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Journal Articles

Technique of neutron resonance transmission analysis for active neutron NDA

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Kureta, Masatoshi; Harada, Hideo; Seya, Michio; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Mondelaers, W.*; Paradela, C.*; et al.

Proceedings of 37th ESARDA Annual Meeting (Internet), p.846 - 851, 2015/08

One of non-destructive techniques using neutron resonance reaction is neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA). We are presently developing a new active neutron non-destructive method including NRTA in order to detect and quantify special nuclear materials (SNMs) in nuclear fuels containing MA. We aim at applying the technique to not only particle-like debris but also other materials in high radiation field. For this aim, we make use of fruitful knowledge of neutron resonance densitometry (NRD) that was developed for particle-like debris in melted fuel. NRTA detects and quantifies SNMs by means of analyzing a neutron transmission spectrum via a resonance shape analysis. In this presentation, we explain the basic of NRTA and its role in the active neutron technique. Then, with knowledge obtained in the development of NRD, we discuss items to be investigated for NRTA in our active neutron technique.

Journal Articles

Techniques of neutron resonance capture analysis and prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis for active neutron NDA

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Kureta, Masatoshi; Seya, Michio; Harada, Hideo; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Mondelaers, W.*; Paradela, C.*; et al.

Proceedings of 37th ESARDA Annual Meeting (Internet), p.852 - 858, 2015/08

Journal Articles

NRD demonstration experiments at GELINA

Paradela, C.*; Alaerts, G.*; Becker, B.*; Harada, Hideo; Heyse, J.*; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kopecky, S.*; Mondelaers, W.*; Moens, A.*; et al.

EUR-27507-EN, 16 Pages, 2015/04

Journal Articles

Development of NRD, 2; Investigation on systematic effects due to sample thickness for areal density derived from NRTA

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Harada, Hideo; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Takamine, Jun; Kureta, Masatoshi; Iimura, Hideki; Kimura, Atsushi; Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; et al.

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-35-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/01

We are developing neutron resonance densitometry that combines neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) and neutron resonance capture analysis. The aim is to establish a non-destructive technique that can quantify nuclear materials in particle-like debris of melted fuel resulting from severe nuclear accidents like the one at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. Systematic effects due to sample thickness and mixed sample for the areal density measurement by NRTA were investigated at a neutron time-of-facility GELINA, IRMM. The experiments were conducted utilizing natural Cu metal discs with different thickness and a B$$_{4}$$C disc. Areal densities were derived with a resonance shape analysis code REFIT. It was found that they were inconsistent with those calculated by mass and area, when using recommended resonance parameters. Hence, a neutron width of resonance parameters was newly evaluated with the NRTA data and we found that derived areal density agreed within 2% with the expected ones. We also discuss the impacts of mixed sample for the areal density derived from NRTA measurement.

Journal Articles

Impact of systematic effects on results of neutron resonance transmission analysis

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Harada, Hideo; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Takamine, Jun; Kureta, Masatoshi; Iimura, Hideki; Kimura, Atsushi; Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 767, p.364 - 371, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:34.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The impact of systematic effects on the areal density derived from a neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) is investigated by measurements at the time-of-flight facility GELINA. The experiments were carried out at a 25 m station using metallic natural Cu discs with different thicknesses. To derive the areal density from a fit to the experimental transmission, the resonance shape analysis code REFIT was used. Large bias effects were observed using recommended resonance parameters. Therefore, neutron resonance parameters, in particular resonance energies and neutron widths, were derived from the transmission data obtained with a 0.25 mm thick Cu metallic sample. These parameters were used to study the impact of the resonance strength and sample thickness, on the accuracy of the areal density derived by NRTA.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the direct particle transport through stochastic media using neutron resonance transmission analysis

Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; Harada, Hideo; Schillebeeckx, P.*

European Physical Journal Plus (Internet), 129(4), p.58_1 - 58_9, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:27.6(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Particle size inhomogeneity effect on neutron resonance densitometry

Becker, B.*; Harada, Hideo; Kauwenberghs, K.*; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kopecky, S.*; Moens, A.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; Sibbens, G.*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

ESARDA Bulletin, (50), p.2 - 8, 2013/12

Journal Articles

Development of neutron resonance densitometry at the GELINA TOF facility

Schillebeeckx, P.*; Abousahl, S.*; Becker, B.*; Borella, A.*; Emiliani, F.*; Harada, Hideo; Kauwenberghs, K.*; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kopecky, S.*; et al.

ESARDA Bulletin, (50), p.9 - 17, 2013/12

Journal Articles

Contribution of the JRC to the development of neutron resonance densitometry to characterize melted fuel from severe accidents

Schillebeeckx, P.*; Becker, B.*; Emiliani, F.*; Kopecky, S.*; Kauwenberghs, K.*; Moens, A.*; Mondelaers, W.*; Sibbens, G.*; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 54th Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2013/07

Oral presentation

Characterization of nuclear material by neutron resonance transmission analysis

Schillebeeckx, P.*; Alaerts, G.*; Becker, B.*; Paradela, C.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Vendelbo, D.*; Wynants, R.*; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; et al.

no journal, , 

The appearance of resonance structures in neutron induced reaction cross sections are fingerprints to study properties of materials and objects. Resonance structures are the basis of an analytical technique, i.e. Neutron Resonance Transmission Analysis (NRTA), which is being developed at the time-of-flight facility GELINA of the JRC-IRMM to characterize special nuclear materials. NRTA is based on the analysis of dips in a transmission spectrum that is obtained from a measurement of the attenuation of the neutron beam by a sample. To apply NRTA for the analysis of particle like debris samples of melted fuel produced in a severe nuclear accident is not evident. From this work one concludes that the accuracy of the results is strongly affected by the characteristics of the samples, in particular by the presence of neutron absorbing impurities, e.g. $$^{10}$$B, and the variety in shape and size of the particle like debris samples. To account for these effects, improved data analysis procedures and interpretation models have been developed. These procedures and models will be presented and validated by results of measurements carried out at GELINA. It will be demonstrated that the relative amount of fissile material can be derived absolutely with an accuracy better than 2% without the need of calibration samples, even in the presence of strong neutron absorbing materials.

Oral presentation

A Conceptual NRD system and its performance evaluation

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Harada, Hideo; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Kureta, Masatoshi; Takamine, Jun; Iimura, Hideki; Kimura, Atsushi; Becker, B.*; Heyse, J.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Neutron Resonance Densitometry (NRD) is a non-destructive method using a pulsed neutron beam in order to quantify nuclear materials in particle-like debris of melted fuel that is generated by a severe accident like the one at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. It is a combination of neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) and neutron resonance captures analysis (NRCA) or Prompt Gamma-ray Analysis (PGA). NRCA/PGA in NRD, using a newly designed $$gamma$$-ray detector, plays a role of measuring impurities in debris that would have high radioactivity derived from $$^{137}$$Cs. Especially, the $$gamma$$-ray detector was specially designed to measure 478-keV $$gamma$$ rays radiated by $$^{10}$$B under the presence of $$^{137}$$Cs. Then utilizing information on the amount of impurities obtained by NRCA/PGA, NRTA quantifies special nuclear materials in debris. To verify the effectiveness of NRD for quantifying nuclear materials, NRTA and NRCA/PGA experiments were conducted at GELINA, IRMM, by an international collaboration of JAEA and EC/JRC/IRMM. In addition, achievable accuracy concerning NRD was studied by Monte Carlo simulations. In this contribution, these achievements on NRD as well as its concept are reviewed.

Oral presentation

How to measure prompt $$gamma$$-rays under strong background

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Harada, Hideo; Takamine, Jun; Kureta, Masatoshi; Iimura, Hideki; Kimura, Atsushi; Seya, Michio; Paradela, C.*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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