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Report No.

Neutrino-nucleus reaction cross sections for light element synthesis in supernova explosions

Yoshida, Takashi*; Suzuki, Toshio*; Chiba, Satoshi; Kajino, Toshitaka*; Yokomakura, Hidekazu*; Kimura, Keiichi*; Takamura, Akira*; Hartmann, D.*

The neutrino-nucleus reaction cross sections of $$^4$$He and $$^{12}$$C are evaluated using new shell model Hamiltonians. Branching ratios of various decay channels are calculated to evaluate the yields of Li, Be, and B produced through the $$nu$$-process in supernova explosions. The new cross sections enhance the yields of $$^{7}$$Li and $$^{11}$$B produced during the supernova explosion of a 16.2 M$$_odot$$ star model compared to our previous study by factors of 1.3 and 1.2, respectively. On the other hand, the yield of $$^{10}$$B decreases by a factor of three. The yields of $$^{6}$$Li, $$^{9}$$Be, and the radioactive nucleus $$^{10}$$Be are found at a level of 10 to 11 M$$_odot$$. The temperature of $$nu mu, tau$$- and $$bar{nu} mu, tau$$-neutrinos inferred from the supernova contribution of $$^{11}$$B in Galactic chemical evolution models is constrained to be in the range 4.5 MeV to 6.4 MeV. The increase in the $$^{7}$$Li and $$^{11}$$B yields due to neutrino oscillations is demonstrated with the new cross sections.



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