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Report No.

Basic and application studies on chemical responses to quantum beams in heterogeneous systems

Nagaishi, Ryuji ; Yamada, Reiji; Aoyagi, Noboru  ; Sugo, Yumi

From the standpoints of utilization of radioactive wastes, and of sophistication of separation process of spent fuels, we have been investigating promotion or inhibition of radiation-induced reactions in immiscible heterogeneous systems: solutions coexisting/contacting with solid oxides, solvent system with aqueous and organic phases, etc.. We have recently report that the reactions of reduction of metal ions and of hydrogen production in aqueous solution were promoted by adding oxide particles to the solution, and that the radiolysis of amides in n-dodecane was dependent on aqueous solution contacting with the n-dodecane. In this report, we illustrate recover of platinum-group elements from aqueous solution, and non-toxic treatment of chrysotile asbestos using ionizing radiations as the experimental results found in fiscal 2006.



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