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Inner shell excitation and dissociation of condensed formamide

凝集ホルムアミドの内殻励起と解離

池浦 広美*; 関口 哲弘  ; 北島 義典*; 馬場 祐治  

Ikeura, Hiromi*; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Kitajima, Yoshinori*; Baba, Yuji

低温(96K)基板上に凝縮させたホルムアミド分子について炭素及び窒素内殻励起とそれに伴う解離過程を全電子収量-X線吸収微細構造(NEXAFS)法, 全イオン収量法, H+光刺激脱離法により調べた。C1s, N1sから$$sigma$$*(C-H), $$sigma$$*(N-H)への電子遷移によりそれぞれ C-H, N-H官能基から選択的解離によりH+生成量が増加した。このことは相当する空分子軌道がC-HやN-H上に反結合性をもつことを示している。また、凝集層の配向性を調べるためNEXAFSの入射角度依存性を測定した。吸着分子のCNO平面は表面平行より平均約42度傾いていることが決定された。

Carbon and nitrogen K-shell excitation and dissociation of condensed formamide at 96 K were studied by near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) recorded by total electron yield (TEY), total ion yield (TIY) and photon-stimulated desorption (PSD) yield of H+ measurements. It was found that electronic transitions from the C1s or the N1s to the $$sigma$$*(C-H) and/or (N-H) enhanced ion yield of H+ from the C-H and/or N-H functional group. This selective dissociation indicates that the corresponding unoccupied molecular orbital has an antibonding character of the C-H and/or N-H. To investigate the molecular orientation of condensed formamide, incidence-angle-dependent TEY-NEXAFS spectra were measured. The CNO plane of the adsorbed formamide molecule is determined to be tilted away from the surface by an averaged angle of about 42 degrees.

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パーセンタイル:45.62

分野:Chemistry, Physical

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