 10-years-plan that the operator shall implement to keep the facility condition, by the technical evaluation, we found no additional safety plans into maintenance strategies.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2016

Hama, Katsuhiro; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sasao, Eiji; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ikeda, Koki; Matsui, Hiroya; Osawa, Hideaki

JAEA-Review 2016-015, 29 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-015.pdf:3.41MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite rock) at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technologies", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). These R&D on three remaining important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. This report summarizes the R&D activities planned for fiscal year 2016 based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and so on.

JAEA Reports

Actions to protect the public in an emergency due to severe conditions at a light water reactor (Translated document)

Homma, Toshimitsu; Takahara, Shogo; Iijima, Masashi; Sato, Sohei; Kimura, Masanori; Shimada, Kazumasa

JAEA-Review 2016-013, 162 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-013.pdf:16.95MB

This is a Japanese translation of "Actions to Protect the Public in an Emergency due to Severe Conditions at a Light Water Reactor", which is published by the International Atomic Energy Agency in May 2013.

JAEA Reports

Significance of international cooperative research on fission product behavior towards decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station; Review of the CLADS International Workshop

Research Team for Fission Product Behavior

JAEA-Review 2016-012, 17 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-012.pdf:1.46MB

The severe accident (SA) of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F) has given rise to enlarged research needs for the improvement of the source term assessment. Fission Product (FP) related researches, however, have not been widely conducted in Japan for many years, thus a framework for such research is not so robust. The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS) workshop held in November 2015 was an important opportunity to gain the state of art knowledge on FP and to start discussion between worldwide experts on innovative solution for 1F issues. This report describes the outcomes of FP session conducted in the CLADS workshop. It was pointed out during the workshop that further analyses were needed to properly understand the phenomena that occurred in 1F. The establishment of a Japanese FP platform is here proposed to respond to 1F issues effectively as a means to coordinate the national research efforts and increase communication between worldwide stakeholders. The FPs studies conducted in this frame will provide important information for the decommissioning of 1F, and will be also of great help for the international community to progress the knowledge on FPs behavior. Finally their outcomes could contribute in establishing improved SA management measures.

JAEA Reports

Summary of instructor training program in FY2014 aiming at Asian countries introducing nuclear technologies for peaceful use (Contract program)

Hidaka, Akihide; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Watanabe, Yoko; Arai, Nobuyoshi; Sawada, Makoto; Kanaizuka, Seiichi*; Katogi, Aki; Shimada, Mayuka*; Ishikawa, Tomomi*; Ebine, Masako*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-011, 208 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-011-01.pdf:33.85MB
JAEA-Review-2016-011-02.pdf:27.68MB

JAEA has been conducting the Instructor Training Program (ITP) since 1996 under the auspices of MEXT to contribute to human resource development in currently 11 Asian countries in the field of radiation utilization for seeking peaceful use of nuclear energy. ITP consists of Instructor Training Course (ITC), Follow-up Training Course (FTC) and Nuclear Technology Seminars. In the ITP, trainings or seminars relating to technology for nuclear utilization are held in Japan by inviting nuclear related people from Asian countries to Japan and after that, the past trainees are supported during FTC by dispatching Japanese specialists to Asian countries. News Letter is also prepared to provide the broad range of information obtained through the trainings for local people near NPPs in Japan. The present report describes the activities of FY2014 ITP and future challenges for improving ITP more effectively.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Investigation program for the 2016 fiscal year

Hanamuro, Takahiro

JAEA-Review 2016-010, 22 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-010.pdf:2.98MB

As part of the research and development program on geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), the Horonobe Underground Research Center, a division of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), is implementing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Horonobe URL Project) with the aim at investigating sedimentary rock formations. According to the research plan described in the 3rd Mid- and Long-term Plan of JAEA, according to the Horonobe URL Project, "Near-field performance study", "Demonstration of repository design option", and "Verification of crustal-movement buffering capacity of sedimentary rocks" are the top priority issues, and schedule for finishing the project and backfill plan will be decides by the end of 2019 Fiscal Year. The Horonobe URL Project is planned to extend over a period of about 20 years. This report summarizes the investigation program for the 2016 fiscal year (2016/2017).

JAEA Reports

Involvement in IAEA ENVIRONET and research on overseas reference cases regarding environmental remediation of closed uranium mine

Saito, Hiroshi

JAEA-Review 2016-009, 80 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-009.pdf:8.28MB

Environmental remediation has been conducted in closed Ningyo-toge Uranium Mine, after decades of mine-related activities. During the remediation, whole procedure, priority, necessary investigations and specific methods have been examined, and issues are clarified which should be solved in the future. For that, it has been recommended that opinions are exchanged among specialists in related fields overseas, and information and their experience are referred. As part of the activities, Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center has been involved continuously in IAEA ENVIRONET, multinational network for environmental remediation. Also, bonds are tightened among participants and IAEA by exchanging opinions and sharing the issues. In parallel, literature survey has been conducted to supplement the information obtained through ENVIRONET and to clarify additionally-required information and targeted sites. The expected information are obtained from the site-visits and now being organized.

JAEA Reports

Decommissioning activities and R&D of nuclear facilities in the second midterm plan

Terunuma, Akihiro; Mimura, Ryuji; Nagashima, Hisao; Aoyagi, Yoshitaka; Hirokawa, Katsunori*; Uta, Masato; Ishimori, Yuu; Kuwabara, Jun; Okamoto, Hisato; Kimura, Yasuhisa; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-008, 98 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-008.pdf:11.73MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency formulated the plan to achieve the medium-term target in the period of April 2010 to March 2015(hereinafter referred to as "the second medium-term plan"). JAEA determined the plan for the business operations of each year (hereinafter referred to as "the year plan"). This report is that the Sector of Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste Management has summarized the results of the decommissioning technology development and decommissioning of nuclear facilities which were carried out in the second medium-term plan.

JAEA Reports

Development of geological models in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; Updating from "Shaft500 Geological Model" to "Stage500 Geological Model" in Phase II

Sakai, Toshihiro; Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Ishibashi, Masayuki

JAEA-Research 2016-009, 27 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Research-2016-009.pdf:4.05MB

In the Phase II, the geophysical and geological surveys, and the borehole investigation of the research galleries were carried out and the results obtained were used to validate and update the geological model. Through these surveys and analysis work, we confirmed the geological properties and the distribution of model components and evaluated the accuracy of these research methods. This report presents the geological model updated based on the information of the distributions of lithofacies and geological structures at a depth 500m research galleries, and besides, the validity of the geological model of the site scale developed in the Phase I is confirmed by comparing with the updated model.

JAEA Reports

Maintenance management of nuclear power reactors at the stage of research and development

Takaya, Shigeru; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Hayashida, Kiichi; Tagawa, Akihiro; Kubo, Shigenobu; Yamashita, Atsushi

JAEA-Research 2016-006, 66 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Research-2016-006.pdf:3.4MB

A maintenance management required to nuclear power reactors at the R&D stage was discussed. It is the most important to ensure safety of nuclear power plants by taking account of characteristics of nuclear power reactors at the R&D stage. In addition, it is needed to establish a system of maintenance management technologies suitable for reactor types. In this report, objectives of maintenance management of nuclear power reactors at the R&D stage was clarified. Next, requirements and consideration for maintenance management was discussed according to the objectives. "Codes for maintenance management of nuclear power plants" and "Guides for maintenance management of nuclear power plants" were refereed in the discussion. Then, a draft of codes for maintenance management of nuclear power plants at the R&D stage were newly proposed. Finally, an example that the draft codes were applied to components containing sodium, typical components of sodium-cooled fast reactor, was presented.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of mass transport property using natural Uranium-series and Thorium-series nuclides in the Toki Granite

Hama, Katsuhiro

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-006, 23 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-006.pdf:1.6MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host crystalline rock at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. The project proceeds in three overlapping phases, Surface-based investigation Phase, Construction Phase and Operation Phase. The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase III. As a part of the Phase III investigation, evaluation of mass transport property using natural Uranium-series and Thorium-series nuclides has been carried out. In this report, the compilation of existing data and preliminary evaluation was carried out.

JAEA Reports

Collection of measurement data from in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (FY2015)

Nakayama, Masashi; Ono, Hirokazu; Nakayama, Mariko*; Kobayashi, Masato*

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-005, 55 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-005.pdf:11.32MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2016-005-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:32.68MB

The Horonobe URL Project has being pursued by JAEA to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The Project consists of two major research areas, "Geoscientific Research" and "Research and Development on Geological Disposal Technologies", and proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigations", "Phase II: Investigations during tunnel excavation" and "Phase III: Investigations in the underground facilities". Phase III investigation was started in 2010 fiscal year. The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system (EBS experiment) had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 fiscal year at GL-350m gallery, and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the experiment is acquiring data concerned with Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. This report summarizes the measurement data acquired from the EBS experiment from December, 2014 to March, 2016.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment TR-LF-07; Loss-of-feedwater transient with primary feed-and-bleed operation

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-004, 59 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-004.pdf:3.34MB

The TR-LF-07 test simulated a loss-of-feedwater transient in a PWR. A SI signal was generated when steam generator (SG) secondary-side collapsed liquid level decreased to 3 m. Primary depressurization was initiated by fully opening a power-operated relief valve (PORV) of pressurizer (PZR) 30 min after the SI signal. High pressure injection (HPI) system was started in loop with PZR 12 s after the SI signal, while it was initiated in loop without PZR when the primary pressure decreased to 10.7 MPa. The primary and SG secondary pressures were kept almost constant because of cycle opening of the PZR PORV and SG relief valves. The PZR liquid level began to drop steeply following the PORV full opening, which caused liquid level formation at the hot leg. The primary pressure became lower than the SG secondary pressure, which resulted in the actuation of accumulator (ACC) system in both loops. The primary feed-and-bleed operation was effective to core cooling because of no core uncovery.

JAEA Reports

Collection of measurement data in 2014 fiscal year at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project

Sakurai, Akitaka; Aoyagi, Kazuhei

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-003, 84 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-003.pdf:6.42MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2016-003-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:184.29MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project has being pursued by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formations at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The URL project consists of two major research areas, "Geoscientific Research" and "R&D on Geological Disposal Technologies", and proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigations", "Phase II: Investigations during tunnel excavation" and "Phase III: Investigations in the underground facilities", over a period of around 20 years. The Phase I geoscientific research was carried out from March 2001 to March 2006 in parallel with design and execution scheme on URL facilities. In addition, identifying key issues that need to be addressed in the Phase II/III investigations was planned. At the beginning of the Phase II investigations, investigation reports related to measurement plan and observational construction program on shaft and drift excavation were published. The observational construction program summarizes the followings from the results of the Phase I investigations: measurements for safety and reasonable constructions, enhancement of shaft design and construction technologies and evaluation of appropriateness for the deep geological environment model estimated before shaft excavation. Currently, Phase III investigation related to geological disposal in underground facilities has been conducting. Also, measurement for consideration of long-term stability of the tunnel has been continued. This report summarizes the measurements data acquired at the West Shaft in 2014 fiscal year for the purpose of the basic data for carrying out the Observational Construction Program.

JAEA Reports

Determination methodologies for input data including loads considered for reliability evaluation of fast reactor components

Yokoi, Shinobu*; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Sadahiro, Daisuke*; Takaya, Shigeru

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-002, 38 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-002.pdf:1.51MB

Many efforts have been made to implement the System Based Code concept aiming at optimizing margins dispersed in existing codes and standards. Failure probability calculated based on statistical information such as a type of probability distribution, mean (or median) and variance (or standard deviation) for random variables is expected to be a promising quantitative index for margin optimization. Statistical information on material strength, which is also required to calculate the failure probability, has been already reported in JAEA-Data/Code 2015-002 "Structural Properties of Material Strength for Reliability Evaluation of Components of Fast Reactors -Austenitic Stainless Steels-" whereas others have not been identified yet. This report provides methodologies and basic ideas to determine statistical parameters of other random variables, especially variable loads, necessary for reliability evaluation.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the Final ISTC/STCU Technical Review Committee Meeting of Fukushima Initiative "On the environmental assessment for long term monitoring and remediation in and around Fukushima" November 5-6, 2015, Tokyo, Japan

ISTC/STCU Fukushima Initiative Technical Review Committee; Fukushima Initiative Technical Review Committee

JAEA-Conf 2016-003, 107 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Conf-2016-003.pdf:5.87MB

The final ISTC/STCU Technical Review Committee Meeting "On the environmental assessment for long term monitoring and remediation in and around Fukushima" was held in Hitotsubashi University Hall, Tokyo, on November 5-6, 2015. This report consists of summary reports of Fukushima Initiative projects, which were presented at the meeting. As regarding to the sections those which will be published elsewhere, only their executive summaries are included.

JAEA Reports

The User's manual of "Manyo Library" data reduction software framework at MLF, J-PARC

Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ito, Takayoshi*; Suzuki, Jiro*; Nakatani, Takeshi

JAEA-Testing 2016-001, 91 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Testing-2016-001.pdf:2.38MB

Manyo Library is a software framework for developing analysis software of neutron scattering data produced at MLF, J-PARC. This software framework is required to work on many instruments in MLF and to include base functions applied to various scientific purposes at beam lines. This framework mainly consists of data containers, which enable to store 1, 2 and 3 dimensional axes data for neutron scattering. Data containers have many functions to calculate four arithmetic operations with errors distribution between containers, to store the meta-data about measurements and to read or write text file. Since Manyo Library is built in C++ language, we' ve introduced the technology to call C++ function from Python environment into the framework. As results, we have already developed a lot of software for data reduction, analysis and visualization, which are utilized widely in beam lines at MLF. This document is the manual for the beginner to touch this framework.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of control rod drive mechanism seating position detector for JRR-3

Ouchi, Satoshi; Kurumada, Osamu; Kamiishi, Eigo; Sato, Masayuki; Ikekame, Yoshinori; Wada, Shigeru

JAEA-Technology 2016-015, 42 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Technology-2016-015.pdf:3.53MB

The purpose of the control rod drive mechanism seating position detector for JRR-3 is one of a method for confirming the shutdown condition of the reactor. The detector has been utilizing more than 25 years with maintenance regularly. However, it is occurred some trouble recently. Moreover, the detector has already been end of manufacture, and even in the successor detector, it unsuitable for the control rod drive mechanism of JRR-3 was confirmed. Therefore, it was necessary to select the adequate detector to the control rod drive mechanism of JRR-3. Accordingly, we built a test device with the aim of verify several detectors for integrity and function. At the time of the test for performance confirmation, it was occurred unexpected problems. Nevertheless, we devise improvement of the problems and took measures. Thus we were able to collect adequate detector for JRR-3 and replace to enhanced detector. This paper reports the Enhanced of Control rod drive mechanism seat position detector.

JAEA Reports

Selection of design basis event for modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor

Sato, Hiroyuki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Ohashi, Hirofumi

JAEA-Technology 2016-014, 64 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Technology-2016-014.pdf:4.21MB

In this study, we investigate a deterministic approach to select design basis events utilizing information obtained from probabilistic approach. In addition, selections of design basis events are conducted for commercial HTGR designed by JAEA. As a result, an approach for selecting design basis event considering multiple failures of safety systems is established which has not been considered as design basis in the safety guideline for existing nuclear facility. Furthermore, selection of design basis events for commercial HTGR has completed.

JAEA Reports

Solvent extraction and release behavior of ruthenium and europium in fire accident conditions in reprocessing plants (Contract research)

Amano, Yuki; Watanabe, Koji; Masaki, Tomoo; Tashiro, Shinsuke; Abe, Hitoshi

JAEA-Technology 2016-012, 21 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Technology-2016-012.pdf:1.81MB

To contribute to safety evaluation of fire accident in fuel reprocessing plants, solvent extraction behavior of ruthenium, which could form volatile species, was investigated. Distribution ratios of ruthenium at fire accident conditions were obtained by extraction experiments with several solvent composition at different temperature as parameters. In order to investigate release behavior of ruthenium and europium at fire accident, release ratios of ruthenium and europium were also obtained by solvent combustion experiments.

JAEA Reports

Investigation plan for the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; Investigation plan for the third medium to long-term research phase

Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Mikake, Shinichiro; Sasao, Eiji; Osawa, Hideaki

JAEA-Review 2016-004, 38 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Review-2016-004.pdf:7.07MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host crystalline rock at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. The present report summarizes the research and development activities planned mainly in the -500m gallery.

JAEA Reports

Excavation of shafts and research galleries at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (construction work of MIU part V); Construction progress report, fiscal year 2012-2013

Geoscience Facility Construction Section, Tono Geoscience Center

JAEA-Review 2016-002, 116 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Review-2016-002.pdf:62.4MB

This progress report presents an outline compilation of construction activities, primary tasks performed, construction progress and safety patrol report, in Fiscal Year 2012-2013. The outline of construction activities is a summary based on the scope of work planned in 2012-2013: the main activities are based on the Tono Geoscience Center weekly reports; and the construction progress is based on the planned and actual schedules. The safety patrol report is based on defects recording by the safety manager of the Geoscience Facility Construction Section.

JAEA Reports

Study on stability criterion of xenon oscillation based on analysis solution for HTGR design

Fukaya, Yuji; Tokuhara, Kazumi; Nishihara, Tetsuo

JAEA-Research 2016-008, 52 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Research-2016-008.pdf:2.18MB

To investigate the xenon stability quantitatively, a study on stability criterion of xenon oscillation based on an analysis solution for HTGR design had been performed. Randall developed the stability criterion method of xenon oscillation based on an analysis solution. And, that have been employed for a LWR design. On the other hand, HTGR is also planted to design new type of reactors, such as Pu fueled reactor, and it is necessary to confirm the xenon stability of those new types of reactors. Then, we developed the criterion method based on the Randall's method termed D-XESC/A, and high xenon stability of HTGR and feasibility for Pu fueled reactor is confirmed by comparing with xenon stability of other types of reactors.

JAEA Reports

Three-dimensional stress analysis of reflooding tunnel during submerging process using crack tensor model at Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Ozaki, Yusuke; Matsui, Hiroya; Kuwabara, Kazumichi; Tada, Hiroyuki*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Kumasaka, Hiroo*; Goke, Mitsuo*; Kobayashi, Shinji*

JAEA-Research 2016-007, 125 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Research-2016-007.pdf:34.66MB

In Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU), the stress analysis of fractured rock have been performed with crack tensor model. In MIU, a reflooding test is performed at 500m stage. In this study, stress analysis of rock during submerging process of the tunnel is performed by using crack tensor model. The deformation of the rock under different water levels in the tunnel is simulated. The stress condition by high pressure due to inflow of groundwater into tunnel is also estimated. These simulation are performed under assumption that groundwater does not permeate into rock for the estimation of maximum pressure acting on the rock. The stress analysis with consideration of permeation of groundwater into rock is also conducted for the estimation of stress condition after the diffusion of water pressure in tunnel. The results of these analyses lead the conclusion that the pressure of the rock reaches the groundwater pressure near the face of tunnel when the tunnel is submerged.

JAEA Reports

Accident analysis of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high level liquid waste at fuel reprocessing facilities with considering severe accident measures

Yoshida, Kazuo

JAEA-Research 2016-004, 15 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Research-2016-004.pdf:2.22MB

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste is postulated as one of the severe accidents caused by the loss of cooling function at a fuel reprocessing plant. In this case, some amount of fission products (FPs) will be transferred to the vapor phase in the tank, and could be released to the environment. Two mitigative accident measures have been proposed by the licensee. One of them is injecting cold water to waste tanks to prevent dryness and another is leading generated vapor through temporary duct to huge spaces in the facility to condense to liquid. Thermal-hydraulics and aerosol transport behaviors in compartments of a typical facility building have been analyzed based on the scenario with these accident measures. The effects of measures are discussed form a view point of the reduction of radioactive material release to environment.

JAEA Reports

The In-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory; Examination of backfill material using muck from URL construction

Nakayama, Masashi; Ono, Hirokazu; Tanai, Kenji; Sugita, Yutaka; Fujita, Tomoo

JAEA-Research 2016-002, 280 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Research-2016-002.pdf:16.21MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project has being pursued by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The URL Project consists of two major research areas, "Geoscientific Research" and "Research and Development on Geological Disposal Technologies", and proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigations", "Phase II: Investigations during tunnel excavation" and "Phase III: Investigations in the underground facilities", over a period of around 20 years. Phase III investigation was started in 2010 fiscal year. The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system (EBS experiment) had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 fiscal year at G.L.-350m gallery (Niche No.4), and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the experiment is acquiring data concerned with Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. In EBS experiment, the backfill material using mixture of bentonite and muck from Horonobe URL construction was used for backfilling a part of Niche No.4. This report shows the results of properties of the backfill material, confirmation test of compaction method and making backfill material block, and so on. From these results, it was confirmed that the backfill material would satisfy target value of the permeability and the swelling pressure.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2014)

Hayashida, Kazuki; Munemoto, Takashi; Aosai, Daisuke*; Inui, Michiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-001, 64 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-001.pdf:3.19MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect on excavating and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2014. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method, analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the Final ISTC/STCU Technical Review Committee Meeting of Fukushima Initiative "On the environmental assessment for long term monitoring and remediation in and around Fukushima" November 5-6, 2015, Tokyo, Japan

ISTC/STCU Fukushima Initiative Technical Review Committee; Fukushima Initiative Technical Review Committee

JAEA-Conf 2016-002, 111 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Conf-2016-002.pdf:5.83MB

The final ISTC/STCU Technical Review Committee Meeting "On the environmental assessment for long term monitoring and remediation in and around Fukushima" was held in Hitotsubashi University Hall, Tokyo, on December 5-6, 2015. This report consists of summary reports of Fukushima Initiative projects, which were presented at the meeting. As regarding to the sections those which will be published elsewhere, only their executive summaries are included.

JAEA Reports

Replacement of the glove box panel in the nuclear fuel reprocessing facility

Yamamoto, Masahiko; Shirozu, Hidetomo; Mori, Eito; Surugaya, Naoki

JAEA-Technology 2016-009, 58 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Technology-2016-009.pdf:3.95MB

The panels of glove box installed at Tokai Reprocessing Plant have been deteriorated and transparencies have been decreased due to the long-term use. Therefore, the panels have been replaced from the view point of preventive maintenance. In the new regulation formulated since the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, it is demanded that the glove box consists of incombustible or inflammable materials. In this replacement, new panels have been manufactured with polycarbonate which satisfied the UL94 V-0 incombustible class. The inside of glove box has been contaminated with radioactive materials. Thus, the contamination and operator's exposure have been investigated. Then radiation protection equipment have been selected. Also, it is necessary to maintain the glove box enclosure during the replacement. The replacement has been conducted by covering the opening parts with vinyl sheets. The enclosure function has been verified by the inspection of the new panels and glove box.

JAEA Reports

Inspection and repair techniques in the reactor vessel of the experimental fast reactor Joyo; Replacement of upper core structure

Ito, Hiromichi*; Ota, Katsu; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Kobayashi, Tetsuhiko; Takamatsu, Misao; Nagai, Akinori

JAEA-Technology 2016-008, 87 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Technology-2016-008.pdf:18.11MB

In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, as a part of the restoration work of a partial dysfunction of fuel handling, the replacement of the upper core structure (UCS) was started from March 2014, and was completed in December 2014. In the jack-up test, the UCS was jacked-up to 1000 mm without significant sodium shearing resistance and interference. In the replacement of the UCS, a procedure was prepared with the use of wire-jack equipment assuming the interference. As a result, with the procedure and wire-jack were effectively functioned, the work was successfully completed.

JAEA Reports

Improvement and development of geochemical monitoring system for groundwater installed in the 350 m gallery of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Mezawa, Tetsuya; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Soga, Koichi*

JAEA-Technology 2016-003, 25 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Technology-2016-003.pdf:2.91MB

Development of the monitoring technique for hydro-geochemical conditions of groundwater in low permeable sedimentary rocks with high content of dissolved gases in the underground facility is one of key issues in the Underground Research Laboratory (URL) project in order to obtain the reliable geochemical data. Development of the monitoring system for the groundwater geochemistry was conducted previously at the 140m gallery in the Horonobe URL. Thereafter, improvement and development of the monitoring system have been performed at the 350m gallery as the course of development technology to monitor the hydro-geochemical conditions during the URL construction. In this report, the results including the improvement and development of the monitoring system for the groundwater geochemistry at the 350m gallery and the several examples of data acquisition are presented.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center; April 1, 2014 - March 31, 2015

Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center

JAEA-Review 2016-005, 55 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Review-2016-005.pdf:3.61MB

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency, JAEA, is a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of nuclear and/or radiological incidents. In order to fulfill the tasks as the designated public institution, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear/radiological emergency, the Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives them technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear preparedness and response to emergency responders including the national and local government officers, in addition to the JAEA staff members. The NEAT also researches nuclear emergency preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations on the above research theme. In the FY2014, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency responders for the national and local governments, (3) Researches on nuclear emergency preparedness and response, and release to the public as useful information, (4) Technical contributions to Asian countries on nuclear emergency preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations.

JAEA Reports

Nuclear Facilities Management Section Mutsu Office, Aomori Research and Development Center operations report; FY 2012&2013

Tajima, Yoshihiro; Kuwabara, Jun; Oyokawa, Atsushi; Kabuto, Shoji; Araya, Naoyuki; Kikuchi, Kaoru; Miyamoto, Shingo; Nemoto, Hideyuki; Oe, Osamu

JAEA-Review 2016-003, 56 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Review-2016-003.pdf:7.16MB

Nuclear Facilities Management Section implements the operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the first nuclear ship "MUTSU" and the operation and maintenance of the liquid waste facility and the solid waste facility where a small amount of nuclear fuel is used. This is the report on the operations of the Nuclear Facilities Management Section for FY 2012 and FY 2013.

JAEA Reports

On-site training using JMTR and related facilities in FY2015

Eguchi, Shohei; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Naka, Michihiro; Nakamura, Jinichi; Tanimoto, Masataka; Ito, Haruhiko*

JAEA-Review 2016-001, 31 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Review-2016-001.pdf:9.05MB

Since fiscal 2011, a practical training course using the JMTR and other research infrastructures has been provided by Neutron Irradiation Testing Reactor Center for foreign young researchers and engineers in Asian and other countries which are planning to introduce power reactors. The aim of this course is to contribute to the human resource development in nuclear research field and to increase the future use the JMTR. On the other hand, a training course for Japanese young researchers and engineers has been conducted since fiscal 2010. These two separate courses were integrated. In fiscal 2015, this training course was conducted for 2 weeks and 17 young researchers and engineers from 7 countries were participated. They studied about the general outline of nuclear research, current status and R&D about nuclear energy, safety management of nuclear reactor, irradiation behavior of materials and fuels, facilities and technologies for irradiation and post irradiation, and nuclear characteristics of the reactor through lectures and practical trainings. At the end of the course, we had a discussion about the current status and future of energy mix and renewable energies of each country was discussed. The content of this training course in fiscal 2015 is reported in this paper.

JAEA Reports

Measurement of uranium spectrum using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy; High resolution spectroscopy (470-670 nm)

Akaoka, Katsuaki; Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Wakaida, Ikuo

JAEA-Research 2016-005, 40 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Research-2016-005.pdf:1.82MB

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) method is an attractive technique because real-time, in-situ and remote elemental analysis is possible without any sample preparation. The LIBS technique can be applied for analyzing elemental composition of samples under severe environments such as the estimation of impurities in the next generation nuclear fuel material containing minor actinide (MA) and the detection of fuel debris in the post-accident nuclear core reactor of TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. For applying LIBS to the analysis of nuclear fuel materials, it is indispensable to identify the emission spectrum and its intensity on impurities intermingled within complex emission spectra of matrix elements such as uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu). In the present study, an echelle spectrometer with a resolving power of 50,000 was employed to identify spectra of natural uranium of wavelength ranging from 470 to 670 nm. The 173 atomic spectra and 119 ionic spectra can be identified. We have confirmed that the measured wavelength and oscillator strength of spectra are consistent with published values.

JAEA Reports

Development of the method of biosphere modeling according to surface environmental conditions

Nagao, Fumiya; Kato, Tomoko; Suzuki, Yuji*; Itazu, Toru*

JAEA-Research 2016-003, 80 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Research-2016-003.pdf:14.15MB

In the performance assessment study in the geological disposal of the high-level radioactive waste in Japan, the assessment technique that can treat local characteristics is examined, and establishing the method for the biosphere modeling using specific local information is aimed. In this report, the basic matrices were compiled which contain transport and exposure processes in the surface environment from a generic point of view. And the method was shown to construct the steady-state biosphere model in the actual surface environments by the combination of the basic matrices. To confirm applicability of the method, the biosphere modeling for the hypothetical site was tried. In addition, the important issues to describe the surface environmental condition and human lifestyle were identified to extract future problems and viewpoints by referring to the earlier study of the biosphere assessment at the actual repository site in Sweden.

JAEA Reports

Study on correlation effect between factors of statistical hot spot factor for HTGR design

Fukaya, Yuji; Nishihara, Tetsuo

JAEA-Research 2016-001, 23 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Research-2016-001.pdf:3.31MB

A study on Correlation effect between elements of statistical hot spot factor for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) Design had been performed. Both of safety and reactor specification can be remained if the uncertainty is correctly propagated by revising hot spot factor. In this context, it is reported for light water reactor design that the propagated uncertainty can be reduced by statistical hot spot factors with numerical statistical approach, that is Monte Carlo method, because correlation effects for each factor can be considered. For HTGR with sleeve covered fuel, it is expected that the fuel temperature also reduces by employing the same approach because the gap between sleeve and fuel compact, which shows significant temperature increase, have direct correlation. In addition, Monte Carlo method treats correlation effect at the price of evaluating contribution of individual factor. Therefore, improved method based on conventional method has been developed in this study. Then, statistical hot spot factor for fuel temperature of HTGR was evaluated by Monte Carlo method and the improved method. As a result, it is not found significant difference between the result of the conventional method and the improved method. Moreover, usage of hot spot factor is investigated and we proposed new one reflecting the investigation.

JAEA Reports

Procedures of chemical analysis of radioactive waste for decommissioning of TEPCO'S Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Yonekawa, Minoru; Iwasaki, Maho; Shimada, Kozue; Yanagiya, Shoko; Tsukada, Manabu; Iizuka, Yoshiyuki; Kaneko, Munenori; Unno, Toshimichi

JAEA-Testing 2015-002, 151 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Testing-2015-002.pdf:4.29MB
JAEA-Testing-2015-002-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:5.7MB

Preparatory Office for Hot Laboratory Operation Management in Fukushima Research Infrastructural Creation Center has advanced research and development for decommissioning of TEPCO'S Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. For this purpose, work procedure manual of chemical analysis for safety evaluation on processing, disposal and management of radioactive waste such as low dose level rubbles and fuel debris has been prepared. The manual will be used for personnel training and animation function of PowerPoint was used as the beginner of the chemical analysis to understand easily. This report describes about nuclides which were established analysis method and completed to make animation of work procedure.

JAEA Reports

Light ion microbeam analysis / processing system and its improvement

Koka, Masashi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Yamada, Naoto; Okubo, Takeru; Kada, Wataru*; Kitamura, Akane; Iwata, Yoshihiro*; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Sato, Takahiro

JAEA-Technology 2016-006, 41 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-006.pdf:14.03MB

A MeV-class light ion microbeam system has been developed for micro-analysis and micro-fabrication with high spatial resolution at 3-MV single-ended accelerator in Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application of Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Sector of Nuclear Science Research, Japan Atomic Energy Agency. This report describes the technical improvements for the main apparatus (the accelerator, beam-transport lines, and microbeam system), and auxiliary equipments/ parts for ion beam applications such as Particle Induced X-ray/Gamma-ray Emission (PIXE/PIGE) analysis, 3-D element distribution analysis using PIXE-Computed Tomography(CT), Ion Beam-Induced Luminescence (IBIL) analysis, and Proton Beam Writing with the microbeam scanning, with functional outline of these apparatus and equipments/parts.

JAEA Reports

Study on small-sized tailless beam formation using multipole magnetic field (Joint research)

Yokota, Wataru; Yuri, Yosuke; Watanabe, Shinichi*; Oshiro, Yukimitsu*; Kubono, Shigeru*

JAEA-Technology 2016-005, 21 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-005.pdf:2.24MB

The Center of Nuclear Science (CNS) of Tokyo University conducts the research on nuclear physics using CNS Radio-Isotope Beam Separator (CRIB) installed at the RIKEN AVF cyclotron. Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, JAEA has an AVF cyclotron of similar scale and is developing a technology to form a large-area uniform beam by an octupole magnetic field for the research on materials science. They carried out an R&D to increase the cyclotron beam intensity at a target under joint research. The nonlinear beam optics was designed to form a usual cyclotron beam having a large transverse tail into a small-sized tailless distribution so that the beam passes the gas target orifice (6 mm in diameter) of CRIB without a loss. As a result of particle tracking simulations based on the measured beam emittance, it has been found that an octupole magnetic field is effective in tail-folding and a 10-mm-diameter beam can be formed with two octupole magnets added in the present beam line. It has been also found that additional magnets need to be installed and the beam emittance should be reduced for the objective beam size of 6 mm. Moreover, the objective may be attained if the beam path length and configuration of the magnetic lens system are freely chosen.

JAEA Reports

Decontamination test of gravel; Establishment of effective decontamination methods about paving gravel and ballast

Kato, Mitsugu; Tanabe, Tsutomu; Umezawa, Katsuhiro; Wada, Takao

JAEA-Technology 2016-004, 129 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-004.pdf:20.42MB

After the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident, widespread contamination by radioactive materials occurred. Thus, decontamination work have been developed because of reducing air dose rate. Of this, in order to examine decontamination effect about gravel which cover sites of houses, communal facilities and cemeteries, and about ballast laid on a track, JAEA examined a decontamination test by physical plural methods. The objective of this testing is to establish rational and high effective decontamination methods to decontaminate each different gravel of materials and the shape, using the equipment which have possibility of the decontamination effect by trituration or blast. From the test results, applicability of the decontamination method depending on a characteristic of the gravel and the decontamination effect (reduction rate) are confirmed. There are various characteristics with the thing said to be gravel. It is confirmed that one decontamination method cannot be applied to all types of gravel. Furthermore, it is confirmed that there is great variability among individual polluted condition in the gravel gathered from the same place. Therefore, it is important to measure the degree of pollution so that a measurement error becomes as little as possible. For example, to measure plural points of the measurement side and keeping the height of measurement constant.

JAEA Reports

Study on engineering technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (FY 2014); Development of recovery and mitigation technology on excavation damage (Contract research)

Fukaya, Masaaki*; Hata, Koji*; Akiyoshi, Kenji*; Sato, Shin*; Takeda, Nobufumi*; Miura, Norihiko*; Uyama, Masao*; Kanata, Tsutomu*; Ueda, Tadashi*; Hara, Akira*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2016-002, 195 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-002.pdf:46.3MB
JAEA-Technology-2016-002-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:16.11MB

The researches on examination of the plug applied to the future reflood test was conducted as a part of (5) development of technologies for restoration and/on reduction of the excavation damage relating to the engineering technology in the MIU (2014), specifically focused on (1) plug examination (e.g. functions, structure and material) and the quality control methods and (2) analytical evaluation of rock mass behavior around the plug through the reflood test. As the result, specifications of the plug were determined. These specifications should be able to meet requirements for the safety structure and surrounding rock mass against predicted maximum water pressure, temperature stress and seismic force, and for controlling the groundwater inflow, ensuring the access into the reflood gallery and the penetration performance of measurement cable. Also preliminary knowledge regarding the rock mass behavior around the plug after flooding the reflood gallery by installed plug was obtained.

JAEA Reports

Waste acceptance criteria for waste packages destined for near surface disposal containing radioactive waste from research, industrial and medical facilities

Nakata, Hisakazu; Sakai, Akihiro; Okada, Shota; Izumo, Sari; Tsuji, Tomoyuki; Kurosawa, Ryohei; Amazawa, Hiroya

JAEA-Technology 2016-001, 112 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-001.pdf:16.71MB

The waste packages must meet the technical requirements that radioactive waste shall be solidified in a container by a method determined by the Nuclear Regulation Authority to prevent from radiation hazards. JAEA has been preparing operating procedure manual on quality control for radioactive waste disposal in order to promote the manufacturing the waste package. This report presents that simulant waste packages were produced by placing wastes in a 200 liter drum, which was then filled with mortar of a novel mix proportion, followed by curing in a controlled manner. Determination of the presence of harmful voidage and raw waste immobility were performed by direct measurement and visual inspection of a vertical cross section of the waste packages respectively.

JAEA Reports

Environmental remediation for the upstream of Yotsugi Mill Tailings Pond, Ningyo-toge Uranium Mine

Saito, Hiroshi; Sato, Yasushi*; Sakamoto, Atsushi*; Torikai, Kazuyoshi; Fukushima, Shigeru; Sakao, Ryota; Taki, Tomihiro

JAEA-Technology 2015-063, 119 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-063.pdf:86.2MB

Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center has been conducting environmental remediation of the Ningyo-toge Uranium Mine, after decades of mine-related activities were terminated. Its purposes are to take measures to ensure safety and radiation protection from the exposure pathways to humans in future, and to prevent the occurrence of mining pollution. As part of the remediation, upstream part of the Yotsugi Mill Tailings Pond, the highest prioritized facility, has been remediated to fiscal year 2012. Multi-layered capping has been constructed using natural material, after specifications and whole procedure being examined in terms of long-term stability, radiation protection, economics, etc. Monitoring has been carried out to confirm the effectiveness of the capping, in terms of settlement, dose and radon exhalation rates, etc. Monitoring of drainage volume of penetrated rainwater is planned. Accumulated data will be examined and used for remediation of downstream part of the Pond.

JAEA Reports

Impact assessment of the forest fires on Oarai Research and Development Center Waste Treatment Facility

Shimomura, Yusuke; Hanari, Akira*; Sato, Isamu*; Kitamura, Ryoichi

JAEA-Technology 2015-062, 47 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-062.pdf:1.85MB

In response to new standards for regulating waste management facilities, it was carried out impact assessment of forest fires on the waste management facilities existed in Oarai Research and Development Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. At first, a fire spread scenario of forest fires was assumed. The intensity of forest fires was evaluated from field surveys, forest fire evaluation models and so on. As models of forest fire intensity evaluation, Rothermel Model and Canadian Forest Fire Behavior Prediction (FBP) System were used. Impact assessment of radiant heat to the facilities was carried out, and temperature change of outer walls for the assumed forest fires was estimated. The outer wall temperature of facilities was estimated around 160$$^{circ}$$C at the maximum, it was revealed that it doesn't reach allowable temperature limit. Consequently, it doesn't influence the strength of concrete. In addition, a probability of fire breach was estimated to be about 20%. This report illustrates an example of evaluation of forest fires for the new regulatory standards through impact assessment of the forest fires on the waste management facilities.

JAEA Reports

Development of ITER CODAC compatible gyrotron local control system and its operation

Oshima, Katsumi; Oda, Yasuhisa; Takahashi, Koji; Terakado, Masayuki; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Hayashi, Kazuo*; Moriyama, Shinichi; Kajiwara, Ken; Sakamoto, Keishi

JAEA-Technology 2015-061, 65 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-061.pdf:24.28MB

In JAEA, an ITER relevant control system for ITER gyrotron was developed according to Plant Control Design Handbook. This control system was developed based on ITER CODAC Core System and implemented state machine control of gyrotron operation system, sequential timing control of gyrotron oscillation startup, and data acquisition. The operation of ITER 170 GHz gyrotron was demonstrated with ITER relevant power supply configuration. This system is utilized for gyrotron operation test for ITER procurement. This report describes the architecture of gyrotron operation system, its basic and detailed design, and recent operation results.

JAEA Reports

Study on decreasing trend of air dose rates observed in Fukushima Prefecture and neighboring prefectures

Ando, Masaki; Kanno, Takashi; Saito, Kimiaki

JAEA-Technology 2015-060, 40 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-060.pdf:50.1MB

The ratios of air dose rate averaged in prefecture-wise measured by car borne surveys in wide area has been performed by with the use of the KURAMA and KURAMA-II systems were investigated. The changes in air dose rate from the first (June 2011) car borne survey to the fourth (September 2012) and seventh (November 2013) car borne surveys in Fukushima Prefecture was similar to those in Tochigi Prefecture, and the ratio in Miyagi Prefecture showed quicker decay than those in the other prefectures in the groups of less than 0.5$$mu$$Sv/h. Distribution maps of the ratios of air dose rate obtained in 100m mesh wise in Fukushima, Tochigi and Miyagi prefectures showed that the ratios (i.e. decreasing rates) were depending on the area or road. Further, decreasing in the air dose rate was quicker than the physical decay in the big cities where population is big and the traffic is huge.

JAEA Reports

Corroborative tests for Oarai Waste Reduction Treatment Facility using the in-can type high frequency induction heating method

Sakauchi, Hitoshi; Sato, Isamu*; Donomae, Yasushi; Kitamura, Ryoichi

JAEA-Technology 2015-059, 352 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-059.pdf:51.53MB

OWTF (Oarai Waste Reduction Treatment Facility) is constructed for volume reduction processing and stabilization treatment of $$alpha$$ solid waste, which was generated from hot facilities in Oarai Research and Develop Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, using in-can type high frequency induction heating by remote control. This report describes corroborative tests, in which incinerating and melting performance for OWTF is confirmed with a full-scale testing furnace. We have been carrying out the tests of incinerating and melting treatment with some kinds of simulated wastes, such as enclosure form of radioactive wastes, material and articles.

JAEA Reports

Development of field emission SEM to observe high radioactive irradiated fuels

Isozaki, Misaki; Sasaki, Shinji; Maeda, Koji; Katsuyama, Kozo

JAEA-Technology 2015-058, 28 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-058.pdf:23.51MB

During irradiation in the fast reactor "JOYO", the changes of fuel structures with the formation of central void occur in the uranium-plutonium mixed oxide fuels (MOX fuels) because of radial temperature gradient. The changes of element (U, Pu, and so on) distributions along radial direction proceed from these changes. Therefore, it is important to study the changes of fuel structures of the minute area in fuel pellet and the changes of element distribution behavior for development of fast reactor fuels. In order to make detailed observations of microstructure and elemental analyses of fuel samples, a field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) equipped with a wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (WDS) and an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS) were installed in Fuel Monitoring Facility (FMF). The samples of this FE-SEM are very high radioactivity because the samples contain the nuclear fuel elements (U, Pu, etc.), the fission products (Cs, Rh, etc.) and activation product (Co, Mn etc.). Owing to this, it is necessary to prevent leakage of radioactive materials (particularly, U, Pu is need tight accountancy in law) and to protect operators from radiation. In this installation of FE-SEM, it is selected JSM-7001F (made by JEOL) for base model. The notable modified points were as follows. (1) To protect operators from radiation, lead shields was installed around FE-SEM. (2) To prevent leakage of radioactive materials, the instrument was attached to a remote control air-tight sample transfer unit between a shielded hot cell and the FE-SEM and the instrument was fixing rigid structure without vibration damper. (3) The design and manufacture the lead shields with consideration of instrument maintainability. This paper was described the summary of FE-SEM, the notable modified points, the ways of FE-SEM installation, the result of performance test.

JAEA Reports

Development of BDI behavior evaluation method in the fast reactor fuel assembly; Improvement of out-of-pile bundle compression test technology

Higashiuchi, Atsushi; Ishimi, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Kozo; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Ichikawa, Shoichi

JAEA-Technology 2015-057, 72 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-057.pdf:36.91MB

Bundle-duct interaction (BDI) in fast reactors (FRs) is one of the limiting factors for burnup. To study the high performance fuel for FR fuel, it is important to establish the method to predict accurately the BDI behavior for the fuel assembly of large-diameter fuel pins. Therefore, it was adopted a new method that the bundle compression test apparatus is placed outside the cell, the bundle specimen is put in the airtight container for contamination prevention, and the bundle specimen is carried in the cell for internal observation by X-ray CT examination apparatus. From the result of this test, it was confirmed that the new method of out-of-pile bundle compression test is carried out as it was before. The results of this test are available to study integrity assessment of fast reactor fuel, validation of the BDI analysis code and substantiation of the safety design guidelines of fast reactor. In addition, it is possible to reflect in the BDI behavior evaluation for "ASTRID".

JAEA Reports

Replacement of power supply for reactor control rod magnet of JRR-3

Kurumada, Osamu; Ikekame, Yoshinori; Ouchi, Satoshi; Sato, Masayuki; Kamiishi, Eigo; Wada, Shigeru

JAEA-Technology 2015-056, 35 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-056.pdf:29.49MB

The power supply for reactor control rod magnet of JRR-3 has been utilized for generating electromagnetic power of control rod coil and that was using more than 25 years. The power supply was required for provide to stabilize DC current. Therefore, we adopted series regulator method. Although, the power supply generate a high heat. Then, we decided to create switching regulator method in order to improve the aging and heat generation of the series regulator method. This paper reports the replacement of switching regulator method.

JAEA Reports

Applicability test of abrasive water jet cutting technology for dismantling of the core internals of Fukushima Daiichi NPS

Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Tezuka, Masashi; Sano, Kazuya

JAEA-Technology 2015-055, 89 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-055.pdf:17.54MB

It was reported that Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F) had lost the cooling function of the reactor by the Tohoku Earthquake. It is assumed that the core internals became narrow and complicated debris structure mixed with the molten fuel. In consideration of the above situations, the AWJ cutting method, which has features of the long work distance and little heat effect for a material, has been developed for the removal of the molten core internals through cutting tests for 3 years since FY 2012. And it was confirmed that AWJ cutting method is useful for the removal of the core internals etc. The results in FY 2012 were reported in "R&D of the fuel debris removal technologies by abrasive water jet cutting technology (JAEA-Technology 2013-041)" and this report summarizes the results of FY 2012, 2013 and 2014 in this report. It was confirmed the possibility to apply the removal work of the fuel debris and the core internals.

JAEA Reports

Preparation of Zr-91 stable isotope standard solution for determination of Zr-93 by mass spectrometry

Konda, Miki; Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Magara, Masaaki

JAEA-Technology 2015-054, 22 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-054.pdf:3.44MB

Isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) with ICP-MS is reliable method for determination of Zr-93, which is one of the long-lived fission products found in spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive wastes. In order to use an isotope standard solution of zirconium as the spike for IDMS, dissolving a commercially available solid isotope standard is indispensable. Prior to the dissolution of the Zr-91 isotope standard, solubility of metal zirconium in a mixture of HNO$$_3$$ and HF was evaluated using zirconium metal chips. Then, 2 mg of the Zr-91 isotope standard was dissolved with 0.2 mL of 1 M HNO$$_3$$-3 v/v% HF mixed solution, followed by adjusting the concentration of Zr-91 to approximately 1,000 $$mu$$g/g. IDMS, in which a natural isotopic abundance standard solution of zirconium was used as the spike, was employed for the determination of the concentration of Zr-91 in the prepared Zr-91 isotope standard solution. The concentration of Zr-91 in the prepared Zr-91 isotope standard solution was (9.6$$pm$$1.0) $$times$$ 10$$^2$$ $$mu$$g/g, which is in good agreement with the predicted concentration. This indicates that the Zr-91 metal isotope standard was completely dissolved with sufficient chemical stability. Additionally, no impurities were detected in the prepared Zr-91 isotope standard solution. These positive results denote that the Zr-91 isotope standard solution with the preferable quality for IDMS of Zr-93 can be obtained by the proposed dissolution procedures.

JAEA Reports

Work and safety managements for on-site installation, commissioning, tests by EU of quench protection circuits for JT-60SA

Yamauchi, Kunihito; Okano, Jun; Shimada, Katsuhiro; Omori, Yoshikazu; Terakado, Tsunehisa; Matsukawa, Makoto; Koide, Yoshihiko; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Fukumoto, Masahiro; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2015-053, 36 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-053.pdf:8.33MB

The superconducting Satellite Tokamak machine "JT-60SA" under construction in Naka Fusion Institute is an international collaborative project between Japan (JA) and Europe (EU). The contributions for this project are based on the supply of components, and thus European manufacturer shall conduct the installation, commissioning and tests on Naka site. This means that Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) had a quite difficult issue to manage the works by European workers and their safety although there is no direct contract. This report describes the approaches for the work and safety managements, which were agreed with EU after the tough negotiation, and then the completed on-site works for Quench Protection Circuits (QPC) as the first experience for EU in JT-60SA project. With the help of these approaches by JAEA, the EU works for QPC were successfully completed with no accident, and a great achievement was made for both EU and JA.

JAEA Reports

Fabrication and test results of testing equipment for remote-handling of MA fuel, 2; Evaluation of heat transfer parameter crossing rectangular lattice matrix

Eguchi, Yuta; Sugawara, Takanori; Nishihara, Kenji; Tazawa, Yujiro; Inoue, Akira; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

JAEA-Technology 2015-052, 34 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-052.pdf:5.02MB

Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) planned in the J-PARC project uses minor actinide (MA) fuel which has large decay heat. So it is necessary to consider the increase of the core temperature when the core cooling system is stopped. This change of the core temperature was evaluated by thermal conduction analysis. It was found that the impact of thermal insulation in the empty rectangular lattice matrix area was large. So it is necessary to verify reliability and accuracy of heat transfer effect used in this area. Testing equipment was fabricated to verify the accuracy of calculation model for the empty lattice matrix which was the free convection model of sealed fluid. By using this equipment, thermal distribution and one dimensional heat flow through the lattice were measured. It was observed that the actual equivalent thermal conductivity in the lattice was larger than the free convection model. It was also confirmed that the insertion of the aluminum block into the empty lattice could achieve the higher equivalent thermal conductivity. These results could be the useful data for the thermal conduction analysis.

JAEA Reports

Fabrication and test results of testing equipment for remote-handling of MA fuel, 1; Testing equipment for fuel cooling

Nishihara, Kenji; Tazawa, Yujiro; Inoue, Akira; Sugawara, Takanori; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Sasa, Toshinobu; Obayashi, Hironari; Yamaguchi, Kazushi; Kikuchi, Masashi*

JAEA-Technology 2015-051, 47 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-051.pdf:3.6MB

This report summarizes fabrication and test results of a testing equipment for fuel cooling that is a component of the testing equipment for remote-handling of highly-radioactive MA fuels in the transmutation physics experimental facility (TEF-P) planned in the J-PARC. Evaluation formula of pressure drop and temperature increase used in the design of TEF-P was validated by the test, and, feasibility of cooling concept was confirmed.

JAEA Reports

A Study on optimization of dismantling scenarios in Fugen decommissioning project; Preliminary evaluation of dismantling scenario of the heat exchangers, etc.

Koda, Yuya; Tezuka, Masashi; Yanagihara, Satoshi*

JAEA-Technology 2015-050, 74 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-050.pdf:3.43MB

The implementation of the decommissioning work is accompanied by long-term period and considerable expense, so it is important that we make the most optimized work scenario in consideration of safety or the work and effectiveness. For this reason, we are studying selection method of the optimal work scenarios as a management index of the manpower and dose etc., in dismantling work for Fugen. In this report, results of a study shows the method of selecting the best scenarios for the heat exchangers of the reactor coolant purification system by evaluating execution multiple work scenarios, as well as evaluating the manpower and dose, etc., moreover by setting the importance of each evaluation item.

JAEA Reports

Performance test of ex-core high temperature and high pressure water loop test equipment (Contract research)

Nakano, Hiroko; Uehara, Toshiaki; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Jinichi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

JAEA-Technology 2015-049, 61 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-049.pdf:14.7MB

In Japan Atomic Energy Agency, we started a research and development so as to monitor the Nuclear Plant Facilities situations during a severe accident, such as a radiation-resistant monitoring camera under a severe accident, a radiation resistant in-water transmission system for conveying the information in-core and a heat-resistant signal cable. As part of advance in a heat-resistant signal cable, we maintained to ex-core high-temperature and pressure water loop test equipment which can be simulated conditions of BWRs and PWRs for evaluation reliability and property of construction sheath materials. This equipment consists of Autoclave, water conditioning tank, water pump, high-pressure metering pump, preheater, heat exchanger and pure water purification equipment. This report describes the basic design and the results of performance tests of construction machinery and tools of ex-core high-temperature and pressure water loop test equipment.

JAEA Reports

Development of active control technology for impurities in coolant helium using High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Hamamoto, Shimpei; Nemoto, Takahiro; Sekita, Kenji; Saito, Kenji

JAEA-Technology 2015-048, 62 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-048.pdf:2.58MB

The decarburization may take place depending on the chemical impurity composition in helium gas used as the primary coolant in High-Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors, and will significantly reduce the strength of the alloy. The ability to remove impurities by a helium purification system was designed according to the predicted generation rate of impurities so as to make the coolant become the carburizing atmosphere. It has been confirmed that the coolant becomes the carburizing atmosphere during the operation period of the High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). However, it is necessary to consider changes of generation rates of impurities since lifetime of commercial reactor is longer than the life of the HTTR. To avoid the influence of the change of generation rate, the control of removal efficiency of impurity in the helium purification system was considered in this study. To reform the decarburizing into the carburizing atmosphere, it is effective to increase the H$$_{2}$$ and CO concentration in the coolant helium. By controlling the efficiency of the Cooper Oxide Trap (CuOT), it is possible to increase the H$$_{2}$$ and CO concentrations. Therefore, an experiment was carried out by injecting the gas mixture of H$$_{2}$$ and CO into the existing purification system of HTTR to investigate the dependencies of temperature and impurity concentration on the removal efficiency of CuOT. The experimental results are described as the following, (1) By adjusting the temperature of helium at the CuOT within a range from 110$$^{circ}$$C to 50$$^{circ}$$C, it is possible to reduce the removal efficiency of H$$_{2}$$ sufficiently. (2) Temperature change of helium gas in the CuOT is sufficiently reduced by the cooler located at the downstream of the CuOT, which does not affect the primary cooling system of HTTR. As the results, the applicability of removal efficiency control of CuOT was verified to improve the decarburizing atmosphere for the actual HTGR system.

JAEA Reports

Applicability test of plasma cutting technology for dismantling of the core internals of Fukushima Daiichi NPS

Tezuka, Masashi; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Sano, Kazuya

JAEA-Technology 2015-047, 114 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-047.pdf:46.17MB

It was reported that Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant had been lost the function of cooling the reactor by the Tohoku Earthquake. It is assumed that the original shapes of the internal core are not kept and the inside of the reactor makes so narrow in the space, however the fuel debris and the molten internal core will have to be removed for the decommissioning of 1F. We concerned the suppression of dross by optimization of cutting conditions, in using some moderated test pieces. And we can improve the cutting capability by heating the objects in advance. Moreover, it's possible that plasma arc cutting can cut off the mixed material the fuel debris and the molten internal core by using the cooperation cutting technique both the plasma arc and the plasma jet cutting. From these results, we have got the prospect that plasma cutting method can apply the removal of the fuel debris and the molten internal core.

JAEA Reports

The Development of the basic dismantling procedure of the reactor of FUGEN

Iwai, Hiroki; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Sano, Kazuya

JAEA-Technology 2015-046, 110 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-046.pdf:85.22MB

Advanced Thermal Reactor (ATR) FUGEN is a proto-type heavy water moderated, boiling light water cooled, pressure tube-type reactor with the thermal power of 557 MW and the electrical power of 165 MW. The reactor of FUGEN is classified into the core region and the shielding region. The core region is highly activated owing to the long term operation, and characterized by its tube-cluster construction that contains 224 fuel channels arranging both the pressure and the calandria tubes coaxially in each channel closely. And the shielding region surrounding the core region has the laminated structure composed of up to 150 mm thickness of carbon steel. The reactor is planning to be dismantled under water remotely in order to shield the radiation around the core and prevent airborne dust generated by the cutting, and firing of zirconium material. This paper reports on the result of development of the basic dismantling procedure of the reactor of FUGEN.

JAEA Reports

The Selection of the cutting technologies for dismantling the FUGEN reactor

Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Sano, Kazuya

JAEA-Technology 2015-045, 137 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-045.pdf:27.77MB

FUGEN is 9 m outer-diameter and 7m height, and characterized by its tube-cluster construction that contains 224 fuel channels arranging both the pressure and the calandria tubes coaxially in each channel. And the periphery part of the core has the laminated structure composed of up to 150 mm thickness of carbon steel for radiation shielding. The structure of the reactor, which is made of various materials such as stainless steel, carbon steel, zirconium alloy and aluminum. The reactor is planning to be dismantled under water in order to shield the radiation ray around the core and prevent airborne dust generated by the cutting, the temporary pool structure and the remote-operated dismantling machines needs to be installed on the top of reactor. In consideration of above the structure of Fugen reactor, the cutting method was selected for dismantling the reactor core in order to shorten the dismantling term and reduce the secondary waste.

JAEA Reports

Study on release behavior of radioiodine from fuel solution under criticality accident condition

Tashiro, Shinsuke; Abe, Hitoshi

JAEA-Technology 2015-044, 20 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-044.pdf:1.26MB

In order to estimate public dose under a criticality accident in fuel solution of a fuel reprocessing plant, release behavior of radioiodine from the fuel solution to atmosphere is very important. In this report, time evolution of $$^{133}$$I concentration in gas phase of TRACY core tank was measured until the concentration in the solution decreased. Furthermore, cumulative release ratio (CRR) and release rate (RR) from the solution to the atmosphere of radioiodine were evaluated by applying previously-reported evaluation model. As a result, for the case of short transient criticality, RR of $$^{133}$$I became maximum at 1 hour later from the ending and almost constant after 8 hour later. Furthermore, relationship of each elapsed time between total fission number and release rate of $$^{133}$$I could be derived. On the other hand, for the case of long criticality excursion, such as JCO criticality accident, the CRR and RR of radioiodine increased monotonously with time.

JAEA Reports

Progress of construction work excavation of shafts and research galleries

Construction Department; Tono Geoscience Center, Sector of Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste Management; Horonobe Underground Research Center, Sector of Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste Management

JAEA-Technology 2015-034, 411 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-034.pdf:103.07MB

This report presents the results of shaft and gallery excavation performed focusing on crystalline rock (Mizunami) and sedimentary rock (Horonobe) from the point of view of construction technologies applied and the information obtained at respective construction stages, which is required for construction designing Facility construction in general, its goal is to build the facilities and the general and accrual designs are made based on the specific construction plan, while the construction of shafts and research galleries is being conducted based on the research plan. This construction is performed in the deep underground where significant uncertainties exit, for instance, it is difficult to obtain the precision information from preliminary investigation, construction work is inextricability liked to the stepwise research, and this very long-term construction period is likely to be receiving restrictions concerning environmental and social interests. Therefore, there are a number of conditions can not to be predicted at the initial design stage. Timely and appropriate actions will be taken to deal with these particular conditions, such as changing on design due to the revision of the research and construction plan while conducting excavation construction. In the series of construction activities: from input (i.e. construction conditions) to completion of the construction under the particular conditions, we summarize the experiences obtained at respective construction stages as the important information to transfer the technology to the similar construction in the future. This report describes the general consideration and summary of chapters at the beginning, and introduces the construction activities performed at each rock series.

JAEA Reports

Boron release kinetics from mixed melts of boron carbide, stainless steel and Zircaloy; A Literature review on the behavior of control rod materials under severe accidents

Di Lemma, F. G.; Miwa, Shuhei; Osaka, Masahiko

JAEA-Review 2016-007, 27 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2016-007.pdf:1.88MB

During a nuclear power plant Severe Accident, complex boron melts can be formed, due to interaction of the control rods with the cladding materials. These can affect ultimately the source term assessment. This review will describe the results of previous studies on boron carbide/stainless steel/Zircaloy (B$$_{4}$$C/SS/Zry) melts, which will finally provide guidance for the needs of future experiments. This review showed that models for the behavior of complex B$$_{4}$$C/SS/Zry melts are limited, and unsuccessful in simulating core degradation, thus the improvement of the database for B$$_{4}$$C/SS/Zry melts is needed. Our experimental plan aims in providing thermodynamics and kinetics models for such melts, with the final aim of improving boron modelling in SA codes analysis and of understanding its effect on fission products behavior.

JAEA Reports

Enforcement management system for decommissioning project in Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center; Results of activities in fiscal year 2014

Ema, Akira; Miyagawa, Hiroshi; Ishimori, Yuu

JAEA-Review 2016-006, 88 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2016-006.pdf:10.59MB

The Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency had managed the decommissioning project based on the Quality Management System and the Environmental Management System, but found that these systems were unsuitable for project management from several viewpoints. In order to solve these problems, the Task Team for Enforcement Backend Project temporarily managed the decommissioning project in 2013. To enforce the project management systematically, the Research and Development Promotion Section was organized newly in the Environmental Research and Development Department in April 2014, and started the project management. On the other hand, to establish the primary and secondary documents related to the new system, until April 2015 the section has been developing the Enforcement Management System (EMS) to separate from the Quality Management System or the Environmental Management System. This report summarizes the state of these activities in the FY 2014.

JAEA Reports

Proceeding of the 12th International Workshop on Beryllium Technology (BeWS-12)

Kim, Jae-Hwan; Nakamichi, Masaru

JAEA-Review 2015-044, 260 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-044.pdf:121.42MB

The 12th International Workshop on Beryllium Technology (BeWS-12) was held on 10-11 September at the International Convention Center Jeju (ICCJEJU) in Jeju Island, Korea within a framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA) Energy Technology Initiative on Fusion Materials. This workshop has been holding every 2 years from 1993. The objective of this workshop is to disseminate results of research and technology development in areas relevant to beryllium utilization in fusion nuclear power systems. In this workshop, a lot of researchers and technicians engaged in R&D on beryllium related materials and fusion engineering attended and discussed. This JAEA-Conf has been compiled the manuscripts and the presentation files in the BeWS-12.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of 7th KAERI-JAEA Information Exchange Meeting on HTGR and Nuclear Hydrogen Technology; November 5th-6th, 2015, JAEA Oarai Research and Development Center, Oarai, Japan

Inaba, Yoshitomo; Lee, T.*; Ueta, Shohei; Kasahara, Seiji; Honda, Yuki; Lee, H.*; Kim, E.*; Cho, M.*; Bae, K.*; Sakaba, Nariaki

JAEA-Review 2015-043, 96 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-043.pdf:79.27MB

The information exchange meeting on HTGR and hydrogen production technology between Korea Atomic Energy research Institute (KAERI) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) was held in the Oarai Research and Development Center of JAEA on November 5th - 6th, 2015 based on the cooperative research program of the KAERI-JAEA implementation of "Development of HTGR and Nuclear Hydrogen Technology" under "The Implementation of Cooperative Program in the Field of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy between KAERI and JAEA." In order to facilitate efficient technology development on the HTGR and nuclear hydrogen by the IS process, both sides mutually showed the present status and future plan of the research and development on the HTGR and nuclear hydrogen technology, respectively. This proceeding summarizes all materials of the presented technical discussions on the HTGR and hydrogen production technology based on the open documents as well as the meeting briefing including collaboration items.

JAEA Reports

Proceeding of the first topical meeting on Asian network for accelerator-driven systems and nuclear transmutation technology

Sasa, Toshinobu

JAEA-Review 2015-042, 213 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-042.pdf:166.0MB

The first topical meeting on Asian Network for Accelerator-driven System (ADS) and Nuclear Transmutation Technology (NTT) was held on 26-27 October 2015 at the J-PARC Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan. The meeting was an optional one in-between the regular meeting, which will be held in every second year. Instead of the regular meeting, which covers all research fields for ADS and NTT, such as accelerator, spallation target, subcritical reactor, fuel, and material, this topical meeting is focused on the specific topic to make technical discussions more deeply. In this meeting, the technology for lead-bismuth eutectic alloy was selected as one of the hot issues in the world and had deep discussions with specialists in Asian countries. Through the discussion, the importance of cooperation in Again region is recognized to solve the issues for application of LBE. This report summarizes all presentation materials discussed in the meeting.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of Information and Opinion Exchange Conference on Geoscientific Study, 2015

Nishio, Kazuhisa*; Iyatomi, Yosuke

JAEA-Review 2015-041, 71 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-041.pdf:32.01MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) has been conducting geoscientific study in order to establish a scientific and technological basis for the geological disposal of HLW. Information and Opinion Exchange Conference on Geoscientific Study has been held by TGC annually. Technical information of the result on the geoscientific study conducted at TGC is provided at the conference for exchanging opinions with researchers and engineers from Japanese universities, research organizations and private companies. This document compiles the research presentations, posters of the conference in Mizunami on October 29, 2015.

JAEA Reports

Environmental performance data in Environmental Report 2015

Safety and Environmental Management Section, Safety and Nuclear Security Administration Department

JAEA-Review 2015-040, 221 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-040.pdf:11.77MB

In September, 2015 Japan Atomic Energy Agency published the Environmental Report 2015 concerning the activities of FY 2014 under "Law Concerning the Promotion of Business Activities with Environmental Consideration by Specified Corporations, etc., by Facilitating Access to Environmental Information, and Other Measures". This report has been edited to show detailed environmental performance data in FY 2014 as the base of the Environmental Report 2015. This report would not only ensure traceability of the data in order to enhance the reliability of the environmental report, but also make useful measures for promoting activities of environmental considerations in JAEA.

JAEA Reports

Reports on JAEA's Reimei Research Program; April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2015

Nagame, Yuichiro

JAEA-Review 2015-039, 50 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-039.pdf:7.19MB

Advanced Science Research Center set out "Reimei (Dawn) Research Program" with the aim to cultivate forefront and frontier researches. This report compiles the summaries of the research subjects carried out in the fiscal year of 2013 and 2014.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the activities of safety in J-PARC, FY2014

Safety Division, Radiation Safety Section, J-PARC Center

JAEA-Review 2015-038, 173 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-038.pdf:15.51MB

This annual report describes the activities on radiation safety and general safety in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) in FY 2014. Activities on radiation safety such as radiation control in each facility, environmental monitoring, individual monitoring, maintenance of monitoring instruments and other activities on radiation matters are represented, and activities of general safety such as safety committees, meetings, lectures, trainings and periodical checks are described. The technological developments and research on safety issues are also summarized in the last section. The safety management system of J-PARC was improved after the radioactive material leak incident of the Hadron Facility on May 2013. In addition the annual report on safety has not been issued after the publication of the "Annual report for FY2011 on the Activities of Radiation Safety in J-PARC". Therefore we have partially mentioned the trend on J-PARC safety from FY2012 to FY2013 in this report.

JAEA Reports

Report of cooperative research programs in the field of ion-beam breeding between Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Bilateral Cooperative Research)

Zaiton, A.*; Ono, Yutaka

JAEA-Review 2015-037, 120 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-037.pdf:15.19MB

This report summarizes Bilateral Cooperative Research between Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Malaysian Nuclear Agency (a representative of the Government of Malaysia) implemented from 2002 to 2012 under "THE IMPLEMENTING ARRANGEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA AND THE JAPAN ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY ON THE RESEARCH COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF RADIATION PROSSING". The research activities in two Cooperative Research Programs, "Mutation Induction of Orchid Plants by Ion Beams" and "Generating New Ornamental Plant Varieties Using Ion Beams" performed 2002-2007 and 2007-2012, respectively, are contained. The lists of steering committee meetings, irradiation experiments, and publications/presentations of each program are also attached in the Appendixes.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2014 on the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management; April 1, 2014 - March 31, 2015

Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management

JAEA-Review 2015-036, 87 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-036.pdf:4.02MB

This report describes the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (DDWM) in Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI) in the period from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015. The report covers organization and missions of DDWM, outline and operation/maintenance of facilities which belong to DDWM, treatment and management of radioactive wastes, decommissioning activities, and related research and development activities which were conducted in DDWM.

JAEA Reports

Risk communication activity which used "YUME Chisoukan" in the Horonobe Underground Research Center; FY2014

Fujiwara, Toshiyuki; Katada, Inao; Hoshino, Masato; Tokunaga, Hiroaki*; Horikoshi, Hidehiko*

JAEA-Review 2015-035, 103 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-035.pdf:5.65MB

Horonobe Underground Research Center managed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is the Japan's best environment to understand the project of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste of Japan because there is an underground research laboratory (URL) in the center besides an exhibition facility which explains the content of research conducted in the URL. In the area of the center, there is also an exhibition facility for the full-scale model of engineered barrier system of geological disposal. JAEA takes advantage of this opportunity to conduct public hearing including questionnaire research regarding the questions, anxieties and comments by the visitors for geological disposal project. This report summarizes the result of statistical analysis of 2457 comments by the visitors from April to November in 2014.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2014

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Takeyasu, Masanori; Mizutani, Tomoko; Isozaki, Tokuju*; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Nishimura, Tomohiro; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-034, 175 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-034.pdf:8.13MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2014 to March 2015. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2014 on the activities of radiation safety in Nuclear Science Research Institute etc.; April 1, 2014 - March 31, 2015

Department of Radiation Protection, Nuclear Science Research Institute; Safety Section, Department of Administrative Services, Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institut; Safety Section, Department of Administrative Services, Kansai Photon Science Institute; Operation Safety Administration Section, Mutsu Office, Aomori Research and Development Center; Safety Section, Department of Administrative Services, Naka Fusion Institute

JAEA-Review 2015-033, 185 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-033.pdf:10.89MB

This annual report describes the activities in the 2014 fiscal year of Department of Radiation Protection in Nuclear Science Research Institute, Safety Section in Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Safety Section in Kansai Photon Science Institute, Operation Safety Administration Section in Aomori Research and Development Center and Safety Section in Naka Fusion Institute.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Engineering Services Department on JFY2014

Engineering Services Department

JAEA-Review 2015-032, 106 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-032.pdf:14.02MB

The Engineering Services Department is in charge of operation and maintenance of utility facilities (water distribution systems, electricity supply systems, steam generation systems and drain water systems etc.) in whole of the institute. And also is in charge of operation and maintenance of specific systems (power receiving and transforming facilities an emergency electric power supply system, an air/liquid waste treatment system, a compressed air supply system) in nuclear reactor facilities, nuclear fuel treatment facilities and usual facilities or buildings. In addition, the department is in charge of maintenance of buildings, design and repair of electrical/mechanical equipments. This annual report describes summary of activities, operation and maintenance data and technical developments of the department carried out in JFY 2014. We hope that this report may help to future work.

JAEA Reports

Project report on the construction phase at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project

Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Saegusa, Hiromitsu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Matsui, Hiroya; Mikake, Shinichiro; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Onoe, Hironori; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Research 2015-026, 98 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Research-2015-026.pdf:32.97MB

Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is being performed Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project, which is a broad scientific study of the deep geological environment as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of nuclear wastes, in order to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in fractured crystalline rock. The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The project goals of the MIU Project from Phase I through to Phase III are: (1) to establish techniques for investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment, and (2) to develop a range of engineering for deep underground application. This report summarizes the results of geoscientific study on Phase II to 500m depth. During Construction phase, we have evaluated of adequacy of techniques for investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment on Surface-based Investigation phase, and have established systematic methodology for stepwise investigation and evaluation of the geological environment on Construction phase. Further, with respect to design and construction of underground facilities, it was confirmed the validity of the engineering involved in the construction, maintenance and management of underground facilities.

JAEA Reports

Study on effects of coupled phenomenon on long-term behavior for crystalline rock; FY2014 (Contract research)

Ichikawa, Yasuaki*; Kimoto, Kazushi*; Sato, Toshinori; Kuwabara, Kazumichi; Takayama, Yusuke

JAEA-Research 2015-025, 31 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Research-2015-025.pdf:13.0MB

It is important to evaluate the stability of a repository for high-level radioactive waste not only during the design, construction and operation phases, but also during the post-closure period, for time frames likely exceeding several millennia or longer. The rock mass around the tunnels could be deformed through time in response to time dependent behavior. On the other hand, it was revealed that the chemical reaction of groundwater in a rock had an influence on the long-term behavior. An evaluation of the microcracks to have an influence on these mechanical and chemical coupled phenomena should be worked on chiefly. In fiscal year 2014, this study performed numerical analysis to examine the supersonic scattering attenuation decrement behavior in the crystalline rock and a measurement sequentially last year. The measurement of the head and surface waves were carried out. As a result, group speed was provided. On the other hand, the spread scattering analysis of the elastic wave by the FDTD (Finite Difference Time-Domain) method made a numerical analysis. However, a laboratory finding is different from expectation of the simulation, and crystal anisotropic influence of a microcrack and rock-forming minerals is thought about as a cause of this estrangement. Therefore it was revealed that it was necessary to examine these two points of influence more in future.

JAEA Reports

Animal study on biological responses by radon inhalation making use of waste rock which contains feeble activity of uranium, 2; (Joint research)

Ishimori, Yuu; Sakoda, Akihiro; Tanaka, Hiroshi; Mitsunobu, Fumihiro*; Yamaoka, Kiyonori*; Kataoka, Takahiro*; Etani, Reo*

JAEA-Research 2015-024, 41 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Research-2015-024.pdf:3.11MB

Okayama University and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) have carried out the collaborative study of physiological effects of inhaled radon for the low-dose range. Main assignments were as follows. Based on the clinical knowledge, Misasa Medical Center (Okayama University Hospital) clarified the issues that should be addressed. Graduate School of Health Sciences (Okayama University) supervised the research and studied the biological responses. The JAEA made the development and control of a facility for radon inhalation experiments and the investigation of biokinetics and exposure doses of radon. From 2009 to 2013, the following results were obtained. (1) Literature on drinking effects of radon hot spring water was surveyed to determine the present tasks. (2) Under the present experimental conditions, drinking of hot spring water into which radon was intentionally introduced using the equipment in the facility did not have significant effects on mice. (3) Inhibitory effects of antioxidant pre-supplements (Vitamins C and E) and radon pre-inhalation on hepatic or renal oxidative damage were examined to make the comparison. (4) In order to discuss biological responses quantitatively following radon inhalation, the biokinetics of inhaled radon were studied. (5) Some exposure routes due to inhalation of radon or its progeny were modeled to calculate organ doses in mice.

JAEA Reports

Study on modeling and analysis of groundwater flow with inverse analysis (Joint research)

Kohashi, Akio; Onoe, Hironori; Yamamoto, Shinya*; Honda, Makoto*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Masumoto, Kiyoshi*

JAEA-Research 2015-022, 89 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Research-2015-022.pdf:27.85MB

In Japan, high-level radioactive waste (HLW) will be emplaced in a stable host rock formation deeper than 300 meters underground for geological disposal. It is important to understand heterogeneous distribution of hydraulic conductivity from the viewpoints of the safety assessment of geological disposal of HLW and construction of underground facilities. Inverse analysis based on the transient data is an efficient technique for estimating the heterogeneous distribution. In this study, numerical experiments with the adjoint state method and the ensemble Kalman filter were carried out in order to understand effective method for application of these inverse analysis. As a result of this study, the capability of each analysis techniques was shown.

JAEA Reports

Assessment report of research and development activities in FY2014; Activity "Fusion Research and Development" (In-advance evaluation)

Fusion Research and Development Directorate

JAEA-Evaluation 2016-002, 40 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Evaluation-2016-002.pdf:2.66MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (hereinafter referred to as "JAEA") asked the assessment committee, "Evaluation Committee of Research and Development Activities for Fusion" (hereinafter referred to as "Committee") for in-advance evaluation of "Research and Development of the technical system for extraction of fusion energy," in accordance with "General Guideline for the Evaluation of Government R&D Activities" by Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, "Guideline for Evaluation of R&D in Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology" and "Regulation on Conduct for Evaluation of R&D Activities" by JAEA. In response to the JAEA's request, the Committee assessed the research program of the Fusion Research and Development Directorate (hereinafter referred to as "FRDD") during the period from April 2015 to March 2022. The Committee evaluated the management and research activities of the FRDD based on the explanatory documents prepared by the FRDD, the oral presentations with questions-and-answers by the Director General and the Deputy Director Generals.

JAEA Reports

Assessment report of research and development activities in FY2014; Activity "Fusion Research and Development" (Result evaluation)

Fusion Research and Development Directorate

JAEA-Evaluation 2016-001, 128 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Evaluation-2016-001.pdf:33.25MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (hereinafter referred to as "JAEA") asked the assessment committee, "Evaluation Committee of Research and Development Activities for Fusion" (hereinafter referred to as "Committee") for result evaluation of "Research and Development of the Technical System for Extraction of Fusion Energy," in accordance with "General Guideline for the Evaluation of Government R&D Activities" by Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, "Guideline for Evaluation of R&D in Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology " and "Regulation on Conduct for Evaluation of R&D Activities" by JAEA. In response to the JAEA's request, the Committee assessed the research program of the Fusion Research and Development Directorate (hereinafter referred to as "FRDD") during the period from April 2010 to November 2014. The Committee evaluated the management and research activities of the FRDD based on the explanatory documents prepared by the FRDD, the oral presentations with questions-and-answers by the Director General and the Deputy Director Generals.

JAEA Reports

Review of research on Advanced Computational Science in FY2010-2014

Center for Computational Science & e-Systems

JAEA-Evaluation 2015-015, 182 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Evaluation-2015-015.pdf:2.54MB

Research on advanced computational science for nuclear applications, based on "the plan for meeting the mid-term goal of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency", has been performed at Center for Computational Science & e-Systems (CCSE), Japan Atomic Energy Agency. CCSE established the committee consisting outside experts and authorities which does research evaluation and advices for the assistance of the research and development. This report summarizes the followings. (1) Results of the R&D performed at CCSE in the period of the midterm plan (April 1st, 2010 - March 31st, 2015), (2) Results of the evaluation on the R&D by the committee in the period of the midterm plan (April 1st, 2010 - March 31st, 2015)

JAEA Reports

Measurement of high-energy neutron fluxes and spectra around the J-PARC mercury spallation neutron target using multi-foil activation method

Kasugai, Yoshimi; Harada, Masahide; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Maekawa, Fujio

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-033, 28 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-033.pdf:1.78MB

The high-energy neutron fluxes and spectra around the mercury spallation neutron source at MLF of J-PARC were measured by the multi-foil activation method. The threshold energies of neutron reactions utilized in this experiment covered from 0.1 to 50 MeV. The foil irradiation was carried out on the first beam-run of MLF from May 30th to 31th, 2008. After the irradiation, the induced radioactivity of each foil was measured using an HPGe detector, and the neutron-induced reaction-rate distribution around the mercury target was determined. Using these data, the high-energy neutron fluxes and spectra were deduced with unfolding method in which the neutron spectra calculated with PHITS code were used as the initial-guess spectra. By comparison between the initial and the unfolded spectra, it was shown that most of the calculation results, which had been the basis of the neutronics design of the MLF target assembly, were consistent with the experimental data within $$pm$$30%.

JAEA Reports

Annual data compilation of water balance observation in the Regional Hydrogeological Study Project (RHS Project); For the fiscal year 2014

Ueno, Tetsuro; Takeuchi, Ryuji

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-032, 30 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-032.pdf:9.65MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-032-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:593.7MB

Tono Geoscience Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has carried out the subsurface water balance observation in order to estimate groundwater recharge rate for setting the upper boundary conditions on groundwater flow simulation and to obtain data for calibration of hydrogeological model. In the subsurface water balance observations, precipitation data and river flowrate have been observed in the Garaishi River and Hiyoshi River watersheds. The missing or abnormal data in the monitoring data during the fiscal year 2014 were complemented or corrected, and these data were compiled in data set. Because many data were accumulated, these observations were finished in the end of March, 2015.

JAEA Reports

Annual data compilation of water balance observation in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project (MIU Project); For the fiscal year 2014

Ueno, Tetsuro; Takeuchi, Ryuji

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-031, 61 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-031.pdf:9.15MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-031-1appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:174.29MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-031-2-1appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:86.67MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-031-2-2appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:268.33MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-031-2-3appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:569.4MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-031-2-4appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:103.25MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-031-2-5appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:0.4MB

Tono Geoscience Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has carried out the subsurface water balance observation in order to estimate groundwater recharge rate for setting the upper boundary conditions on groundwater flow simulation and to obtain data for calibration of hydrogeological model. In the subsurface water balance observations, meteorogical data, river flow rate, groundwater level and soil moisture have been observed in the Shoma River watershed, the Shoma River model watershed and the MIU Construction Site. After missing or abnormal data in the monitoring data from the fiscal year 2014 were complemented or corrected, the data were compiled in data set. Furthermore the groundwater recharge rates in the Hazama River watershed were calculated using the river flow rate data obtained from the environment survey in the MIU construction work in the fiscal year 2014. Because many data were accumulated, these observations were finished in the end of March, 2015.

JAEA Reports

JENDL decay data file 2015

Katakura, Junichi*; Minato, Futoshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-030, 97 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-030.pdf:1.01MB

JENDL Decay Data File 2015 (JENDL/DDF-2015) has been produced. The decay data of nuclides with mass numbers from 1 to 260 are included. The nuclides with unknown $$gamma$$- and/or beta-emission are also included in order to keep decay chains. The data of 1,284 fission product nuclides with mass from 66 to 172 remain unchanged from JENDL/FPD-2011 except several corrections which had been claimed by users, and those of the newly added 1,953 nuclides are taken from ENSDF. Finally, the decay data of 3,237 nuclides including 244 stable nuclides were compiled as JENDL/DDF-2015 file.

JAEA Reports

Improvement of WWW chart of the nuclides interface

Okamoto, Tsutomu; Minato, Futoshi; Koura, Hiroyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-029, 30 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-029.pdf:1.81MB

The booklet "chart of the nuclides" is issued every 4 years since 1976 from Nuclear Data Center, JAEA. The chart of the nuclides for WWW (World Wide Web) was developed in 1999 in order to be available from internet browser. Internet connection speeds, browser functions and JavaScript libraries has, however, progressed at present compared with the internet technology in those days. In connection with the release of the 2014 edition of the chart of the nuclides, the interface of the WWW chart of the nuclides has been improved by introducing new internet technologies aiming at enhancing convenience on accessibilities via browsers. We introduced a scrolling screen that would make capabilities of easy screen movement on a map with the addition of the drag scrolling function. Considering smart phone access, the light-weight edition which introduced automatic switch was prepared. The new system results in reduction in access time and usefulness in mobile environment. The method of making figures of the chart was reconsidered due to addition of new decay schemes to the 2014 edition. SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) was adopted so as to make figures easily. It is concluded that the accessibilities of WWW chart of the nuclides are substantially improved from the previous version by introducing the new technologies.

JAEA Reports

Development of JAEA Sorption Database (JAEA-SDB); Update of sorption/QA data in FY2015

Tachi, Yukio; Suyama, Tadahiro

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-028, 60 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-028.pdf:1.96MB

Sorption and diffusion of radionuclides in buffer materials and rocks are the key processes in the safe geological disposal of radioactive waste, because migration of radionuclides in this barrier is expected to be diffusion-controlled and retarded by sorption processes. For this purpose, Japan Atomic Energy Agency has developed databases of sorption and diffusion parameters in buffer materials and rocks. The present report focuses on developing and updating of the sorption database as basis of integrated approach for PA-related Kd setting and mechanistic sorption model development. This includes an overview of database structure, contents and functions including additional data evaluation function focusing on multi-parameter dependence, operating method, PA-related applications of the web-based JAEA-SDB. Kd data and their QA results are updated by focusing our recent activities on the Kd setting and mechanistic model development. As a result, 11,206 Kd data from 81 references are added, total Kd values in the JAEA-SDB are about 58,000. The QA/classified Kd data are about 39% for all Kd data in JAEA-SDB. The updated JAEA-SDB is expected to make it possible to obtain quick overview of the available data, and to have suitable access to the respective data for PA-related Kd setting in effective, traceable and transparent manner.

JAEA Reports

Development of diffusion database (JAEA-DDB) of buffer materials and rocks; Update of data in FY2015

Tachi, Yukio; Suyama, Tadahiro

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-027, 40 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-027.pdf:3.4MB

Sorption and diffusion of radionuclides in buffer materials (bentonite) and rocks are the key processes in the safe geological disposal of radioactive waste, because migration of radionuclides in these barrier materials is expected to be diffusion-controlled and retarded by sorption processes. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has developed databases of sorption and diffusion parameters in bentonites and rocks. The present report focuses on updating of the diffusion database (JAEA-DDB) as basis of PA-related parameter setting. This includes an overview of database structure, contents and functions including additional data evaluation function. The diffusion data are updated by focusing on bentonites, granites and mudstones related to our recent PA activities. As a result, about 3,500 data from 221 references were added, total number of diffusion data in the JAEA-DDB reached about 5,000. The updated JAEA-DDB is expected to make it possible to obtain quick overview of the available data, and to have suitable access to the respective data for PA-related diffusion parameter setting in effective, traceable and transparent manner.

JAEA Reports

Local-scale high-resolution atmospheric dispersion model using large-eddy simulation; LOHDIM-LES

Nakayama, Hiromasa; Nagai, Haruyasu

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-026, 37 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-026.pdf:2.48MB

We developed LOcal-scale High-resolution atmospheric DIspersion Model using Large-Eddy Simulation (LOHDIM-LES). This dispersion model is designed based on LES which is effective to reproduce unsteady behaviors of turbulent flows and plume dispersion. The basic equations are the continuity equation, the Navier-Stokes equation, and the scalar conservation equation. Buildings and local terrain variability are resolved by high-resolution grids with of a few meters and these turbulent effects are represented by immersed boundary method. In simulating atmospheric turbulence, boundary layer flows are generated by a recycling turbulent inflow technique in a driver region set up at the upstream of the main analysis region. This turbulent inflow data are imposed at the inlet of the main analysis region. By this approach, the LOHDIM-LES can provide detailed information on wind velocities and plume concentration in the investigated area.

JAEA Reports

Radioactivity analysis of metal samples taken from pipes of the Fugen, 4

Haraga, Tomoko; Tobita, Minoru*; Takahashi, Shigemi*; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-025, 52 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-025.pdf:1.92MB

Fugen Nuclear Power Station was shut down and now is under decommissioning. Many radioactivity concentration data of dismantled materials have to be accumulated to calculate the scaling factors of radioactive wastes and verify that the cleared dismantled materials conform to the clearance levels. A simple and rapid radioactivity determination method for radioactive waste samples was developed in Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management. For the demonstration, the simple and rapid radioactivity determination method was applied to metal samples, which were taken from dismantled pipes of Fugen. This report summarizes the radioactivity data obtained from the analysis of those samples.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 16th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research; October 15-16, 2015, Kizugawa, Kyoto, Japan

Secretariat of Symposium on Advanced Photon Research

JAEA-Conf 2016-001, 53 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Conf-2016-001.pdf:6.17MB

The 16th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research was held at Kansai Photon Science Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA-KPSI) in Kizugawa city, Kyoto on October 15 - 16, 2015. This report consists of invited and contributed papers presented at the oral and poster sessions in the Symposium.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 2014 Symposium on Nuclear Data; November 27-28, 2014, Conference hall, Hokkaido University, Sapporo Japan

Aikawa, Masayuki*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Ebata, Shuichiro*; Kunieda, Satoshi; Nakamura, Shoji; Koura, Hiroyuki

JAEA-Conf 2015-003, 332 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Conf-2015-003.pdf:30.22MB

The 2014 Symposium on Nuclear Data was held at Conference Hall, Hokkaido University, on November 27 and 28, 2014. The symposium was organized by the Nuclear Data Division of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, Hokkaido Branch of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, and Nuclear Reaction Data Centre, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University in cooperation with Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In the symposium, there were two tutorials, "Cross section measurement strategy for long lived fission product" and "Physics and Nuclear Data in Radiation Therapy" and four sessions, "A Neutron TOF Measurement Instrument desired by Nuclear Data Community", "Recent Topics", "Application of Nuclear Data", and "Nuclear Theory and Nuclear Data". In addition, recent research progress on experiments, evaluation, benchmark and application was presented in a poster session. Among 88 participants, all presentations and following discussions were very active and fruitful. This report consists of total 62 papers including 2 tutorials, 16 oral and 44 poster presentations.

JAEA Reports

Development of evaluation procedure of vapor species transition behavior; Investigation of applicable measurement technology for estimation of chemical form and physical parameters, and validity verification

Takai, Toshihide; Sato, Isamu*; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Furukawa, Tomohiro

JAEA-Technology 2015-043, 56 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Technology-2015-043.pdf:23.14MB

Fundamental research on FP-chemistry for fission product release behaviors under severe accident was carried out for reinforcement of source term evaluation, and implementation of the 1F decommissioning R&D project. There were subjects to clarified (1) FP chemistry behavior between vapor species release and aerosol formation and (2) physical parameters which would be affect subsequent aerosol's chemical behavior, for improvement of FP transport model. Applicability of measuring/analyzing techniques presently used was studied for evaluating foregoing properties. And the validity was verified by trial measurements. In conclusion, Raman spectrometry and high temperature X-ray diffraction were hopeful to determine FP-chemical form against vapor/aerosol species and aerosol species, respectively. Combination use of cascade impactor and scanning type electron microscope with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry was hopeful to determine physical parameters of aerosol.

JAEA Reports

Inspection and repair techniques in the reactor vessel of the experimental fast reactor Joyo; Development of cover gas recycling system with precise pressure control

Ushiki, Hiroshi*; Okuda, Eiji; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Takamatsu, Misao; Nagai, Akinori

JAEA-Technology 2015-042, 37 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Technology-2015-042.pdf:16.51MB

The reactor vessel of a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) is filled with sodium coolant and cover gas (argon gas). In case of a cover gas boundary open (ie., in-vessel repair), installation of a temporary cover gas boundary and controlling the cover gas pressure slightly positive are required to prevent the cover gas release and the contamination of impurities, and during upper core structure (UCS) replacement in the experimental SFR Joyo from March to December 2014, a vinyl bag was installed as a part of the temporary cover gas boundary. However, because it has inferior thermal resistance, supply a cooling gas too much was required to maintain proper temperature for two months. On the basis of this requirement, a cover gas recycling system with precise pressure control was developed and adopted for UCS replacement. The system has a good pressure controllability and recyclability. The successful results of this system contributed to the certain promotion of UCS replacement. In addition, the insights and the experience gathered in this development are expected to improve the in-vessel repair techniques in sodium-cooled fast reactors.

JAEA Reports

Vacuum operation test for optical window protective shutters of JT-60SA diagnostic port-plugs

Kokusen, Shigeharu; Yoshida, Maiko; Tojo, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2015-041, 26 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Technology-2015-041.pdf:8.03MB

Shutters will be installed in front of vacuum windows of some diagnostics in JT-60SA to avoid deposition of impurity onto the vacuum window during wall cleaning and plasma conditioning. Two types of shutter systems had been designed. One has a light shutter (0.5 kg) with rotary motion in vacuum. Another has a heavy shutter (3 kg) with vertical motion in vacuum. For the both types, malfunction due to increase of friction coefficients of the sliding parts in vacuum is concerned. In the present paper, Durability, abrasion and friction coefficient of the sliding parts has been investigated and the shutter designs have been validated. The light shutter with rotary motion successfully rotated required times (4000 times), and the design was validated. On the other hand, for the heavy shutter with vertical motion, the test could not be carried out due to the large friction of the sliding parts. This result suggests that we should change the material of the sliding parts to reduce the friction or change the design from the sliding structure to other ones such as a structure using pulleys and bearings. In the test of the heavy shutter with vertical motion, the friction coefficient increased from 1.3 to 4.5 in the vacuum chamber and from 0.4 to 2.5 in the air.

JAEA Reports

Application of FORNAX-A

Aihara, Jun; Ueta, Shohei; Nishihara, Tetsuo

JAEA-Technology 2015-040, 32 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Technology-2015-040.pdf:0.83MB

Original FORNAX-A is a calculation code for amount of fission product (FP) released from fuel rods of pin-in-type high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs). This report is for explanation what calculations become possible with minor changed FORNAX-A.

JAEA Reports

Study on engineering technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (FY 2014); Development of design and construction planning and countermeasure technologies (Contract research)

Kobayashi, Shinji*; Niimi, Katsuyuki*; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Yamada, Toshiko*; Aoyagi, Yoshiaki; Sato, Toshinori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Osawa, Hideaki

JAEA-Technology 2015-039, 170 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Technology-2015-039.pdf:37.73MB

The researches on engineering technology in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) plan consists of (1) development of design and construction planning technologies, (2) development of construction technology, (3) development of countermeasure technology, (4) development of technology for security, and (5) development of technologies regarding restoration or reversal and mitigating of the excavation effect. To develop design and construction planning technologies, and countermeasure technology, the analysis of measured data during earthquake and seismic movement characteristics at deep underground, and the examination of grouting method were carried out. For the characteristics of earthquake ground motion, measurement data obtained by seismometers installed in the Mizunami Underground Laboratory were analyzed, and the comprehensive assessment of the relationship between the measurement data and the geological condition at each depth was performed. As for "Study on grouting method at deep underground ", post grouting was carried out and evaluated based on the Construction plan in FY2013. Furthermore, target of the future R&D was proposed.

JAEA Reports

Development of dismantling technology for nuclear fuel facility; Discussion of dismantling method for Old Waste Treatment Facility for JOYO

Morita, Kenji; Morimoto, Makoto; Hisada, Masaki; Fukui, Yasutaka

JAEA-Technology 2015-038, 30 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Technology-2015-038.pdf:14.65MB

The Old Waste Treatment Facility for JOYO (Old JWTF) has been operated to treat radioactive liquid waste from the experimental fast reactor JOYO and post irradiation examination facilities. Operation of Old JWTF stopped in 1995, and dismantling & decontamination method has discussed. As a response to discussion results of remote and dismantling method in high dose environment on 2013, its concept examination was discussed on 2014. Results are follows. As a cutting tool for Old JWTF equipment, wire saw is selected from cutting ability (speed and thickness of objects). Discussed the component technology of wire saw remote operation system (handling, monitoring, collection method of secondary waste, else).

JAEA Reports

Operation, test, research and development of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR); FY2014

Department of HTTR

JAEA-Review 2015-031, 93 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-031.pdf:6.39MB

The HTTR constructed at the Oarai Research and Development Center of the JAEA is the first HTGR in Japan. The HTTR was attained at the full power operation of 30MW in December 2001 and achieved the 950 degrees C of coolant outlet temperature at outside of the reactor pressure vessel in June 2004. In fiscal year 2014, we started to apply the application document of reactor installation license for the HTTR to prove conformity with the new research reactor's safety regulatory requirements taken effect from December 2013. We had been making effort to restart the HTTR which was stopped since the 2011 when the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake occurred. This report summarizes activities and results of HTTR operation, maintenance, and several research and developments, which were carried out in the fiscal year 2014.

JAEA Reports

International review on Safety Requirements for the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor "Monju" (Translated document)

Monju Project Management and Engineering Center

JAEA-Review 2015-029, 50 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-029.pdf:1.69MB

In response to the lessons learned from the serious nuclear accidents at the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants, an advisory committee, which was set up by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, issued the report "Safety Requirements Expected to the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Monju" taking into account the SFR specific safety characteristics in July 2014. The report was reviewed by the leading international experts on SFR safety from five countries and one international organization in order to obtain independent and objective evaluation. This international review was fulfilled in full cooperation of Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan. The international review comments on each subsection were collected and compiled, and then a summary of results was derived through the discussion at the review meeting and individual feedbacks. As a result the basic concept for prevention of severe accidents and mitigation of their consequences of Monju is appropriate in consideration of SFR specific safety characteristics, and is in accordance with international common understanding.

JAEA Reports

Summaries of research and development activities by using supercomputer system of JAEA in FY2014; April 1, 2014 - March 31, 2015

Information Technology Systems' Management and Operating Office

JAEA-Review 2015-028, 229 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-028.pdf:53.37MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) conducts research and development (R&D) in various fields related to nuclear power as a comprehensive institution of nuclear energy R&Ds, and utilizes computational science and technology in many activities. As shown in the fact that about 20 percent of papers published by JAEA are concerned with R&D using computational science, the supercomputer system of JAEA has become an important infrastructure to support computational science and technology. In FY2014, the system was used. For R&D aiming to restore Fukushima (nuclear plant decommissioning and environmental restoration) as a priority issue, as well as for JAEA's major projects such as Fast Reactor Cycle System, Fusion R&D and Quantum Beam Science. This report presents a great amount of R&D results accomplished by using the system in FY2014, as well as user support, operational records and overviews of the system, and so on.

JAEA Reports

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2014

Yokota, Wataru

JAEA-Review 2015-022, 200 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-022.pdf:56.06MB

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2014 describes research and development activities performed from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015 mainly with Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA, four ion accelerators), and electron/$$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities (an electron accelerator and three $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities) at Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA Takasaki). These activities are classified into four research fields:(1)Space, Nuclear and Energy Engineering, (2) Environmental Conservation and Resource Exploitation, (3) Medical and Biotechnological Application, and (4) Advanced Materials, Analysis and Novel Technology. This annual report contains 162 reports consisting of 154 research papers and 8 status reports on operation/maintenance of the irradiation facilities described above, a list of publications, patents, related press-releases, television broadcasting, and the type of research collaborations as appendices.

JAEA Reports

Risk communication practice after TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident in the case of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories; risk communication with Fukushima residents during whole-body counting (WBC) examinations

Yonezawa, Rika; Gunji, Ikuko; Sugiyama, Kenji; Ayame, Junko; Takashita, Hirofumi

JAEA-Review 2015-020, 80 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-020.pdf:5.82MB

At the request of the government of Japan and Fukushima prefecture, the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories and the Nuclear Science Research Institute of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) conducted the internal dosimetry examination program for the residents of Fukushima prefecture (Fukushima residents) affected by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident by whole-body counting (WBC) starting in July 2011, the year of Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. At the internal dosimetry examination, almost Fukushima residents worried about effects of radiation and suffered from various serious situations, which were caused by not only the nuclear accident but also the earthquake and tsunami. Therefore, JAEA had direct dialogue focused on active listening, as risk communication with Fukushima residents in order to mitigate Fukushima residents' anxiety and stress. This report evaluates the effects of the activities and shows the ways of our communication with Fukushima residents during WBC to mitigate Fukushima residents' anxiety and stress.

JAEA Reports

Risk communication practice after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident; Interactive explanatory meeting on radiation and its health effects in Ibaraki prefecture

Ayame, Junko; Sugiyama, Kenji; Takashita, Hirofumi; Yamamoto, Ryuichi

JAEA-Review 2015-016, 182 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-016.pdf:19.2MB

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories (NCL) of JAEA has held the explanatory meetings in Ibaraki prefecture since May 2011 in order to transmit factual information and reduce the excessive anxiety about radiation risk. Applying to our past risk communication process to the explanatory meetings, we built a process of interactivity between participants and our staff for the meetings. We incorporated the participants' needs into the meetings, and, as far as possible, we had interactive two-way communication so that the meetings were not one-way and persuasive but promote mutual understanding. According to the opinions and the results of questionnaire survey that were received from the participants, it became evident that the interactive explanatory meetings were effective in reducing participants' anxiety. This report explains the risk communication process for carrying out the explanatory meeting, and shows the activities of the meetings, questions and opinions from the participants, and questionnaire results that NCL implemented.

JAEA Reports

Activities of the interactive public meetings on radiation and its health effect after the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident in the case of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories

Sugiyama, Kenji; Ayame, Junko; Takashita, Hirofumi; Yamamoto, Ryuichi

JAEA-Review 2015-013, 75 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-013.pdf:10.51MB

JAEA has held public meetings on radiation and its health effects mainly for parents of students in kindergartens, elementary schools, and junior high schools in Fukushima prefecture after the Fukushima nuclear accident. These meetings are held based on our experience of practicing risk communication activities for a decade in JAEA with local residents. Questionnaires were collected after the meetings. By analyzing questionnaires, we confirmed that interactive communication is effective in increasing participants' understanding and in decreasing their anxiety. Risk communication study office supported the staff members of the meetings providing information such as participants' questions in the past meetings. To provide information, we made a homepage and held the orientation for the staff members Questionnaires of the staff members were also collected and analyzed after the public meetings.

JAEA Reports

Study on innovative HTGR to reduce generation of potential radiotoxicity

Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Nishihara, Tetsuo

JAEA-Research 2015-023, 44 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Research-2015-023.pdf:2.13MB

A study on innovative High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) to reduce generation of potential radiotoxicity had been performed. Unlike the Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) and Accelerated Driven System (ADS), which can confine radioactive nuclides into its fuel cycle as multi-recycling and transmute, in this study we attempt to reduce the generation of the radiotoxicity itself by preventing the generation of Pu and MA, which is generated with the energy generation. In this context, we proposed the innovative HTGR that employs the Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) fuel by removing $$^{238}$$U : source of the Pu and MA. However, there are the problems of fuel integrity, nuclear proliferation, nuclear self-regulation characteristics, and economy of electricity generation which are caused by employing HEU. For these problems, we investigated and proposed the solutions. Especially for the nuclear self-regulation characteristics, which were improved by adding Er, the optimized nuclear design was quantitatively determined and elucidated by the Bondarenko approach. As a result, it was confirmed that the proposed reactor can solves these problem for employing HEU fuel and the high specification and economy as same as those of standard HTGR fueled uranium.

JAEA Reports

Countercurrent extraction/stripping experiments using TDdDGA solvent extractant in a centrifugal contactors system

Kibe, Satoshi; Fujisaku, Kazuhiko*; Ambai, Hiromu; Sakamoto, Atsushi; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Suzuki, Hideya; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Matsumura, Tatsuro

JAEA-Research 2015-021, 40 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Research-2015-021.pdf:2.3MB

The flowsheet with TDdDGA extractant has been being developed for recovering MA from PUREX raffinate. In the previous study, the yields of MA and other elements in countercurrent extraction/stripping experiments using mixer-settlers were not enough for the target and it would be due to the insufficient phase (aqueous/organic) separation. In this study, we carried out countercurrent experiments with surrogate PUREX raffinate using centrifugal contactors which had superior phase separation ability, and evaluated the extraction/stripping behavior of each element. During the operation, abnormal fluid behavior, such as overflow and entrainment, was not observed, and sufficient phase separation was achieved by centrifugal contactors. Extraction behavior of lanthanides was similar to that in mixer-settlers, but their stripping efficiencies decreased. This would be due to shorter residence time in mixing zone.

JAEA Reports

An Influence of the conceptualization between host rock and buffer on nuclide migration in host rock

Sawada, Atsushi; Sakamoto, Kazuhiko

JAEA-Research 2015-020, 21 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Research-2015-020.pdf:4.97MB

An influence of the conceptual model for interface between host rock and buffer upon performance measures defined as the indices for evaluating repository safety was examined, as a part of the safety assessment methodology development programs for high level radioactive waste disposal. Three dimensional discrete fracture network model was made based on the parameters used in H12 report, and a line object mimicking disposal tunnel was realized at the center of the model. The groundwater travel time distribution along the migration paths from the line object to the downstream boundary was calculated by the particle tracking analysis. The variation of the groundwater travel time affected by the length of the line object was analyzed, changing from 100m used in H12 report to 50m, 10m, 5m, 3m and 1m, respectively. The influence on the retardation of nuclide migration was also studied. The case study for migration of Cs-135 shows that the shorter line object leads lower nuclide migration rate. Moreover, the nuclide migration rate could be decreased by taking additional measure, that waste package would not be allocated at relatively high permeable location detected by high spatial resolution (1m $$sim$$ 10m) hydraulic tests at the pilot boreholes.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation report of research and development on "Geological Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste" (Interim report)

Geological Disposal Research and Development Department

JAEA-Evaluation 2015-014, 33 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Evaluation-2015-014.pdf:1.06MB
JAEA-Evaluation-2015-014-appendix1(CD-ROM).zip:97.48MB

The Committee reviewed mainly the progress of the R&D project on geological disposal, the relevance of the project outcome during the period of the second midterm plan (FY2010-2014) and the prospect of the next term in light of requirements and effectiveness for R&D activities. As a result, the Committee concluded that the progress of the R&D project was satisfactorily made from the viewpoint of improvements of reliability and practicality for implementation. In addition, the Committee provided a couple of advises to be addressed in the project in next term in light of transfer of techniques and the knowledge taking account of the long-term implementation of the repository program.

JAEA Reports

Data of fractures based on the deep borehole investigations in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Phase 1)

Kusano, Tomohiro; Ishii, Eiichi

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-024, 6 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-024.pdf:7.54MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-024.zip:2.23MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is performing the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project, which includes a scientific study of the deep geological environment as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of high level radioactive wastes (HLW), in order to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in the sedimentary rock. This report aims at compiling fracture data of drill core obtained from the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (Phase 1).

JAEA Reports

Measurement of the deformation behavior of the rock mass in the 350 m gallery in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Sakurai, Akitaka; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Fujita, Tomoo; Motoshima, Takayuki*

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-023, 46 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-023.pdf:48.03MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-023-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:48.51MB

In a high level radioactive waste (HLW) disposal project, it is necessary to investigate the long-term behavior of thermos-hydro-mechanical-chemical of the rock mass around the engineered barrier system of the HLW waste for the safety assessment of the disposal system. In addition, long-term stability of the rock mass around the galleries are required for the disposal facility. Considering these backgrounds, the authors measure the deformation behavior of the vertical pit drilled on the floor of the 350 m gallery in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory. In situ measurements of the deformation of the pit and rock mass around the pit was conducted to apply to the assessment of the long-term deformation behavior. The authors describe the drilling of the vertical pit, geological observation, specification of the measurement instrument, measurement method, and result of the measurement in this report.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 21st Meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources (ICANS-XXI); Sep. 29 - Oct.3, 2014, Ibaraki Prefectural Center, Mito, Japan

Oku, Takayuki; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Sakai, Kenji; Teshigawara, Makoto; Hideki, Tatsumoto*; Yonemura, Masao*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Arai, Masatoshi*

JAEA-Conf 2015-002, 660 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Conf-2015-002.pdf:168.34MB

The twenty first meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Source (ICANS-XXI) was held at Ibaraki Prefectural Culture Center in Mito from 29 September to 3 October 2014. It was hosted by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) and Comprehensive Research Organization for Science and Society (CROSS). In the meeting, new science and technology in the new era with the high power neuron sources were discussed in mostly "workshop style" sessions. In each session, various kinds of issues related to not only the hardware, but also the software and even radiation safety were discussed with the keyword of "INTERFACE". More than 200 Papers were presented in the meeting and 72 contributed papers are compiled in the proceedings.

JAEA Reports

Deuterium Critical Assembly (DCA) Decommissioning work in 2013

Morita, Kenji; Morimoto, Makoto; Hisada, Masaki; Fukui, Yasutaka

JAEA-Technology 2015-037, 28 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Technology-2015-037.pdf:8.44MB

Deuterium Critical Assembly (DCA) achieved first critically in 1969 and used for research and development program of Advanced Thermal Reactor. To achieved the aim of facility, DCA decommissioning work started in 2002. Decommissioning schedule consists of 4 stages. The third stage, which is the main work (To dismantle and remove reactor vessel and main equipment), was started in 2008 and will be finished at 2023. This report describes DCA decommissioning work and data (Ability of cutting tools and Man-hours) in 2013.

JAEA Reports

Current status of a decommissioning project in the Enrichment Engineering Facilities; Results in the first-half of the fiscal year of 2014

Matsumoto, Takashi; Morimoto, Yasuyuki; Takahashi, Nobuo; Takata, Masaharu; Yoshida, Hideaki; Nakashima, Shinichi; Ishimori, Yuu

JAEA-Technology 2015-036, 60 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Technology-2015-036.pdf:9.15MB

The Enrichment Engineering Facilities of the Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center was constructed in order to establish the technical basis of the uranium enrichment plant in Japan. Uranium enrichment tests, using natural and reprocessed uranium, were carried out from 1979 to 1990 at two types of plants in the facilities. UF$$_{6}$$ handling equipment and Supplemental equipment in these plants are intended to be dismantled by 2019 in order to make places for future projects, for example, inventory investigation, precipitation treatment, etc. This report shows the basic plan of this decommissioning project and presents the current state of dismantling in the first-half of the fiscal year of 2014, with indicating its schedule, procedure, situation, results, and so on. The dismantled materials generated amounted to 37 mesh containers and 199 drums, and the secondary waste generated amounted to 271.4 kg.

JAEA Reports

Development of a cutting technique of core structural materials and fuel debris; Applicability test of the plasma jet cutting technique

Shoji, Tsugio; Fukui, Yasutaka; Ueda, Takiho

JAEA-Technology 2015-035, 70 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Technology-2015-035.pdf:8.07MB

The plasma jet cutting technology (Max output current is 250A) is developed for the dismantling of nuclear facilities in Oarai Research and Development Center. The plasma jet cutting technology is applicable to take out the debris. The plasma jet torch (Max output current is 600A) was produced for this application. This torch is available for the cutting of thick core internal materials in water. The ability of taking out debris and core internal material has been confirmed.

JAEA Reports

Calculation of decay heat by new ORIGEN libraries for high temperature engineering test reactor

Simanullang, I. L.*; Honda, Yuki; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Fujimoto, Nozomu*; Takada, Shoji

JAEA-Technology 2015-032, 26 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Technology-2015-032.pdf:2.07MB

Decay heat of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor had been evaluated by the Shure Equation and/or ORIGEN code based on the LWR's data. However, to evaluate more accurately, a suitable method must be considered because of the differences neutron spectrums from the LWRs. Therefore, the decay heat and the generated nuclides for the neutron spectrums of the core with different graphite moderator amount were calculated by the ORIGEN2 code. As a result, it is clear that the calculated decay heats are similar value with LWRs for about one year after the reactor shutdown, and that the significant differences are observed on the longer period affected by the generated nuclides such as $$^{90}$$Y, $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{144}$$Pr, $$^{106}$$Rh, $$^{241}$$Am etc. It is also clear that the dose is affected by $$^{241}$$Pu on the initial stage after the reactor shutdown.

JAEA Reports

Information collection regarding geoscientific monitoring techniques during closure of underground facility in crystalline rock

Hosoya, Shinichi*; Yamashita, Tadashi*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Onoe, Hironori; Ishibashi, Masayuki

JAEA-Technology 2015-027, 128 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Technology-2015-027.pdf:33.66MB

The study for development of drift backfilling technologies is one of the critical issues in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project, and its purposes are to develop closure methodology and technology, and long-term monitoring technology, and to evaluate resilience of geological environment. To achieve the purposes, previous information from the case example of underground facility constructed in crystalline rock in Europe has been collected. In particular, the boundary conditions for the closure, geological characteristics, technical specifications, and method of monitoring have been focused. The information on the international project regarding drift closure test and development of monitoring technologies has also been collected. In addition, interviews were conducted to specialists who have experiences involving planning, construction management, monitoring, and safety assessment for the closure. Based on the collected information, concept and point of attention, which are regarding drift closure testing, and planning, execution management and monitoring on the closure of MIU, have been specified.

JAEA Reports

Influence of fuel assembly loading pattern and fuel burnups upon leakage neutron flux spectra from light water reactor core (Joint research)

Kojima, Kensuke; Okumura, Keisuke; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Torii, Kazutaka*

JAEA-Research 2015-019, 90 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Research-2015-019.pdf:1.95MB

At the decommissioning of light water reactors (LWRs), it is important to evaluate an amount of radioactivity in the ex-core structures such as a reactor containment vessel, radiation shieldings, and so on. It is thought that the leakage neutron spectra in these radioactivation regions, which strongly affect the induced radioactivity, would be changed by different reactor core configurations such as fuel assembly loading pattern and fuel burnups. This study was intended to evaluate these effects. For the purpose, firstly, partial neutron currents on the core surfaces were calculated for some core configurations. Then, the leakage neutron flux spectra in major radioactivation regions were calculated based on the provided currents. Finally, influence of the core configurations upon the neutron flux spectra was evaluated. As a result, it has been found that the influence is small on the spectrum shapes of neutron fluxes. However, it is necessary to pay attention to the facts that intensities of the leakage neutron fluxes are changed by the configurations and that intensities and spectrum shapes of the leakage neutron fluxes are changed depending on the angular direction around the core.

JAEA Reports

International review on Safety Requirements for the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor "Monju"

Monju Project Management and Engineering Center

JAEA-Evaluation 2015-013, 139 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Evaluation-2015-013.pdf:28.45MB

In response to the lessons learned from the serious nuclear accidents at the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants, an advisory committee, which was set up by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, issued the report "Safety Requirements Expected to the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Monju" taking into account the SFR specific safety characteristics in July 2014. The report was reviewed by the leading international experts on SFR safety from five countries and one international organization in order to obtain independent and objective evaluation. This international review was fulfilled in full cooperation of Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan. The international review comments on each subsection were collected and compiled, and then a summary of results was derived through the discussion at the review meeting and individual feedbacks. As a result the basic concept for prevention of severe accidents and mitigation of their consequences of Monju is appropriate in consideration of SFR specific safety characteristics, and is in accordance with international common understanding.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-HL-12; 1% Hot leg break LOCA with SG depressurization and gas inflow

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-022, 58 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-022.pdf:3.31MB

The SB-HL-12 test simulated PWR 1% hot leg SBLOCA under assumptions of total failure of HPI system and non-condensable gas (nitrogen gas) inflow. SG depressurization by fully opening relief valves in both SGs as AM action was initiated immediately after maximum fuel rod surface temperature reached 600 K. After AM action due to first core uncovery by core boil-off, the primary pressure decreased, causing core mixture level swell. The fuel rod surface temperature then increased up to 635 K. Second core uncovery by core boil-off took place before LSC induced by steam condensation on ACC coolant injected into cold legs. The core liquid level recovered rapidly after LSC. The fuel rod surface temperature then increased up to 696 K. The pressure difference became larger between the primary and SG secondary sides after nitrogen gas inflow. Third core uncovery by core boil-off occurred during reflux condensation. The maximum fuel rod surface temperature exceeded 908 K.

JAEA Reports

Borehole investigations data sheet in Horonobe Underground Research Center (HDB-1 to HDB-11)

Ono, Hirokazu; Takeda, Masaki; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-021, 52 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021.pdf:18.94MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-1appendix(CD-ROM).zip:14.52MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-2-1appendix(CD-ROM).zip:217.31MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-2-2appendix(CD-ROM).zip:296.07MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-2-3appendix(CD-ROM).zip:191.06MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-3appendix(CD-ROM).zip:74.64MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-4appendix(CD-ROM).zip:195.28MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-2appendix(CD-ROM).zip:0.12MB

HDB-1 to HDB-11 were drilled at Hokushin Area of Horonobe Town, Teshio District, Hokkaido, Japan in order to investigate the characteristic of deep underground. This report summarize the results of the work carried out with the purpose of clarifying the geological, mechanical characteristics from the surface to the deeper part of this borehole.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2014

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Sakauchi, Nobuyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-030, 115 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Review-2015-030.pdf:25.28MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2014. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

The States of the art of the nondestructive assay of spent nuclear fuel assemblies; A Critical review of the Spent Fuel NDA Project of the U.S. Department of Energy's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative

Bolind, A. M.*; Seya, Michio

JAEA-Review 2015-027, 233 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Review-2015-027.pdf:30.21MB

This report surveys the 14 advanced NDA techniques that were examined by the Spent Fuel NDA Project of the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) of the U.S. DOE-NNSA. It discusses and critique NDA techniques from a view point of obtaining higher accuracies. The report shows the main problem, large uncertainties in the assay results are caused primarily by using too few independent NDAs. In this report authors shows that at least three independent NDA techniques are required for obtaining better accuracies, since the physics of the NDA of SFAs is three dimensional.

JAEA Reports

Research on engineering technology in the full-scale demonstration of EBS and operation technology for HLW disposal; Research report in 2014 (Joint research)

Kobayashi, Masato*; Saito, Masahiko*; Iwatani, Takafumi*; Nakayama, Masashi; Tanai, Kenji; Fujita, Tomoo; Asano, Hidekazu*

JAEA-Research 2015-018, 14 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-018.pdf:5.43MB

JAEA and RWMC concluded the letter of cooperation agreement on the research and development of radioactive waste disposal in April, 2005, and have been carrying out the collaboration work based on the agreement. JAEA have been carrying out the Horonobe URL Project which is intended for a sedimentary rock in the Horonobe town, Hokkaido, since 2001. In the project, geoscientific research and research and development on geological disposal technology are being promoted. Meanwhile, The Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has been promoting construction of equipments for the full-scale demonstration of engineered barrier system and operation technology for high-level radioactive waste disposal since 2008, to enhance public's understanding to the geological disposal of HLW, e.g. using underground facility. RWMC received an order of the project in fiscal year 2014 continuing since fiscal year 2008. Since topics in this project are included in the Horonobe URL Project, JAEA carried out this project as collaboration work continuing since fiscal year 2008. This report summarizes the results of the research on engineering technology carried out in this collaboration work in fiscal year 2014.

JAEA Reports

Studies on the reconstruction of the concept of rock mass around the tunnel; Japanese fiscal year, 2014 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Research 2015-017, 54 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-017.pdf:17.3MB

This report is concerned with research to reconstruct more realistic near-field (NF) concept for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. This year is the final year of this committee activities. So we have carried out the summary on Re-thinking of NF concept and its technical basis. Cooperation between the study fields and combination of various science and technology and evaluation methods are one of the important technical bases of NF concept. In addition, since the "Great East Japan Earthquake 2011", the safety paradigm has shifted dramatically. In the reconstruction of realistic NF concept, it is necessary to analyze what security matters whether society has become unacceptable for geological disposal. Committee, we also exchange views on such matters and presented the direction of future research and development for geological disposal.

JAEA Reports

Preliminary assessment of geological disposal system for spent fuel in Japan; First progress report on direct disposal

Radioactive Waste Processing and Disposal Research Department

JAEA-Research 2015-016, 327 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-016.pdf:41.98MB

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has prepared the technical progress report on preliminary assessment of geological disposal for spent fuel (hereinafter referred to as "First Progress Report on Direct Disposal"). This report is aiming to examine the technical feasibility of the direct disposal of spent fuel in Japan, based on the results of research and development (R&D) on SF direct disposal carried out during FY 2013. In the First Progress Report on Direct Disposal, the available technology for the direct disposal of spent fuel in Japan was discussed through the preliminary design and safety assessment for the geological disposal system which were made under the limited conditions of representative characteristics of geological environment and spent fuel. Through R&D, the challenges and concerns on the engineering technology and the safety assessment, to be resolved for the Second Progress Report on Direct Disposal, were identified and classified.

JAEA Reports

Theoretical study of the Cs isotope exchange reaction of CsI + Cs'$$rightarrow$$ Cs + ICs' (Contract research)

Kobayashi, Takanori; Hashimoto, Masashi; Yokoyama, Keiichi

JAEA-Research 2015-014, 7 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-014.pdf:2.46MB

To discuss the exchange reaction of Cs isotope by CsI + Cs'$$rightarrow$$ Cs + ICs', the structure and chemical properties of Cs$$_2$$I intermediate and potential energy surface are calculated using M06/def2-TZVPPD density functional calculation. The calculation shows that the reaction to the intermediate has no barrier and the two Cs-I bonds of Cs$$_2$$I are chemically equivalent. Thus, the collision of CsI + Cs' results in Cs exchange with the high probability.

JAEA Reports

Report on the evaluation of research and development activities in FY2014 issue; "Research and Development on Reprocessing of Nuclear Fuel Materials" (Ex-post evaluation)

Tokai Reprocessing Technology Development Center

JAEA-Evaluation 2015-012, 83 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Evaluation-2015-012.pdf:6.67MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (hereafter referred as "JAEA") consulted the "Evaluation Committee of Research and Development Activities for Fast Reactor Cycle" to assess the issue on "Research and Development on Reprocessing of Nuclear Fuel Materials" conducted by JAEA during the period from FY2010 to FY2014. In response to the JAEA's request, the committee assessed the R&D programs and the activities of JAEA related to the issue and concluded the mission was accomplished. This evaluation was performed based on the "General guideline for the evaluation of government R&D activities", the "Guideline for evaluation of R&D in Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)" and the "Operational rule for evaluation of R&D activities" by JAEA.

JAEA Reports

Development of ESRAD2 program for estimation of spatial radioactivity distribution based on kriging; User's manual

Ishigami, Tsutomu; Shimada, Taro; Seki, Masaya; Mukai, Masayuki

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-019, 122 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-019.pdf:3.65MB

In ensuring compliance with the criterion of site release as the final stage of termination of decommissioning of nuclear facilities, it is supposed to confirm the radioactivity concentration obtained by measurement in the site is less than or equal to the concentration corresponding to the criterion. It is needed to estimate the distribution and mean of radioactivity concentration in the evaluation unit using a number of measured data. It is further needed to compare the estimated result with the concentration corresponding to the criterion of site release and to decide if the evaluation unit should comply with the criterion. The estimated result exhibits uncertainty depending on the number of measurement points, which results in a certain probability of the occurrence of decision error according to the uncertainty. It is important to decide the number of measurement points required by revealing a relationship of the error probability to the number of measurement points for site security. We have developed the ESRAD2 (Estimation of Spatial RadioActivity Distribution program version 2), which is an extended version of the existing ESRAD, for estimating the mean of radioactivity concentration and calculating the number of measurement points required according to the error probability. This report describes a method for ensuring compliance with the criterion of site release, structure and functions, input file format, output examples, execution method of ESRAD2, and sample run with ESRAD2.

JAEA Reports

Collection of measurement data in 2013 fiscal year at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project

Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Kawate, Satoshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-017, 118 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-017.pdf:17.67MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-017-appendix-Disc1(DVD-ROM).zip:412.15MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-017-appendix-Disc2(DVD-ROM).zip:233.57MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-017-appendix-Disc3(DVD-ROM).zip:233.62MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-017-appendix-Disc4(DVD-ROM).zip:209.35MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-017-appendix-Disc5(DVD-ROM).zip:1700.64MB

In the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project, construction of the Ventilation Shaft, the East and West Access Shafts and the drifts has been conducted as a phase II research. In the research, observation of the lithofacies and fractures, and in-situ tests are conducted in each face. In addition, measuring instruments such as tunnel lining concrete stress meter and extensometer are installed in particular face for the purpose of the validation of the results of predictive analysis, conducted in phase I. This report summarizes the measurements data acquired at the 350 m Gallery and the ventilation shaft.

JAEA Reports

Performance tests of radiation detectors for inspection of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc solution, 1

Suzuki, Yumi*; Nakano, Hiroko; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Ishida, Takuya; Shibata, Akira; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kawamata, Kazuo; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

JAEA-Technology 2015-031, 58 Pages, 2015/11

JAEA-Technology-2015-031.pdf:14.57MB

Technetium-99m ($$^{99m}$$Tc) is one of the most commonly used radioisotopes in the field of nuclear medicine. In the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), the research and development (R&D) have been carried out for production of molybdenum-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo) by (n, $$gamma$$) method, a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc, with the Japan Material Testing Reactor (JMTR). On the other hand, the new project as "Domestic Production of Medical Radioisotope (Technetium preparation) in Japan" was adopted in the Tsukuba International Strategic Zone on October, 2013 and the demonstration tests will be planned for the domestic production of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc with the JMTR. Thus, new facilities and analysis devices were equipped in the JMTR hot laboratory in 2014 as the part of this project. As the part of the analytical device equipment, the $$gamma$$-TLC analyzer and the radiation detector connected with the High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) were installed for quality inspection of the $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc solution and the extracted $$^{99m}$$Tc solution in the JMTR hot laboratory. The performance tests of these devices such as detection sensitivity, resolution, linearity and selectivity of energy range were carried out with $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{152}$$Eu as alternative radionuclides of $$^{99}$$Mo and $$^{99m}$$Tc, respectively. In the results, bright prospects were obtained concerning the quality inspection of the $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc and $$^{99m}$$Tc solutions using these devices. This report describes the results of those performance tests.

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