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Statistics of individual doses of JAERI for the past 48 Years

日本原子力研究所48年間の被ばく統計

関口 真人; 高橋 聖 ; 宮内 英明 ; 橘 晴夫 ; 小室 祐二*; 根本 喜代子*; 大川 伊久子*; 吉澤 道夫 

Sekiguchi, Masato; Takahashi, Masa; Miyauchi, Hideaki; Tachibana, Haruo; Komuro, Yuji*; Nemoto, Kiyoko*; Okawa, Ikuko*; Yoshizawa, Michio

日本原子力研究所では、設立の翌年(1957年)から放射線業務従事者の個人被ばく線量管理が開始された。本報告では、2005年に核燃料サイクル開発機構と統合し日本原子力研究開発機構が設立したのを機に、48年間の個人被ばくの統計(総線量,平均線量,最大線量及び線量分布等)をまとめた。1960年代は、施設のトラブルや改造に伴う被ばくが多く、総線量が1200人$$cdot$$mSvを超え平均線量も0.4mSvを超える年が多い。その後、線量低減が図られ、総線量は400人$$cdot$$mSv以下(ピーク時の約1/3)に、平均線量は0.04mSv程度(ピーク時の約1/10)まで減少した。ホットラボ施設における除染,施設の解体,実験設備の改造等による作業が多い近年においても、総線量はあまり増加していない。また、累積頻度の解析から、近年では、比較的被ばく線量の高い特定の作業者集団が存在することがわかった。

In the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), which was merged with the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute into the Japan Atomic Energy Agency in 2005, individual monitoring and dose record keeping for radiation workers have been conducted since 1957. This report outlines the statistics of the number of radiation workers and individual doses, such as annual collective doses, annual average doses, the maximum doses and dose distributions, over the past 48 years from 1957 to 2005. Individual doses were increased due to the augment of trouble and maintenance of new experimental facilities in 1960's. The collective doses and annual average doses in 1960's exceeded 1,200 man-mSv and 0.4mSv, respectively, in some years. Then, consecutive dose reduction efforts made the collective dose significantly decrease to less than 400 man-mSv ($$sim$$1/3 of the highest) and the average dose to $$sim$$0.04 mSv ($$sim$$1/10 of the highest). The collective doses in recent years keep almost constant even though radiation works increase in some high-contaminated hot laboratories for the decontamination and maintenance of experimental equipments. It was found from the analysis of cumulative distributions that there was a specific work-group exposed to significantly high dose compared with other workers.

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