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Inelastic constitutive equation in Alloy800H

Alloy800Hの非弾性構成式

加治 芳行 ; 菊地 賢司; Penkalla, H. J.*

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Kikuchi, Kenji; Penkalla, H. J.*

700、800及び850$$^{circ}C$$でのアロイ800Hのクリープ構成式を開発した。この構成式では、非弾性ひずみ速度をNorton-Bailey型の流れ則の形で表し、種々の負荷条件での変形中の硬化は、背応力と抗応力に分けられる内部応力によって引き起こされるとしている。背応力はクリープ抵抗の保存力を表し、一方抗応力は粒界滑り、拡散及び転位と析出物の相互作用のような内部構造での全ての消失部を含んでいる。パラメータは、各温度での定荷重条件下でのクリープ変形特性から決定した。各温度でのクリープ試験において、この構成式による変形解析結果と実験結果はよく一致した。

A creep constitutive equation in Alloy800H was developed at 700, 800 and 850oC. In the equation, the inelastic strain rate is written in the form of a flow equation of the Norton-Bailey type and the hardening during deformation under various loads is induced by an internal stress which is subdivided into back stress and friction stress. The back stress represents a conservative part of the creep resistance while the friction stress includes all the dissipative parts in the internal structure such as grain boundary sliding, diffusion and interaction between dislocation and precipitation. Parameters were determined by the deformation properties for creep under constant stress conditions at each temperature. Deformation analyses show a good agreement between calculations and experimental results for creep tests at each temperature.

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