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富士山頂における宇宙線観測; 雷活動による高エネルギー$$gamma$$線の寄与

Observation of cosmic radiation at the top of Mt. Fuji; High-energy radiation in association with thunderstorm activity

鳥居 建男; 保田 浩志*; 矢島 千秋*; 杉田 武志*; 田辺 朝知子*; 木村 嘉尚*; 鴨川 仁*

Torii, Tatsuo; Yasuda, Hiroshi*; Yajima, Kazuaki*; Sugita, Takeshi*; Tanabe, Sachiko*; Kimura, Yoshihisa*; Kamogawa, Masashi*

富士山頂において夏季雷活動に起因すると考えられる高エネルギー$$gamma$$線の変動が観測された。変動は最長約20分間続く緩やかな上昇であった。その特徴から、雷雲の高電界に起因して生成された逃走電子からの制動放射線と考えられた。これまで冬季雷活動時に観測された同様の事象は1分間程度と短かかったが、富士山近傍では制動放射線を発生させる高電界領域が長時間存在したことを示すものと考えられる。

Fluctuations of energetic radiation that were seemed to be caused by a summer thunderstorm were observed at the top of Mt. Fuji. The largest of such fluctuations was gradual and lasted for about 20 minutes, and was found to be high-energy $$gamma$$ rays having a continuous energy spectrum up to 10 MeV or more. As for the feature of these fluctuations, it seems naturally that such fluctuations are caused by the bremsstrahlung photons generated by the energetic electrons produced continuously with an intense electric field in the thundercloud rather than originated in the process of lightning discharge.

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