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A Compact loop-type fast reactor without refueling for a remote area power source

僻地用電源のための燃料無交換コンパクトループ型小型高速炉

近澤 佳隆  ; 岡野 靖; 此村 守; 澤 直樹*; 島川 佳郎*; 田中 俊彦*

Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Okano, Yasushi; Konomura, Mamoru; Sawa, Naoki*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Tanaka, Toshihiko*

実用化戦略調査研究の一環として、小型炉の多様な特徴を生かした金属燃料ナトリウム冷却炉概念の検討を行った。平成16年度は小型炉の魅力を整理し高価な燃料輸送費のため発電単価が高い僻地用小型電源として電気出力5万kWe,運転サイクル30年の長寿命炉心採用型概念を検討した。原子炉型式はループ型を採用し、運転サイクル30年である特徴を利用したノズル方式の原子炉容器と冷却系1ループ化を採用することにより、大幅にNSSS物量削減が可能であり、僻地電源として魅力ある概念と成り得ることが示された。

A small reactor has a potential to be utilized as a power source applicable to diversified social needs and reduce capital risks. In remote sites where the population is small and plants can not be economically connected to a power grid, power sources without refueling whose capacities are lower than 50 MWe are required because fuel transfer cost is expensive in such sites. In the present study, a small sodium cooled core with 30 years lifetime has been developed and a simple plant system without refueling has been sketched. Dimensions of major components are determined to evaluate its economical potential. Transient analyses show that self actuated shutdown system (SASS) enhances the passive safety features to maintain the reactor integrity in anticipate transient without scram events.

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パーセンタイル:11.7

分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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