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Journal Articles

A Simulation of radiolysis of chloride solutions containing ferrous ion

Hata, Kuniki; Inoue, Hiroyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.842 - 850, 2019/09

To investigate the effect of dissolved species from steels on the radiolysis processes of Cl$$^{-}$$, radiolysis simulations of solutions containing both Cl$$^{-}$$ and Fe$$^{2+}$$ were carried out. The results showed that the generation of radiolytic products (H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$, O$$_{2}$$ and H$$_{2}$$) increased mainly by the addition of Fe$$^{2+}$$, and a drop in the pH was caused by the hydrolysis of Fe$$^{3+}$$. This pH drop enhanced the reactivity of Cl$$^{-}$$ with $$^{.}$$OH, which induced additional generation of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$. These results show that low concentrations of Cl$$^{-}$$ (1 $$times$$ 10$$^{-3}$$ mol/dm$$^{3}$$ = 35ppm) in the presence of Fe$$^{2+}$$ could influence the generation of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$ during water radiolysis. However, it is considered that these effects of Fe$$^{2+}$$ and low concentration of Cl$$^{-}$$ on water radiolysis are less important for corrosion of steels due to the low concentrations of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$ generated. The other process, such as dissolution of iron enhanced by FeOOH, might predominantly induce corrosion under the conditions of solutions with low concentrations of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Radiolysis of mixed solutions of Cl$$^{-}$$ and Br$$^{-}$$ and its effect on corrosion of a low-alloy steel

Hata, Kuniki; Inoue, Hiroyuki*; Kojima, Takao*; Kasahara, Shigeki; Hanawa, Satoshi; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Tsukada, Takashi; Iwase, Akihiro*

Proceedings of Symposium on Water Chemistry and Corrosion in Nuclear Power Plants in Asia 2017 (AWC 2017) (USB Flash Drive), p.304 - 314, 2017/09

A model simulation of $$gamma$$ radiolysis of mixed solutions of NaCl and NaBr was carried out. The simulation result agreed well with the experimental result, and Br$$^{-}$$ played an important role in determining the amounts of products from water radiolysis. The simulation result also showed that, in highly pure NaCl solutions, the steady-state concentration of a radolytic product, H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$, was mainly controlled by three reactions (Cl$$^{-}$$ + $$^{.}$$OH $$rightarrow$$ ClOH$$^{.-}$$, ClOH$$^{.-}$$ $$rightarrow$$ Cl$$^{-}$$ + $$^{.}$$OH, and ClOH$$^{.-}$$ + H$$^{+}$$ $$rightarrow$$ Cl$$^{.}$$ + H$$_{2}$$O), which indicated that accurate evaluation of the rate constants of these reactions was very important in improving the radiolysis simulation of solutions containing Cl$$^{-}$$. An immersion test using a low-alloy steel, SQV2A, in the mixed solutions was also carried out under irradiation. The corrosion rate increased or decreased depending on the pH or the concentrations of the halide ions in a similar way to the change in concentration of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ produced from water radiolysis, which is affected by the presence of Cl$$^{-}$$ and Br$$^{-}$$. However, at high pH values ($$>$$12), the corrosion rate was almost zero even though the concentration of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ was high. This could be attributed to enhancement of the passivity of test specimens at higher pH values.

Journal Articles

Ion species/energy dependence of irradiation-induced lattice structure transformation and surface hardness of Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta intermetallic compounds

Kojima, Hiroshi*; Kaneno, Yasuyuki*; Ochi, Masaaki*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Saito, Yuichi*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Iwase, Akihiro*

Materials Transactions, 58(5), p.739 - 748, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.21(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Bulk samples of Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta intermetallic compounds were irradiated with 16 MeV Au, 4.5 MeV Ni, 4.5 MeV Al, 200 MeV Xe and 1.0 MeV He ions, and the change in near-surface lattice structure was investigated by means of the grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD)and EXAFS. The Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta lattice structures transform from the ordered structures (orthorhombic and monoclinic structures for Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta, respectively) to the amorphous state by the Au, Ni, Al and Xe ion irradiations. Irrespective of such heavy ion species or energies, the lattice structure transformation to the amorphous state almost correlate with the density of energy deposited through elastic collisions.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen peroxide production by $$gamma$$ radiolysis of sodium chloride solutions containing a small amount of bromide ion

Hata, Kuniki; Inoue, Hiroyuki*; Kojima, Takao*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Kasahara, Shigeki; Hanawa, Satoshi; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Tsukada, Takashi

Nuclear Technology, 193(3), p.434 - 443, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Hardness modification of Al-Mg-Si alloy by using energetic ion beam irradiation

Ueyama, Daichi*; Saito, Yuichi; Ishikawa, Norito; Omura, Takahito*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 351, p.1 - 5, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:53.75(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Hardening induced by energetic electron beam for Cu-Ti alloys

Ueyama, Daichi*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Saito, Yuichi; Ishikawa, Norito; Nishida, Kenji*; Soneda, Naoki*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(5S1), p.05FC04_1 - 05FC04_5, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.43(Physics, Applied)

In our previous research, it was found that the hardness of Cu-Ti alloy increased by energetic heavy ion irradiation at room temperature. In the conference, we will show the result of electron beam irradiation on the hardness of Cu-Ti alloys. We used CuTi sheets with the dimension of 10 $$times$$ 10 $$times$$ 0.250 mm$$^{3}$$. The specimens were irradiated at 473 K and 523 K with 2 MeV electrons. For comparison, we thermally aged some specimens at the same temperatures as that for the irradiation. The electron fluence of 8.0 $$times$$ 10$$^{17}$$/cm$$^{2}$$ corresponds to the processing time of about 10 h. As a result, the thermal aging for 10 h increases the hardness by 5 or less, which is much smaller than that by the irradiation (about 20). The hardness of the reverse side of irradiated surface is almost the same as that of the irradiated surface. The present result implies that energetic electron irradiation can be a useful tool for controlling the hardness of the "bulk" Cu-Ti alloy.

Journal Articles

Magnetic patterning of FeRh thin films by energetic light ion microbeam irradiation

Koide, Tetsuya*; Sato, Takahiro; Koka, Masashi; Saito, Yuichi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Okochi, Takuo*; Kotsugi, Masato*; Kinoshita, Toyohiko*; Nakamura, Tetsuya*; Iwase, Akihiro*; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(5S1), p.05FC06_1 - 05FC06_4, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:58.9(Physics, Applied)

We previously reported that the magnetic state of FeRh can be controlled by irradiation with ion beams. In this paper, we evaluate possibility of magnetic patterning on FeRh thin films using energetic light ion microbeam irradiation with various shapes and dimensions. Proton microbeam irradiation with 2 MeV was performed at JAEA-Takasaki to produce micron-sized magnetic patterns. XMCD-PEEM observation was performed at SPring8 to confirm the synthesized magnetic patterns. As a result, the XMCD-PEEM images of the various micrometer sized patters in FeRh film were observed using 2 MeV H ion beam. The observed bright regions are considered to have ferromagnetic spin orders, in contrast that the gray areas have anti-ferromagnetic spin order. Since the brightness of the PEEM images is strongly correlated with the magnetization of the samples, we reveal that the magnetic state in local regions of the FeRh thin films can be controlled by changing the ion fluences.

Journal Articles

Study on ferromagnetic ordering of FeRh thin films induced by energetic heavy ion irradiation by means of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Aiko, Kazuma*; Toki, Atsushi*; Okuda, Shuichi*; Saito, Yuichi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Nakamura, Tetsuya*; Kinoshita, Toyohiko*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 314, p.99 - 102, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:84.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Irradiation effect of swift heavy ion for Zr$$_{50}$$Cu$$_{40}$$Al$$_{10}$$ bulk glassy alloy

Onodera, Naoto*; Ishii, Akito*; Ishii, Koji*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Yokoyama, Yoshihiko*; Saito, Yuichi; Ishikawa, Norito; Yabuuchi, Atsushi*; Hori, Fuminobu*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 314, p.122 - 124, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:84.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

It has been reported that heavy ion irradiation causes softening in some cases of Zr-based bulk metallic glass alloys. However, the fundamental mechanisms of such softening have not been clarified yet. In this study, Zr$$_{50}$$Cu$$_{40}$$Al$$_{10}$$ bulk glassy alloys were irradiated with heavy ions of 10 MeV I at room temperature. Positron annihilation measurements have performed before and after irradiation to investigate changes in free volume. We discuss the relationship between the energy loss and local open volume change after 10 MeV I irradiation compared with those obtained for 200 MeV Xe and 5 MeV Al. The energy loss analysis in ion irradiation for the positron lifetime has revealed that the decreasing trend of positron lifetime is well expressed as a function of total electronic energy deposition rather than total elastic energy deposition. It means that the positron lifetime change by the irradiation has a relationship with the inelastic collisions with electrons during heavy ion irradiation.

Journal Articles

Magnetic Compton scattering studies of magneto-dielectric Ba(Co$$_{0.85}$$Mn$$_{0.15}$$)O$$_{3-delta}$$

Shinoda, Ryoichi*; Ito, Masayoshi*; Sakurai, Yoshiharu*; Yamamoto, Hiroyuki; Hirao, Norie; Baba, Yuji; Iwase, Akihiro*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*

Journal of Applied Physics, 113(17), p.17E307_1 - 17E307_3, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:67.17(Physics, Applied)

We revealed that the Ba(Co$$_{0.85}$$Mn$$_{0.15}$$)O$$_{3-delta}$$ (BCMO) ceramic samples exhibited ferromagnetic-dielectric behavior below the magnetic transition temperature of about 35 K. The origin of their magnetic ordering was expected to super-exchange coupling of Co$$^{4+}$$($$d^5$$)-O$$^{2-}$$-Mn$$^{4+}$$ ($$d^3$$) with bonding angle of 180$$^{circ}$$. and/or Mn$$^{4+}$$($$d^3$$)-O$$^{2-}$$-Mn$$^{4+}$$ ($$d^3$$) with bonding angle of 90$$^{circ}$$. The magnetic spin momentum estimated by the magnetic Compton profiles (MCP) of the samples had similar temperature dependence as that determined by the SQUID measurement, which meant that the observed magnetic moments could be ascribed to the spin moment. The shapes of the MCPs of the samples were completely same regardless of the temperature measured. This result indicates that there are no changes of the momentum space distribution of spin density between ferromagnetic and paramagnetic states. So, this magnetic transition is simply caused by a thermal fluctuation of the spin.

Journal Articles

MFM observation of micrometer-sized magnetic patterns produced by heavy ion microbeam irradiation in FeRh films

Aiko, Kazuma*; Toki, Atsushi*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Sato, Takahiro; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Koka, Masashi; Saito, Yuichi; Kamiya, Tomihiro

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 133, 2013/01

Journal Articles

Seven cysteine-deficient mutants depict the interplay between thermal and chemical stabilities of individual cysteine residues in mitogen-activated protein kinase c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1

Nakaniwa, Tetsuko*; Fukata, Harumi*; Inoue, Tatsuya*; Goda, Masaki*; Nakai, Ryoko*; Kirii, Yasuyuki*; Adachi, Motoyasu; Tamada, Taro; Segawa, Shinichi*; Kuroki, Ryota; et al.

Biochemistry, 51(42), p.8410 - 8421, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:69.89(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Protein kinase is a vital drug target for the treatment of a wide range of diseases. To investigate the effect of cysteine mutation on the function, stability and structure of kinase, free cysteines of c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) were systematically removed by mutation. Two cysteine-destructed mutants in which three (M3) and seven (M7) cysteine residues are removed, yielded about 5 and 2 times than wild type JNK-1 (M0). SDS PAGE analysis showed that the aggregation was less in the case of M3 and M7. Thermal unfolding experiment of M0, M3 and M7 using by differential scanning calorimetry proceeded at least three state unfolding. Crystal structure of the M3 mutant was determined to 2.6 ${AA}$ resolution, which was identical to that of the wild-type. Consequently, due to the highest yield, its improved stability against aggregation and its structural similarity to the wild type, the M3 mutant is suitable for the use of further characterization of its function and structure.

Journal Articles

Study on effects of energetic ion irradiation in Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-doped CeO$$_{2}$$ by means of synchrotron radiation X-ray spectroscopy

Tahara, Yuki*; Shimizu, Hirotaka*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Hori, Fuminobu*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 277, p.53 - 57, 2012/04

In this study, to simulate such an environment, Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-doped CeO$$_{2}$$ samples were irradiated with 200 MeV Xe$$^{14+}$$ ions at room temperature using an ion beam accelerator at JAEA-Tokai. As CeO$$_{2}$$ has the same fluorite structure as that of UO$$_{2}$$ and several properties of CeO$$_{2}$$ are similar to UO$$_{2}$$, in this study CeO$$_{2}$$ was used as a simulation material of UO$$_{2}$$. To study the effects of the ion irradiation on Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-doped CeO$$_{2}$$, extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used at the Photon Factory of High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) as well as conventional X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement. The EXAFS and XRD spectra show that the effects of the ion irradiation are more pronounced for higher amount of Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ dopant.

Journal Articles

MFM and PEEM observation of micrometre-sized magnetic dot arrays fabricated by ion-microbeam irradiation in FeRh thin films

Aiko, Kazuma*; Toki, Atsushi*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Sato, Takahiro; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Koka, Masashi; Saito, Yuichi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Okochi, Takuo*; et al.

Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 19(2), p.223 - 226, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:68.32(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Hardness modification of aluminum-alloys by means of energetic ion irradiation and subsequent thermal aging

Mitsuda, Tomoaki*; Kobayashi, Ippei*; Kosugi, Shinya*; Fujita, Naoki*; Saito, Yuichi; Hori, Fuminobu*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Kaneno, Yasuyuki*; Nishida, Kenji*; Soneda, Naoki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 272, p.49 - 52, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:42.4(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Study on Au cluster ion irradiation effects for Fz-Si single crystal by using slow positron beam

Hori, Fuminobu*; Kawasuso, Atsuo; Saito, Yuichi; Iwase, Akihiro*

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 154, 2012/01

Journal Articles

Swift heavy ion irradiation effect on structural properties for epitaxial Ba(Fe$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$)O$$_{3-delta}$$ thin film

Matsui, Toshiyuki*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Yamamoto, Hiroyuki; Hirao, Norie; Baba, Yuji

Photon Factory Activity Report 2011, Part B, P. 243, 2012/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on effects of swift heavy ion irradiation on the crystal structure in CeO$$_{2}$$ doped with Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$

Tahara, Yuki*; Zhu, B.-L.*; Kosugi, Shinya*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Hori, Fuminobu*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 269(9), p.886 - 889, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:24.46(Instruments & Instrumentation)

CeO$$_{2}$$ pellets doped with Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ were irradiated with 200-MeV Xe ions, and the effects of Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-doping and irradiation on the lattice structure were measured using XRD and EXAFS. The lattice constant decreases with increasing Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-doping and the local structure near the Gd atoms is more disordered with increasing amounts of Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-dopant. The irradiation induces an expansion of the lattice and disordering of the atomic arrangement around Gd atoms. The effect of high-energy ion irradiation becomes more pronounced with increasing amounts of Gd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-dopant.

Journal Articles

Effect of high temperature annealing on ferromagnetism induced by energetic ion irradiation in FeRh alloy

Kosugi, Shinya*; Fujita, Naoki*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Saito, Yuichi; Ishikawa, Norito; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 269(9), p.869 - 872, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:39.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Effects of thermal annealing on ion-irradiation induced ferromagnetism of FeRh bulk alloy and the related structural change were investigated by means of superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), respectively. Depending on the annealing temperature from 100 to 500 $$^{circ}$$C, the magnetization induced by 10 MeV iodine ion irradiation and the lattice structure of the alloy were remarkably changed. After 500 $$^{circ}$$C annealing, the magnetization and the lattice ordering of the alloy become similar to the states before the irradiation. The experimental result indicates that the thermal relaxation of irradiation-induced atomic disordering dominates the magnetic state of ion-irradiated FeRh alloy.

Journal Articles

Study on ion-irradiation-induced ferromagnetism in FeRh intermetallic compound by means of magnetic Compton scattering

Kosugi, Shinya*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*; Ishikawa, Norito; Ito, Masayoshi*; Sakurai, Yoshiharu*; Aiko, Kazuma*; Shimizu, Hirotaka*; Tahara, Yuki*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Journal of Applied Physics, 109(7), p.07B737_1 - 07B737_3, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:75.1(Physics, Applied)

The magnetic Compton profiles of FeRh intermetallic compound were measured to study the ferromagnetism induced by 200 MeV Xe ion irradiation. The magnetic effect at 50 K increases with increasing the ion-fluence. The analysis of the experimental result revealed that the values of spin moment induced by the irradiation were close to the values of magnetization obtained by a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer, suggesting that the ion irradiation mainly induces the spin magnetic moment.

104 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)