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Numerical investigation of cross flow phenomena in a tight-lattice rod bundle using advanced interface tracking method

改良界面追跡法による稠密炉心内流体混合現象の数値解析

Zhang, W.; 吉田 啓之 ; 小瀬 裕男*; 大貫 晃; 秋本 肇; 堀田 亮年*; 藤村 研*

Zhang, W.; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ose, Yasuo*; Onuki, Akira; Akimoto, Hajime; Hotta, Akitoshi*; Fujimura, Ken*

In relation to the design of an innovative FLexible-fuel-cycle Water Reactor (FLWR), investigation of thermal-hydraulic performance in tight-lattice rod bundles of the FLWR is being carried out at Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The FLWR core adopts a tight triangular lattice arrangement with about 1 mm gap clearance between adjacent fuel rods. In view of importance of accurate prediction of cross flow between subchannels in the evaluation of the boiling transition (BT) in the FLWR core, this study presents a statistical evaluation of numerical simulation results obtained by a detailed two-phase flow simulation code, TPFIT, which employs an advanced interface tracking method. In order to clarify mechanisms of cross flow in such tight lattice rod bundles, the TPFIT is applied to simulate water-steam two-phase flow in two modeled subchannels. Attention is focused on instantaneous fluctuation characteristics of cross flow. With the calculation of correlation coefficients between differential pressure and gas/liquid mixing coefficients, time scales of cross flow are evaluated, and effects of mixing section length, flow pattern and gap spacing on correlation coefficients are investigated. Differences in mechanism between gas and liquid cross flows are pointed out.

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