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Report No.
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Protein expression of ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$ in response to uranium exposure

Sakamoto, Fuminori; Nankawa, Takuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Fujii, Tsutomu*; Iefuji, Haruyuki*; Francis, A. J.; Onuki, Toshihiko

Protein expression of ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$ grown in the medium containing $$^{238}$$U(VI) and $$^{233}$$U(VI) was examined by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. ${it S. cerevisiae}$ of BY4743 was grown in medium containing $$^{238}$$U of 0, 2.0, and 5.0 $$times$$ 10$$^{-4}$$ M or $$^{233}$$U of 2.5 $$times$$ 10$$^{-6}$$ (radioactivity was higher by 350 times than 2.0 $$times$$ 10$$^{-4}$$ M $$^{238}$$U) and 5.0 $$times$$ 10$$^{-6}$$ M for 112 h at 30$$^{circ}$$C. The growths of the yeast grown in the above media were in the following order: control $$>$$ 2.5 $$times$$ 10$$^{-6}$$ M $$^{233}$$U $$>$$ 2.0 $$times$$ 10$$^{-4}$$ M $$^{238}$$U $$>$$ 5.0 $$times$$ 10$$^{-6}$$ M $$^{233}$$U $$>$$ 5.0 $$times$$ 10$$^{-4}$$ M $$^{238}$$U. This result indicated that not only radiological but also chemical effect of U reduced the growth of the yeast. The concentrations of U in the medium containing $$^{238}$$U or $$^{233}$$U decreased, suggesting U accumulation by the yeast cells. The 2-D gel electrophoresis analysis showed the appearance of several spots after exposure to $$^{238}$$U or to $$^{233}$$U but not in the control containing no uranium. These results show that the yeast cells exposed to U express several specific proteins.

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