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富士山頂における雷活動時の放射線変動の観測

Observation of energetic radiation associated with a thunderstorm activity at the top of Mt. Fuji

鳥居 建男; 杉田 武志*; 田辺 朝知子*; 木村 嘉尚*; 鴨川 仁*; 矢島 千秋*; 保田 浩志*

Torii, Tatsuo; Sugita, Takeshi*; Tanabe, Sachiko*; Kimura, Yoshihisa*; Kamogawa, Masashi*; Yajima, Kazuaki*; Yasuda, Hiroshi*

夏季雷活動に起因すると考えられる放射線変動(複数形)が富士山頂において観測された。それらは数分から最長20分間続く緩やかな変動であり、10MeV超の連続スペクトルを持つ高エネルギー$$gamma$$線であった。これらの変動の特徴から、個々の雷放電との関係は認められず、雷雲の高電界に起因して大気中の高エネルギー電子が加速され生成された逃走電子からの制動放射線であると考えられた。観測に使用した5インチNaI検出器は$$gamma$$線(光子)に高感度であるが、高エネルギー電子の入射により発生した光子と弁別ができない。高エネルギー電子の入射も含めたスペクトル解析との比較の結果、光子のみの解析で十分に収束することから、入射粒子の大部分は光子と考えられる。

Fluctuations of energetic radiation that were seemed to be caused by a summer thunderstorm activity were observed at the top of Mt. Fuji. The largest of such fluctuations was gradual and lasted for about 20 minutes, and was found to be high-energy $$gamma$$ rays having a continuous energy spectrum up to 10 MeV or more. As for the feature of these fluctuations, it seems naturally that such fluctuations are caused by the bremsstrahlung photons generated by the runaway electrons produced continuously with an intense electric field in the thundercloud rather than originated in the process of lightning discharge. The 5-inch NaI detector used in the observation was so sensitive to photons that it could not have differentiated electrons from photons even if high-energy electrons had been incident upon the detector. When conducting the analysis of energy spectrum, sufficient convergence was achieved in the calculation even in the case where only the sensitivity to photons was considered.

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