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Journal Articles

Hadronic Paschen-Back effect

Iwasaki, Sachio; Oka, Makoto; Suzuki, Kei*; Yoshida, Tetsuya*

Physics Letters B, 790, p.71 - 76, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.11(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We find a novel phenomenon induced by the interplay between a strong magnetic field and finite orbital angular momenta in hadronic systems, which is analogous to the Paschen-Back effect observed in the field of atomic physics. This effect allows the wave functions to drastically deform. We discuss anisotropic decay from the deformation as a possibility to measure the strength of the magnetic field in heavy-ion collision at LHC, RHIC and SPS, which has not experimentally been measured. As an example we investigate charmonia with finite orbital angular momentum in a strong magnetic field. We calculate the mass spectra and mixing rate. To obtain anisotropic wave functions, we apply the cylindrical Gaussian expansion method, where the Gaussian bases to expand the wave functions have different widths along transverse and longitudinal directions in the cylindrical coordinate.

Journal Articles

Measurements of gamma-ray emission probabilities in the decay of americium-244g

Nakamura, Shoji; Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakao, Taro*; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Uehara, Akihiro*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(1), p.123 - 129, 2019/01

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Accurate data of $$gamma$$-ray emission probabilities are frequently needed when one quantitatively determines the amount of isotope by $$gamma$$-ray measurements or obtains neutron capture cross-sections using them. Americium-243, one of the most important minor actinides, produces $$^{244}$$Am after neutron capture. The 744-keV $$gamma$$-ray decaying from the ground state of $$^{244}$$Am has a relatively large $$gamma$$-ray emission probability c.a. 66%, however, its uncertainty is as large as 29%. The uncertainty of the $$gamma$$-ray emission probability leads to a major factor of the systematic uncertainty on determining an amount of isotope, and therefore the $$gamma$$-ray emission probability was measured by using an activation method and an examined level structure of $$^{244}$$Cm. In this study, the emission probability of 744-keV $$gamma$$ ray was derived as 66.5$$pm$$1.1%, and its uncertainty was improved from 29% to 2%.

Journal Articles

Further signatures to support the tetraquark mixing framework for the two light-meson nonets

Kim, H.*; Kim, K. S.*; Cheoun, M.-K.*; Jido, Daisuke*; Oka, Makoto

Physical Review D, 99(1), p.014005_1 - 014005_15, 2019/01

 Percentile:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We investigate additional signatures to support the tetraquark mixing framework that has been recently proposed as a possible structure for the two nonets. We reexamine the mass ordering generated from the tetraquark nonets and show that this mass ordering is satisfied by the two nonets although the ordering in the heavy nonet is marginal. The marginal mass ordering can be regarded as another signature for tetraquarks because it can be explained partially by the hyperfine masses calculated from the tetraquark mixing framework. As a peculiar signature distinguished from the other approaches, we investigate the fall-apart coupling strengths into two vector mesons from our tetraquarks. Coupling strengths into the two-vector modes are found to enhance strongly in the heavy nonet while they are suppressed in the light nonet. The coupling ratios are found to be huge. This trend in the two-vector modes can provide another testing ground for the tetraquark mixing framework. Some experimental evidence related to the phenomena is discussed particularly from the resonances belonging to the heavy nonet.

Journal Articles

Resonance states in the $$Y_cN$$ potential model

Maeda, Saori*; Oka, Makoto; Liu, Y.-R.*

Physical Review C, 98(3), p.035203_1 - 035203_9, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:49.68(Physics, Nuclear)

We calculate two-body $$J^{pi}=0^{+}, 1^{+}$$, and $$J^{pi}=2^{+}$$ resonance states of $$Y_{c}$$ ($$= Lambda_{c}$$, $$Sigma_{c}$$, or $$Sigma_{c}^{*}$$) and $$N$$ using the complex scaling method. We employ the $$Y_{c}N$$-CTNN potentials, which were proposed in our previous study, and obtain four resonances near $$Sigma_{c}N$$ and $$Sigma_{c}^{*}N$$ thresholds. From the analysis by the binding energies of partial channel systems, we conclude that these resonance states are Feshbach resonances. We compare the results with the $$Y_{c}N$$ resonance states in the heavy quark limit, where the $$Sigma_{c}N$$ and $$Sigma_{c}^{*}N$$ thresholds are degenerate, and find that they form two pairs of the heavy-quark doublets in agreement with the heavy quark spin symmetry.

Journal Articles

High oxide-ion conductivity in Si-deficient La$$_{9.565}$$(Si$$_{5.826}$$[]$$_{0.174}$$)O$$_{26}$$ apatite without interstitial oxygens due to the overbonded channel oxygens

Fujii, Kotaro*; Yashima, Masatomo*; Hibino, Keisuke*; Shiraiwa, Masahiro*; Fukuda, Koichiro*; Nakayama, Susumu*; Ishizawa, Nobuo*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Ohara, Takashi

Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 6(23), p.10835 - 10846, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.59(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Nonperturbative evaluation for anomalous dimension in 2-dimensional $$O$$(3) sigma model

Jimmenez, S.*; Oka, Makoto; Sasaki, Kiyoshi*

Physical Review D, 97(11), p.114506_1 - 114506_28, 2018/06

 Percentile:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We nonperturbatively calculate the wave-function renormalization in the two-dimensional $$O$$(3) sigma model. It is evaluated in a box with a finite spatial extent. We determine the anomalous dimension in the finite-volume scheme through an analysis of the step-scaling function. Results are compared with a perturbative evaluation, and reasonable behavior is observed.

Journal Articles

Charmonium ground and excited states at finite temperature from complex Borel sum rules

Araki, Kenji*; Suzuki, Kei*; Gubler, P.; Oka, Makoto

Physics Letters B, 780, p.48 - 53, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:49.68(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Charmonium spectral functions in vector and pseudoscalar channels at finite temperature are investigated through the complex Borel sum rules and the maximum entropy method. Our approach enables us to extract the peaks corresponding to the excited charmonia, as well as those of the ground states, which has never been achieved in usual QCD sum rule analyses. We show the spectral functions in vacuum and their thermal modification around the critical temperature, which leads to the almost simultaneous melting (or peak disappearance) of the ground and excited states.

Journal Articles

Flavor-singlet hidden charm pentaquark

Irie, Yoya*; Oka, Makoto; Yasui, Shigehiro*

Physical Review D, 97(3), p.034006_1 - 034006_12, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:64.74(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

One type of hidden charm pentaquark $$P_{cs}$$ with quark content $$cbar c uds$$ in light-flavor singlet state is studied in the quark model. This state is analogous to the $$P_c$$ with $$cbar c uud$$ in light-flavor octet, which was observed in LHC in 2015. Considering various combinations of color, spin, and light flavor as internal quantum numbers in $$P_{cs}$$, we investigate the mass ordering of the $$P_{cs}$$'s by adopting both the one-gluon exchange interaction and the instanton-induced interaction in the quark model. The most stable configuration of $$P_{cs}$$ is identified to be total spin 1/2 in which the $$cbar c$$ is combined to be color octet and spin 1, while the uds cluster is in a color octet state. The other color octet configurations, the total spin $$1/2$$ state with the $$cbar c$$ spin 0, and the state with total spin $$3/2$$ and $$cbar c$$ spin 1, are found as excited states. We also discuss possible decay modes of these hidden charm pentaquarks.

Journal Articles

Adsorption of platinum-group metals and molybdenum onto aluminum ferrocyanide in spent fuel solution

Onishi, Takashi; Sekioka, Ken*; Suto, Mitsuo*; Tanaka, Kosuke; Koyama, Shinichi; Inaba, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Hideharu*; Harigai, Miki*; Takeshita, Kenji*

Energy Procedia, 131, p.151 - 156, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization study of four candidate technologies for nuclear material quantification in fuel debris at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Nagatani, Taketeru; Komeda, Masao; Shiba, Tomooki; Nauchi, Yasushi*; Maeda, Makoto; Sagara, Hiroshi*; Kosuge, Yoshihiro*; Kureta, Masatoshi; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Okumura, Keisuke; et al.

Energy Procedia, 131, p.258 - 263, 2017/12

 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Oxidation characteristics of lead-alloy coolants in air ingress accident

Kondo, Masatoshi*; Okubo, Nariaki; Irisawa, Eriko; Komatsu, Atsushi; Ishikawa, Norito; Tanaka, Teruya*

Energy Procedia, 131, p.386 - 394, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:4.05

The chemical behaviors of lead (Pb) based coolants in the air ingress accident of fast reactors were investigated by means of the thermodynamic considerations and the static oxidation experiments for Pb alloys at various chemical compositions. The results of the static oxidation tests for lead-bismuth (Pb-Bi) alloys indicated that Pb was depleted from the alloy due to the preferential formation of PbO in air at 773K. Pb-Bi oxide and Bi$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ were formed after the enrichment of Bi in the alloys due to the Pb depletion. The oxidation rates of the alloys were much larger than that of the steels, and became larger with higher Pb concentration in the alloys. The compatibility of Pb-Bi alloys with stainless steel was worse when the Pb concentration in the alloys became low, since the dissolution type corrosion was promoted by the Bi composition in the alloy. The Pb-Li alloys were oxidized as they formed Li$$_{2}$$PbO$$_{3}$$ and Li$$_{2}$$CO$$_{3}$$. Then, Li was depleted from the alloy.

Journal Articles

Electrochemical impedance analysis on solid electrolyte oxygen sensor with gas and liquid reference electrodes for liquid LBE

Adhi, P. M.*; Okubo, Nariaki; Komatsu, Atsushi; Kondo, Masatoshi*; Takahashi, Minoru*

Energy Procedia, 131, p.420 - 427, 2017/12

 Percentile:100

The ionic conductivity of solid electrolyte may insufficient, and the sensor output signal will deviate from the theoretical one in low temperature. The performance of oxygen sensor with Ag/air reference electrode (RE) and liquid Bi/Bi$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ RE was tested in low-temperature LBE at 300$$sim$$450$$^{circ}$$C and the charge transfer reactions impedance at the electrode-electrolyte interface was analyzed by electrochemical impedance analysis (EIS). After steady state condition, both of the sensors performed well and can be used at 300$$sim$$450$$^{circ}$$C. Bi/Bi/Bi$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ RE has lower impedance than Ag/air RE. Therefore, the response time of the oxygen sensor with Bi/Bi/Bi$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ RE is faster than the oxygen sensor with Ag/air RE in the low-temperature region.

Journal Articles

Four-dimensional Langevin approach to low-energy nuclear fission of $$^{236}$$U

Ishizuka, Chikako*; Usang, M. D.*; Ivanyuk, F. A.*; Maruhn, J. A.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Chiba, Satoshi

Physical Review C, 96(6), p.064616_1 - 064616_9, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:8.11(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Role of multichance fission in the description of fission-fragment mass distributions at high energies

Hirose, Kentaro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Tanaka, Shoya*; L$'e$guillon, R.*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 119(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:11.2(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Fission-fragment mass distributions were measured for $$^{237-240}$$U, $$^{239-242}$$Np and $$^{241-244}$$Pu populated in the excitation-energy range from 10 to 60 MeV by multi-nucleon transfer channels in the reaction $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U at the JAEA tandem facility. Among them, the data for $$^{240}$$U and $$^{240,241,242}$$Np were observed for the first time. It was found that the mass distributions for all the studied nuclides maintain a double-humped shape up to the highest measured energy in contrast to expectations of predominantly symmetric fission due to the washing out of nuclear shell effects. From a comparison with the dynamical calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model, this behavior of the mass distributions was unambiguously attributed to the effect of multi-chance fission.

Journal Articles

Method to reduce long-lived fission products by nuclear transmutations with fast spectrum reactors

Chiba, Satoshi*; Wakabayashi, Toshio*; Tachi, Yoshiaki; Takaki, Naoyuki*; Terashima, Atsunori*; Okumura, Shin*; Yoshida, Tadashi*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.13961_1 - 13961_10, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:42.02(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Transmutation of long-lived fission products (LLFPs: $$^{79}$$Se, $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{99}$$Tc, $$^{107}$$Pd, $$^{129}$$I, and $$^{135}$$Cs) into short-lived or non-radioactive nuclides by fast neutron spectrum reactors without isotope separation has been proposed as a solution to the problem of radioactive wastes disposal. Despite investigation of many methods, such transmutation remains technologically difficult. To establish an effective and efficient transmutation system, we propose a novel neutron moderator material, yttrium deuteride (YD$$_{2}$$), to soften the neutron spectrum leaking from the reactor core. Neutron energy spectra and effective half-lives of LLFPs, transmutation rates, and support ratios were evaluated with the continuous-energy Monte Carlo code MVP-II/MVP-BURN and the JENDL-4.0 cross section library. With the YD$$_{2}$$ moderator in the radial blanket and shield regions, effective half-lives drastically decreased from 10$$^{6}$$ to 10$$^{2}$$ years and the support ratios reached 1.0 for all six LLFPs. This successful development and implementation of a transmutation system for LLFPs without isotope separation contribute to developing a self-consuming cycle of LLFPs using fast spectrum reactors to reduce radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

A Stencil framework to realize large-scale computations beyond device memory capacity on GPU supercomputers

Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Endo, Toshio*; Onodera, Naoyuki; Aoki, Takayuki*

Proceedings of 2017 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (IEEE Cluster 2017) (Internet), p.525 - 529, 2017/09

Stencil-based applications such as CFD have succeeded in obtaining high performance on GPU supercomputers. The problem sizes of these applications are limited by the GPU device memory capacity, which is typically smaller than the host memory. On GPU supercomputers, a locality improvement technique using temporal blocking method with memory swapping between host and device enables large computation beyond the device memory capacity. Our high-productivity stencil framework automatically applies temporal blocking to boundary exchange required for stencil computation and supports automatic memory swapping provided by a MPI/CUDA wrapper library. The framework-based application for the airflow in an urban city maintains 80% performance even with the twice larger than the GPU memory capacity and have demonstrated good weak scalability on the TSUBAME 2.5 supercomputer.

Journal Articles

Study on the deterioration mechanism of layered rock-salt electrodes using epitaxial thin films; Li(Ni, Co, Mn)O$$_{2}$$ and their Zr-O surface modified electrodes

Abe, Machiko*; Iba, Hideki*; Suzuki, Kota*; Minamishima, Hiroaki*; Hirayama, Masaaki*; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Mizuki, Junichiro*; Saito, Tomohiro*; Ikuhara, Yuichi*; Kanno, Ryoji*

Journal of Power Sources, 345, p.108 - 119, 2017/03

 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Physical)

The surface structure of the Li(Ni, Co, Mn)O$$_{2}$$ electrode was studied during charge/discharge process using electrochemical methods and X-ray/Neutron scattering techniques. It was found that during charge/discharge process the coverage of spinel structure increased. The spinel structure has low electrochemical activity and is not involved in Li insertion/extraction. After the surface modification, it was found that the coverage of the spinel structure did not increase. Further, it was also found out that the Li concentration at the electrode/electrolyte interface increased.

JAEA Reports

XAFS measurement of simulated waste glass samples (Borosilicate glass including vanadium)

Nagai, Takayuki; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Sasage, Kenichi; Ayame, Yasuo; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Uchiyama, Takafumi*; Okada, Yukiko*; Nezu, Atsushi*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-015, 52 Pages, 2016/11

JAEA-Research-2016-015.pdf:37.48MB

The local structure of waste elements in simulated waste glasses including V was estimated by using synchrotron XAFS measurement in this study. The results are as follows. (1) V has a high possibility which exists in the glass phase in the case of frit, and V can regard both samples as stable 4 coordination structure. (2) Zn, Ce, Nd, Zr, and Mo exist in the glass phase, and the difference is admitted by the percentage of Ce(III) and Ce(IV) by the composition. (3) Ru is separated from the glass phase as RuO$$_{2}$$ crystalline, both of metal and oxide exist in Rh, and Pd is separated out as metal. (4) It was confirmed that the regularity of the local structure of Zr and Mo in the molten glasses retreats as a result of the XAFS measurement at high temperature. (5) The XAFS measurement of molten glasses were performed at 1200$$^{circ}$$C, so it would be possible to acquire excellent data by improving the shapes of the sample cell.

Journal Articles

Fission fragments mass distributions of nuclei populated by the multinucleon transfer channels of the $$^{18}$$O + $$^{232}$$Th reaction

L$'e$guillon, R.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 761, p.125 - 130, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:7.21(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Characterization study of four candidate technologies for nuclear material quantification in fuel debris at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (Interim report)

Nagatani, Taketeru; Komeda, Masao; Shiba, Tomooki; Maeda, Makoto; Nauchi, Yasushi*; Sagara, Hiroshi*; Kosuge, Yoshihiro*; Kureta, Masatoshi; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Okumura, Keisuke; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 57th Annual Meeting (Internet), 10 Pages, 2016/07

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