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Journal Articles

Measurement of nuclide production cross section for lead and bismuth with proton in energy range from 0.4 GeV to 3.0 GeV

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Maekawa, Fujio

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06004_1 - 06004_4, 2020/09

For the Accelerator-Driven nuclear transmutation System (ADS), nuclide production yield estimation in the lead-bismuth target is important to manage the target. However, experimental data of nuclide production yield by spallation and high-energy fission reactions are scarce. In order to obtain the experimental data, we experimented in J-PARC using $$^{mathrm{nat}}$$Pb and $$^{mathrm{209}}$$Bi samples. The samples were irradiated with protons at various kinematic energy points between 0.4 and 3.0 GeV. After the irradiation, the nuclide production cross section over $$^{mathrm{7}}$$Be to $$^{mathrm{183}}$$Re was obtained by spectroscopic measurement of decay gamma-rays from the samples with HPGe detectors. The present experimental results were compared with the evaluated data (JENDL-HE/2007) and the calculation with the PHITS code and the INCL++ code. The present experiment data showed consistency with other experimental data with better accuracy than other ones. In reactions to produce light nuclides, JENDL and calculation with the PHITS and INCL++ for $$^{mathrm{7}}$$Be production agreed with the data.$$^{mathrm{22}}$$Na production, however, underestimated about 1/10 times. For middle to heavy nuclide productions cases, both calculations agreed with the experiment by a factor of two. JENDL showed lower energy having a maximum value of excitation function maximal value than the experimental data.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06006_1 - 06006_4, 2020/09

R&D of the beam window is crucial in the ADS, which serves as a partition between the accelerator and the target region. Although the displacement per atom (DPA) is used to evaluate the damage on the window, experimental data on the displacement cross section is scarce in the energy region above 20 MeV. We started to measure the displacement cross section for the protons in the energy region between 0.4 to 3 GeV. The displacement cross section can be derived by resistivity change divided by the proton flux and the resistivity change per Frankel pair on cryo-cooled sample to maintain damage. Experiments were conducted at the 3 GeV proton synchrotron at the J-PARC Center, and copper was used as samples. As a result of comparison between the present experiment and the calculation of the NRT model, which is widely used for calculation of the displacement cross section, it was found that the calculation of the NRT model overestimated the experiment by about 3 times.

Journal Articles

Applying image recognition technology by convolutional neural networks to mountain plot images

Nomura, Masahiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Shimada, Taihei; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Furusawa, Masashi*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.64 - 67, 2020/09

Image recognition using a convolutional neural network (CNN) has been used in a wide range of fields and has produced excellent results. If this image recognition technology is used effectively, it should be possible to obtain information from an image equal to or more than the information that a person can obtain from an image. At J-PARC, researchers with specialized knowledge obtain beam information needed to adjust the equipment from an image called mountain plot. In this study, we applied the image recognition technology by using CNN to this mountain plot image, and tried to obtain the information about the beam necessary for adjustment. As a result, we were able to obtain more information than is currently available by using the image recognition technology. In the future, we plan to adjust the equipment based on the information actually obtained from the image recognition technology and confirm its effectiveness

Journal Articles

Development of ignitron alternative semiconductor switch for J-PARC accelerator

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.590 - 593, 2020/09

At J-PARC, an ignitron is used for the clover device of the klystron power supply for high-frequency acceleration of a linear accelerator. Ignitron uses mercury, which is of limited use worldwide, and is expected to be discontinued in the future. Therefore, a semiconductor switch for ignitron substitution using a MOS gate thyristor is designed. In order to be used as a crowbar device, a switch capable of resisting an operating output of 120 kV, 40 kA, 50 us is required. We have realized an oval type substrate module that achieves an operating output of 3 kV, 40 kA, 50 us per substrate. It was possible to confirm the operating performance on a 1/10 scale (12 kV, 40 kA) against the voltage of the existing equipment (120 kV, 40 kA) by connecting four oval board modules in series. The output test result will be reported.

Journal Articles

Two-parameter model for optimizing target beam distribution with an octupole magnet

Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Fujimori, Hiroshi*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(6), p.062802_1 - 062802_24, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

As hadron accelerators for such as the ADS and spallation neutron source achieve increasing beam power, damage to targets is becoming increasingly severe. To mitigate this damage, nonlinear beam optics based on octupole magnets is attractive. Nonlinear optics can decrease the beam-focusing hazard due to failure of the rastering magnet. As a side effect of nonlinear optics, the beam size is known to expand drastically compared with linear optics. Nonlinear effects have been studied via a simplified filament model that ignores beam-divergence spread at the octupole magnet. In this study, a new generalized model is proposed for application to an octupole magnet, regardless of the filament-model approximation. It is found that the transverse distribution obtained by beam tracking can be specified by the introduction of only two parameters, namely the normalized octupole strength of $$K^{*}_8$$ and the $$cot phi$$ of the phase advance. To achieve the two antagonistic requirements of reduction of the beam-peak density and minimization of the beam loss, the transverse distribution is surveyed for a large range of beam position. It is found that a bell-shaped distribution with $$K^{*}_8 sim$$ 1 and $$cot phi sim$$ 3 can satisfy requirements. This result is applied to beam transport in the spallation neutron source at J-PARC. The calculation result given by the present model shows good agreement with the experimental data, and the peak current density is reduced by 50% compared with the linear-optics case.

Journal Articles

Long beam pulse extraction by the laser charge exchange method using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Hirano, Koichiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi*

Proceedings of 8th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2019) (Internet), p.595 - 599, 2020/06

Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV proton beam will be delivered from negative hydrogen (H$$^{-}$$) accelerated by the linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10 W, a steady and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam using 250 kW. To fulfill this requirement, we have developed beam extraction based on the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method. For the demonstration present beam extraction technique, an experiment was conducted using H$$^{-}$$ beam accelerated by the 3-MeV linac at RFQ test-stand in J-PARC. As a result of the experiment with continuous wave (CW) of the Laser, a charge-exchanged long-pulsed H$$^{+}$$ beam with a power of about 0.70 W equivalent was successfully obtained under the TEF-P beam condition.

Journal Articles

Progress status in fabrication of HBC stripper foil for 3-GeV RCS at J-PARC in Tokai site

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu

EPJ Web of Conferences, 229, p.01001_1 - 01001_7, 2020/02

In the 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), we adopted thick Hybrid type Boron-doped Carbon (HBC) stripper foil for the multi-turn H$$^{-}$$ charge-exchange injection. The HBC stripper foil developed at KEK has been successfully demonstrated to improve the foil lifetime significantly. Early manufacturing process of the stripper foil in the J-PARC had been carried out in following two steps: foil fabrication in KEK Tsukuba-site and foil preparation in JAEA Tokai-site. However, to proceed with the foil manufacturing in a same place efficiently, the carbon discharge arc-evaporation system for HBC stripper foil was removed from the Tsukuba-site and relocated in the Tokai-site. After reassembling of the carbon discharge arc-evaporation system, performance evaluation tests of new HBC foil which are produced at the JAEA Tokai site (J-HBC) are implemented at the TIARA facility of QST-Takasaki. As results of argon beam irradiation for lifetime evaluation, components analysis with RBS method, and impurity evaluation with micro-PIXE method, we can verify that the J-HBC foil performs pretty much equally to the original HBC foil. After the irradiation test by using 400MeV H$$^{-}$$ beam in the J-PARC RCS, user operation by using the J-HBC foil was successfully demonstrated for 10 days.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061004_1 - 061004_6, 2020/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of a time dependent spatial beam profile of an RF-driven H$$^-$$ ion source

Wada, Motoi*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Sasao, Mamiko*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(1), p.013330_1 - 013330_5, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The ions are extracted from an ion source through a plasma sheath where a low frequency electromagnetic induction drives transport of charged particles including the target ions. High frequency alternating current commonly excites plasmas in sources for negative hydrogen (H$$^-$$) ions at a frequency in the MHz range. A high-speed beam current monitor system coupled to a narrow entrance slit enabled the investigation of the special distribution of the AC component intensity of the H$$^-$$ ion beam extracted from an ion source driven by a 2 MHz radio frequency (RF) power. The distribution showed a smaller oscillation of the beam at the center.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of 2-D transverse beam profile monitor using gas sheet at J-PARC LINAC

Kamiya, Junichiro; Okabe, Kota; Kinsho, Michikazu; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Yamada, Ippei; Ogiwara, Norio*; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Wada, K.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012149_1 - 012149_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

To obtain a getter effect to titanium vacuum duct surface, the method to remove the oxide on the surface by sputtering with ionized molecules has been developed. In the method, a sheet-shaped gas distribution with a uniform and high density is generated through a narrow slit by a small amount of gas. In this report, the gas density distribution was calculated by the Monte Carlo simulation code. As a result, it was found that a gas injection from both directions was effective to generate uniform density distribution. Furthermore, the gas injection method was applied to a non-destructive beam profile monitor, that detects ions generated by the interaction between gas molecules and beam. In this monitor, dependence of the beam profile on the injected gas amount was measured. A small amount of injected gas was found to be ideal for the beam profile measurements in the unsaturated and a high S/N ratio region.

Journal Articles

Upgrade of the 3-MeV linac for testing of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012077_1 - 012077_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have upgraded a 3-MeV linac at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the old 30-mA RFQ is replaced by a spare 50-mA RFQ, therefore, the beam energy is 3 MeV and the nominal beam current is 50 mA. The main purpose of this system is to test the spare RFQ, but also used for testing of various components required in order to keep the stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and measurement programs have been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Longitudinal measurements and beam tuning in the J-PARC linac MEBT1

Otani, Masashi*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Liu, Y.*; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Oguri, Hidetomo

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012078_1 - 012078_5, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac is operated with design peak current of 50 mA from 2018. For operation with such a high beam current, itis important to understand transverse and longitudinal beam properties especially in low-velocity region. A medium energy beam transport (MEBT1) line between the 3-MeV radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ) and the 50-MeV drift-tube linac (DTL) is a 3-m-long transport line to match the beam to the DTL and produce a macro pulse configuration for a 3-GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS). In this paper, recent measurements and beam tuning results in MEBT1 will be presented.

Journal Articles

Development of inter-digital H-mode drift-tube linac prototype with alternative phase focusing for a muon linac in the J-PARC muon g-2/EDM experiment

Nakazawa, Yuga*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; Iwashita, Yoshihisa*; Otani, Masashi*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Mitsuhiro*; Kitamura, Ryo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012054_1 - 012054_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

An inter-digital H-mode drift-tube linac (IH-DTL) is developed in a muon linac at the J-PARC E34 experiment. IH-DTL will accelerate muons from 0.34 MeV to 4.5 MeV at a drive frequency of 324 MHz. Since IH-DTL adopts an APF method, with which the beam is focused in the transverse direction using the rf field only, the proper beam matching of the phase-space distribution is required before the injection into the IH-DTL. Thus, an IH-DTL prototype was fabricated to evaluate the performance of the cavity and beam transmission. As a preparation of the high-power test, tuners and coupler are designed and fabricated. In this paper, the development of the tuner and the coupler and the result of the low-power measurement will be presented.

Journal Articles

Negative muonium ion production with a C12A7 electride film

Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Matoba, Shiro*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012067_1 - 012067_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Negative muonium atom ($$mu^+$$e$$^-$$e$$^-$$, Mu$$^-$$) has unique features stimulating potential interesting for several scientific fields. Since its discovery in late 1980's in vacuum, it has been discussed that the production efficiency would be improved using a low-work function material. C12A7 was a well-known insulator as a constituent of alumina cement, but was recently confirmed to exhibit electric conductivity by electron doping. The C12A7 electride has relatively low-work function (2.9 eV). In this paper, the negative muonium production measurement with several materials including a C12A7 electride film will be presented. Measured production rate of the Mu$$^-$$ were 10$$^{-3}$$/s for all the Al, electride, and SUS target. Significant enhancement on electride target was not observed, thus it is presumed that the surface condition should be more carefully treated. There was no material dependence of the Mu$$^-$$ averaged energy: it was 0.2$$pm$$0.1keV.

Journal Articles

Disk and washer coupled cavity linac design and cold-model for muon linac

Otani, Masashi*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Naito, Fujio*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Kitamura, Ryo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Iinuma, Hiromi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012097_1 - 012097_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

A disk and washer (DAW) coupled cavity linac (CCL) has been developed for a middle velocity part in a muon linac to measure muon anomalous magnetic moment and search for electric dipole moment. I will accelerate muons from $$v/c$$ = $$beta$$ = 0.3 to 0.7 at an operational frequency of 1.3GHz. In this poster, the cavity design, beam dynamics design, and the cold-model measurements will be presented.

Journal Articles

VSWR adjustment for ACS cavity in J-PARC linac

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Naito, Fujio*; Otani, Masashi*; Nemoto, Yasuo*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012080_1 - 012080_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac, negative hydrogen beams are accelerated from 190 MeV to 400 MeV by Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities. The RF input coupler of the ACS21 cavity, which is the twenty-first (the last) accelerating cavity in the order of beam acceleration, had a comparatively larger Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) value than the other ACS cavities. Therefore, we designed and manufactured a rectangular waveguide which has a capacitive iris to adjust the coupling factor of the ACS21 cavity. By making use of the summer maintenance period in 2018, we installed the newly manufactured waveguide to the cavity. Consequently, the VSWR of the ACS21 was successfully decreased to the target value which leads to the critical coupling under the nominal accelerating condition with 50-mA peak beam current.

Journal Articles

New design of vacuum chambers for radiation shield installation at beam injection area of J-PARC RCS

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Horino, Koki*; Miki, Nobuharu*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012172_1 - 012172_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

One of the issues in the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron is the high residual radiation dose around the beam injection point. A radiation shield is necessary to reduce radiation exposure of workers when maintenance is performed there. A space to install the radiation shield should be secured by newly designing a structure of the vacuum chamber at the injection point and the alumina ceramics beam pipes for the shift bump magnets. To make the space for the shield, the chamber is lengthened along the beam line and the cross-sectional shape is changed from circle to rectangle. The displacement and inner stress of the vacuum chamber due to atmospheric pressure were evaluated to be enough small by the calculation. For the ceramics beam pipe's rf-shield, the damping resistor was effective to reduce the induced modulation voltages by the pulsed magnetic field.

Journal Articles

Coupling impedance of the collimator without RF-Shields at the RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Okabe, Kota; Kamiya, Junichiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012113_1 - 012113_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

All holes on the chamber walls of synchrotrons should be filled with the radiofrequency (RF)-shields to suppress coupling impedances that excite beam instabilities. In a synchrotron, titanium nitride (TiN)-coated RF-shields are installed with collimators. If the holes, through which the collimator jaw enters and exits the chamber, are filled with such RF-shields, the shields may break down as the dynamic coefficient of TiN increases in vacuum. At the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), the RF-shields are eliminated from the collimator after demonstrating that the effect due to the RF-shields is negligible on the impedance at low frequencies.

Journal Articles

Development of a beam window protection system for the J-PARC Linac

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Sawabe, Yuki; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Suzuki, Takahiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012142_1 - 012142_5, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

At the J-PARC Linac, beam conditioning and study are performed using beam dumps (BDs). To be a partition with the high vacuum section, a beam window (material Ni, 0.38 mm thick, mirror-shape) is installed upstream of the BD along the beam line. Beams that can be accepted by the beam window are about 1/50 or less of rated beam according to thermal evaluation and experience. Therefore, when using a beam dump, it is necessary not to exceed this tolerance. In a 2018 beam study, the beam e that exceeded tolerance was incident on the 0-degree dump due to human error, and the beam window was cracked. Then, this has revealed the need for protection of the beam window by hardware. Therefore, based on the existing system for monitoring the per-hour beam amount, we began to develop a system to monitor one shot beam and one second beam amount. And, we succeeded in implementing a system that protects the beam window by monitoring the beam in a short time (one shot, and for one second). In addition, the performance tests using actual beams were performed, and it was confirmed that the developed system had sufficient performance requirements to protect the beam window.

Journal Articles

Development of a radio frequency quadrupole linac implemented with the equipartitioning beam dynamics scheme

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Jameson, R. A.*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 22(12), p.120101_1 - 120101_8, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Radio frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ) is the key component which realized modern high-current proton linacs, however, many RFQs are designed based on very conventional design schemes. We developed 3-MeV 50-mA H$$^-$$ (negative hydrogen) RFQ based on a beam space-charge physics concept. The equipartitioning scheme, which is widely used in the high intensity linac design, is implemented into the RFQ design. Design performances of 99.1% transmission, 0.24$$pi$$ mm mrad transverse normalized rms emittance, and 0.11$$pi$$ MeV deg for longitudinal direction are achieved with a vane length of 3 m and the final energy of 3 MeV. An RFQ employing this design concept was fabricated, and the design performance was confirmed by beam commissioning. In this paper, the design and result of the beam commissioning of this fully equipartitioned RFQ are described.

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