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Journal Articles

A Conceptual design study of pool-type sodium-cooled fast reactor with enhanced anti-seismic capability

Kubo, Shigenobu; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Uchita, Masato*; Miyagawa, Takayuki*; Eto, Masao*; Suzuno, Tetsuji*; Matoba, Ichiyo*; Endo, Junji*; Watanabe, Osamu*; et al.

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00489_1 - 19-00489_16, 2020/06

The authors are developing the design concept of pool-type sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) that addresses Japan's specific siting conditions such as earthquakes and meets safety design criteria (SDC) and safety design guidelines (SDGs) for Generation IV SFRs. The development of this concept will broaden not only options for reactor types in Japan but also the range and depth of international cooperation. A design concept of 1,500 MWt (650 MWe) class pool-type SFR was thought up by applying design technology obtained from the design of advanced loop-type SFR, named JSFR, equipped with safety measures that reflect results from the feasibility study on commercialized fast reactor cycle systems and fast reactor cycle technology development, improved maintainability and repairability, and lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants accident.

Journal Articles

A Conceptual design study of pool-type sodium-cooled fast reactor with enhanced anti-seismic capability

Kubo, Shigenobu; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Uchita, Masato*; Miyagawa, Takayuki*; Eto, Masao*; Suzuno, Tetsuji*; Matoba, Ichiyo*; Endo, Junji*; Watanabe, Osamu*; et al.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

The authors are developing the design concept of pool-type sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) that addresses Japan's specific siting conditions such as earthquakes and meets safety design criteria (SDC) and safety design guidelines (SDGs) for Generation IV SFRs. The development of this concept will broaden not only options for reactor types in Japan but also the range and depth of international cooperation. A design concept of 1,500 MWt (650 MWe) class pool-type SFR was thought up by applying design technology obtained from the design of advanced loop-type SFR, named JSFR, equipped with safety measures that reflect results from the feasibility study on commercialized fast reactor cycle systems and fast reactor cycle technology development, improved maintainability and repairability, and lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants accident.

Journal Articles

Status of the JENDL project

Iwamoto, Osamu; Shibata, Keiichi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Ichihara, Akira; Nakayama, Shinsuke

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.02005_1 - 02005_6, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Activation cross-section file for decommissioning of LWRs

Shibata, Keiichi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.47 - 52, 2016/09

It is required to estimate radioactive products accurately for the decommissioning of LWRs. We have developed the neutron-induced activation cross-section file for this purpose. The products consist of 227 nuclides with half-lives larger than 30 days and 12 nuclides with very long half-lives. Target nuclei were selected by considering possible paths leading to the required products. The activation cross sections of these targets were taken from JENDL-4.0, JENDL/A-96 and the post JENDL-4.0 evaluations. As a result, we produced the activation cross-section file with 302 nuclides. Comparing with other evaluations, there exists a large difference especially for the capture cross sections leading to meta-stable states. The data will be released in FY2016 after achieving further improvements.

Journal Articles

Development of multi-group neutron activation cross-section library for decommissioning of nuclear facilities

Okumura, Keisuke; Kojima, Kensuke; Tanaka, Kenichi*

JAEA-Conf 2015-003, p.43 - 47, 2016/03

In the safety assessment concerning disposal of radioactive wastes generated in the decommissioning of nuclear facilities, it is necessary to evaluate the radionuclide inventory produced by the activation of structured materials. For this purpose, we have to pay much attention to the activation of many impurities irradiated in various neutron spectra depending on their positions and materials. Therefore, accurate activation cross-section data are necessary for many nuclides and reactions. A new multi-group neutron activation cross-section library (MAXS) was developed based on the recent nuclear data JENDL-4.0 and JEFF-3.0/A to apply it to the activation calculations for the decommissioning of nuclear facilities. The library contains cross-sections and isomeric ratios for many reactions such as (n,$$gamma$$), (n,f), (n,2n), (n,3n), (n,p), (n,$$alpha$$), (n,d), (n,t), (n,n$$alpha$$), (n,np), and so on, for 779 nuclides, in the 199-energy group structure of VITAMIN-B6.

Journal Articles

Radioactivity evaluation of the secondary sodium in DRACS of the Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor

Sasaki, Kenji*; Naito, Katsuaki*; Oki, Shigeo; Okubo, Tsutomu; Kotake, Shoji*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.94 - 98, 2014/04

This paper evaluates the amount of activation of the secondary sodium in Direct Heat Exchanger (DHX) by neutrons leaked from the core, the radioactivity density, and the dose rate around the secondary sodium pipes in Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling System (DRACS) and confirms that the requirements in radioactivity free areas are satisfied by improving the exactness of calculation model with Monte Carlo Methodology.

JAEA Reports

Main generation pathways of activation products for in-core structure materials (Joint research)

Yamamoto, Kento; Okumura, Keisuke; Kojima, Kensuke; Okamoto, Tsutomu

JAEA-Research 2013-038, 88 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Research-2013-038.pdf:3.15MB

Accurate information on main generation pathways of activation products is important to improve the accuracy of predicting the concentrations of activation products. Using ORIGEN2 and ORLIBJ40, which is a set of the cross section libraries based on JENDL-4.0, the initial compositions and the cross sections which influence on the concentrations of activation products were clarified by executing the sensitivity analyses on them. Activations of cladding tubes, end-plugs and spacers of fuel assemblies and channel boxes, which were composed of Zircaloy, SUS304, and Inconel-718, were analyzed. The main generation pathways of some significant activation products were summarized from the results of sensitivity analyses.

Journal Articles

Design study on safety protection system of JSFR

Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Fujita, Kaoru; Yamada, Yumi*; Okazaki, Hitoshi*; Suzuki, Shinichi*

Proceedings of 2012 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '12) (CD-ROM), p.483 - 489, 2012/06

The development of safety protection system for JSFR is progressed in terms of logic circuits, selection of trip signals and its setting values for reactor trip. In addition, it is necessitated to evaluate the satisfaction for requirements of the safety protection system by safety analyses considering comprehensive parameter ranges. For this purpose, we will report the current status of the development focusing on the evaluation results for satisfaction of safety protection system based on safety standard.

Journal Articles

Current status of SFR development in Japan

Ieda, Yoshiaki; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kotake, Shoji*

ATW; International Journal for Nuclear Power, 57(3), p.163 - 168, 2012/03

Fast reactor development experiences and status in Japan are summarized. The undergoing FaCT project is pursuing commercialization of fast reactor cycle system around 2050 under cooperation of MEXT, METI, utilities, venders and JAEA. As results of the FaCT Phase I, feasibility of the key technologies for JSFR has been evaluated and the project is waiting for launching the phase II due to the Tohoku large earthquake. It is considered that the nuclear development policy might be affected by the Tohoku large Earthquake/Tsunami in Japan. Nevertheless the significance of nuclear energy will not be changed and thus we will focus on the issues learnt from Fukushima accidents and reflect into the improvement of the safety of Monju and the safety design criteria for the next generation fast reactor systems.

Journal Articles

Safety design requirements for safety systems and components of JSFR

Kubo, Shigenobu*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Kotake, Shoji

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2012/00

In order to embody a safety design, a higher level safety principle was broken down into a set of design requirements for each safety related system, structure and component (SSC). This paper will present an output of the safety requirements for safety related SSCs of JSFR.

Journal Articles

Development of transfer pot for JSFR ex-vessel fuel handling

Hirata, Shingo; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Atsushi; Uto, Nariaki; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Kotake, Shoji*

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2012/00

In Fast Reactor Cycle Technology Development (FaCT) project, Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) is going to adopt an advanced fuel handling system. As for ex-vessel spent fuel handling, a pot which contains two fuel subassemblies simultaneously and is applicable size to compact reactor vessel, has been developing so as to shorten a refueling period leading to an improvement of plant availability. The pot is required to provide sufficient cooling capability even in case of transportation malfunction during transportation of spent fuel subassemblies with high decay heat. In the present study, experimental and analytical studies to evaluate the cooling capacity of the pot are summarized.

Journal Articles

In-service inspection and repair program for commercialized sodium-cooled fast reactor

Nishiyama, Noboru; Kotake, Shoji*; Uzawa, Masayuki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2012/00

Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) adopts a compact design to reduce construction cost as a commercialized reactor. A commercialized fast reactor is also expected to be excellent in operation and maintenance for high availability. From the study for JSFR, in-service inspection and repair program necessary for JSFR has been developed. Major component design has been improved considering ISI accommodation, and the required ISI devices have been specified according to the proposed ISI program. To increase maintainability of JSFR, such approaches are employed at the conceptual design stage.

Journal Articles

JSFR design study and R&D progress in the FaCT project

Aoto, Kazumi; Uto, Nariaki; Sakamoto, Yoshihiko; Ito, Takaya*; Toda, Mikio*; Kotake, Shoji*

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2012/00

In the FaCT project, SFR with 1,500 MWe is a target for the commercialization. R&D on innovative technologies to achieve the economic competitiveness and enhance the reliability and safety is carried out. A compact RV without wall-cooling layer is pursued in consideration of seismic reliability. For a two-loop cooling system with shortened high chromium steel piping, studies on the hydraulics in the pipe elbow and the fabrication capability of the pipes are being performed. A double-walled straight tube SG is investigated to enhance the reliability against sodium/water reaction, and developmental works are progressing including the thermal-hydraulic design and trial manufacturing for components. SASS is being developed with safety analysis of the applicability for JSFR and experimental demonstration in JOYO. An advanced fuel handling system is also pursued. Discussion on whether the innovative technologies can be adopted for JSFR is in progress to be finalized in 2010.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design study of JSFR, 2; Reactor system

Eto, Masao*; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Okamura, Shigeki*; Watanabe, Osamu*; Oyama, Kazuhiro*; Negishi, Kazuo; Kotake, Shoji*; Sakamoto, Yoshihiko; Kamide, Hideki

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2012/00

In the JSFR design, the diameter of the Reactor Vessel (RV) shall be minimized and the reactor internal structures shall be simplified for reduction in construction cost. The reduction in the RV diameter is achieved by adopting an advanced refueling system and the hot RV with high temperature wall. The flow velocity in the reactor upper plenum increases because the diameter of the RV is decreased. As the result, the coolant flow field in reactor upper plenum is severe. The optimization of the coolant flow field in the reactor upper plenum was carried out for prevention the cover gas entrainment and the vortex cavitations at the hot leg intake. In addition, structural integrities for seismic loadings and thermal loadings were evaluated because the design seismic loading was highly increased and the vessel wall is directly exposed to the thermal transients of the upper plenum. This paper describes the characteristics and the results of the design study of the reactor system.

Journal Articles

Seismic isolation design for JSFR

Okamura, Shigeki*; Eto, Masao*; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Negishi, Kazuo; Sakamoto, Yoshihiko; Kitamura, Seiji; Kotake, Shoji*

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2012/00

This paper describes the seismic design of JSFR, which includes the seismic condition, the seismic isolation system and the seismic evaluation of primary component. JSFR employs a seismic isolation system to mitigate the earthquake force. The design seismic loading is made more severe than ever since Niigata-ken Chuetsu-oki Earthquake in 2007. The earthquake force loaded on the primary components has to be mitigated more than that of the previous seismic isolation system. We examined the advanced seismic isolation system by optimizing the performance of the previous seismic isolation system considering the natural frequency of the primary components. The advanced seismic isolation system for SFR was adopted laminated rubber bearings which are thicker than that of the previous, as well as oil dampers. The seismic evaluation of nuclear reactor components under applying the advanced seismic isolation system was performed; the performance of the system was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design for a large-scale Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor, 2; Safety design and evaluation in JSFR

Yamano, Hidemasa; Kubo, Shigenobu*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Fujita, Kaoru; Suzuki, Toru; Kurisaka, Kenichi

Proceedings of 2011 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '11) (CD-ROM), p.728 - 740, 2011/05

Journal Articles

Conceptual design for a large-scale Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor, 3; Core design in JSFR

Okubo, Tsutomu; Oki, Shigeo; Ogura, Masashi*; Okubo, Yoshiyuki*; Kotake, Shoji*

Proceedings of 2011 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '11) (CD-ROM), p.479 - 486, 2011/05

A conceptual design study and related R&D on a commercial-base large-scale Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) have been carried out in the framework of the Fast Reactor Cycle Technology development (FaCT) project. As a next generation plant, JSFR adopts a number of innovative technologies in order to achieve economic competitiveness, enhanced reliability and safety. This paper describes the current results of the ongoing conceptual design study on the JSFR core. The most important point in the core design is to achieve a high core average burn-up around 150 GWd/t, assuming the ODS steel utilization as the cladding material. Another design target for the breeding ratio is intended to have some flexibility and is set at from around 1.0 to 1.2 under the design philosophy of the compatible fuel assembly among them. Also, the fuel composition is considered to have some variation range based on the wide variety of the spent fuel composition expected to be treated during the LWR to FBR transition period. The core design study performed in the FaCT project has clarified the feasibility of the JSFR core concept, which is based on the high internal conversion ratio type core using a large fuel rod diameter around 10 mm and satisfies a number of design targets and requirements including ones mentioned above.

Journal Articles

Design study and R&D progress on Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor

Aoto, Kazumi; Uto, Nariaki; Sakamoto, Yoshihiko; Ito, Takaya*; Toda, Mikio*; Kotake, Shoji*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(4), p.463 - 471, 2011/04

In the FaCT project, SFR with 1,500 MWe is a target for the commercialization. R&D on innovative technologies to achieve the economic competitiveness and enhance the reliability and safety is carried out. A compact RV without wall-cooling layer is pursued in consideration of seismic reliability. For a two-loop cooling system with shortened high chromium steel piping, studies on the hydraulics in the pipe elbow and the fabrication capability of the pipes are being performed. A double-walled straight tube SG is investigated to enhance the reliability against sodium/water reaction, and developmental works are progressing including the thermal-hydraulic design and trial manufacturing for components. SASS is being developed with safety analysis of the applicability for JSFR and experimental demonstration in JOYO. An advanced fuel handling system is also pursued. Discussion on whether the innovative technologies can be adopted for JSFR is in progress to be finalized in 2010.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced fuel handling machine for JSFR

Kato, Atsushi; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Obata, Hiroyuki*; Kotake, Shoji*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 47(7), p.642 - 651, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:30.15(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have fabricated a full-scale mockup of the JSFR FHM and performed tests in the air. From tests, the FHM mock-up shows sufficient performance about positioning accuracy, motion speed and stiffness to enable to be durable about practical use in commercial plants. Structural analyses have been conducted to validate and improve the seismic analysis model and the positioning control of the FHM.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced loop-type fast reactor in Japan; Progress of design study based on preliminary assessment results

Sakamoto, Yoshihiko; Kotake, Shoji; Aoto, Kazumi; Toda, Mikio*

Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-18) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2010/05

JAEA is now performing a FaCT project. The first milestone is in 2010; decisions about whether or not to adopt innovative technologies in the JSFR design will be made in the year. Preliminary assessment is underway to produce recommendations for final discussion. This paper describes some important progress in the preliminary assessment. As for the reactor system design, structural integrity against both thermal stress and seismic force was investigated. Then, the specification of the reactor system was established. Also, investigation of design options to extend a design margin against seismic force has been suggested. Regarding thermal hydraulics issues, design measures have been introduced to restrain cover gas entrainment and vortex cavitations. Further investigation is now in progress for design optimization or improvement of preventive effect. Concerning the piping design of primary cooling circuit, the creep strength reduction by Type-IV damage was taken into account.

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