Kondo, Hiroo*; Kanemura, Takuji*; Park, C. H.*; Oyaizu, Makoto*; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro
Fusion Engineering and Design, 146(Part A), p.285 - 288, 2019/09
Herein, the wall shear stress in a double contraction nozzle has been evaluated experimentally to produce a liquid lithium (Li) target as a beam target for intense fusion neutron sources such as the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF), the Advanced Fusion Neutron Source (A-FNS), and the DEMO Oriented Neutron Source (DONES). The boundary layer thickness and wall shear stress are essential physical parameters to understand erosion-corrosion by the high-speed liquid Li flow in the nozzle, which is the key component in producing a stable Li target. Therefore, these parameters were experimentally evaluated using an acrylic mock-up of the target assembly. The velocity distribution in the nozzle was measured by a laser-doppler velocimeter and the momentum thickness along the nozzle wall was calculated using an empirical prediction method. The resulting momentum thickness was used to estimate the variation of the wall shear stress along the nozzle wall. Consequently, the wall shear stress was at the maximum in the second convergent section in front of the nozzle exit.
Donnel, P.*; Garbet, X.*; Sarazin, Y.*; Asahi, Yuichi; Wilczynski, F.*; Caschera, E.*; Dif-Pradalier, G.*; Ghendrih, P.*; Gillot, C.*
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 61(1), p.014003_1 - 014003_11, 2019/01
Poloidal asymmetries of the plasma flow are known to play a role in neoclassical transport. According to conventional neoclassical theory, the level of poloidal asymmetry of the electric potential is expected to be very small. In the present work, a general framework for the generation of axisymmetric structures of potential by turbulence is presented. Zonal flows, geodesic acoustic modes and convective cells are described by a single model. This is done by solving the gyrokinetic equation coupled to the quasi-neutrality equation. This calculation provides a predictive calculation of the frequency spectrum of flows given a specified forcing due to turbulence. It also shows that the dominant mechanism comes from zonal flow compression at intermediate frequencies, while ballooning of the turbulence Reynolds stress appears to be the main drive at low frequency.
Kondo, Hiroo*; Kanemura, Takuji*; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro
Fusion Engineering and Design, 136(Part A), p.24 - 28, 2018/11
In the IFMIF-EVEDA project, we designed and constructed the IFMIF-EVEDA Li Test Loop (ELTL), and we performed experiments to validate the stability of the Li target. This project required a diagnostic tool to be developed in order to examine the Li target; as such, we developed a unique laser-based method that we call the laser-probe method; this method combines a high-precision laser distance meter with a statistical data analysis method. Following the successful development of the laser-probe method, we proposes a long-distance-measurement of the laser probe method (long-distance LP method) as a diagnostics tool in off-beam conditions for IFMIF or the relevant neutron sources. In this study, the measurement uncertainty resulting from coherency of the laser in a long-distance-measurement has been verified by using stationary objects and a water jet simulating the liquid Li target.
Kobayashi, Tatsuya*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ido, Takeshi*; Kamiya, Kensaku*; Ito, Sanae*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Inagaki, Shigeru*; Ida, Katsumi*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.14971_1 - 14971_8, 2017/11
Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji
Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 9, p.286 - 291, 2016/12
In order to exchange the components which received irradiation damage during the operation at the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility, the adhered lithium, which is partially converted to lithium compounds such as lithium oxide and lithium hydroxide, should be removed from the components. In this study, the dissolution experiments of lithium compounds (lithium nitride, lithium hydroxide, and lithium oxide) were performed in a candidate solvent, allowing the clarification of time and temperature dependence. Based on the results, a cleaning procedure for adhered lithium on the inner surface of the components was proposed.
Noguchi, Yuto; Maruyama, Takahito; Ueno, Kenichi; Komai, Masafumi; Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111(Part B), p.1291 - 1295, 2016/11
This paper reports the impact hammer test of the full-scale mock-up of ITER Blanket Remote Handling system (BRHS). Since the BRHS, which is composed of the articulated rail and the vehicle manipulator which travels on the rail deployed in the vacuum vessel, is subjected to the floor response spectrum with 14 G peak at 8 Hz, evaluation of dynamic response of the system is of essential importance. Recently impact hammer testing on the full-scale mock-up of the BRHS was carried out to verify the finite element method seismic analysis and to experimentally obtain the damping ratio of the system. The results showed that the mock-up has a vertical major natural mode with a natural frequency of 7.5 Hz and a damping ratio of 0.5%. While higher structural damping ratios is predicted in a high amplitude excitation such as major earthquake, it was confirmed that the experimental natural major frequencies are in agreement with the major frequencies obtained by elastic dynamic analysis.
Kim, Jae-Hwan; Nakamichi, Masaru
Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111(Part B), p.1764 - 1768, 2016/11
Shirai, Hiroshi; Barabaschi, P.*; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60SA Team
Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111(Part B), p.1701 - 1708, 2016/11
The JT-60SA Project has shown steady progress toward the first plasma in 2019. JT-60SA is a superconducting tokamak designed to operate in the break-even conditions for a long pulse duration with a maximum plasma current of 5.5 MA. Design and fabrication of JT-60SA components shared by EU and Japan started in 2007. Assembly in the torus hall started in January 2013, and welding work of the vacuum vessel sectors is currently on going on the cryostat base. Other components such as TF coils, PF coils, power supplies, cryogenic system, cryostat vessel, thermal shields and so forth were or are being delivered to Naka site for installation, assembly and commissioning. This paper gives technical progress on fabrication, installation and assembly of tokamak components and ancillary systems, as well as progress of JT-60SA Research Plan being developed jointly by EU and Japanese fusion communities.
Konno, Chikara; Sato, Satoshi; Ota, Masayuki; Kwon, Saerom; Ochiai, Kentaro
Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111(Part B), p.1649 - 1652, 2016/11
Recently we have examined KERMA factors and DPA cross section data in the latest official ACE files of JENDL-4.0, ENDF/B-VII.1, JEFF-3.2 and FENDL-3.0 in more detail and we found out the following new problems on the KERMA factors and DPA cross section data. (1) NJOY bugs and incorrect nuclear data generated KERMA factors and DPA cross section data of no increase with decreasing neutron energy in low neutron energy. (2) Huge helium production data caused drastically large KERMA factors and DPA cross section data in low neutron energy. (3) It seemed that NJOY could not adequately process capture cross section data in File 6, not File 12-15. (4) KERMA factors with the kinematics method are not correct for nuclear data libraries without detailed secondary particle data (energy-angular distribution data). These problems should be resolved based on our study.
Edao, Yuki; Sato, Katsumi; Iwai, Yasunori; Hayashi, Takumi
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(11), p.1831 - 1838, 2016/11
Wakai, Eiichi; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi*; Ito, Yuzuru*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Terai, Takayuki*; Yagi, Juro*; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; et al.
Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 11, p.2405112_1 - 2405112_4, 2016/11
Konno, Chikara; Kwon, Saerom; Ota, Masayuki; Sato, Satoshi
JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.233 - 238, 2016/09
We compared the KERMA factors and DPA cross section data included in the official ACE and MATXS files of JENDL-4.0 with those of ENDF/B-VII.1 and JEFF-3.2. As a result, they were different from those of ENDF/B-VII.1 and JEFF-3.2 in a lot of nuclei, which was considered to be caused by the following new problems; (1) NJOY bugs, (2) huge helium production cross section data, (3) production data format in the nuclear data, (4) no detailed secondary particle data (energy-angular distribution data). The ACE and MATXS files of JENDL-4.0 with these problems should be revised based on this study.
Konno, Chikara; Kwon, Saerom; Ota, Masayuki; Sato, Satoshi
JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.239 - 242, 2016/09
In order to specify reasons of the discrepancy between the calculated and measured results in analyses of benchmark experiments, some parts of some isotope data in nuclear data files are often modified and the modifies nuclear data files are processed with the NJOY code and the new ACE or MATXS files are used. However it is not easy to modify capture and elastic scattering data below 1 MeV with resonance data. Thus we devised a simple method to use capture and elastic scattering cross section data generated from resonance data with the NJOY code. This method was applied to detailed analyses of copper and molybdenum benchmark experiments at JAEA/FNS and it was demonstrated that this method was a very powerful tool.
Kobayashi, Tatsuya*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ido, Takeshi*; Kamiya, Kensaku; Ito, Sanae*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Inagaki, Shigeru*; Ida, Katsumi*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.30720_1 - 30720_7, 2016/08
In this Letter, we report model verifications for a key physics for the L-H transition. Radial electric field excitation, using discharges having a two-step transition. Examining time derivative of Poissons equation, it is found that the sum of the loss cone loss current and neoclassical bulk viscosity current agrees the experimentally observed current in the order of magnitude at the first transition. Following second transition and an ambipolar condition in the L-mode cannot be explained by the models.
Watanabe, Kazuhito; Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Uto, Hiroyasu; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Asano, Shiro*; Asano, Kazuhito*
Proceedings of 26th IEEE Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE 2015), 6 Pages, 2016/06
Safety studies of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor have been performed. In the event of the blanket cooling pipe break outside the vacuum vessel, i.e. ex-vacuum vessel loss of coolant accident (ex-VV LOCA), the pressurized steam and air may lead to damage reactor building walls which have confinement function, and to release the radioactive materials to the environment. In response to this accident, we proposed three cases of confinement strategies. In each case, the pressure and thermal loads to the confinement boundaries and total mass of tritium released to outside the boundaries were analyzed by accident analysis code MELCOR modified for fusion reactor. These analyses developed design parameters to maintain the integrity of the confinement boundaries.
Sato, Satoshi; Kondo, Keitaro
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(4), p.266 - 268, 2016/04
In the nuclear analysis of ITER, fusion DEMO reactor and IFMIF, etc., radiation transport calculations are conducted by using MCNP geometry data automatically created from 3-dimensional CAD data with CAD/MCNP conversion codes. In this review paper, we introduce the present status of the development on the CAD/MCNP conversion codes and examples of application. Also, we introduce how to visualize calculation results by MCNP.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(4), p.261 - 265, 2016/04
Useful information to not only beginners but also experts is introduced mainly for important points, which are basic but surprisingly unknown in, about calculation codes and nuclear data libraries in nuclear analyses for fusion reactors.
Oshima, Katsumi; Oda, Yasuhisa; Takahashi, Koji; Terakado, Masayuki; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Hayashi, Kazuo*; Moriyama, Shinichi; Kajiwara, Ken; Sakamoto, Keishi
JAEA-Technology 2015-061, 65 Pages, 2016/03
In JAEA, an ITER relevant control system for ITER gyrotron was developed according to Plant Control Design Handbook. This control system was developed based on ITER CODAC Core System and implemented state machine control of gyrotron operation system, sequential timing control of gyrotron oscillation startup, and data acquisition. The operation of ITER 170 GHz gyrotron was demonstrated with ITER relevant power supply configuration. This system is utilized for gyrotron operation test for ITER procurement. This report describes the architecture of gyrotron operation system, its basic and detailed design, and recent operation results.
Yamauchi, Kunihito; Okano, Jun; Shimada, Katsuhiro; Omori, Yoshikazu; Terakado, Tsunehisa; Matsukawa, Makoto; Koide, Yoshihiko; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Fukumoto, Masahiro; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2015-053, 36 Pages, 2016/03
The superconducting Satellite Tokamak machine "JT-60SA" under construction in Naka Fusion Institute is an international collaborative project between Japan (JA) and Europe (EU). The contributions for this project are based on the supply of components, and thus European manufacturer shall conduct the installation, commissioning and tests on Naka site. This means that Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) had a quite difficult issue to manage the works by European workers and their safety although there is no direct contract. This report describes the approaches for the work and safety managements, which were agreed with EU after the tough negotiation, and then the completed on-site works for Quench Protection Circuits (QPC) as the first experience for EU in JT-60SA project. With the help of these approaches by JAEA, the EU works for QPC were successfully completed with no accident, and a great achievement was made for both EU and JA.
Kim, Jae-Hwan; Nakamichi, Masaru
JAEA-Review 2015-044, 260 Pages, 2016/03
The 12th International Workshop on Beryllium Technology (BeWS-12) was held on 10-11 September at the International Convention Center Jeju (ICCJEJU) in Jeju Island, Korea within a framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA) Energy Technology Initiative on Fusion Materials. This workshop has been holding every 2 years from 1993. The objective of this workshop is to disseminate results of research and technology development in areas relevant to beryllium utilization in fusion nuclear power systems. In this workshop, a lot of researchers and technicians engaged in R&D on beryllium related materials and fusion engineering attended and discussed. This JAEA-Conf has been compiled the manuscripts and the presentation files in the BeWS-12.