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Development of the methodology on priority of element-specific biosphere parameters for geological disposal applicable to any proposed repository site

地層処分生物圏評価における元素固有パラメータのサイトデータ取得方法論に関する検討

加藤 智子; 鈴木 祐二*; 大井 貴夫

Kato, Tomoko; Suzuki, Yuji*; Oi, Takao

放射性廃棄物の地層処分生物圏評価に用いるパラメータには、処分場サイトの地質環境特性に応じて設定される物質移行パラメータや、サイトの地表環境特性を反映しつつ、評価対象とする元素の特性に応じて設定されるパラメータ(以下、元素固有パラメータ)がある。生物圏評価で用いるパラメータの数は膨大であるため、効率的な方法に基づくパラメータの設定が求められる。本検討では、既存のデータベースの利用可能性を判定するためのフローを作成したうえで、評価上重要となる核種について、サイトでデータを取得すべき元素固有パラメータを特定し、実際のサイトでの調査の効率化に資する情報を提示した。

It is difficult to acquire all of biosphere parameters at the repository site because we have to deal with several hundreds of the parameters in one calculation case of the biosphere assessment. Before site-specific activities, it is important to develop the data acquisition methodology of biosphere parameters applicable to any proposed repository site. In this study, we developed the methodology for identification of the priority of the parameters for the effective data acquisition of biosphere parameters at the site. First of all, flow diagram was constructed to evaluate the availability of the existing generic biosphere dataset. We found that it was effective for the data acquisition at the site to focus on the element-specific parameters with the existing dataset. Secondly, we identified the priority of the data acquisition for element-specific parameters at the site, with considering the variation of radiation dose by combining the significant element-specific parameters. As a result, we identified the availability of the existing generic biosphere dataset and the priority on data acquisition of the element-specific parameters of key radionuclides in the safety assessment of geological disposal that should be acquired at the site. This priority list would be useful for effective data acquisition at the site.

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