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Benchmark critical experiments and FP worth evaluation for a heterogeneous system of uranium fuel rods and pseudo FP doped uranium solution

ウラン燃料棒と模擬FP物質添加ウラン溶液燃料を用いた非均質体系の臨界ベンチマーク実験とFP反応度評価

外池 幸太郎; 三好 慶典; 内山 軍蔵; 渡辺 庄一*; 山本 俊弘*

Tonoike, Kotaro; Miyoshi, Yoshinori; Uchiyama, Gunzo; Watanabe, Shoichi*; Yamamoto, Toshihiro*

軽水炉使用済燃料再処理工場の溶解工程に関する系統的な臨界ベンチマークデータを取得するため、日本原子力研究開発機構(JAEA)の定常臨界実験装置(STACY)において非均質炉心による一連の実験を行った。燃焼度クレジットの導入に焦点をあて、ウラン燃料棒と模擬FP物質を添加したウラン溶液燃料を組合せて臨界量を測定した。模擬FP物質とは、Sm, Cs, Rh及びEuの天然の同位体組成を持つ元素のことであり、一部実際のFP核種を含んでいる。実験結果は、FPの反応度効果を評価する解析手法の妥当性検証に供されるとともに、使用済燃料を含む非均質体系の中性子実効増倍率計算を検証する臨界ベンチマークデータとしても有用である。本報告では、液位変化に対する反応度ワース曲線,個々の模擬FP物質ごとの反応度効果を分離して評価する手順などを含む実験の詳細とともに、実験結果と解析評価の比較を報告する。

In order to obtain systematic benchmark criticality data concerning dissolving process in a reprocessing plant for LWR spent fuel, a series of critical experiments were performed using heterogeneous cores at the Static Experiment Critical Facility (STACY) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). Focusing on the introduction of the burn-up credit to the process, critical mass measurement was conducted for a combination of uranium fuel rods and uranium solution where pseudo fission product (FP) materials were doped. In this report, the "pseudo FP materials" means elements such as Sm, Cs, Rh and Eu whose isotopic composition is natural but which contains some FP nuclide(s). The result is going to provide basic experimental data for validation of computational methods to evaluate a reactivity effect of each FP material, as well as benchmark criticality data for validation of neutron multiplication factor calculation of heterogeneous systems of spent fuel. In the report, detail of the experiments including a differential reactivity worth curve over the solution level variation is going to be provided as well as the procedure and the result of separate reactivity worth evaluation of each pseudo FP material. Comparison of the experimental result and the computational evaluation will also be presented.

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