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Journal Articles

Precise lifetime measurement of $$^4_Lambda$$H hypernucleus using in-flight $$^4$$He$$(K^-, pi^0)^4_Lambda$$H reaction

Akaishi, Takaya; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Tanida, Kiyoshi; 35 of others*

Physics Letters B, 845(10), p.138128_1 - 138128_4, 2023/10

Journal Articles

Magnetic excitation in the $$S$$=1/2 Ising-like antiferromagnetic chain CsCoCl$$_{3}$$ in longitudinal magnetic fields studied by high-field ESR measurements

Kimura, Shojiro*; Onishi, Hiroaki; Okunishi, Koichi*; Akaki, Mitsuru*; Narumi, Yasuo*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kikuchi, Hikomitsu*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(9), p.094701_1 - 094701_9, 2023/09

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

Systematic analysis of the nuclear absorption effect on the cross section of the knockout reaction

Shim, S.-I.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(9), p.094201_1 - 094201_8, 2023/09

We systematically investigate the absorption effects on the cross sections of the nucleon and alpha knockout reactions. To do this, we calculate the ratio of the cross sections of the distorted-wave impulse approximation and plane-wave impulse approximation and examine its dependence on the mass number and single-particle orbital of the knocked-out particles.

Journal Articles

Description of the inclusive $$(d,d'x)$$ reaction with the semiclassical distorted-wave model

Nakada, Hibiki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Ogata, Kazuyuki*

Physical Review C, 108(3), p.034603_1 - 034603_8, 2023/09

The description of deuteron-induced inclusive reactions has been an important subject in direct nuclear reaction studies and nuclear data science. For proton-induced inclusive processes, the semiclassical distorted wave model (SCDW) is one of the most successful models based on quantum mechanics. We improve SCDW for deuteron-induced inclusive processes. The changes in the kinematics due to the distortion effect, the refraction effect, is taken into account by the local semiclassical approximation. The calculated cross section of $$(d,d'x)$$ reasonably reproduce experimental data in the small energy-transfer region and at forward and middle angles with some exceptions. The angular distributions of the cross section are improved by including the refraction effect. The effect on the cross section is significant compared to that on the proton-induced inclusive process because of the stronger distortion effect on the deuteron.

Journal Articles

Rotational-energy transfer in H$$_{2}$$ ortho-para conversion on a metal surface; Interplay between electron and phonon systems

Ueta, Hirokazu; Fukutani, Katsuyuki

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 14(34), p.7591 - 7596, 2023/08

Journal Articles

Observation of field-induced single-ion magnetic anisotropy in a multiorbital Kondo alloy (Lu,Yb)Rh$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$

Kitazawa, Takafumi; Ikeda, Yoichi*; Sakakibara, Toshiro*; Matsuo, Akira*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Tokunaga, Yo; Haga, Yoshinori; Kindo, Koichi*; Nambu, Yusuke*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.

Physical Review B, 108(8), p.085105_1 - 085105_7, 2023/08

Journal Articles

DC transport in a dissipative superconducting quantum point contact

Visuri, A.-M.*; Mohan, J.*; Uchino, Shun; Huang, M.-Z.*; Esslinger, T.*; Giamarchi, T.*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 5(3), p.033095_1 - 033095_11, 2023/08

We study the current-voltage characteristics of a superconducting junction with particle losses at the contacts. We adopt the Keldysh formalism to compute the steady-state current for varying transmission of the contact. In the low transmission regime, the dissipation leads to an enhancement of the current at low bias, a nonmonotonic dependence of current on dissipation, and the emergence of new structures in the current-voltage curves. The effect of dissipation by particle loss is found to be qualitatively different from that of a finite temperature and a finite inelastic scattering rate in the reservoirs.

Journal Articles

Level structures of $$^{56,58}$$Ca cast doubt on a doubly magic $$^{60}$$Ca

Chen, S.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lee, J.*; Obertelli, A.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Chazono, Yoshiki*; Hagen, G.*; Holt, J. D.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 843, p.138025_1 - 138025_7, 2023/08

Gamma decays were observed in $$^{56}$$Ca and $$^{58}$$Ca following quasi-free one-proton knockout reactions from $$^{57,59}$$Sc. For $$^{56}$$Ca, a $$gamma$$ ray transition was measured to be 1456(12) keV, while for $$^{58}$$Ca an indication for a transition was observed at 1115(34) keV. Both transitions were tentatively assigned as the $$2^{+}_{1} rightarrow 0^{+}_{gs}$$ decays. A shell-model calculation in a wide model space with a marginally modified effective nucleon-nucleon interaction depicts excellent agreement with experiment for $$2^{+}_{1}$$ level energies, two-neutron separation energies, and reaction cross sections, corroborating the formation of a new nuclear shell above the N = 34 shell. Its constituents, the $$0_{f5/2}$$ and $$0_{g9/2}$$ orbitals, are almost degenerate. This degeneracy precludes the possibility for a doubly magic $$^{60}$$Ca and potentially drives the dripline of Ca isotopes to $$^{70}$$Ca or even beyond.

Journal Articles

Intruder configurations in $$^{29}$$Ne at the transition into the island of inversion; Detailed structure study of $$^{28}$$Ne

Wang, H.*; Yasuda, Masahiro*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Nakamura, Takashi*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Poves, A.*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Yoshida, Kazuki; et al.

Physics Letters B, 843, p.138038_1 - 138038_9, 2023/08

Detailed $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of the exotic neon isotope $$^{28}$$Ne has been performed using the one-neutron removal reaction from $$^{29}$$Ne. Based on an analysis of parallel momentum distributions, a level scheme with spin-parity assignments has been constructed for $$^{28}$$Ne and the negative-parity states are identified for the first time. The measured partial cross sections and momentum distributions reveal a significant intruder p-wave strength providing evidence of the breakdown of the N = 20 and N = 28 shell gaps. Only a weak, possible f-wave strength was observed to bound final states. Large-scale shell-model calculations with different effective interactions do not reproduce the large p-wave and small f-wave strength observed experimentally, indicating an ongoing challenge for a complete theoretical description of the transition into the island of inversion along the Ne isotopic chain.

Journal Articles

Step unbunching phenomenon on 4H-SiC (0001) surface during hydrogen etching

Sakakibara, Ryotaro*; Bao, J.*; Yuhara, Keisuke*; Matsuda, Keita*; Terasawa, Tomoo; Kusunoki, Michiko*; Norimatsu, Wataru*

Applied Physics Letters, 123(3), p.031603_1 - 031603_4, 2023/07

 Times Cited Count:0

We here report a step unbunching phenomenon, which is the inverse of the phenomenon of step bunching. When a 4H-SiC (0001) surface is annealed at a high temperature, step bunching arises due to the different velocities of the step motion in adjacent steps, resulting in steps with a height of more than several nanometers. We found that the bunched steps, thus, obtained by hydrogen etching in an Ar/H$$_{2}$$ atmosphere were "unbunched" into lower height steps when annealed subsequently at lower temperatures. This unbunching phenomenon can be well explained by the consequence of the competition between energetics and kinetics. Our findings provide another approach for the surface smoothing of SiC by hydrogen etching and may give significant insight into the application of SiC power devices and two-dimensional materials growth techniques in general.

Journal Articles

Local electronic structure of interstitial hydrogen in MgH$$_2$$ inferred from muon study

Kadono, Ryosuke*; Hiraishi, Masatoshi*; Okabe, Hirotaka*; Koda, Akihiro*; Ito, Takashi

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 35(28), p.285503_1 - 285503_13, 2023/07

Journal Articles

Magnetic hysteresis induction with nanocolumnar defects in magnetic insulators

Harii, Kazuya*; Umeda, Maki; Arisawa, Hiroki*; Hioki, Tomosato*; Sato, Nana; Okayasu, Satoru; Ieda, Junichi

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(7), p.073701_1 - 073701_4, 2023/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Synthesis, crystal structure, local structure, and magnetic properties of polycrystalline and single-crystalline Ce$$_2$$Pt$$_6$$Al$$_{15}$$

Ota, Kyugo*; Watabe, Yuki*; Haga, Yoshinori; Iesari, F.*; Okajima, Toshihiko*; Matsumoto, Yuji*

Symmetry (Internet), 15(8), p.1488_1 - 1488_13, 2023/07

Journal Articles

Emergence of inductance and capacitance from topological electromagnetism

Araki, Yasufumi; Ieda, Junichi

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(7), p.074705_1 - 074705_9, 2023/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Topological electromagnetism owing to nontrivial momentum-space topology of electrons in insulators gives rise to diverse anomalous magnetoelectric responses. While conventional inductors and capacitors are based on classical electromagnetism described by Maxwell's equations, here we show that topological electromagnetism in combination with spin dynamics in magnets also generates an inductance or a capacitance. We build a generic framework to extract the complex impedance on the basis of topological field theory, and demonstrate the emergence of an inductance or a capacitance in several heterostructure setups. In comparison with the previously-studied emergent inductances in metallic magnets, insulators highly suppress the power loss, because of the absence of Joule heating. We show that the inductance from topological electromagnetism is achieved at low current and high frequency, and is also advantageous in its power efficiency, as characterized by the high quality factor (Q-factor).

Journal Articles

Chiral symmetry restoration at high matter density observed in pionic atoms

Nishi, Takahiro*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; 46 of others*

Nature Physics, 19(6), p.788 - 793, 2023/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:94.39(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Enhancement of an effective spin-orbit coupling in a correlated metal

Kubo, Katsunori

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 38, p.011161_1 - 011161_6, 2023/05

Journal Articles

Low temperature behavior of itinerant ferromagnet realized in extended Nagaoka mechanism

Onishi, Hiroaki; Miyashita, Seiji*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 38, p.011157_1 - 011157_6, 2023/05

Journal Articles

Low-temperature magnetic fluctuations investigated by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR on the uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Fujibayashi, Hiroyuki*; Kinjo, Katsuki*; Nakamine, Genki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Chiral superconductivity in UTe$$_2$$ probed by anisotropic low-energy excitations

Ishihara, Kota*; Roppongi, Masaki*; Kobayashi, Masayuki*; Imamura, Kumpei*; Mizukami, Yuta*; Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Haga, Yoshinori; Hashimoto, Kenichiro*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 14, p.2966_1 - 2966_7, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.01(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The superconducting symmetry of the heavy fermion uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$ is investigated using low temperature penetration depth measurements. The anisotropic low-energy quasiparticle excitations indicates multiple superconducting components in a chiral complex form. The most consistent is a chiral non-unitary state.

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