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人工バリアからの核種移行率に対するオーバーパックの腐食膨張と緩衝材の流出に関する感度解析

Scoping calculation of nuclides migration in engineering barrier system for effect of volume expansion due to overpack corrosion and intrusion of the buffer material

吉田 隆史; 石原 義尚; 石黒 勝彦; 仲島 邦彦*; 大井 貴夫

not registered; not registered; Ishiguro, Katsuhiko; Nakajima, Kunihiko*; not registered

地層処分システムの性能評価において、人工バリア中の核種移行に影響を及ぼす現象として、オーバーパックの腐食膨張および緩衝材の流出が挙げられている。このため、この二つの現象によって影響を受ける緩衝材パラメータ(緩衝材厚さ、空隙率、拡散係数)を変化させて人工バリア中核種移行の感度解析を行い、人工バリアから周辺岩盤への核種移行率の変動について調べた。オーバーパックの腐食膨張と緩衝材の流出を考慮し、緩衝材厚さ、空隙率、拡散係数を変化させて解析を行った結果から、この二つの現象は半減期が1万年未満の核種の移行率に対して大きな影響を及ぼすことが分かり、オーバーパックの腐食膨張はこれらの核種の最大移行率を減少させ、緩衝材の流出は逆に最大移行率を増加させることが示された。しかしながら、半減期が10万年を超える核種(例えば、Cs-135やNp-237など)の移行率については、オーバーパックの腐食膨張および緩衝材の流出による緩衝材パラメータの変化が最大移行率に及ぼす影響はほとんどないことが示された。

Corrosion of the carbon steel overpack leads to a volume expansion since the specific gravity of corrosion products is smaller than carbon steel. The buffer material is compressed due to the corrosive swelling, reducing its thickness and porosity. On the other hand, Buffer material may be extruded into fractures of the surrounding rock and this may lead to a deterioration of the planned functions of the buffer, including retardation of nuclides migration and colloid filtration. In this study, the sensitivity analyses for the effect of volume expansion and intrusion of the buffer material on nuclide migration in the engineering barrier system are carried out. The sensitivity analyses were performed on the decrease in the thickness of the buffer material in the radial direction caused by the corrosive swelling, and the change in the porosity and dry density of the buffer caused by both compaction due to corrosive swelling and intrusion of buffer material. As results, it was found the maximum release rates of relatively shorter half-life nuclides from the outside of the buffer material decreased for taking into account of a volume expansion due to overpack corrosion. On the other hand, the maximum release rates increased when the intrusion of buffer material was also taking into account. It was, however, the maximum release rates of longer half-life nuclides, such as Cs-137 and Np-237, were insensitive to the change of buffer material thickness, and porosity and dry density of buffer.

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