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Journal Articles

Thermophysical properties of stainless steel containing 5 mass%B$$_{4}$$C in the solid phase

Takai, Toshihide; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Yamano, Hidemasa

Nuclear Technology, 205(9), p.1164 - 1174, 2019/09

Journal Articles

Cross-section-induced uncertainty evaluation of MA sample irradiation test calculations with consideration of dosimeter data

Sugino, Kazuteru; Numata, Kazuyuki*; Ishikawa, Makoto; Takeda, Toshikazu*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 130, p.118 - 123, 2019/08

In MA sample irradiation test data calculations, the neutron fluence during irradiation period is generally scaled by using dosimetry data in order to improve calculation accuracy. In such a case, appropriate correction is required to burnup sensitivity coefficients obtained by the conventional generalized perturbation theory because some cancellations occur in the burnup sensitivity coefficients. Therefore, a new formula for the burnup sensitivity coefficient has been derived with the consideration of the neutron fluence scaling effect (NFS). In addition, the cross-section-induced uncertainty is evaluated by using the obtained burnup sensitivity coefficients and the covariance data based on the JENDL-4.0.

Journal Articles

Comparative study on the thermal behavior of structural concretes of sodium-cooled fast reactor

Kikuchi, Shin; Koga, Nobuyoshi*; Yamazaki, Atsushi*

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 137(4), p.1211 - 1224, 2019/08

In this study, two siliceous concretes with similar specification as structural concretes of SFR were selected for the comparative study of the thermal behavior. The thermal behavior of the structural concretes was investigated in a temperature range from room temperature to 1900 K using TG-differential thermal analysis (DTA) and other supplementary techniques. The softening and melting of the concretes initiated in the thermal decomposition product of the cement portion in the temperature range 1400-1600 K. Because the compositional difference between the cement portion of two different siliceous concretes was characterized by different Ca(OH)$$_{2}$$/CaCO$$_{3}$$ ratios, the melting temperature ranges of those thermal decomposition products are not so significantly different. On the other hand, the melting of the aggregate is directly influenced by the initial composition of SiO$$_{2}$$ compounds.

JAEA Reports

Prototype fast breeder reactor Monju; Its history and achievements

Tsuruga Comprehensive Research and Development Center

JAEA-Technology 2019-007, 159 Pages, 2019/07

JAEA-Technology-2019-007.pdf:19.09MB
JAEA-Technology-2019-007-high-resolution1.pdf:42.36MB
JAEA-Technology-2019-007-high-resolution2.pdf:33.56MB
JAEA-Technology-2019-007-high-resolution3.pdf:38.14MB
JAEA-Technology-2019-007-high-resolution4.pdf:48.82MB
JAEA-Technology-2019-007-high-resolution5.pdf:37.61MB

This report summarizes the history and achievements of the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju. The development of Monju started in 1968 as a prototype reactor following the experimental fast reactor Joyo. The development covers all the activity related to the fast reactor; plant design, mockup tests, construction, operation, and plant management. This report summarizes the history and achievements for 11 technical areas: history and principal achievements, design and construction, operation test, plant safety, core physics, fuel, plant system, sodium technology, materials and mechanical design, plant management, and trouble management.

JAEA Reports

Material test data of SUS316 and SUS321, 1

Hashidate, Ryuta; Kato, Shoichi; Kurihara, Akikazu

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-005, 117 Pages, 2019/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-005.pdf:2.54MB

SUS316 and SUS321 are used for structural materials of the Fast Breeder Reactors (FBRs), because of excellent high creep strength. This report summarized the mechanical properties data on SUS316 and SUS321 obtained in various tests including the long-term material tests and the material tests in sodium.

Journal Articles

Ion beam induced luminescence of complexes formed in adsorbent for MA recovery process

Watanabe, So; Katai, Yuya*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Kada, Wataru*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 450, p.61 - 65, 2019/07

JAEA Reports

Construction of the sodium test loop in advanced technology experiment sodium facility (AtheNa)

Imamura, Hiroaki; Suzuki, Masashi*; Shimoyama, Kazuhito; Miyakoshi, Hiroyuki

JAEA-Technology 2019-005, 163 Pages, 2019/06

JAEA-Technology-2019-005.pdf:25.24MB

For the R&D of safety enhance in future fast reactor development, the constructed the large sodium test loop (mother loop) in advanced technology experiment sodium facility (AtheNa) was completed. The sodium test loop possesses the largest capacity of about 240 tons of the world's largest sodium and can supply impurity-controlled high temperature sodium to large structural and technology demonstration test sections. It is greatly expected as R&D such as future international cooperation. For the purpose of future R&D tests, this report compiled the design specifications, fabrication and performance confirmation results of sodium test loop.

JAEA Reports

Assessment report on research and development activities; Activity "Research and development on fast reactor cycle technologies" (Interim report)

Sector of Fast Reactor and Advanced Reactor Research and Development

JAEA-Evaluation 2019-004, 47 Pages, 2019/06

JAEA-Evaluation-2019-004.pdf:2.32MB
JAEA-Evaluation-2019-004-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:14.87MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (hereafter referred to as "JAEA") consulted with the "Evaluation Committee of Research and Development Activities for Fast Reactor Cycle" (hereinafter referred to as "Committee"), which consists of specialists in the fields of the evaluation subjects of fast reactor cycle technologies, for interim assessment of R&D activities of fast reactor cycle in the 3rd Mid- and Long-Term Plan (from April 2015 to March 2022) in accordance with "General Guideline for the Evaluation of Government Research and Development (R&D) Activities" by Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, "Guideline for Evaluation of R&D in Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology" and Regulation on Conduct for Evaluation of R&D Activities" by JAEA. In response to the JAEA's request, the Committee assessed the R&D program of fast reactor cycle technologies during the period of four years from April 2015 to March 2018. The Committee evaluated the management and R&D activities based on the explanatory documents and oral presentations by JAEA. The results of the evaluation were compiled in assessment report that was organized including the reasons for evaluation and the opinions and recommendations. This report is issued for the purpose of actively disseminate evaluation information to the people of Japan (based on General Guideline), which lists the members of the Committee and outlines the assessment items and the review process for procedure of the assessment. The assessment report which was issued by the Committee is attached.

Journal Articles

Visualizing an ignition process of hydrogen jets containing sodium mist by high-speed imaging

Doi, Daisuke; Seino, Hiroshi; Miyahara, Shinya*; Uno, Masayoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.521 - 532, 2019/06

Journal Articles

Melting behavior and thermal conductivity of solid sodium-concrete reaction product

Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Miyahara, Shinya; Uno, Masayoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.513 - 520, 2019/06

This study revealed melting points and thermal conductivities of four samples generated by sodium-concrete reaction (SCR). We prepared the samples using two methods such as firing mixtures of sodium and grinded concrete powder, and sampling depositions after the SCR experiments. In the former, the mixing ratios were determined from the past experiment. The latter simulated the more realistic conditions such as the temperature history and the distribution of Na and concrete. The thermogravimetry-differential thermal analyzer (TG-DTA) measurement showed the melting points were 865-942$$^{circ}$$C, but those of the samples containing metallic Na couldn't be clarified. In the two more realistic samples, the compression moldings in a furnace were observed. The observation revealed the softening temperature was 800-840$$^{circ}$$C and the melting point was 840-850$$^{circ}$$C, which was 10-20$$^{circ}$$C lower than the TG-DTA results. The thermodynamics calculation of FactSage 7.2 revealed the temperature of the onset of melting was caused by melting of the some components such as Na$$_{2}$$SiO$$_{3}$$ and/or Na$$_{4}$$SiO$$_{4}$$. Moreover, the thermal conductivity was $$lambda$$=1-3W/m-K, which was comparable to xNa$$_{2}$$O-1-xSiO$$_{2}$$ (x=0.5, 0.33, 0.25), and those at 700$$^{circ}$$C were explained by the equation of $$NBO/T$$.

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Study on the discharge behavior of molten-core through the control rod guide tube in the core disruptive accident of SFR

Kato, Shinya; Matsuba, Kenichi; Kamiyama, Kenji; Ganovichev, D. A.*; Baklanov, V. V.*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05

In order to ensure In-Vessel Retention (IVR) of molten-core in Core Disruptive Accident (CDA), we are investigating the possibility of the molten-core discharge through the control rod guide tube (CRGT) to prevent energetics due to exceeding the prompt criticality. Internal structures of the CRGT, such as a sodium-flow regulator when the CRGT is connected to the high-pressure plenum, may disturb the discharge of molten-core from the core region. Based on above background, an experimental program to clarify characteristics of molten-core discharge through the CRGT has been commenced as one of subjects under a joint study with National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan (NNC-RK) named EAGLE-3 project. An experiment using molten-alumina as fuel simulant and sodium was conducted at the out-of-pile test facility owned by NNC-RK to investigate sodium cooling effect around the sodium flow regulator on its destruction. The experimental result represented that void development at the initiation of molten-alumina discharge eliminated liquid-phase sodium from the discharge path and this also eliminated sodium cooling effect around the sodium flow regulator. As a result, early destruction of the sodium flow regulator and massive discharge of molten alumina occurred in turn.

Journal Articles

A Validation study of a neutronics design methodology for fast reactors using reaction rate distribution measurements in the prototype fast reactor Monju

Ohgama, Kazuya; Takegoshi, Atsushi; Katagiri, Hiroki*; Hazama, Taira

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

A Design study on a mixed oxide fuel sodium-cooled fast reactor core partially loading highly concentrated MA-containing metal fuel

Ohgama, Kazuya; Ota, Hirokazu*; Oki, Shigeo; Iizuka, Masatoshi*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

Levelized cost of electricity evaluation of SFR system considering safety measures

Mukaida, Kyoko; Kato, Atsushi; Kamiya, Masayoshi; Ishii, Katsunori

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2019/05

The levelized cost of electricity is one of key indicator to evaluate economic competitiveness of energy systems. This report estimated the levelized cost of SFR system considering additional safety measures identified after the 1F incident and social cost, using major calculation tools: G4-ECONS and the calculation tool developed by the Governmental WG in Japan (CEWG-tool). The calculation results of G4-ECONS showed that the additional safety measures raise 160% of levelized cost in the case of the safety enhanced SFR system with 1500 MWe of twin looped cooling system. As a result of calculation with 3% discount rate and social cost, the levelized cost of the safety enhanced SFR system with 1200 MWe of Single looped cooling system was estimated 84 mills/kWh by CEWG-tool. This result is almost equal to the estimated levelized cost of similar standard LWR system, and it was indicated the economic competitiveness of the future SFR system.

Journal Articles

Impact of safety design enhancements on construction cost of the advanced sodium loop fast reactor in Japan

Kato, Atsushi; Mukaida, Kyoko

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2019/05

Improvement of economic competitiveness is a part of key requirement in the project. By adopting innovative technologies to reduce plant commodities, JSFR could achieve economic competitiveness compared with LWR. After the Fukushima-Dai-Ichi nuclear power plants accident, safety enhancement measures were added on LWR in Japan mainly against external hazards. In parallel, Safety Design Criteria and Guidelines (SDC/SDG) for SFR were constructed in the framework of Generation IV international forum. Design studies of JSFR were carried out responding to GIF SDC/SDG and lessons learn from the Fukushima accident. This reports an impact of recent safety design enhancements on JSFR construction cost. Safety design enhancement adopted in JSFR.

Journal Articles

Routing study of above core structure with mock-up experiment for ASTRID

Takano, Kazuya; Sakamoto, Yoshihiko; Morohoshi, Kyoichi*; Okazaki, Hitoshi*; Gima, Hiromichi*; Teramae, Takuma*; Ikarimoto, Iwao*; Botte, F.*; Dirat, J.-F.*; Dechelette, F.*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

ASTRID has the objective to integrate innovative options in order to prepare the 4th generation reactors. In ASTRID, large number of tubes are installed above each fuel subassembly to monitor the core. These instrumentations such as thermocouples (TC) and Failed Fuel Detection and Location (FFDL) systems are integrated into Above Core Structure (ACS) with various sizes tubes. In the present study, the routing study for TC tubes and FFDL tubes was performed with 3D modeling and mock-up experiment of the ACS designed for ASTRID with 1500 MW thermal power in order to clarify the integration process and secure the design hypotheses. Although some problems on fabricability were found in the mock-up experiment, the possible solutions were proposed. The present study gives manufacturing feedback to design team and will contribute to increase the knowledge for ACS design and fabricability.

Journal Articles

Development of prototype reactor maintenance, 3; Application to valves of sodium-cooled reactor prototype

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Takaya, Shigeru; Tagawa, Akihiro; Kubo, Shigenobu

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2019/05

A maintenance management required to prototype nuclear power reactors has been developed. One of important mission of a prototype reactor is to develop maintenance program for commercial reactors step by step securing safety. Since operating experience at the early stage is limited, the maintenance program for the prototype reactor should be a progressive one. It has to be modified and improved frequently taking into account R&D insight and operation experiences. Additionally, the maintenance program has to consider features of the prototype reactor even at the early stage. To select maintenance grades on particular components/systems, risk informed and graded approaches are effective. And maintenance programs have to take into account degradation mechanism originally due to reactor features. In this paper, applications for maintenance program on sodium valves of prototype fast breeder reactor Monju are studied as an example of prototype sodium-cooled reactors (SFR).

Journal Articles

Study on optimizing microwave heating denitration method and powder characteristics of uranium trioxide

Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Fujita, Shunya*; Kobayashi, Shohei*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05

A solution of plutonium nitrate and uranyl nitrate is converted into a mixed oxide by microwave heating denitration method. In the present study, for improving the efficiency of microwave heating and achieving high-temperature uniformity to produce homogeneous UO$$_{3}$$ powder, the microwave heating test of potassium chloride and uranyl nitrate solution, and numerical simulation analysis were conducted. The potassium chloride agar was adjusted to the dielectric loss, which is close to that of the uranyl nitrate solution and the optimum support table height was estimated to be 50 mm for denitration of the uranyl nitrate solution by microwave heating. The adiabator improved the efficiency of microwave heating denitration. Moreover, the powder yield was improved by using the adiabator owing to ease of scraping of the denitration product from the bottom of the denitration vessel.

Journal Articles

Development of granulation system for simplified MOX pellet fabrication process

Ishii, Katsunori; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Suzuki, Masahiro

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is developing a simplified pelletizing process for MOX fuel fabrication. In this process, the flowability of MOX powder produced by de-nitration conversion based on microwave heating, calcination, and reduction is improved using the wet granulation method. In a previous paper, to produce MOX granules of appropriate sizes for pelletizing them effectively, we proposed a granulation system composed of a wet granulator and a sizing machine. In the present work, we modernized the wet granulator, completed the granulation system by adding auxiliary equipment, and conducted performance tests of the granulation system with WO$$_{3}$$ powder. The results of a performance test indicated that it is possible to convert raw powder into granules characterized by appropriate size and excellent flowability. The time required to process 5 kg of WO$$_{3}$$ powder was about 70 min, which almost satisfies the target time.

10911 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)