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Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy of functional groups of humic acid dissolving in aqueous solution

溶存状態にあるフミン酸官能基のATR-FTIRスペクトル分析

田中 忠夫; 長尾 誠也; 小川 弘道

Tanaka, Tadao; Nagao, Seiya; Ogawa, Hiromichi

溶存状態にあるフミン酸官能基のFTIRスペクトル分析を試みた。脂肪族構造を主に有するもの及び芳香族構造を主に有するものとの2種類のフミン酸について、pH2から10の水溶液に溶存させた状態でATRスペクトルを測定した。また、これらフミン酸を凍結乾燥させ粉体状に精製し、一般的に用いられている透過法及び拡散反射法でFTIRスペクトル測定した。3通りの方法で測定したFTIRスペクトルを比較した結果、主要な官能基に起因する吸収波数はお互いに一致し、ATR法を用いることにより、フミン酸の官能基を溶存状態で分析できることを示した。

Structural information of humic acid dissolving in aqueous solution has been studied by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Two types of humic acid fractions were prepared: one is dominated by aliphatic structure and another is dominated with aromatic structure. The functional groups of both fractions have been characterized with respect to their ATR-FTIR spectral structures (ATR spectra) measured in pH range of 2 - 10. The ATR spectra were compared with the infrared spectra of the freeze-dried humic acid fractions, which were obtained using transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with KBr pellet (KBr spectra) and using diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRS spectra). In a comparison between spectra obtained from the three infrared spectroscopic methods, the major absorptions of the ATR spectra for both fractions are in well agreement with those of the KBr spectra and the DRS spectra, each other. These show that the functional groups of the humic acid dissolving in aqueous solution could characterize by using the ATR-FTIR spectroscopy.

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