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分光光度計および光音響分光装置を用いたネオジム(III)およびサマリウム(III)の測定:NP(IV)スペシエーションのための予備的検討

Measurement of neodymium(III) and samarium(III) by spectrophotometer and laser-induced photoacoustic spectroscopic system: A Preliminary study for speciation of aqueous Np(IV) species.

北村 暁; 岡崎 充宏*

Kitamura, Akira; not registered

分光光度計およびレーザー誘起光音響分光装置の検出感度に関する性能調査を目的として、ネオジム(III)およびサマリウム(III)の吸収スペクトル測定および光音響スペクトル測定を行った。ネオジムもしくはサマリウムの濃度を2$$times$$10-5$$sim$$2$$times$$10-2mol-dm-3の間で変化させ、それぞれの濃度における吸収スペクトルおよび光音響スペクトルを取得した。併せて、雰囲気制御グローブボックス内で吸光測定を行うことができる分光光度計についても同様の測定を行い、吸収スペクトルを取得した。比較のために、光路長を1cmおよび10cmに設定した一般的な分光光度計を用いて、同様の測定を行った。多くの文献では、光音響測定は吸光測定に比べ大幅に低い濃度まで測定できると報告されているが、本光音響分光装置においては光路長を10cmに設定した吸光測定と同程度であるという結果が得られた。また、本実験の結果から、将来の目的としているネプツニウム(IV,V)の検出感度について推定し、特にNp(IV)溶存化学種のスペシエーションの可能性を検討した。

Spectroscopic measurements of neodymium(III) and samarium(III) were carried out by spectrophotometer and laser-induced photoacoustic spectroscopic (LPAS) system for the investigation of the detection limit of both systems. The absorption spectra and photoacoustic spectra of Nd$$^{3+}$$ and Sm$$^{3+}$$ were obtained with varying the concentration of the ions from 2$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ to 2$$times$$10$$^{-2}$$ mol$$cdot$$dm$$^{+3}$$. The absorption spectrum of Nd$$^{3+}$$ was also determined by a special spectrophotometer, of which the measurement cell was set in a glove box filled with inert nitrogen gas. For the comparison with these photoacoustic and absorption spectra, the absorption spectra of Nd$$^{3+}$$ and Sm$$^{3+}$$ were determined by an usual spectrophotometer with the light-path lengths of 1 cm and 10 cm. The detection limit of the photoacoustic measurement was reported much lower than that of absorbance measurement by several researchers. However, the present study was concluded that the detection limit of photoacoustic measurement with the present LPAS system was similar to that of absorbance measurement with the light-path length of 10 cm. The detection limits of neptunium(IV,V) were estimated and the possibility of the speciation of neptunium(IV) was discussed from the results of the present study.

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