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Fluoride complexation of element 104, rutherfordium

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki ; Asai, Masato ; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Hirata, Masaru ; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nagame, Yuichiro; Yasuda, Kenichiro  ; Miyamoto, Yutaka  ; Kaneko, Tetsuya; Goto, Shinichi*; Ono, Sawako*; Hirai, Toshiyuki*; Kudo, Hisaaki*; Shigekawa, Mitsuru*; Shinohara, Atsushi*; Oura, Yasuji*; Nakahara, Hiromichi*; Sueki, Keisuke*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Tsuruga, Naoya*; Yokoyama, Akihiko*; Sakama, Minoru*; Enomoto, Shuichi*; Sch$"a$del, M.*; Br$"u$chle, W.*; Kratz, J. V.*

Fluoride complexation of element 104, rutherfordium (Rf), produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5n)$$^{261}$$Rf reaction has been studied by anion-exchange chromatography on an atom-at-a-time scale. The anion-exchangechromatographic behavior of Rf was investigated in 1.9-13.9 M hydrofluoric acid together with those of the group-4 elements Zr and Hf produced in the $$^{18}$$O-induced reactions on Ge and Gd targets, respectively. It was found that the adsorption behavior of Rf on anion-exchange resin is quite different from those of Zr and Hf, suggesting the influence of relativistic effect on the fluoride complexation of Rf.

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Category:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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