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Journal Articles

Cesium chemistry in the LWR severe accident and towards the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Osaka, Masahiko; Gou$"e$llo, M.*; Nakajima, Kunihisa

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(3), p.292 - 305, 2022/03

Research on the fission product chemistry made after the severe accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station were reviewed with focus on the Cesium chemistry in terms of two regimes, namely the accidental source term and the long-term source term via aqueous phase towards the decommissioning. For the accidental source term, Cs chemical interaction with Mo, B and Si were reviewed. Regarding the unique issue of long-term source term via aqueous phase, Cs penetration into concrete and fuel debris leaching were mentioned as the main sources of FPs. Efforts on the preparation of thermodynamic data for the Cs complex oxides were described. All these Cs chemical behaviors should be modelled and validated/verified through the analysis and evaluation of the actual samples including fuel debris that would be taken from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in near future.

Journal Articles

Revaporization behavior of cesium and iodine compounds from their deposits in the steam-boron atmosphere

Rizaal, M.; Miwa, Shuhei; Suzuki, Eriko; Imoto, Jumpei; Osaka, Masahiko; Gou$"e$llo, M.*

ACS Omega (Internet), 6(48), p.32695 - 32708, 2021/12

Journal Articles

Interaction between caesium iodide particles and gaseous boric acid in a flowing system through a thermal gradient tube (1030 K-450 K) and analysis with ASTEC/SOPHAEROS

Gou$"e$llo, M.*; Hokkinen, M.*; Suzuki, Eriko; Horiguchi, Naoki; Barrachin, M.*; Cousin, F.*

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 138, p.103818_1 - 103818_10, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The present work aimed to study the transport of caesium iodide particles through a Thermal Gradient Tube (TGT) from 1023 K to 453 K. Retention inside the tube was evaluated for laminar flowrates composed of argon and steam. Higher retention of particles was highlighted for the experiments using higher steam content and lower flowrate. The second phase of the experiment aimed at identifying the possible revaporization or/and resuspension processes after the deposition. Three atmosphere compositions (Ar/H$$_{2}$$O, Ar/H$$_{2}$$ and Ar/Air) were investigated. The particles removed from what was deposited on the surface walls during the sampling phase exhibited a similar GMD in Ar/H$$_{2}$$O and Ar/H$$_{2}$$ and a bigger diameter in Ar/Air. The experimental results were then analysed with the SOPHAEROS module of the ASTEC code. Overall, the results obtained during the first phase were in agreement with the measured experimental results and during second phase led to no resuspension process.

Oral presentation

Fundamental research on FP chemistry; Boron effects on cesium and iodine chemistry

Miwa, Shuhei; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Miyahara, Naoya; Nishioka, Shunichiro; Suzuki, Chikashi; Suzuki, Eriko; Horiguchi, Naoki; Imoto, Jumpei; Liu, J.; Miradji, F.; et al.

no journal, , 

We have been conducting the fundamental study on fission product (FP) chemistry under severe accident (SA) conditions. The objective is to construct the FP chemistry database and to improve FP chemistry model for the improvement of source term evaluation technology. We have established the technical basis, such as experimental set-up and analysis tool, for the evaluation of FP chemistry in SA conditions. Fundamental knowledges on the effects of boron on the cesium and iodine chemistry were also obtained.

Oral presentation

Study on revaporization of deposited CsI from stainless steel 304 surface in high-temperature steam atmosphere

Rizaal, M.; Miwa, Shuhei; Suzuki, Eriko; Imoto, Jumpei; Osaka, Masahiko; Gou$"e$llo, M.*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Investigation of effect by the late-phase release of boron containing atmosphere on CsI deposit formed on reactor structural material SUS304L

Rizaal, M.; Miwa, Shuhei; Suzuki, Eriko; Imoto, Jumpei; Osaka, Masahiko; Gou$"e$llo, M.*

no journal, , 

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