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低温域におけるポジトロニウム形成; 浅く捕まった電子の役割

Positronium formation at low temperatures; The Role of trapped electrons

平出 哲也

Hirade, Tetsuya

1980年代から低温でいろいろな物質中でポジトロニウム形成の増加現象が見られてきたが、その後、長い間、誤った解釈がされてきた。1998年、新しい機構でこの現象を説明し、予言される現象を実験により確かめてきた。このポジトロニウム形成機構を現在まで行ってきた実験結果をもとに説明し、また、この機構をもとにポジトロニウム形成の放射線化学的実験手法としての可能性についても述べ、解説する。

Enhancement of positronium (Ps) formation at low temperatures has been observed in many materials since 1980's. There were some interpretations. However, none of them explained the phenomena successfully. In 1998, a new idea of the Ps formation was proposed and the expected phenomena were successfully observed. This new Ps formation process will be explained with those experimental results and the possibility of usage of Ps formation for radiation chemistry researches will be also discussed.

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