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Report No.

Characterization of surface carbon films on weathered Japanese roof tiles by soft X-ray spectroscopy

Muramatsu, Yasuji; Yamashita, Michiru*; Motoyama, Muneyuki*; Hirose, Mika*; Denlinger, J. D.*; Gullikson, E. M.*; Perera, R. C. C.*

Surface carbon films on the weathered Japanese roof tiles were characterized by soft X-ray spectroscopy. From the X-ray absorption measurements, it was confirmed that the surface carbon films were oxidized by weathering. On the ohterhand, from the X-ray emission measurements, it can be confirmed that the degree of the orientation was kept in the inner carbon films.



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