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Report No.

The Present status and issues on establishment of the CTBT verification regime

Oda, Tetsuzo; Kumata, Masahiro; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Yoichi ; Hokida, Takanori; Hirota, Naoki*; Uchikoshi, Takako*; Inoue, Yoji; Shinohara, Nobuo 

The Comprehensive nuclear Test-Ban Treaty(CTBT) bans all nuclear explosions and also calls for a verification regime, which consists of the International Monitoring System(IMS) and On-site Inspection. The primary objectives of the IMS are to deter nuclear explosions in all environments and, if such an explosion does occur, to detect, locate, and identify its source. The CTBT was opened for signature on September 24, 1996 and the Preparatory Commission(PrepCom) for the CTBT Organization was established to prepare for the verification regime in order to monitor compliance with the Treaty. The Preparatory Commission comprises two main organs: a plenary body of all the States Signatories as the highest policy-making organ, and the Provisional Technical Secretariat(PTS). The plenary body has three subsidiary bodies: Working Group A(administrative matters and legal issues), Working Group B(verification issues), and an Advisory Group. This paper presents an overview and mandate of the PrepCom, and status of verification regime, and discusses future activities.



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