Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(12), p.124707_1 - 124707_7, 2022/12
Honda, Maki; Martschini, M.*; Wieser, A.*; Marchhart, O.*; Lachner, J.*; Priller, A.*; Steier, P.*; Golser, R.*; Sakaguchi, Aya*
JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.85 - 90, 2022/11
Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) is an analytical method that combines mass spectrometry with a tandem accelerator, which has been used mainly in nuclear physics experiments. AMS is used to measure radionuclides with half-lives of 10-10 years. For radionuclides with half-lives of this order, the method of measuring their mass is 10-10 times more sensitive than measuring their activity. Because of this advantage, AMS has been widely applied in Earth and planetary sciences, atomic energy research, and other fields. Among the various studies, Wallner et al. (2021, 2016) have achieved excellent work in Earth and planetary sciences. For example, they have attained the ultra-sensitive analysis of Fe and Pu in environmental samples. These are radionuclides produced by rapid-neutron-capture (r-process) nucleosynthesis. Our recent work shows that a new AMS system (VERA, University of Vienna), which combines laser isobaric separation and a typical AMS system, has been successfully applied to the ultra-sensitive determination of Sr and Cs in environment. For Sr in environmental samples, the -ray measurement by the milking of the daughter nuclide Y is still the principal method, which takes 3-6 weeks. The new AMS method has a detection limit of 0.1 mBq, which is comparable to that of -ray measurement, with a more straightforward chemical treatment than -measurement. Our achievement demonstrates that AMS can be a practical new method for determining Sr in the environment.
Onishi, Hiroaki; Miyashita, Seiji*
Physical Review B, 106(13), p.134436_1 - 134436_13, 2022/10
Yamanaka, Nodoka*; Oka, Makoto
Physical Review D, 106(7), p.075021_1 - 075021_15, 2022/10
The contribution of the violating three-gluon interaction, proposed by Weinberg, to the short-range -odd nuclear force is evaluated in the nonrelativistic quark model. We first show that the naive leading contribution generated by the quark exchange process vanishes at sufficiently short distance within the resonating group method, by considering the one-loop level gluon exchange -odd interquark potential induced by the Weinberg operator with massive quarks and gluons. We then estimate the true leading contribution by evaluating the gluonic correction to the -odd interquark potential in the closure approximation. It is found that the resulting irreducible -odd nuclear force is comparable to that generated by the chiral rotation of the -even short-range nuclear force, where the -odd mass calculated with QCD sum rules is used as input. The explicit calculation of the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the He nucleus yields MeV. The total EDM, accounting for the intrinsic nucleon EDM, the pion-exchange and the short- range -odd nuclear force, is MeV, with the dominant effect coming from the intrinsic nucleon EDM.
Sekino, Yuta*; Tajima, Hiroyuki*; Uchino, Shun
Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(4), p.043014_1 - 043014_16, 2022/10
We show that the optical spin conductivity being a small AC response of a bulk spin current and elusive in condensed matter systems can be measured in ultracold atoms. We demonstrate that this conductivity contains rich information on quantum states by analyzing experimentally achievable systems. The obtained conductivity spectra being absent in the Drude conductivity reflect quasiparticle excitations and non-Fermi liquid properties. Unlike its mass transport counterpart, the spin conductivity serves as a probe applicable to clean atomic gases without disorder and lattice potentials. Our formalism can be generalized to various systems such as spin-orbit coupled and nonequilibrium systems.
Johansen, M. P.*; Child, D. P.*; Collins, R.*; Cook, M.*; Davis, J.*; Hotchkis, M. A. C.*; Howard, D. L.*; Howell, N.*; Ikeda, Atsushi; Young, E.*
Science of the Total Environment, 842, p.156755_1 - 156755_11, 2022/10
Singha, B.*; Eljamal, O.*; Karmaker, S. C.*; Maamoun, I.; Sugihara, Yuji*
Journal of Environmental Management, 317, p.115484_1 - 115484_9, 2022/09
Nanamura, Takuya; Fujita, Manami; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Ichikawa, Masaya; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi*; Naruki, Megumi; Sato, Susumu; Sako, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Hirokazu; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2022(9), p.093D01_1 - 093D01_35, 2022/09
Muto, Takumi*; Maruyama, Toshiki; Tatsumi, Toshitaka*
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2022(9), p.093D03_1 - 093D03_37, 2022/09
Khalil, A. M. E.*; Han, L.*; Maamoun, I.; Tabish, T. A.*; Chen, Y.*; Eljamal, O.*; Zhang, S.*; Butler, D.*; Memon, F. A.*
Advanced Sustainable Systems (Internet), 6(8), p.2200016_1 - 2200016_16, 2022/08
Yakushev, A.*; Lens, L.*; Dllmann, Ch. E.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Jger, E.*; Krier, J.*; Runke, J.*; Albers, H. M.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; et al.
Frontiers in Chemistry (Internet), 10, p.976635_1 - 976635_11, 2022/08
Flerovium (Fl, element 114) is the heaviest element chemically studied so far. The first chemical experiment on Fl suggested that Fl is a noble-gas-like element, while the second studies suggested that Fl has a volatile-metal-like character. To obtain more reliable conclusion, we performed further experimental studies on Fl adsorption behavior on Si oxide and gold surfaces. The present results suggest that Fl is highly volatile and less reactive than the volatile metal, Hg, but has higher reactivity than the noble gas, Rn.
Ieda, Junichi; Okayasu, Satoru; Harii, Kazuya*; Kobata, Masaaki; Yoshii, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Ishida, Masahiko*; Saito, Eiji
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 58(8), p.1301106_1 - 1301106_6, 2022/08
The combination of spin-driven thermoelectric (STE) devices based on spin Seebeck effect (SSE), and radioactive isotopes as heat sources, has potential as a next-generation method of power generation in applications such as power supplies for space probes. However, there has been very limited knowledge available indicating the irradiation tolerance of spin thermoelectric devices. Through analysis using a heavy ion-beam accelerator and the hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HAXPES) measurements, we show that a prototypical STE device based on YFeO/Pt heterostructures has tolerance to irradiation of high-energy heavy-ion beams. We used 320 MeV gold ion beams modeling cumulative damages due to fission products emitted from the surface of spent nuclear fuels. By varying the dose level, we confirmed that the thermoelectric and magnetic properties of the SSE elements are not affected by the ion-irradiation dose up to ions/cm fluence and that the SSE signal is extinguished around ions/cm, in which the ion tracks almost fully cover the sample surface. In addition, the HAXPES measurements were performed to understand the effects at the interface of YFeO/Pt. The HAXPES measurements suggest that the chemical reaction that diminishes the SSE signals is enhanced with the increase of the irradiation dose. We share the current understandings of the damage analysis in YFeO/Pt for developing better STE devices applicable to harsh environmental usages.
Falyouna, O.*; Idham, M. F.*; Maamoun, I.; Bensaida, K.*; Ashik, U. P. M.*; Sugihara, Yuji*; Eljamal, O.*
Journal of Molecular Liquids, 359, p.119323_1 - 119323_20, 2022/08
Watanabe, Jin*; Araki, Yasufumi; Kobayashi, Koji*; Ozawa, Akihiro*; Nomura, Kentaro*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(8), p.083702_1 - 083702_5, 2022/08
We investigate magnetic orderings on kagome lattice numerically from the tight-binding Hamiltonian of electrons, governed by the filling factor and spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of electrons. We find that even a simple kagome lattice model can host both ferromagnetic and noncollinear antiferromagnetic orderings depending on the electron filling, reflecting gap structures in the Dirac and flat bands characteristic to the kagome lattice. Kane-Mele- or Rashba-type SOC tends to stabilize noncollinear orderings, such a magnetic spirals and 120-degree antiferromagnetic orderings, due to the effective Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction from SOC. The obtained phase structure helps qualitative understanding of magnetic orderings in various kagome-layered materials with Weyl or Dirac electrons.
Kawamura, Takaaki*; Fukaya, Yuki; Fukutani, Katsuyuki
Surface Science, 722, p.122098_1 - 122098_8, 2022/08
no abstracts in English
Maamoun, I.; Bensaida, K.*; Eljamal, R.*; Falyouna, O.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Tosco, T.*; Sugihara, Yuji*; Eljamal, O.*
Journal of Molecular Liquids, 358, p.119216_1 - 119216_13, 2022/07
Funatsu, Takuya*; Kanai, Shun*; Ieda, Junichi; Fukami, Shunsuke*; Ohno, Hideo*
Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.4079_1 - 4079_8, 2022/07
Modulation of the energy landscape by external perturbations governs various thermally-activated phenomena, described by the Arrhenius law. Thermal fluctuation of nanoscale magnetic tunnel junctions with spin-transfer torque (STT) shows promise for unconventional computing, whereas its rigorous representation, based on the Neel-Arrhenius law, has been controversial. In particular, the exponents for thermally-activated switching rate therein, have been inaccessible with conventional thermally-stable nanomagnets with decade-long retention time. Here we approach the Neel-Arrhenius law with STT utilising superparamagnetic tunnel junctions that have high sensitivity to external perturbations and determine the exponents through several independent measurements including homodyne-detected ferromagnetic resonance, nanosecond STT switching, and random telegraph noise. Furthermore, we show that the results are comprehensively described by a concept of local bifurcation observed in various physical systems. The findings demonstrate the capability of superparamagnetic tunnel junction as a useful tester for statistical physics as well as sophisticated engineering of probabilistic computing hardware with a rigorous mathematical foundation.
Yoshida, Kazuki; Tanaka, Junki*
Physical Review C, 106(1), p.014621_1 - 014621_6, 2022/07
Alternative to the decay lifetime measurement, we propose the proton-induced knockout reaction, (,), as a new probe for the surface formation probability of decay nuclei. Po(,)Pb reaction is described by the distorted-wave impulse approximation framework. It is shown that the Po/Po ratio of the knockout cross sections agree with that of the surface formation probabilities determined by the lifetime measurements. The result implies that the (,) cross section is a direct probe for the surface formation probability, which is an essential quantity to lead us to a complete understanding of the decay phenomena.
Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Haga, Yoshinori
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 6(7), p.073401_1 - 073401_10, 2022/07
The molten salt flux method is applied as a new synthetic route for the single crystals of the spin-triplet superconductor UTe. The single crystals under an optimized growth condition with excess uranium exhibit a superconducting transition at K, which is the highest reported for this compound. The obtained crystals show a remarkably large residual resistivity ratio with respect to the room temperature value and a small residual electronic contribution in specific heat well below . These results indicate that the increase of in UTe can be achieved by reducing the disorder associated with uranium vacancies. The excess uranium in the molten salt acts as a reducing agent, preventing tetravalent uranium from becoming pentavalent and suppressing creation of uranium vacancies. At the same time, the relatively low growth temperature can suppress Te volatilization.
Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology (Internet), 20(3), p.186 - 195, 2022/07
Cesium-135 having long life, 2.3 million y, that is contained in nuclear wastes may cause long-term pollution. Technology of isotopic separation of such long lived nuclide is indispensable not only for its volume reduction but also annihilation by nuclear transmutation. The recovery of atomic Cs from molecular CsI is mandatory. We have investigated fullerene C as a potential absorber for Cs. Angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, AR-XPS has been used to analyze the depth concentration distribution of Cs. Experiments were performed at soft X-ray beamline BL27A at KEK PF facility. We report on the annealing effect after deposition of Cs and the effect of heating substrate during deposition. For Cs/C sample, the intensity ratio of Cs-3d/C-1s increased in double at the high temperature. This suggests that Cs atoms remain in the material at high temperatures. On the other hand, for CsI/C, the intensity ratio does not change much by elevating temperatures.