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Journal Articles

High-speed emittance measurements for beams extracted from J-PARC RF ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Wada, Motoi*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nammo, Kesao*

AIP Conference Proceedings 2373, p.050002_1 - 050002_9, 2021/08

Oscillation of emittance and Twiss parameters in the negative ion beam from the J-PARC 2-MHz RF ion source is measured by applications of a double-slit emittance monitor located at the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) entrance. The emittance monitor is equipped with a newly-developed 60 MS/s data acquisition system, so that beam current oscillation in a few MHz can be observed with enough time resolution. From the measurement, it is shown that the beam phase space consists of (1) a DC component in the beam core, (2) a 2-MHz oscillating component which takes place both in the beam core and the halo and (3) a doubled RF frequency (4 MHz) oscillation which slightly exists in the beam halo. The major component is the 2-MHz component, which resultantly decides the beam emittance oscillation frequency. A typical value of the beam emittance in the present experiment is 0.34 $$pi$$ mm-mrad, while the amplitude of the 2 MHz oscillation is around 0.04 $$pi$$ mm-mrad. The results indicate that the high-frequency oscillation component occupying about ten-percent of the beam from the RF source travels a few meters passing through a magnetic lens focusing system.

Journal Articles

NIBS 2020 reference sheets

Sarmento, T.*; W$"u$nderlich, D.*; Fantz, U.*; Friedl, R.*; Rauner, D.*; Tsumori, Katsuyoshi*; Shenjin, L.*; Chen, W.*; Bollinger, D.*; Oguri, Hidetomo; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 2373, p.110001_1 - 110001_18, 2021/08

In preparation for NIBS 2020 various labs prepared reference sheets containing key information about their ion sources and the machines that they serve. The contents of the reference sheets have been formatted and edited into this paper for posterity and ease of access.

Journal Articles

Recent status of J-PARC rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 12th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 21) (Internet), p.3027 - 3030, 2021/08

The 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) provides more than 700 kW beams to the Material and Life Science Facility (MLF) and Main Ring (MR). In such a high-intensity hadron accelerator, even losing less than 0.1% of the beam can cause many problems. Such lost protons can cause serious radio-activation and accelerator component malfunctions. Therefore, we have been continuing a beam study to achieve high-power operation. In addition, we have also improved and maintained the accelerator components to establish a stable operation. This paper reports the status of the J-PARC RCS over the last two years.

Journal Articles

Vacuum tube operation tuning for a high intensity beam acceleration in J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Okita, Hidefumi; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Furusawa, Masashi*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 21) (Internet), p.1884 - 1886, 2021/08

Tetrode vacuum tubes in J-PARC RCS are used under a reduced filament voltage condition compared with the rating value to prolong the tube lifetime. For the first time after 60,000 hour of operation in the RCS, one tube has reached the end of its life in 2020. Therefore, the reduced filament voltage works well because the tube has been running beyond an expected lifetime suggested by the tube manufacturer. However, the reduced filament voltage decreased the electron emission from the filament. Although the large amplitude of the anode current is necessary for the high intensity beam acceleration to compensate a wake voltage, a solid-state amplifier to drive a control grid circuit almost reaches the output power limit owing to the poor electron emission from the filament. We changed the filament voltage reduction rate from 15% to 5%. The required power of the solid-state amplifier was fairly reduced, whereas the accelerated beam power remained the same. We describe the measurement results of the vacuum tube parameters in terms of the filament voltage tuning.

Journal Articles

Dependence of charge-exchange efficiency on cooling water temperature of a beam transport line

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Saha, P. K.; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Fujirai, Kosuke; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Suganuma, Kazuaki

EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation (Internet), 8(1), p.9_1 - 9_9, 2021/07

The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex supplies a high-intensity proton beam for neutron experiments. Various parameters are monitored to achieve a stable operation, and it was found that the oscillations of the charge-exchange efficiency and cooling water temperature were synchronized. We evaluated the orbit fluctuations at the injection point using a beam current of the injection dump, which is proportional to the number of particles that miss the foil and fail in the charge exchange, and profile of the injection beam. The total width of the fluctuations was approximately 0.072 mm. This value is negligible from the user operation viewpoint as our existing beam position monitors cannot detect such a small signal deviation. This displacement corresponds to a 1.63$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ variation in the dipole magnetic field. Conversely, the magnetic field variation in the L3BT dipole magnet, which was estimated by the temperature change directly, is 4.08$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$. This result suggested that the change in the cooling water temperature is one of the major causes of the efficiency fluctuation.

Journal Articles

Low-power proton beam extraction by the bright continuous laser using the 3-MeV negative-hydrogen linac in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Takei, Hayanori; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi*; Meigo, Shinichiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(5), p.588 - 603, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has designed a Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) as an experimental facility in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The TEF-P is a critical assembly driven by a low-power proton beam, a maximum of 10 W, which is extracted from a high-power beam source, such as 250 kW of 400 MeV proton beam of the J-PARC Linac. To extract such a low-power proton beam from the high-power proton beam, we developed a laser charge exchange (LCE) device and employed its technique, which is one of the non-contact beam extraction techniques. For the proof of performance of the LCE device to the TEF-P, a low-power proton beam was extracted using a negative-hydrogen (H$$^{-}$$) Linac having an energy of 3 MeV, and a bright continuous laser. Proton beam with the power of 0.57 mW was successfully extracted with a laser stripping efficiency of $$2.3times10^{-5}$$. These experimental values are in good agreement with the estimated ones.

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Reliability of J-PARC accelerator system over the past decade

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kinsho, Michikazu; Oguri, Hidetomo; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Toyama, Takeshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011016_1 - 011016_7, 2021/03

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is a multipurpose facility for scientific experiments. The accelerator complex consists of a 400-MeV Linac, a 3-GeV Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) and a 30-GeV Main Ring synchrotron (MR). The RCS delivers a proton beam to the neutron target and MR, and the MR delivers the beams to the neutrino target and the Hadron Experimental Facility. The first operation of the neutron experiments began in December 2008. Following this, the user operation has been continued with some accidental suspensions. These suspensions include the recovery work due to the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011 and the radiation leak incident at the Hadron Experimental Facility. In this report, we summarize the major causes of suspension, and the statistics of the reliability of J-PARC accelerator system is analyzed. Owing to our efforts to achieve higher reliability, the Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) has been improved.

Journal Articles

Recent status & improvements of the RCS vacuum system

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Wada, Kaoru*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011023_1 - 011023_6, 2021/03

The vacuum system is the key for the stable high power beam operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS), because the gas molecules in the beam line make the beam loss due to the scattering. The more than 10 years operation of the RCS vacuum system showed that the ultra-high vacuum (UHV) has been stably maintained by the several developments. The challenges for lower beam line pressure will exist in a future operation with higher beam power. For such challenge, a TMP with a rotor of titanium alloy, which have much higher mechanical strength than aluminum allow for the normal rotter, has been developed. Overcoming the difficulties of the machining performance of the titanium alloy rotor was successfully manufactured. We will report the summary of the 10 years operation of the RCS vacuum system and the incoming developments towards the XHV.

Journal Articles

Simulation study of heavy ion acceleration in J-PARC

Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011028_1 - 011028_6, 2021/03

Recently, humankind had big discovery about neutron star, which is great big nuclear in the space. They are discovery of neutron star with twice mass of solar in 2010 and detection of gravity wave when two neutron stars incorporate in 2017. In order to understand the high dense matter like the neutron star, project of experimental researches by using accelerated heavy ion beams are planed in the world. The J-PARC facility consists of three accelerators, which are 400 MeV linac, 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron and Main Ring synchrotron. The accelerated MW class high intensity proton beams are used in many experiments. We have simulation study of the heavy ion beam in J-PARC to fully utilize high intensity ability of J-PARC. We propose the accelerator scheme of the beam in J-PARC and the intensity will reach to the world record. In my talk, I will introduce the accelerator scheme for the high-intensity heavy ion beam in J-PARC.

Journal Articles

Development of laser system for laser stripping injection

Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Yoneda, Hitoki*; Michine, Yurina*; Fuchi, Aoi*; Sato, Atsushi*; Kinsho, Michikazu

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011026_1 - 011026_6, 2021/03

The charge-exchange multi-turn injection by using a carbon stripper foil is adopted in high-intensity proton ring accelerators worldwide. It is a beneficial method to compress the pulsed proton beam with high intensity but there are serious issues for high intensity. First issue is a short lifetime of the foil by deformation or breaking itself. Another issue is high radiation dose corresponding to the scattered particles on the foil. Therefore, a non-destructive stripping injection method is required for higher intensity proton beam. We newly propose a non-destructive method of H$$^{-}$$ stripping by using only laser. The new method is called "laser stripping injection". To establish our method, we are preparing for a POP (Proof-of-Principle) experiment of 400 MeV H- stripping to proton at J-PARC. In our presentation we will present the current status of laser system development for laser stripping injection at J-PARC.

Journal Articles

New method for high resolution analysis of betatron tune in a rapid cycling synchrotron or a booster ring

Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011027_1 - 011027_6, 2021/03

The transverse betatron tune is one of the most important key parameters in a ring accelerator because emittance growth and beam loss occur directly in case of crossing a betatron resonance. Especially, the tune must be required a controll with high accuracy in high intensity proton accelerator from the view point of space charge force and the beam instability. In general measurement method, the betatron tune is measured by analyzing the detected beam oscillation on Fourier transform. However, the beam is quickly accelerated and the revolution frequency of the beam changes quickly in a rapid cycling synchrotron. So, the tune accuracy is not improved. A new method was developed for high resolution analysis of the tune and was evaluated in J-PARC accelerator. Tune accuracy was successfully improved from 0.013 to less than 0.001. Tune controll with high accuracy is base for high-intensity beam. In this paper, the new method is introduced and the measured result in J-PARC is report.

Journal Articles

1.2-MW-equivalent high-intensity beam tests in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011018_1 - 011018_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High intensity measurement issues at the J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011017_1 - 011017_6, 2021/03

The J-PARC Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is designed as an 1-MW high intensity proton accelerator. Beam intensity diagnostics is an important device to prove the accelerator performance. The RCS has two instruments based on different principles, namely Direct-current Current Transformer (DCCT) and Slow-CT (SCT). It was realized that SCT showed strange behavior when continuous 1-MW demonstration had been performed, although there were no problem under 1-MW equivalent operation with single shot. The origin of the problem seems to be limited band width at higher frequency and asymmetric circulating beam current pattern. On the other hand, DCCT also showed output signal saturation with 1.2-MW equivalent single shot. But, SCT worked properly with this conditions. These problems have to be solved for future continuous 1-MW and higher intensity operation. On this presentation, we will show beam and test pulse data and discuss about how to measure these problems.

Journal Articles

Studies of laser power reduction for the laser stripping of 400 MeV $$H^{-}$$ beam at J-PARC RCS

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yoneda, Hitoki*; Michine, Yurina*; Fuchi, Aoi*; Sato, Atsushi*; Liu, Y.*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011025_1 - 011025_7, 2021/03

Journal Articles

Kicker power supply for J-PARC 3-GeV RCS with SiC-MOSFET

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Togashi, Tomohito; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Koizumi, Isao*; Kawamata, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011020_1 - 011020_6, 2021/03

We are developing a new kicker power supply for J-PARC 3-GeV RCS (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron) using the next generation power semiconductor SiC-MOSFET with high withstand voltage, low loss, and superior high frequency characteristics. The three major circuits adopted for the RCS kicker power supply, the thyratron switch, the PFN circuit of coaxial cable type, and the end clipper for reflection wave absorption, has been realized with a single modular circuit board based on the LTD circuit. The new kicker power supply realizes stable operation, miniaturization and energy saving by using power semiconductors. The required high voltage can be output by stacking the 800V/2kA modular circuit board in series. The details of circuit design and the results of achieving an output of half 20kV/2kA against the target specification of 40kV/2kA are presented here.

Journal Articles

Operation experience of Tetrode vacuum tubes in J-PARC Ring RF system

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Furusawa, Masashi*; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Nomura, Masahiro; Omori, Chihiro*; Shimada, Taihei; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yoshii, Masahito*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011022_1 - 011022_6, 2021/03

A Tetrode vacuum tubes (Thales TH589) are used in the J-PARC ring rf system. The operation has started in 2007, and the total operation time is more than 50,000 hours. There is no tube which reaches the end of life except an initial failure in the 3 GeV synchrotron. TH589 has a thoriated tungsten filament and it is carburized to suppress an evaporation of the thorium. The resistance of the filament decreases through the decarburization process after the filament operation has started. The tube constructor suggests that reduced filament voltage up to 10% compared with the rated value is effective to suppress the decarburization. However, the filament current increases even though the voltage is kept constant due to the resistance reduction, and it is observed that an increment of the power dissipation promotes the decarburization. This means that keeping the filament voltage constant is not enough; keeping the power dissipation constant is necessary to prolong the tube life time, and we employ a procedure to decrease the current regularly.

Journal Articles

Phase space formation of high intensity 60 and 80 mA H$$^-$$ beam with orifice in J-PARC front-end

Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Nammo, Kesao*; Liu, Y.*; Otani, Masashi*; Naito, Fujio*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Okabe, Kota; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011010_1 - 011010_6, 2021/03

Together with the intensity upgrade in J-PARC Linac Front-End, improvement of RFQ transmission ratio is an important task. This RFQ transmission ratio depends strongly upon the solenoid current settings in the low energy beam transport line (LEBT). In the present study, high beam current cases (72 mA and 88 mA H$$^-$$ beam current in LEBT) are investigated at a test-stand. Phase space distributions of the H$$^-$$ beam particles at the RFQ entrance are measured and compared with numerical results by Particle-In-Cell simulation. As a result, it has been clarified that a 15 mm $$phi$$ orifice for differential pumping of H$$_2$$ gas coming from the ion source plays a role as a collimator in these beam conditions. This leads to change the beam emittance and Twiss parameters at the RFQ entrance. Especially in the condition with the beam current up to 88 mA in LEBT, the beam collimation contributes to optimize the phase space distribution to the RFQ acceptance with relatively low solenoid current settings. As a higher solenoid current setting would be necessary to suppress the beam expansion due to high space charge effect, these results suggest that current-saving of the solenoids can be possible even in the higher beam intensity operations.

Journal Articles

Analysis of J-HBC stripper foil for the J-PARC RCS

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Okazaki, Hiroyuki*; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Yamada, Naoto*; Yamagata, Ryohei*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011019_1 - 011019_7, 2021/03

The multi-turn charge-exchange H$$^{-}$$ beam injection scheme with stripper foils is one of the key techniques to achieve a MW-class high power proton beam. The J-PARC RCS adopts Hybrid type Boron-doped Carbon (HBC) stripper foil, which was developed in KEK to improve the lifetime. Indeed, the RCS user operation confirmed that HBC foil has the great advantage of a longer lifetime against high beam irradiation. To examine characteristics of the HBC foils, various beam studies were performed, such as the stripping efficiency measurement and long-term observation with an H$$^{-}$$ beam in the J-PARC RCS, foil analysis using RBS, EDR and PIXE methods, and SEM and TEM observation after the ion beam irradiation in Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) on National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST). Recently, the deposition apparatus for the HBC foils from the KEK Tsukuba-site was relocated to the JAEA Tokai-site, and we started fabrication of new HBC foil in 2017. (The new one fabricated in JAEA we call J-HBC foil.) And, we continue investigations in TIARA with the J-HBC foils. Furthermore, in-depth researches by changing the process parameters of the foil deposition are carried on. Recent results suggest that the amount of the boron doped in the foil is more important parameter than the ratio of the discharge amount of carbon from cathode and anode electrodes. In this presentation, we will report the details of recent analysis of the J-HBC foil.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section for proton in the kinetic energy range from 0.4 GeV to 3 GeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011050_1 - 011050_6, 2021/03

R&D of the beam window is crucial in the ADS, which serves as a partition between the accelerator and the target region. Although the displacement per atom (DPA) is used to evaluate the damage on the window, experimental data on the displacement cross section is scarce in the energy region above 20 MeV. We started to measure the displacement cross section for the protons in the energy region between 0.4 to 3 GeV. The displacement cross section can be derived by resistivity change divided by the proton flux and the resistivity change per Frankel pair on cryo-cooled sample to maintain damage. Experiments were conducted at the 3 GeV proton synchrotron at the J-PARC Center, and aluminum and copper was used as samples. As a result of comparison between the present experiment and the calculation of the NRT model, which is widely used for calculation of the displacement cross section, it was found that the calculation of the NRT model overestimated the experiment by about 3 times.

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