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Journal Articles

On the hydrogen production of geopolymer wasteforms under irradiation

Cantarel, V.; Arisaka, Makoto; Yamagishi, Isao

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 102(12), p.7553 - 7563, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Ceramics)

The hydrogen gas (H$$_{2}$$) production of wasteforms is a major safety concern for encapsulating nuclear wastes. For geopolymers, the H$$_{2}$$ produced by radiolytic processes is a key factor because of the large amount of water present in their porous structure. Herein, the hydrogen production was measured under $$^{60}$$Co gamma irradiation. The effect of water saturation and sample size were studied for pure geopolymers, or using zeolites as an example waste. When geopolymer monolithic samples were large and saturated by water, the hydrogen released was measured up to two orders of magnitude lower with a 40 cm long cylinder samples (1.9$$times$$10$$^{-10}$$ mol/J) than a sample in powder form (2.2$$times$$10$$^{-8}$$ mol/J). To interpret results, a simple model was used, considering only hydrogen production, a potential recombination and its diffusion in the geopolymer matrix. Knowing the diffusion constant of the matrix, the model was able to reproduce the evolution of the hydrogen release as a function of the water saturation level and predict the evolution when sample size is increased up to 40 cm.

Journal Articles

Study on hydrogen generation from cement solidified products loading low-level radioactive liquid wastes at Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Sato, Fuminori; Matsushima, Ryotatsu; Ito, Yoshiyuki

QST-M-16; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2017, P. 60, 2019/03

Hydrogen gas generation by $$gamma$$-radiation from cement solidified products loading low-level radioactive liquid waste generated at LWTF in Tokai Reprocessing Facility was studied.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation resistant monitoring system in light water reactor

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Nakano, Hiroko; Iida, Tatsuya*; Ozawa, Osamu*; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

QST-M-16; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2017, P. 67, 2019/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of remote sensing technique using radiation resistant optical fibers under high-radiation environment

Ito, Chikara; Naito, Hiroyuki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Ito, Keisuke; Wakaida, Ikuo

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011038_1 - 011038_6, 2019/01

A high-radiation resistant optical fiber has been developed in order to investigate the interiors of the reactor pressure vessels and the primary containment vessels at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The tentative dose rate in the reactor pressure vessels is assumed to be up to 1 kGy/h. We developed a radiation resistant optical fiber consisting of a 1000 ppm hydroxyl doped pure silica core and 4 % fluorine doped pure silica cladding. We attempted to apply the optical fiber to remote imaging technique by means of fiberscope. The number of core image fibers was increased from 2000 to 22000 for practical use. The transmissive rate of infrared images was not affected after irradiation of 1 MGy. No change in the spatial resolution of the view scope by means of image fiber was noted between pre- and post-irradiation. We confirmed the applicability of the probing system, which consists of a view scope using radiation-resistant optical fibers.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation resistant monitoring camera system

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Watanabe, Takashi*; Tanaka, Shigeo*; Ozawa, Osamu*; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Ueno, Shunji*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2017) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2018/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Challenge of decommissioning of Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, 4; Development of radiation resistant image sensor

Watanabe, Takashi*; Ozawa, Osamu*; Takeuchi, Tomoaki

Denki Gakkai-Shi, 138(8), p.529 - 534, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation-induced degradation of aqueous 2-chlorophenol assisted by zeolites

Kumagai, Yuta; Kimura, Atsushi*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa*; Watanabe, Masayuki

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 316(1), p.341 - 348, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

We studied effect of adsorption and condensation by zeolites on radiation-induced degradation of aqueous 2-chlorophenol (2-ClPh). This study aims to demonstrate that the solid-phase extraction using zeolites has potential advantage in treatments of aqueous organic pollutants. Among three zeolites examined in this study, a mordenite type zeolite (HMOR) that has a high Si to Al ratio (127 $$pm$$ 3) exhibited preferable performance as the matrix for the 2-ClPh degradation. HMOR adsorbed far more 2-ClPh than the other zeolites, which have lower Si/Al ratios. The irradiation of HMOR induced degradation of adsorbed 2-ClPh into Cl$$^{-}$$ and organic by-products. We found a significant increase in Cl$$^{-}$$ production by HMOR. The yield of Cl$$^{-}$$ production in the presence of HMOR was as high as the yield in aqueous solution of 2-ClPh at a concentration 10 times higher. The increased Cl$$^{-}$$ production indicates that the high concentration of adsorbed 2-ClPh led to effective use of the adsorbed energy of HMOR.

JAEA Reports

Investigative report on the PVC bag burst in the contamination incident at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility; Radiolysis of organic materials and raising of internal pressure

Cause Investigation Team for the PFRF Contamination Incident

JAEA-Review 2017-038, 83 Pages, 2018/03


The contaminated accident occurred at Plutonium Fuel Research Facility on June, 2017. The PVC bag packaging in a fuel storage container burst when a worker opened the lid, and a part of contents (uranium and plutonium) was spattered over the room. In order to clarify the cause of the burst, the Cause Unfolding Team collected information concerning characteristics of the contents from any past records and interview. And then we observed and analyzed the contents in a glove box. We also performed experiments on radiolysis of organic materials, degradation of PVC bag by $$gamma$$ radiation, and PVC bag burst. Based on fault tree analysis, finally we concluded that the main gas generation source was alpha radiolysis of the epoxy resin mixed with the fuel powder. We hope that the calculation procedures for the gas generation and the inner pressure transition described in this report can be useful reference for the management of fuel storage in other facilities.

Journal Articles

Investigation of hydrogen gas generation by radiolysis for cement-solidified products of used adsorbents for water decontamination

Sato, Junya; Kikuchi, Hiroshi*; Kato, Jun; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Matsushima, Ryotatsu; Sato, Fuminori; Kojima, Junji; Nakazawa, Osamu

QST-M-8; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2016, P. 62, 2018/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Degradation behavior of optical components by $$gamma$$ irradiation (Contract research)

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Uehara, Toshiaki*; Ueno, Shunji*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kumahara, Hajime*; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*

JAEA-Technology 2017-026, 26 Pages, 2018/02


Under severe accidents, high-integrity transmission techniques are necessary so as to monitor the situation of the nuclear power plant. In this study, effects of gamma irradiation up to 10$$^{6}$$Gy on properties of optical devices were evaluated toward the development of a radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system using visible light. After the irradiation, for the LEDs, the total luminous flux decreased and the browning of resin lenses occurred. Meanwhile, the current-voltage characteristics hardly changed. For the PDs, the light sensitivity decreased and the browning of resin window occurred. The dark currents of PDs did not become large enough to adversely affect transmission. These results indicated that both the decreases of the total luminous flux of the LEDs and the light sensitivity of the PDs were mainly caused by not the degradation of the semiconductor parts but the browning of the resin parts by the irradiation. In addition, basic decrease behaviors of light transmission of several different types of glasses by gamma irradiation were also obtained so as to select the suitable optical windows and filters for the developing radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system.

Journal Articles

Development of a water purifier for radioactive cesium removal from contaminated natural water by radiation-induced graft polymerization

Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Kasai, Noboru*; Shibata, Takuya; Saiki, Seiichi*; Ueki, Yuji*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 143, p.33 - 37, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:23.21(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Hydrogen production by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation from different types of zeolites in aqueous solution

Kumagai, Yuta; Kimura, Atsushi*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa*; Watanabe, Masayuki

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 121(34), p.18525 - 18533, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:91.45(Chemistry, Physical)

H$$_{2}$$ production by irradiation of zeolite-water mixtures was studied, to investigate effect of zeolites in the reaction process for H$$_{2}$$. Four different types of zeolites were examined comparatively under anoxic and under aerated conditions. High production yields of H$$_{2}$$ were observed for the zeolites of high Al contents at low water fraction and under anoxic condition, compared to zeolites having lower Al contents. A comparison of the H$$_{2}$$ yields in connection with chemical analysis of the zeolites suggests that extraframework Al species in the zeolites are involved in a reaction pathway for H$$_{2}$$. Meanwhile, under aerated condition and at high mixing ratio of water, the difference in H$$_{2}$$ yield among the zeolites was suppressed and the yields of H$$_{2}$$ were lower than those under anoxic condition probably due to H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ produced by water radiolysis. The comparable H$$_{2}$$ yields suggest another reaction pathway for H$$_{2}$$ which is less dependent on the structure and composition of the zeolites.

Journal Articles

A New radiation hardened CMOS image sensor for nuclear plant

Watanabe, Takashi*; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Ozawa, Osamu*; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Akahori, Tomoyuki*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Proceedings of 2017 International Image Sensor Workshop (IISW 2017) (Internet), p.206 - 209, 2017/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of high-performance monitoring system under severe accident condition

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Miura, Kuniaki*; Ishihara, Masahiro

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/04

After the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi (1F) Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), the Japanese Government referred to "Enhancement of instrumentation to identify the status of the reactors and PCVs", in the report of Japanese government to the IAEA ministerial conference in June 2011. In response to these provisions, a research and development of a monitoring system for NPPs situations during severe accidents started in November 2012. The objectives of the R&D are composed of radiation-resistant monitoring camera, radiation-resistant in-water transmission system, and heat-resistant signal cable. For all the three objectives, the elemental technologies have been already developed and now trial system are being fabricated and tested under simulated conditions of severe accidents. The results will enable us to determine the basic specifications of the systems and to provide the information about application limits for users.

Journal Articles

Gas retention behavior of carbonate slurry under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Motooka, Takafumi; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Yamagishi, Isao

QST-M-2; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2015, P. 95, 2017/03

We conducted $$gamma$$ ray irradiation test using simulated carbonate slurry to investigate the cause of stagnant water over the high integrity container (HIC). This test was performed at Co-60 irradiation facility in Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute. We observed a rise in water level, air bubbles in the slurry, a supernatant when the carbonate slurry with 95 g/L density was irradiated by $$gamma$$ ray at a dose rate of 8.5 kGy/h. The cause of the rise in water level was regarded as the volume expansion by the gas retention of the carbonate slurry. It was suggested that the cause of stagnant water over the high integrity container might be the volume expansion by the gas retention.

Journal Articles

Degradation behavior of surface-mounted LED by $$gamma$$ irradiation

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Uehara, Toshiaki; Kumahara, Hajime*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

QST-M-2; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2015, P. 80, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Hydrogen gas generation by gamma-ray irradiation from ALPS adsorbents solidified by several inorganic materials

Sato, Junya; Suzuki, Shinji*; Kato, Jun; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Nakazawa, Osamu

QST-M-2; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2015, P. 88, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Gamma radiation resistance of spin Seebeck devices

Yagmur, A.*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Ihara, Kazuki*; Ioka, Ikuo; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Ono, Madoka*; Endo, Junichi*; Kashiwagi, Kimiaki*; Nakashima, Tetsuya*; Kirihara, Akihiro*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 109(24), p.243902_1 - 243902_4, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Applied)

Thermoelectric devices based on the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) were irradiated with gamma ($$gamma$$) rays with the total dose of around 3$$times$$10$$^{5}$$ Gy in order to investigate the $$gamma$$-radiation resistance of the devices. To demonstrate this, Pt/Ni$$_{0.2}$$Zn$$_{0.3}$$Fe$$_{2.5}$$O$$_{4}$$/Glass and Pt/Bi$$_{0.1}$$Y$$_{2.9}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$/Gd$$_{3}$$Ga$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ SSE devices were used. We confirmed that the thermoelectric, magnetic, and structural properties of the SSE devices are not affected by the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. This result demonstrates that SSE devices are applicable to thermoelectric generation even in high radiation environments.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system using light emitting diodes and photo diodes

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Otsuka, Noriaki; Uehara, Toshiaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 63(5), p.2698 - 2702, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:67.65(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

In response to the lesson of the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, we started a development of a radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system. In this study, capability of light emitting diodes (LED) and photo diodes (PD) as light emitting and receiving devices was researched. Results of irradiation tests of LEDs and PDs up to 1 MGy indicated a main cause of the degradation of the optical performances of the diodes was not the radiation damage at the semiconductor parts but the coloring of the resin parts. Assuming that the use of the candidate LED and PD, the PD's output current generated by the emission light of the LED at five meters away in water was estimated to be detectable intensity even considering the effects of the absorption of the light by water and the increased dark current by 1 MGy irradiation. Therefore, a radiation resistant in-water transmission system can be constructed using LEDs and PDs in principle.

1314 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)