Akaishi, Takaya; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Tanida, Kiyoshi; 35 of others*
Physics Letters B, 845(10), p.138128_1 - 138128_4, 2023/10
Kimura, Shojiro*; Onishi, Hiroaki; Okunishi, Koichi*; Akaki, Mitsuru*; Narumi, Yasuo*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kikuchi, Hikomitsu*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(9), p.094701_1 - 094701_9, 2023/09
Shim, S.-I.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(9), p.094201_1 - 094201_8, 2023/09
We systematically investigate the absorption effects on the cross sections of the nucleon and alpha knockout reactions. To do this, we calculate the ratio of the cross sections of the distorted-wave impulse approximation and plane-wave impulse approximation and examine its dependence on the mass number and single-particle orbital of the knocked-out particles.
Nakada, Hibiki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*
Physical Review C, 108(3), p.034603_1 - 034603_8, 2023/09
The description of deuteron-induced inclusive reactions has been an important subject in direct nuclear reaction studies and nuclear data science. For proton-induced inclusive processes, the semiclassical distorted wave model (SCDW) is one of the most successful models based on quantum mechanics. We improve SCDW for deuteron-induced inclusive processes. The changes in the kinematics due to the distortion effect, the refraction effect, is taken into account by the local semiclassical approximation. The calculated cross section of reasonably reproduce experimental data in the small energy-transfer region and at forward and middle angles with some exceptions. The angular distributions of the cross section are improved by including the refraction effect. The effect on the cross section is significant compared to that on the proton-induced inclusive process because of the stronger distortion effect on the deuteron.
Ueta, Hirokazu; Fukutani, Katsuyuki
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 14(34), p.7591 - 7596, 2023/08
Kitazawa, Takafumi; Ikeda, Yoichi*; Sakakibara, Toshiro*; Matsuo, Akira*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Tokunaga, Yo; Haga, Yoshinori; Kindo, Koichi*; Nambu, Yusuke*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.
Physical Review B, 108(8), p.085105_1 - 085105_7, 2023/08
Visuri, A.-M.*; Mohan, J.*; Uchino, Shun; Huang, M.-Z.*; Esslinger, T.*; Giamarchi, T.*
Physical Review Research (Internet), 5(3), p.033095_1 - 033095_11, 2023/08
We study the current-voltage characteristics of a superconducting junction with particle losses at the contacts. We adopt the Keldysh formalism to compute the steady-state current for varying transmission of the contact. In the low transmission regime, the dissipation leads to an enhancement of the current at low bias, a nonmonotonic dependence of current on dissipation, and the emergence of new structures in the current-voltage curves. The effect of dissipation by particle loss is found to be qualitatively different from that of a finite temperature and a finite inelastic scattering rate in the reservoirs.
Chen, S.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lee, J.*; Obertelli, A.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Hagen, G.*; Holt, J. D.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 843, p.138025_1 - 138025_7, 2023/08
Gamma decays were observed in Ca and Ca following quasi-free one-proton knockout reactions from Sc. For Ca, a ray transition was measured to be 1456(12) keV, while for Ca an indication for a transition was observed at 1115(34) keV. Both transitions were tentatively assigned as the decays. A shell-model calculation in a wide model space with a marginally modified effective nucleon-nucleon interaction depicts excellent agreement with experiment for level energies, two-neutron separation energies, and reaction cross sections, corroborating the formation of a new nuclear shell above the N = 34 shell. Its constituents, the and orbitals, are almost degenerate. This degeneracy precludes the possibility for a doubly magic Ca and potentially drives the dripline of Ca isotopes to Ca or even beyond.
Wang, H.*; Yasuda, Masahiro*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Nakamura, Takashi*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Poves, A.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Yoshida, Kazuki; et al.
Physics Letters B, 843, p.138038_1 - 138038_9, 2023/08
Detailed -ray spectroscopy of the exotic neon isotope Ne has been performed using the one-neutron removal reaction from Ne. Based on an analysis of parallel momentum distributions, a level scheme with spin-parity assignments has been constructed for Ne and the negative-parity states are identified for the first time. The measured partial cross sections and momentum distributions reveal a significant intruder p-wave strength providing evidence of the breakdown of the N = 20 and N = 28 shell gaps. Only a weak, possible f-wave strength was observed to bound final states. Large-scale shell-model calculations with different effective interactions do not reproduce the large p-wave and small f-wave strength observed experimentally, indicating an ongoing challenge for a complete theoretical description of the transition into the island of inversion along the Ne isotopic chain.
Sakakibara, Ryotaro*; Bao, J.*; Yuhara, Keisuke*; Matsuda, Keita*; Terasawa, Tomoo; Kusunoki, Michiko*; Norimatsu, Wataru*
Applied Physics Letters, 123(3), p.031603_1 - 031603_4, 2023/07
We here report a step unbunching phenomenon, which is the inverse of the phenomenon of step bunching. When a 4H-SiC (0001) surface is annealed at a high temperature, step bunching arises due to the different velocities of the step motion in adjacent steps, resulting in steps with a height of more than several nanometers. We found that the bunched steps, thus, obtained by hydrogen etching in an Ar/H atmosphere were "unbunched" into lower height steps when annealed subsequently at lower temperatures. This unbunching phenomenon can be well explained by the consequence of the competition between energetics and kinetics. Our findings provide another approach for the surface smoothing of SiC by hydrogen etching and may give significant insight into the application of SiC power devices and two-dimensional materials growth techniques in general.
Kadono, Ryosuke*; Hiraishi, Masatoshi*; Okabe, Hirotaka*; Koda, Akihiro*; Ito, Takashi
Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 35(28), p.285503_1 - 285503_13, 2023/07
Harii, Kazuya*; Umeda, Maki; Arisawa, Hiroki*; Hioki, Tomosato*; Sato, Nana; Okayasu, Satoru; Ieda, Junichi
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(7), p.073701_1 - 073701_4, 2023/07
Ota, Kyugo*; Watabe, Yuki*; Haga, Yoshinori; Iesari, F.*; Okajima, Toshihiko*; Matsumoto, Yuji*
Symmetry (Internet), 15(8), p.1488_1 - 1488_13, 2023/07
Araki, Yasufumi; Ieda, Junichi
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(7), p.074705_1 - 074705_9, 2023/06
Topological electromagnetism owing to nontrivial momentum-space topology of electrons in insulators gives rise to diverse anomalous magnetoelectric responses. While conventional inductors and capacitors are based on classical electromagnetism described by Maxwell's equations, here we show that topological electromagnetism in combination with spin dynamics in magnets also generates an inductance or a capacitance. We build a generic framework to extract the complex impedance on the basis of topological field theory, and demonstrate the emergence of an inductance or a capacitance in several heterostructure setups. In comparison with the previously-studied emergent inductances in metallic magnets, insulators highly suppress the power loss, because of the absence of Joule heating. We show that the inductance from topological electromagnetism is achieved at low current and high frequency, and is also advantageous in its power efficiency, as characterized by the high quality factor (Q-factor).
Nishi, Takahiro*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; 46 of others*
Nature Physics, 19(6), p.788 - 793, 2023/06
Yabunaka, Shunsuke; Delamotte, B.*
Physical Review Letters, 130(26), p.261602_1 - 261602_6, 2023/06
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 38, p.011161_1 - 011161_6, 2023/05
Onishi, Hiroaki; Miyashita, Seiji*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 38, p.011157_1 - 011157_6, 2023/05
Fujibayashi, Hiroyuki*; Kinjo, Katsuki*; Nakamine, Genki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2023/05
Ishihara, Kota*; Roppongi, Masaki*; Kobayashi, Masayuki*; Imamura, Kumpei*; Mizukami, Yuta*; Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Haga, Yoshinori; Hashimoto, Kenichiro*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 14, p.2966_1 - 2966_7, 2023/05
The superconducting symmetry of the heavy fermion uranium-based superconductor UTe is investigated using low temperature penetration depth measurements. The anisotropic low-energy quasiparticle excitations indicates multiple superconducting components in a chiral complex form. The most consistent is a chiral non-unitary state.