検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年
検索結果: 42 件中 1件目~20件目を表示

発表形式

Initialising ...

選択項目を絞り込む

掲載資料名

Initialising ...

発表会議名

Initialising ...

筆頭著者名

Initialising ...

キーワード

Initialising ...

使用言語

Initialising ...

発行年

Initialising ...

開催年

Initialising ...

選択した検索結果をダウンロード

論文

Inelastic X-ray scattering of $$RT$$Al$$_3$$ ($$R$$ = La, Ce, $$T$$ = Cu, Au)

筒井 智嗣*; 金子 耕士; Pospisil, J.; 芳賀 芳範

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 536, p.24 - 27, 2018/05

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) experiments of RTAl$$_3$$ ($$R$$ = La Ce, $$T$$ = Cu, Au) were carried out at 300 and 5.5 K. The spectra between LaCuAl$$_3$$ and CeCuAl$$_3$$ (LaAuAl$$_3$$ and CeAuAl$$_3$$) are nearly identical at both temperatures except for temperature factors such as temperature dependence of Bose factor in IXS spectra and effect on thermal expansion. This means that no evident temperature dependence of IXS spectra was observed in CeTAl$$_3$$ ($$T$$ = Cu, Au).

論文

加熱中その場放射光X線回折による焼もどし組織の定量解析

諸岡 聡; 川田 裕之*; 大場 洋次郎*; 佐藤 真直*

平成28年度SPring-8産業新分野支援課題・一般課題(産業分野)実施報告書, p.95 - 98, 2017/00

Q&P(Quench and Partitioning)プロセスは、鉄鋼材料を高い衝撃吸収性を維持したまま高強度化するための有効的なミクロ組織制御法の一つである。本研究は、Q&Pプロセスで重要となる炭素分配挙動を任意の時間軸で観測し、炭素拡散挙動を定量化することを目的とする。本実験は産業利用IビームラインBL19B2を使用して、加熱中その場放射光X線回折測定を実施した。加熱による任意時間の回折線に対して、格子面間隔・積分強度の情報を評価することで、ミクロ組織の変化の乏しい温度域での炭素分配挙動を把握することに成功した。

論文

$$^{61}$$Ni synchrotron radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy of nickel-based nanoparticles with hexagonal structure

増田 亮*; 小林 康浩*; 北尾 真司*; 黒葛 真行*; 齋藤 真器名*; 依田 芳卓*; 三井 隆也; 細井 浩平*; 小林 浩和*; 北川 宏*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.20861_1 - 20861_8, 2016/02

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:50.18(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We measured the SR M$"o$ssbauer spectra of Ni nanoparticles with a hexagonal structure that were synthesized by chemical reduction. To obtain M$"o$ssbauer spectra of the nanoparticles without 61-Ni enrichment, we developed a measurement system for $$^{61}$$Ni SR M$"o$ssbauer absorption spectroscopy without X-ray windows between the standard energy alloy and detector. The counting rate of the $$^{61}$$Ni nuclear resonant scattering in the system was enhanced by the detection of internal conversion electrons and the close proximity between the energy standard and the detector. The spectrum measured at 4 K revealed the internal magnetic field of the nanoparticles was 3.4 T, corresponding to a Ni atomic magnetic moment of 0.3 Bohr magneton. This differs from the value of Ni$$_{3}$$C and the theoretically predicted value of hexagonal closed packed Ni and suggested the nanoparticle possessed intermediate carbon content between hcp-Ni and Ni$$_{3}$$C of approximately 10 atomic percent of Ni.

論文

Spontaneous formation of suboxidic coordination around Co in ferromagnetic rutile Ti$$_{0.95}$$Co$$_{0.05}$$O$$_2$$ film

Hu, W.*; 林 好一*; 福村 知昭*; 赤木 和人*; 塚田 捷*; 八方 直久*; 細川 伸也*; 大和田 謙二; 高橋 正光; 鈴木 基寛*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 106(22), p.222403_1 - 222403_5, 2015/06

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:16.17(Physics, Applied)

The local atomic structures around Co in high temperature diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Co-doped TiO$$_2$$ has been investigated using X-ray fluorescence holography and X-ray absorption fine structure experiments. While the Co atoms in the Ti$$_{0.99}$$Co$$_{0.01}$$O$$_2$$ simply substituted for Ti sites in the rutile structure, a suboxidic arrangement of CoO$$_2$$Ti$$_4$$ was found to form around Co in the Ti$$_{0.95}$$Co$$_{0.05}$$O$$_2$$ films. First-principles calculations supported the stability of the aggregated suboxidic clusters in the rutile TiO$$_2$$. The suboxidic coordination may be the source of strong exchange interaction, resulting in the high Curie temperature in Co-dopedTiO$$_2$$.

論文

Attempt to measure magnetic hyperfine fields in metallic thin wires under spin Hall conditions using synchrotron-radiation M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy

壬生 攻*; 三井 隆也; 田中 雅章*; 増田 亮*; 北尾 真司*; 小林 康浩*; 依田 芳卓*; 瀬戸 誠*

Journal of Applied Physics, 117(17), p.17E126_1 - 17E126_4, 2015/05

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:82.81(Physics, Applied)

Measurement of the magnetic hyperfine fields in metallic thin wires under spin Hall conditions was attempted using the emerging technique synchrotron radiation M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy. A M$"o$ssbauer probe layer of $$^{57}$$Fe(0.2 nm), $$^{57}$$Fe(0.6 nm), or $$^{119}$$Sn(0.6 nm) was embedded as an electron spin detector near the surfaces of V, Au, Pt, and $$^{56}$$Fe wires. The magnitudes of the magnetic hyperfine fields at the $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{119}$$Sn nuclear sites that could be enhanced by nonequilibrium conduction electron spin polarization were measured both without and with the application of an electric current along the wire. Changes in the M$"o$ssbauer spectra were not clearly observed, indicating that the magnetic hyperfine field induced by nonequilibrium spin polarization is smaller than the detection limit at least for the measured systems and conditions.

論文

Silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector with multichannel scaling system for pulsed synchrotron X-ray experiments

岸本 俊二*; 三井 隆也; 春木 理恵*; 依田 芳卓*; 谷口 敬*; 島崎 昇一*; 池野 正弘*; 斉藤 正俊*; 田中 真伸*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 10(5), p.C05030_1 - C05030_6, 2015/05

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:55.5(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We developed an X-ray detector system using a 64-pixel silicon avalanche photodiode Si-APD linear array and fast pulse-counting electronics for multichannel scaling. The Si-APD linear array consists of 64 pixels each 0.01$$times$$0.02 cm$$^{2}$$ in size, with a pixel pitch of 0.015 cm and depletion depth of 0.001 cm. The fast electronics, consisting of an ultrafast application-specific integrated circuit and field-programmable gate arrays, can record both the position and timing of X-rays arriving at each pixel of the linear array with 1 ns pulse-pair resolution. The count distribution was measured using 14.4 keV synchrotron X-rays for nuclear resonant forward scattering experiments on $$^{57}$$Fe, and the spatial resolution was improved by inclining the detector. We also successfully measured amorphous alloy Fe$$_{78}$$Si$$_{9}$$B$$_{13}$$ during heating.

論文

$$^{57}$$Fe polarization dependent synchrotron M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy using a diamond phase plate and an iron borate nuclear Bragg monochromator

三井 隆也; 今井 康彦*; 増田 亮*; 瀬戸 誠*; 壬生 攻*

Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 22(2), p.427 - 435, 2015/03

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:68.08(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Energy domain $$^{57}$$Fe polarization dependent synchrotron radiation M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy was developed by using a diamond X-ray phase plate and an iron borate nuclear Bragg monochromator. The former controls the polarization of the incident synchrotron radiation X-rays and the latter filters the $$^{57}$$Fe M$"o$ssbauer radiation with a narrow bandwidth of 15 neV from the broadband synchrotron radiation. The developed nuclear diffraction optics allowed $$^{57}$$Fe M$"o$ssbauer studies to beperformed with various polarization states. In this paper, the spectrometer system, beam characterization, performance test experiments and a grazing incidence M$"o$ssbauer measurement of an isotope enriched iron thin film are described.

論文

Mesoscopic structures of vermiculite and weathered biotite clays in suspension with and without cesium ions

元川 竜平; 遠藤 仁*; 横山 信吾*; 小川 紘樹*; 小林 徹; 鈴木 伸一; 矢板 毅

Langmuir, 30(50), p.15127 - 15134, 2014/12

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:46.5(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The effect of cesium (Cs) adsorption on the mesoscopic structure of the clay minerals vermiculite and weathered biotite (WB) in suspensions was elucidated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The clay minerals form multilayered structures and the Cs cations are strongly adsorbed in the interlayer space of the soil clays, in particular vermiculite and WB. SAXS was used to monitor the relationship between Cs adsorption at the clay interlayers and the structural changes at length scales from 0.1 to 100 nm. The variation in the distance between the neighboring clay sheets and the spatial arrangement of the clay sheets with and without Cs were clarified. Our quantitative analyses revealed that the number of stacked layers of pure vermiculite was decreased by Cs addition, whereas that of WB increased. Moreover, the average distance between the neighboring layers of vermiculite in suspension was larger than that of WB, which reflects the different conditions of Cs intercalation. These findings provide fundamental insights that are important for predicting the environmental fate of radioactive cesium in contaminated regions and for developing methods for extracting cesium from soil.

論文

High-pressure radiative conductivity of dense silicate glasses with potential implications for dark magmas

村上 元彦*; Goncharov, A. F.*; 平尾 直久*; 増田 亮*; 三井 隆也; Thomas, S. M.*; Bina, C. R.*

Nature Communications (Internet), 5, p.5428_1 - 5428_6, 2014/11

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:50.18(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The possible presence of dense magmas at Earth's core mantle boundary is expected to substantially affect the dynamics and thermal evolution of Earth's interior. However, the thermal transport properties of silicate melts under relevant high-pressure conditions are poorly understood. Here we report in situ high pressure optical absorption and synchrotron M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopic measurements of iron enriched dense silicate glasses, as laboratory analogues for dense magmas, up to pressures of 85 GPa. Our results reveal a significant increase in absorption coefficients, by almost one order of magnitude with increasing pressure to $$sim$$50 GPa, most likely owing to gradual changes in electronic structure. This suggests that the radiative thermal conductivity of dense silicate melts may decrease with pressure and so may be significantly smaller than previously expected under core-mantle boundary conditions. Such dark magmas heterogeneously distributed in the lower mantle would result in significant lateral heterogeneity of heat flux through the core mantle boundary.

論文

Nuclear resonant scattering measurements on $$^{57}$$Fe by multichannel scaling with a 64 pixel silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector

岸本 俊二*; 三井 隆也; 春木 理恵*; 依田 芳卓*; 谷口 敬*; 島崎 昇一*; 池野 正弘*; 斉藤 正俊*; 田中 真伸*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(11), p.113102_1 - 113102_5, 2014/11

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:60.1(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We developed a silicon avalanche photodiode (Si-APD) linear-array detector for use in nuclear resonant scattering experiments using synchrotron X-rays. The Si-APD linear array consists of 64 pixels (pixel size: 0,01$$times$$0.02 cm$$^{2}$$) with a pixel pitch of 0.015 cm and depletion depth of 0.001 cm. An ultrafast frontend circuit allows the X-ray detector to obtain a high output. High-performance integrated circuits achieve multichannel scaling over 1024 continuous time bins with a 1 ns resolution for each pixel without dead time. The multichannel scaling method enabled us to record a time spectrum of the 14.4 keV nuclear radiation at each pixel with a time resolution of 1.4 ns (FWHM). This method was successfully applied to nuclear forward scattering and nuclear small-angle scattering on $$^{57}$$Fe.

論文

The Spin state of iron in Fe$$^{3+}$$-bearing Mg-perovskite and its crystal chemistry at high pressure

増野 いづみ*; 大谷 栄治*; 平尾 直久*; 三井 隆也; 増田 亮*; 瀬戸 誠*; 境 毅*; 高橋 豪*; 中野 聡志*

American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), p.1555 - 1561, 2014/08

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:79.42(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Valence, spin states, and crystallographic sites of Fe in (Mg,Fe)SiO$$_{3}$$ perovskite were investigated using energy-domain $$^{57}$$Fe-synchrotron M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction up to 86 GPa. The volumes of Fe$$^{3+}$$ bearing perovskite in this study are slightly smaller than those of Mg endmember perovskite. Our M$"o$ssbauer data suggest that Fe$$^{3+}$$ prefers A sites coupled with Mg vacancies, which is consistent with previous data at ambient conditions. Fe$$^{3+}$$ in the A site remains in a high spin state up to 86 GPa, and some fraction of the A site is occupied by Fe$$^{2+}$$ at pressures above 30 GPa. Fe$$^{2+}$$ in the A sites is also in a high spin state up to 86 GPa. The coupled substitution from Mg$$^{2+}$$ to a high spin state of Fe$$^{3+}$$ and Mg$$^{2+}$$ vacancy would make the volume of perovskite smaller than that of Mg endmember perovskite.

論文

Development of $$^{125}$$Te synchrotron-radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy

黒葛 真行*; 北尾 真司*; 小林 康浩*; 齋藤 真器名*; 増田 亮*; 三井 隆也; 依田 芳卓*; 瀬戸 誠*

Hyperfine Interactions, 226(1), p.687 - 691, 2014/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:30.92

The M$"o$ssbauer spectra of the 35.49 keV excited state of $$^{125}$$Te were observed in the energy domain using synchrotron radiation for the first time. The obtained isomer shifts and Debye temperature agree with previous experiments. These results show that this method will be applicable to various compounds.

論文

$$^{125}$$Te synchrotron-radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy of Fe$$_{1.1}$$Te and FeTe$$_{0.5}$$Se

黒葛 真行*; 北尾 真司*; 小林 康浩*; 齋藤 真器名*; 増田 亮*; 三井 隆也; 依田 芳卓*; 瀬戸 誠*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(4), p.044708_1 - 044708_4, 2014/04

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The $$^{125}$$Te M$"o$ssbauer spectra of Fe$$_{1.1}$$Te and FeTe$$_{0.5}$$Se$$_{0.5}$$ were measured using synchrotron-radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy. The hyper fine field of Te in the antiferromagnetic phase of Fe$$_{1.1}$$Te was evaluated to be 4(1) T at 20 K, and this hyper fine field is considered to be due to the transferred hyper fine field from Fe magnetic moments. The evaluated hyper fine field was comparatively large, suggesting the strong correlation with the magnetic moment of Fe that forms double stripe type magnetic structure. For the superconductor FeTe$$_{0.5}$$Se$$_{0.5}$$, no marked change in its M$"o$ssbauer parameters was observed below or above the superconducting transition temperature, indicating that the change in the electronic state of Te was small.

論文

Synchrotron radiation-based M$"o$ssbauer spectra of $$^{174}$$Yb measured with internal conversion electrons

増田 亮*; 小林 康浩*; 北尾 真司*; 黒葛 真行*; 齋藤 真器名*; 依田 芳卓*; 三井 隆也; 伊賀 文俊*; 瀬戸 誠

Applied Physics Letters, 104(8), p.082411_1 - 082411_5, 2014/02

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:45.24(Physics, Applied)

本研究では、核共鳴吸収に伴うX線と電子を同時に検出できる検出器を備えた装置を世界に先駆けて開発し、その装置と大型放射光施設SPring-8の大強度X線を用いて、YbB$$_{12}$$に含まれる$$^{174}$$Ybの放射光メスバウアースペクトルを測定することに成功した。今後、さまざまな元素の放射光メスバウアー測定が可能になり、レアアース磁石などの磁石材料や錯体・触媒材料・エレクトロニクス材料といった機能性材料の研究に進展がもたらされることが期待できる。本研究の一部は科学研究費補助金・基盤研究S「同位体特定による局所状態解明のための先進的メスバウアー分光法開発」及び研究スタート支援「放射光を用いたネオジム核共鳴散乱法の開発」の補助を受け、SPring-8の利用課題として行われた。

論文

In situ synchrotron $$^{57}$$Fe M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy of RFe$$_{2}$$ (R = Y, Gd) hydrides synthesized under ultra-high-pressure hydrogen

三井 隆也; 増田 亮*; 瀬戸 誠; 平尾 直久*; 松岡 岳洋*; 中村 優美子*; 榊 浩司*; 榎 浩利*

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 580(Suppl.1), p.S264 - S267, 2013/12

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:67.03(Chemistry, Physical)

An in situ $$^{57}$$Fe synchrotron radiation M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy (SRMS) was performed on the C15 Laves RFe$$_{2}$$ (R=Y, Gd) under high-pressure hydrogen (H) in a diamond anvil cell. The H-absorption processes were monitored by the pressure dependence on the $$^{57}$$Fe isomer shift (IS): IS values increased for the amount of H-absorption into the RFe$$_{2}$$. In both cases, IS values showed a rapid increase at a few GPa, and once again showed a small increase at above 10 GPa. These results suggest that there are two steps in the H-absorption processes for the RFe$$_{2}$$ under high-pressure hydrogen. At the same time, two-step magnetic transitions have been also observed for the first time: ferromagnetic RFe$$_{2}$$ changed to paramagnetic RFe$$_{2}$$Hx$$_{1}$$ at the first H-absorption process, and a new ferromagnetic phase appeared in RFe$$_{2}$$Hx$$_{2}$$ at the second H-absorption process. In this conference, we report details on the SRMS experimental setup and the results.

論文

リラクサーにおけるランダムネスとフラストレーション; Pb(In$$_{1/2}$$Nb$$_{1/2}$$)O$$_{3}$$の構造物性研究

大和田 謙二

日本結晶学会誌, 54(3), p.147 - 154, 2012/06

Bサイトのランダムネスは鉛複合ペロブスカイト型酸化物Pb(B'B'')O$$_{3}$$におけるリラクサー発現に本質的な役割を果たしている。しかし、Bサイトランダムネスのミクロな効果は理解されていない。われわれはPb(B'B'')O$$_{3}$$系のうち、Bサイトの制御できるPb(In$$_{1/2}$$Nb$$_{1/2}$$)O$$_{3}$$(PIN)に注目した。PINはそのBサイトの秩序度により反強誘電体からリラクサーにまでその状態を変えることができる。本稿においては、PINにおけるBサイトランダムネス効果に対するわれわれの理解を紹介するとともに、Pb(B'B'')O$$_{3}$$におけるランダムネスとフラストレーションの効果について触れる。

論文

Synchrotron radiation $$^{57}$$Fe-M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy using nuclear monochromator

三井 隆也; 増田 亮; 平尾 直久*; 壬生 攻*; 瀬戸 誠

Hyperfine Interactions, 204(1-3), p.97 - 100, 2012/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:32.47

An energy domain synchrotron radiation SR $$^{57}$$Fe M$"o$ssbauer spectrometer has been developed using a pure nuclear Bragg reflection from an oscillating $$^{57}$$FeBO$$_{3}$$ single crystal at the N$'e$el temperature. The spectrometer can filter the Doppler-shifted single line $$^{57}$$Fe M$"o$ssbauer radiation with neV order bandwidth of from a broadband SR source. This beam allows the researchers to easily perform conventional transmission and scattering M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy MS with some excellent beam properties. In this paper, the design, performance and recent states of the developed SR MS spectrometer are reported. Moreover, the application studies, features, advantages and potential benefits of newly measurement techniques are presented, which include the study on the magnetic phase transition of iron related hydrides under ultrahigh hydrogen pressures, the local analysis of thin films with grazing incidence geometry and the feasibility study of Rayleigh scattering of $$^{57}$$Fe M$"o$ssbauer radiation.

論文

Observation of free-electron-laser-induced collective spontaneous emission (superfluorescence)

永園 充*; Harries, J.; 岩山 洋士*; 富樫 格*; 登野 健介*; 矢橋 牧名*; 仙波 泰徳*; 大橋 治彦*; 石川 哲也*; 繁政 英治*

Physical Review Letters, 107(19), p.193603_1 - 193603_5, 2011/11

 被引用回数:25 パーセンタイル:18.69(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have observed and characterized 501.6 nm collective spontaneous emission (superfluorescence) following 1$$s$$$$^2rightarrow$$1$$s$$3$$p$$ excitation of helium atoms by 53.7 nm free-electron laser radiation. Emitted pulse energies of up to 100 nJ ($$sim$$10$$^{{11}}$$ photons) are observed, corresponding to a photon number conversion efficiency of up to 10%. We observe the peak intensity to scale as $$rho^2$$, and the pulse width and delay with respect to the pump pulse to scale as $$rho^{-1}$$, where $$rho$$ is the atom number density. Emitted pulses as short as 1 ps are observed, which corresponds to a rate around 75000 times faster than the spontaneous 1$$s$$3$$p$$$$rightarrow$$1$$s$$2$$s$$ decay rate. To our knowledge this is the first observation of superfluorescence following pumping in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region, and extension of the technique to the generation of EUV and X-ray superfluorescence pulses should be straightforward by using suitable atomic systems and pump wavelengths.

論文

Effect of B-site randomness on the antiferroelectric/relaxor nature of the ground state; Inelastic X-ray scattering study of Pb(In$$_{1/2}$$Nb$$_{1/2}$$)O$$_{3}$$

大和田 謙二; 福田 竜生; 水木 純一郎; 廣田 和馬*; 寺内 暉*; 筒井 智嗣*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; 大和 英弘*; 安田 直彦*

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(3), p.2509 - 2514, 2011/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:75.59(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Pb(In$$_{1/2}$$Nb$$_{1/2}$$)O$$_{3}$$(PIN)はペロヴスカイトBサイトの秩序度により反強誘電状態,強誘電状態,リラクサー状態を取りうる物質である。秩序PINは鉛複合ペロヴスカイトPb(B'B'')O$$_{3}$$においてBサイトランダムネスのない系であり、Bサイトランダムネスによる反強誘電状態/リラクサー状態の起源を探るには理想的な物質である。われわれはX線非弾性散乱実験を行った。準弾性散乱(QE)は臨界スローダウンを示し横波音響(TA)フォノンは反強誘電転移点($$T_{rm N}$$)までソフト化を示す一方、横波光学モードは低温までソフト化を続けた。これらの結果は、反強誘電相転移はQEの起源とTAフォノンによるものであるが、強誘電相関は確固としてその背後に存在していることを示している。これらの結果を元に、Bサイトランダムネスの効果について議論する。

論文

Local crystal structure of nano-manganese-oxide gold adsorbent

飯久保 智*; 古屋仲 秀樹*; 社本 真一; 竹内 謙*; 小原 真司*; 樹神 克明; Loong, C.-K.*

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 71(11), p.1603 - 1608, 2010/11

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:59.2(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

X線と中性子粉末回折データの2体分布関数解析を用いて、乾燥及び重水素化したナノ酸化マンガン粉末試料の局所結晶構造を調べた。プロトン化したサンプルは、海水のようなpptレベルの水溶液からでさえ、金吸着剤として極めて高い効率性を示す。ナノ酸化マンガン粒子がR-MnO$$_{2}$$型の局所結晶構造を持つことをここで示し、ナノ粒子表面上の水素イオンの役割の可能性について議論する。

42 件中 1件目~20件目を表示