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Study on cross flow phenomena in a tight-lattice rod bundle by statistical method

Zhang, W.; Yoshida, Hiroyuki ; Ose, Yasuo*; Onuki, Akira; Akimoto, Hajime; Hotta, Akitoshi*; Fujimura, Ken*

As a candidate for next generation reactor, the innovative FLexible-fuel-cycle Water Reactor (FLWR) adopts a remarkably tight triangular lattice arrangement with about 1 mm gap spacing between adjacent fuel rods. In relation to its design, this study presents a statistical evaluation of numerical simulation results of a detailed two-phase flow simulation code (named TPFIT). In order to make clear mechanisms of cross flow in such tight lattice rod bundles, the TPFIT is used to simulate cross flow between two modeled subchannels. Attention was focused on instantaneous fluctuation characteristics of differential pressure between two subchannels and gas/liquid mixing coefficients. With the calculation of correlation coefficients between the differential pressure and gas/liquid mixing coefficients, the time scales of cross flow, e.g. lag times were evaluated, and the effects of mixing section length, flow pattern and gap spacing on correlation coefficients were extensively investigated. The difference in mechanism between gas and liquid cross flows was pointed out.

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