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Journal Articles

Effects of nozzle orifice shape on jet breakup and splashing during liquid jet impact onto a horizontal plate

Sun, G.*; Zhan, Y.*; Okawa, Tomio*; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Uchibori, Akihiro; Okano, Yasushi

Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 151, p.111095_1 - 111095_15, 2024/02

Journal Articles

Validation of the fast reactor plant dynamics analysis code Super-COPD using FFTF loss of flow without scram test #13

Hamase, Erina; Ohgama, Kazuya; Kawamura, Takumi*; Doda, Norihiro; Tanaka, Masaaki; Yamano, Hidemasa

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 195, p.110157_1 - 110157_14, 2024/01

To validate the fast reactor plant dynamics analysis code Super-COPD for the loss of flow without scram (LOFWOS) event, we participated in the IAEA benchmark for the LOFWOS test No.13 performed at the FFTF as one of the passive safety demonstration test. In the blind phase, there were challenges to reproduce outlet temperatures of fuel assemblies and the total reactivity. To improve the evaluation accuracy of them, the whole core model considering the radial heat transfer and interwrapper flow and the simplified assembly bowing reactivity model were introduced. As a result of the final phase, the second peak of outlet temperatures was reproduced successfully, and the total reactivity could generally follow the measured data. Super-COPD was validated for the LOFWOS event.

Journal Articles

CNN-based acoustic identification of gas-liquid jet; Evaluation of noise resistance and visual explanation using Grad-CAM

Mikami, Nao*; Ueki, Yoshitaka*; Shibahara, Masahiko*; Aizawa, Kosuke; Ara, Kuniaki*

International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 171, p.104688_1 - 104688_13, 2024/01

Journal Articles

Thermophysical properties of dense molten Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ determined by aerodynamic levitation

Sun, Y.*; Takatani, Tomoya*; Muta, Hiroaki*; Fujieda, Shun*; Kondo, Toshiki; Kikuchi, Shin; Kargl, F.*; Oishi, Yuji*

International Journal of Thermophysics, 45(1), p.11_1 - 11_19, 2024/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal conductivity measurement of uranium-plutonium mixed oxide doped with Nd/Sm as simulated fission products

Horii, Yuta; Hirooka, Shun; Uno, Hiroki*; Ogasawara, Masahiro*; Tamura, Tetsuya*; Yamada, Tadahisa*; Furusawa, Naoya*; Murakami, Tatsutoshi; Kato, Masato

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 588, p.154799_1 - 154799_20, 2024/01

The thermal conductivities of near-stoichiometric (U,Pu,Am)O$$_{2}$$ doped with Nd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$/Sm$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$, which is major fission product (FP) generated by a uranium-plutonium mixed oxides (MOX) fuel irradiation, as simulated fission products are evaluated at 1073-1673 K. The thermal conductivities are calculated from the thermal diffusivities that are measured using the laser flash method. To evaluate the thermal conductivity from a homogeneity viewpoint of Nd/Sm cations in MOX, the specimens with different homogeneity of Nd/Sm are prepared using two kinds of powder made by ball-mill and fusion methods. A homogeneous Nd/Sm distribution decreases the thermal conductivity of MOX with increasing Nd/Sm content, whereas heterogeneous Nd/Sm has no influence. The effect of Nd/Sm on the thermal conductivity is studied using the classical phonon transport model (A+BT)$$^{-1}$$. The dependences of the coefficients A and B on the Nd/Sm content (C$$_{Nd}$$ and C$$_{Sm}$$, respectively) are evaluated as: A(mK/W)=1.70 $$times$$ 10$$^{-2}$$ + 0.93C$$_{Nd}$$ + 1.20C$$_{Sm}$$, B(m/W)=2.39 $$times$$ 10$$^{-4}$$.

Journal Articles

Uranium-plutonium-americium cation interdiffusion in polycrystalline (U,Pu,Am)O$$_{2 pm x}$$ mixed oxides

Vauchy, R.; Matsumoto, Taku; Hirooka, Shun; Uno, Hiroki*; Tamura, Tetsuya*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Inagaki, Yaohiro*; Idemitsu, Kazuya*; Nakamura, Hiroki; Machida, Masahiko; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 588, p.154786_1 - 154786_13, 2024/01

Journal Articles

Uncertainty reduction of sodium void reactivity using data from a sodium shielding experiment

Maruyama, Shuhei; Endo, Tomohiro*; Yamamoto, Akio*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 61(1), p.31 - 43, 2024/01

This study investigated the feasibility of reducing the uncertainty associated with fast-reactor-core design by sharing an experimental database between different fields (e.g., reactor physics and radiation shielding) using data assimilation techniques. As the first step in this study, we focused on the ORNL sodium shielding experiment and investigated the possibility of using the experimental data to reduce the uncertainty in sodium void reactivity (SVR), which is the most important safety parameter for sodium-cooled fast reactors. A sensitivity analysis based on the Generalized Perturbation Theory was performed for the sodium shielding experiment. Using the sensitivity coefficients evaluated here and those of the sodium void reactivity previously evaluated by the JAEA, we showed that sodium shielding experimental data can contribute to the uncertainty reduction of SVR by adopting the cross-section adjustment method. Based on this study, the uncertainty reduction effect is expected to be significant, especially for SVR dominated by neutron-leakage phenomena. Although new reactor physics experimental data on SVR may be difficult to obtain, the results of this study suggest that data from sodium shielding experiments can partially substitute for this role. This study demonstrated the value of the mutual use of integral experimental data in fast reactor designs.

Journal Articles

Estimation method for residual sodium amount on unloaded dummy fuel assembly

Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Sugita, Yusuke; Yamaguchi, Yutaka

Nuclear Technology, 210(1), p.55 - 71, 2024/01

This study has developed an estimation method for residual sodium film and sodium lumps on dummy fuel pins in Monju and demonstrated sodium draining behavior through gaps among the pins, experimentally. The amounts of the residual sodium on the surface of the pins were measured using the three-type test specimens: (a) single pin, (b) 7-pin assembly, and (c) 169-pin assembly. The experiments revealed that the withdrawal speed of the pins and improvement of the sodium wetting increased drastically the amounts of the residual sodium. Furthermore, the experiments using the 169-pin assembly measured the practical amounts of the residual sodium in the dummy fuel assembly of short length and demonstrated sodium draining behavior through the dummy fuel assembly. The estimation method includes four models: a viscosity flow model, Landau-Levich-Derjaguin (LLD) model, an empirical equation related to the Bretherton model, and a capillary force model in a tube. The calculation predicted comparable amounts of the residual sodium with the experiments. An uncertain of the sodium wetting effects were close to 1.8 times the estimation values of the LLD model. With this estimation method, the amounts of the residual sodium on the unloaded Monju dummy fuel assembly can be evaluated.

Journal Articles

Experiment and new analysis model simulating in-place cooling of a degraded core in severe accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors

Imaizumi, Yuya; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Kamiyama, Kenji; Matsuba, Kenichi; Akaev, A.*; Mikisha, A.*; Baklanov, V.*; Vurim, A.*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 194, p.110107_1 - 110107_11, 2023/12

Journal Articles

Development of new treatment of fuel isotope vector in the core disruptive accident analysis of fast reactors

Tagami, Hirotaka; Ishida, Shinya; Tobita, Yoshiharu

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(12), p.1548 - 1562, 2023/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01

In a design of future Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor, there is a demand for evaluation of sequences and consequences of core disruptive accidents. Future SFRs include a unique core design with axially or horizontally heterogeneous core arrangement having complex fuel isotope distribution. A new model to flexibly represent fuel isotope distribution, called the Pu-vector model, has been developed in this study for inclusion in the SIMMER-III and SIMMER-IV codes (simply called as SIMMER). The model calculates movement of individual fuel isotopes, assuming they always accompany the convecting fuel in the fluid-dynamics model. The accuracy of the Pu-vector model was confirmed by comparing with the standard Monte Carlo static neutronics calculation. The new model can improve some of the limitations in the current SIMMER code, in which the fuel isotopes are represented only by two groups, fertile and fissile fuels. Assignment of a number of fuel isotopes to the two groups requires a detailed examination of different combinations of fuel isotopes to determine an optimized combination. The Pu-vector model can eliminate this complicated procedure to be performed prior to a SIMMER analysis, and more importantly provides accurate spatial distribution of fuel isotopes and thus will improve the applicability of SIMMER to the analyses of future large heterogeneous reactors.

Journal Articles

Ionic radii in fluorites

Vauchy, R.; Hirooka, Shun; Murakami, Tatsutoshi

Materialia, 32, p.101934_1 - 101934_12, 2023/12

Journal Articles

Ionic radii in halites

Vauchy, R.; Hirooka, Shun; Murakami, Tatsutoshi

Materialia, 32, p.101943_1 - 101943_8, 2023/12

Journal Articles

Sintering and microstructural behaviors of mechanically blended Nd/Sm-doped MOX

Hirooka, Shun; Horii, Yuta; Sunaoshi, Takeo*; Uno, Hiroki*; Yamada, Tadahisa*; Vauchy, R.; Hayashizaki, Kohei; Nakamichi, Shinya; Murakami, Tatsutoshi; Kato, Masato

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(11), p.1313 - 1323, 2023/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:96.85(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Additive MOX pellets are fabricated by a conventional dry powder metallurgy method. Nd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and Sm$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ are chosen as the additive materials to simulate the corresponding soluble fission products dispersed in MOX. Shrinkage curves of the MOX pellets are obtained by dilatometry, which reveal that the sintering temperature is shifted toward a value higher than that of the respective regular MOX. The additives, however, promote grain growth and densification, which can be explained by the effect of oxidized uranium cations covering to a pentavalent state. Ceramography reveals large agglomerates after sintering, and Electron Probe Micro-Analysis confirms that inhomogeneous elemental distribution, whereas XRD reveals a single face-centered cubic phase. Finally, by grinding and re-sintering the specimens, the cation distribution homogeneity is significantly improved, which can simulate spent nuclear fuels with soluble fission products.

Journal Articles

An Estimation method for an unknown covariance in cross-section adjustment based on unbiased and consistent estimator

Maruyama, Shuhei; Endo, Tomohiro*; Yamamoto, Akio*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(11), p.1372 - 1385, 2023/11

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation technologies for safety evaluation in plant lifecycle optimization method, ARKADIA for advanced reactors

Uchibori, Akihiro; Doda, Norihiro; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Sonehara, Masateru; Sogabe, Joji; Okano, Yasushi; Takata, Takashi*; Tanaka, Masaaki; Enuma, Yasuhiro; Wakai, Takashi; et al.

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 413, p.112492_1 - 112492_10, 2023/11

The ARKAIDA has been developed to realize automatic optimization of plant design from safety evaluation for the advanced reactors represented by a sodium-cooled fast reactor. ARKADIA-Design offers functions to support design optimization both in normal operating conditions and design basis events. The multi-level simulation approach by the coupled analysis such as neutronics, core deformation, core thermal hydraulics was developed as one of the main technologies. On the other hand, ARKAIDA-Safety aims for safety evaluation considering severe accidents. As a key technology, the numerical methods for in- and ex-vessel coupled phenomena during severe accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors were tested through a hypothetical severe accident event. Improvement of the ex-vessel model and development of the AI technology to find best design solution have been started.

Journal Articles

Elucidation of solid particle interfacial phenomena in liquid sodium; Magnetic interactions on liquid metal and solid atoms at the solid interface

Tei, C.; Otaka, Masahiko; Kuwahara, Daisuke*

Chemical Physics Letters, 829, p.140755_1 - 140755_6, 2023/10

We were able to detect the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signal of a liquid sodium clinging to the interface of solid metal particles for the first time. In this study, we confirmed the difference in the relaxation times due to the difference in the interactions between liquid sodium and metal particles suspended in the liquid sodium. It was found that the surface of the micro titanium particles and liquid metallic sodium interact physically, not chemically.

Journal Articles

Development of under-sodium viewer

Aizawa, Kosuke

Hozengaku, 22(3), p.70 - 71, 2023/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New market opened up by advanced nuclear reactors (Chapter 3, 4, 5, 7)

Kamide, Hideki; Kawasaki, Nobuchika; Hayafune, Hiroki; Kubo, Shigenobu; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Maeda, Seiichiro; Sagayama, Yutaka; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; et al.

Jisedai Genshiro Ga Hiraku Atarashii Shijo; NSA/Commentaries, No.28, p.14 - 36, 2023/10

Developments of next generation nuclear reactors, e.g., Fast Reactor, and High Temperature Gas cooled Reactor, are in progress. They can contribute to markets of electricity and industrial heat utilization in the world including Japan. Here, current status of reactor developments in Japan and also situation in the world are summarized, especially for activities of Generation IV International Forum (GIF), developments of Fast Reactor and High Temperature Gas cooled Reactor in Japan, and SMR movements in the world.

Journal Articles

Lattice parameters of fluorite-structured uranium-americium mixed oxides

Vauchy, R.; Hirooka, Shun; Watanabe, Masashi; Yokoyama, Keisuke; Murakami, Tatsutoshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 584, p.154576_1 - 154576_11, 2023/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:92.04(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Computer code analysis of irradiation performance of an annular mixed oxide fuel element

Yokoyama, Keisuke; Uwaba, Tomoyuki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(10), p.1219 - 1227, 2023/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

12057 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)