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炭素鋼の低合金鋼化によるカソード反応速度抑制の可能性検討

Study on cathodic reaction control efficiency by low alloy steels

明石 正恒*; 深谷 祐一*; 朝野 英一*

Akashi, Masatsune*; not registered; Asano, Hidekazu*

普通鋼(SM50B)、耐侯性鋼(SMA490AW)、5%Ni鋼の研磨材表面における水素発生反応挙動は鋼種による差は確認されなかった。上記3鋼種に500$$^{circ}C$$、1000時間の水蒸気酸化処理を施し、さび層を付与した。さび層は、普通鋼では外層がヘマタイト(Fe2O3)主体、内層はマグネタイト(Fe3O4)主体、耐侯性鋼は外層はヘマタイト(Fe2O3)主体、内層はCrが濃縮したマグネタイト(Fe3O4)主体、5%Ni鋼では3層構造で外層がヘマタイト(Fe2O3)主体、中間層はマグネタイト(Fe3O4)でいづれもAlが低濃度で混入し、内層若干Alが濃縮した高濃度Ni主体の層であった。このさび層付与の3鋼種のカソード分極曲線は、さび層なしの研磨試験片と比べてTafel勾配は変わらないが、反応を水素発生反応と仮定した時の交換電流密度は大きく増大した。いずれの鋼種も表面がマグネタイト主体のさび層で覆われた場合は、カソード反応が加速され、その腐食反応が加速された。

Difference of hydrogen generation phenomena on the surface of the Steels were not observed between carbon steel, atmospheric corrosion resisting steel and 5%-Ni steel. Rust layer was formed on these three-type of steels by steam oxidation method. And the chemical composition of the rust for the steels were basically two(2) layers structure for the previous two steels as hematite(Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) based for the outer layer and magnetite(Fe$$_{3}$$O$$_{4}$$) based for the inner layer. And for the last steel, it had three(3) layer in the rust as hematite(Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) based for the outer layer, magnetite(Fe$$_{3}$$O$$_{4}$$) based for the intermediate layer and Ni based layer for the inner layer. These steels showed mostly same Tafel gradient in their cathodic polarization curves compare with that for no rust specimens. However, the exchange current density which reaction is assumed as a hydrogen generation reaction was largely increased. The cathodic reaction for each steels whose surface is covered by magnetite layer might be accelerated, then the corrosion rate was considered as accelerated, too.

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