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Optimal control of ultrafast selection

Yokoyama, Keiichi  ; Teranishi, Yoshiaki; Toya, Yukio; Shirai, Toshizo; Fukuda, Yuji; Aoyama, Makoto; Akahane, Yutaka; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; Yamakawa, Koichi; Yokoyama, Atsushi; Yamada, Hidetaka*; Yabushita, Akihiro*; Sugita, Akihiro*

Optimal laser control for ultrafast selection of closely-lying excited states, whose energy separation is smaller than the laser bandwidth, is reported on the two-photon transition of atomic cesium; Cs(6S $$rightarrow$$ 7D$$_{J}$$, J = 5/2 and 3/2). Selective excitation was carried out by pulse shaping of ultrashort laser pulses which were adaptively modulated in a closed-loop learning system handling eight parameters representing the electric field. Two-color fluorescence from the respective excited states was monitored to measure the selectivity. The fitness used in the learning algorithm was evaluated from the ratio of the fluorescence yield. After fifty generations, a pair of nearly transform-limitted pulses were obtained as an optimal pulse shape, proving the effectiveness of "Ramsey fringes" mechanism. The contrast of the selection ratio was improved by $$sim$$ 30 % from the simple "Ramsey fringes" experiment.

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Category:Chemistry, Physical

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