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Clinical review of the Japanese experience with boron neutron capture therapy and a proposed strategy using epithermal neutron beams

Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Pooh, K. H.*; Kobayashi, Toru*; Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Uyama, Shinichi*; Matsumura, Akira*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Our concept of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is selective destruction of tumor cells using the heavy-charged particles Yielded through 10B(n, alpha)7 Li reactions. In the analysis of side effects due to radiation, we included all the 159 patients treated between 1977 and 2001. With respect to the radiation dose (i.e. physical dose of boron n-alpha reaction), the new protocol prescribes a minimum tumor volume dose of 15Gy or, alternatively, a minimum target volume dose of 18Gy. The maximum vascular dose should not exceed 15Gy (physical dose of boron n-alpha reaction) and the total amount of gamma rays should remain below 10Gy, including core gamma rays from the reactor and capture gamma in brain tissue. The outcomes for 10 patients who were treated by the new protocol using a new mode composed of thermal and epithermal neutrons are reported.

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Category:Oncology

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